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MONTHLY RECORD.
RELIGIOUS.

these were young men of much promREVIVALS seem to be increasing in

ise, and others persons of distinction,

among whom were an armenian arch. number and power throughout our

bishop, and the lady of the British country. They exist at the present

consul. The prejudices against fetime in more than two hundred towns

male education were breaking away. in the New-England and Middle

In the several schools of the mission States; and in several places are attend

there were ninety girls, and nearly four ed with unusually great and blessed

hundred boys. . results. Among the Colleges which share in these blessings, are Yale, Farewell Letter of Mr. King.-Mr. Williams, Princeton, Dickinson and King on returning from the MediterAthens, Geo. The work of the Spirit ranean, had addressed a Farewel Letin Yale has for several weeks been si

ter to the people of Syria. This letlent, but powerful.

ter which Mr. Goodell printed with

Scripture notes, produced an unlooked Ireland.-The latest English Jour- for impression. At Constantinople, in nals bring intelligence of the religious which city and its vicinity are 100,000 movements in Ireland which is exceed- Armenians, a general meeting of the ingly interesting. The schools are be- monks, priests, and patriarchs, of that coming well attended, and the Scrip church was assembled, Mr. King's lettures are beginning to be circulated, ter was discussed at length, and its and read with interest, and the conse references to the Bible consulted. A quence is, as we might expect, a re. warm discussion arose respecting the nunciation of popery.

practices of the Armenian church, and This reformation is met with deci- various resolutions were carried, setded opposition. The priests are not ting forth its corruptions. One resosatisfied withp ouring torrents of scan- lution declares that no young man del and persecuting lava from their als shall enter the monastic orders for

shall enter the monast tars, but with great vigilance go from

twenty-five years to come. Light is house to house, and threaten with breaking in upon the East. vengeance those who would send their children to the schools, read the Bible, Death of Mrs. Judson-Mrs. Judor hear the gospel preached. There son, wife of the Rev. Dr. Judson, Misis a mighty struggle between light and sionary in Burmah, died in October darkness, and the opposition only ren- Jast, at Amherst settlement, lately ders His triumphs more glorious, who commenced by the British. has all power in heaven and on earth. Great numbers have left, and are leav South Sea Islands. The following ing the popish Babylon.

is an extract of a letter from a gentleThe single county of Cavan numbers man belonging to the United States, 500 who have embraced the protestant dated Otaheite, August 18, 1826. religion since October last : and it is “ The missionaries have wrought believed that similar changes would wonders among these people ; but their follow in equal numbers in other places, work is yet far from being complete; if the people were protected and em- and I fear about this time, their labors ployed. Many of those who have will be interrupted by a civil war. The changed their religion, it is hoped, queen, in whom the regency of the have also been turned from dark- island is vested, during the minority of ness to light, and from the power of young Pomare, the heir apparent to satan unto God.'

the throne, has recently married, con

trary to the wishes of many of her Beuroot. -Mr. Goodell, Missionary subjects, particularly those who inof the American Board, writes, Oc habit the south side of the island, (and tober 9, from Beyroot, that the pros. they are the stronger party, und insist pects of that station had latterly be upon the queen's abdication, or a disso. coine very encouraging. He particu- lution of the marriage.) But as her larizes seven individuals who had with majesty does not think proper to comin the last ten months become the sub- ply with either of these demands, in jects of renewing grace. Some of which refusal she will be supported by the district, and most of the enlighten- Corresponding Secretary. From the ed men, a recourse to arms will be the enlarged spirit of philanthropy, which probable result; and, if ever resorted is cherished in that Institution, we are to, it is not easy to say what will be the led to expect a happy influence from consequence. A general council of this Society. the chiefs and missionaries is to be held at the great council house, near Lotteries.-The post-master gener. this, in a few days, to discuss the mer. al has contributed his mite to check a its of the royal matrimony, at, which growing evil in this country, by forthe question of peace or war will be bidding any deputy post-master keepdetermined. The missionaries have ing a lottery office, being concerned in packed up their movable effects, and selling tickets, or franking lottery some have embarked their most valua- schemes, tickets, or advertisements, on ble things, ready to decamp upon the penalties for each and every infraction first commencement of hostilities." of this rule, contained in his last circu

lar instructions. A great facility in the MISCELLANEOUS.

lottery operations is thus very properly The African Improvement Society of cut off to a considerable number of New-Haven, for the improvement of the dealers in the business. intellectual, moral, and religious condi. The following from Niles' Register, tion of the African population of this respecting lotteries in Rhode Island, eity, held a meeting on the evening of will show too nearly the prevalence of the 20th April, which was attended by this evil in many parts of our country, a large collection of citizens. Thə During the last year the sale of lotmeeting was addressed in a very appro- tery tickets in Rhode Island exceeded priate manner by the Rev. S. S. Joce the sum of one million, six hundred and İyn, Prof. Silliman, Rev. S. Merwin, sixty thousand, nine hundred dollars. Řev. S. E. Dwight, and Prof. Taylor. Each individual then, on an average

must have gambled to the amount of The American Colonization Society, twenty dollars. Or each family to the at a late meeting, passed a resolution amount of 120 dollars a year. The to appoint a Committee, to prepare and lotteries, as at present managed, are at to cause to be translated into the sev. about 40 to 45 per cent. against the eral languages of most current use in purchasers of tickets-so that if the Europe and America, a memorial to purchasers in Rhode Island received a the sovereign authority of every mara- fair share of all the prizes, the loss to time nation on both continents, earn them was say six hundred and seventyestly soliciting the denunciation of the four thousand dollars! This is taring Slave Trade as piracy. The Com- and swindling upon a large scale! mittee are Gen. Mercer, Gen. Jones, What if the United States, on the and the Rev. Dr. Lawrie.

greatest emergency, should require the

annual payment of so large a sum, of A Peace Society has been organized the people of Rhode Island ? But they at the Theological Seminary at Ando- are as others. The outrageous lottery ver, of which the Rev. Dr. Porter is system has reached the poorest and President, and the Rev. Dr. Murdock, most miserable classes of society.

ORDINATIONS AND INSTALLATIONS.

Feb. 7.-The Rev. Jacob Fisk over was ordained at Mesopotamia, Ohio, the Baptist Church at Lodi, N. Y. to the work of the Ministry. Sermon Sermon by the Rev. Mr. Abbot, of by the Rev. Luther Humphrey. Covert.

March 7.-The Rev. ORA PEARSON, Feb. 21.-The Rev. CHARLES L. over the Congregational Church at Cook, was ordained Pastor of the Kingston, N. H. Sermon by the Rev. Baptist Church at Hanson, Mass. Mr. Ingraham, of Bradford, Mass.

Feb. 22.- The Rev. JOHN BARRET,

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ON THE OFFICE AND DUTY OF DEA- course•a darovos, or servant of the CONS.

church. In a body where all are

servants, those who are eminent are I HAVE not seen in any writer, of course eminently servants, and what appeared to me a Scriptural may be properly called servants by and satisfactory view of the office distinction." of deacon.* It has come to be in The same Greek word is with many churches a mere sinecure, manifest propriety used as a title and the duties properly incumbent for the officers of the church. The on the deacons, have been devolved very idea of an officer in the Christon private members, or added to ian church is, that he is designated the already overwhelming charge and set apart specially to be a of ministers. I hope a humble at- servant. His highest title of hontempt to elevate this office to its our, therefore, is that of servant. proper importance will not be His most appropriate official desig. deemed useless.

nation is servant. In translating 1. The name of the office. Our the Greek word diamovos, where it is word deacon, is simply the Greek a name of office, our translators word diaxovos, transplanted and for. have sometimes used the English med with an English termination. word servant, as in Rom. xvi. 1, The word properly signifies a ser. sometimes minister, which is the dant, a helper, an attendant. It is Latin word for servant, and someapplied to Christians in general, be times the word deacon, transferred cause they serve Christ. “Where to our language from the Greek. I am there shall my servant be.!! The word is translated deacon only John xii. 26. It is also used by in Phil. i. 1, and 1 Tim. iii. 8, 10, way of distinction for all who are 12, 13. eminent as active Christians. "He It is abundantly evident from that is greatest among you shall be these two passages, that there are your servant.Mat. xxiii. 11. only two orders of servants, diaxovas Every Christian, who is distinguish- or officers, which are permanent in ed for activity and usefulness, is of the Christian church. Those of one

class are called bishops, fathers, el. *We have before published an article ders or presbyters, ministers, &c. on deacons, (Ch. Spec. Vol. V. p. 240, It is their appropriate duty to labour First Series.) 'which has some coinciden- in word and doctrine, to take the ces with this, and which the writer in

i general oversight of the churches, forins us he had not seen. The present ses artirle was read to a clerical association,

tion. and give themselves wholly to the and forwarded to us at their request.

word of God and to prayer. These Vol. I.--No. VI.

36

are servants in a particular sphere, who first assisted them in preachwith certain prescribed duties. ing, and those whose appropriate

But the other class, whom we call sphere was to perform the offices deacons, are not, as I can see, lim- necessary to the well ordering of ited to any kind of service. They church affairs, were probably in the are servants by way of distinction, first instance selected by the aposin the sense of Mat. xxiii. 11. tles themselves. They only had a This is evident from the high qual proper knowledge of the requisite ifications which are required for the qualifications. The same is now office in 1 Tim. ii. 8-13, qualifi- done to a considerable extent, by cations not essentially different from missionaries who plant churches those of the gospel ministry. And among the heathen. But after the the very title of their office, deacon, churches became established, and Olaxovos, or servant, is descriptive of enlightened, it became most proper the nature of that office. It is the that they should be elected by the office of servant at large, or as we popular voice. may call them, servants of all work. “ The church,” says Mosheim, They are to act in every case and “was undoubtedly provided from according to every exigency, where the beginning with inferior minisany service is needed which is not ters, or deacons. No society can within the sphere of the other of- be without its servants, and still less fice. Various as are the wants and such societies as were those of the exigencies of a church, so various first Christians. And it appears are the labours and responsibili- not only probable, but evident, that ties of a Christian deacon. He is the young men (Acts v.6--10,) who set apart to be the servant of the carried away the dead bodies of church.

Annanias and Sapphira, were the 2. The history of the office. The subordinate ministers, or deacons, name of the office certainly does not of the church of Jerusalem, who give us any limitation of the kind of attended the apostles, to execute service to be expected from dea- their orders.” (See Mos. Eccl. Hist. cons. It naturally leads to the idea Vol. I. 101. Cent. I. Part II. Chap. that they are to act according to cir- II. $ X.) He refers to the paralcumstances, excepting within the lelism in Luke xxii. 26, and to 1 bounds of the other office. Let us Pet. v. 5, to support this interprenow examine the history of the of- tation of the term young men. We fice, so far as we can gather it from have, it is true, no account of the the New Testament.

appointment of these deacons.-Our Saviour determined the gen- Neither have we any account of the eral nature and common designa- appointment or ordination of any tion of the officers in his church in one of the gospel ministers menMat. xxiii. 11. But the partic- tioned in the New Testament. We ular nature of their service and the have not given to us any specific division of their labours was left to enactment to establish such an ofbe developed by time and circum- fice; unless the passage, Mat. stances, and probably did not be xxiii. 11, is to be so regarded. Neicome fully settled till the days of ther have we any thing at all more the apostles. After the church be- specific, or formal, respecting the came much enlarged at the day of first institution of the ministry. All Pentecost and by subsequent addi- we have in one case we have in the tions, and the burdens of the apos- other, and that is, the fact that such tles became proportionably increa- and such men were so and so emsed, it would be natural for them to ployed. These first deacons, becall on others for assistance. Those ing chosen from among the Jerusalem Jews, were suspected by the history, that it is their duty to take Greek Jews of partiality in distri- upon themselves all those cares and buting the daily offerings to the labours necessary to the well being poor. And the latter consequently of the church, which must be discomplained to the apostles, (Acts charged by somebody, and which vi. 1,) who thereupon declared that cannot be attended to by minthey could not leave their proper bu isters without encroaching upon siness to set this thing right. And their proper duties. And 7. still therefore they directed seven new more generally, it is the duty of deacons to be chosen, of whom six deacons to act as servants of the were foreign Jews, as appears by church, in everything in which their names, and the seventh was a the church needs servants, and to proselyte of Antioch, who was prob- act as the exigencies of the church ably chosen out of regard to the require, excepting so far as the proselytes among the first Christ- case is provided for by the gospel ians.

ministry. From this history in the sixth 3. Qualifications required. We chapter of Acts, and not from any have seen that the name indicates express scriptural declaration, the general service, and that the histogeneral conclusion has been drawn ry makes no particular limitation. by writers, that it was the only But on the contrary, as they acted proper business of deacons to take in one case from the exigencies of care of the temporal concerns of the church, it seems a fair inference the church. The text says no such that it is the nature of their office thing. But from a particular spe- to do so. And from the nature of cification there has been drawn this the government, of which they are general principle. I do not ques- subordinate officers, we should extion the validity of this inference. pect their duties to be very various, But I do question the propriety of but chiefly religious. It is a kinglimiting the inference thus. It is dom which is not of this world, a fairly to be inferred 1. that the kingdom of moral influence to be apostles were requested to leave exerted over a peculiar people, untheir usual and proper labours and der very trying and difficult circumtake upon themselves a new bur- stances. Of course the services den, to wit, the daily distribution must be multiplied and various. of alms. Of course, 2. This duty Accordingly we do not find that had hitherto been assigned to some the qualifications required are those others and not to the apostles. And which are exclusively adapted to this was not the first appointment of one species of care or labour. The deacons, for there had been dea- qualifications are not those of an

with a wise regard to the particular nancier, or a discreet manager.exigency of the case in appointing They must be men of honest reseven additional persons to attend port, and of wisdom ; but they must to the business. 4. That the ob- also be full of the Holy Ghost. It ject was to relieve the apostles from is laid down in 1 Tim. iii. 8—13, a piece of care and labour which that a deacon must possess both inwould greatly interfere with their tellectual and spiritual characterappropriate duties. 5. It is there. istics, of a very high order. IIe fore unquestionably a valid infer- must be grave, Oeuvos, dignified in ence, that it is the business of dea- his deportment, to insure respect cons to take care of the funds of the and command influence. Not douchurch. And if so, then 6. it is ble-tongued, speaking one thing and equally a valid inference from the meaning another, or expressing

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