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MONTHLY RECORD.

RELIGIOUS.

pages; together with 13 Tracts, emRevivals.-- The Rev. President Hum. bracing 176 pages, in Spanish ; and

14 Tracts, embracing 168 pages, in phrey, of Amherst College, in a letter

French. They have also commenced to the editors of the Recorder and Tel

stereotyping in German; and have egraph, gives an interesting account of a work of the Spirit in that Institution.

now under consideration the expedien

of cy of publishing a few Tracts in the It commenced about the middle of

native Indian language of our country. April, and in the few days intervening

The Committee have continued the between that time and the close of the

publication of the American Tract Spring term, about 30 became hopeful

Magazine, of which 3,750 copies are subjects of grace; and 20 of these are supposed to have obtained relief in a

now regularly published, once in two

inonths. single week.

Of the Christian Almanac for 1827, The following extract of a letter no less than ten distinct editions were from the Rev. Joseph Entwisle, late issued, adapted to the meridian of latiPresident of the British Conference, to tude of as many different localities in his friend Mr. S. Dando, of New-York, various parts of the United States: viz. was published in the Christian Advo- at Boston, Mass., New York City, cate and Journal.

Utica, N. Y., Rochester, N. Y., Balti" BRISTOL, March 19, 1827. more, Md., Richmond, Va., Raleigh, “It rejoices my heart to hear that N. C., Augusta, Geo., Huntsville, the work of God is still going forward Alab., and Edwardsville, Illinois. in the United States. May the little Whole number of copies printed at leaven, leaven the whole lump. I am the Society's House, 71,000. happy that I can inform you, that we During the year ending May 1, the also are favoured with outpourings of Society have printed, in the English the Spirit in various parts of our con- language 2,629,100 Tracts; in French nection in England. In some places, 14,000; in Spanish 13,000. Besides hundreds have been called out of dark- which there have been printed, of vols. ness into marvellous light. There is a I. and IV. 3000 copies each; of vol. great revival at Hull and its vicinity; III. 3000 copies; of vol. II. 2000; of also in Lincolnshire, some parts of vols. V. and VI. 1000 each; making Yorkshire and Cornwall, and in other 13,000 volumes, comprising 400,000 places. We still apply to ourselves Tracts. Which, added to those abovethe words of the venerable Wesley: mentioned, give a total, during the year, - The best of all is-God is with us.' of TREEE MILLION, FIFTY-SIX THOU

SAND AND ONE HUNDRED TRACTS, The American Tract Society held its comprising THIRTY FIVE MILLION, second Anniversary, May 9th. From EIGHT HUNDRED AND EIGHT THOUthe Secretary's Report we select the SAND, FIVE HUNDRED PAGES. Whole following prominent facts.

number printed since the Society was The number of Tracts stereotyped formed, (May, 1825,) 3,754,000 comduring the year, is 45; making the prising 43,862,000 pages; of which whole number now stereotyped and 1,620,000 have been covered, making printed, two hundred; containing an 6,480,000 pages of covers, not included aggregate of 2,476 pages. The first in the above. 194 Tracts, comprising 2,400 pages. The number of pages put into circucomplete a set of six volumes, which lation during the year, including 6,453 have, exclusive of thic issues of Tracts bound volumes, is 24,768,232; and since in their single and unconnected form, the Society was formed, 28,379,732. been printed from the stereotype plates There now remain in the General Deon uniform paper, for binding.

pository 15,428,268. A large proporThe committee have also sanction- tion of the Tracts circulated during the ed and sterotyped the “ Boatswain's year have been sold at reduced prices, Mate,” in seven parts, embracing 148 to Branches and Auxiliaries, or to oth

er benevolent institutions and individ- receipts of the year had amounted to uals.

$1,266 40, and the expenditures to The receipts of the past year have $1,572 46; and that the amount of amounted to $30,413 01: being more funds at the disposal of the Society, inthan three times the amount received cluding interest on money loaned, was during the previous year. Of this sum $15,960. This Report was accepted. there were received from Branches, The Annual Report as adopted by Auxiliaries, and benevolent individuals, the Board was then read; and on moFor Tracts nearly at cost, $21,859 05 tion to accept and print it a very deDonations received from

sultory debate ensued; in the course of Branches and Auxiliaries, 1,530 26 which, allusion was often made to past From 39 life directors, 2,074 46 transactions, and to the general subject From 182 life members, 3,444 02 of attempting to colonize Jews in the Annual subscriptions, indi

United States. On this point, it was vidual donations, &c. 1,508 22 plain there was a radical difference of

opinion. In respect to the Report, it Total, $30,413 01 was urged by some, that it gave an inOf this sum, together with 928 92 in accurate representation of the Societhe Treasury at the commencement of ty's concerns; and that as the Report the year, there have been expended of the previous year was rejected, it For paper,

$10,184 28 ought to have included a history of the For printing, engraving, ste

proceedings for that year. Others conreotyping, binding, &c. 15,858 34 tended that it was perfectly correct, and Serviees of Corr. Secretary,

contained information which the ChristDepository, and two assist

ian public, and especially the donors to ants,

1,438 92 the funds, had a right to possess. The Services and expenses of

Report was rejected. travelling agents,

1,209 27 Rev. Drs. Spring and McAuley, at On the first inst. bills then due, were the close of a few remarks in approba. presented to the amount of $598 10 be- tion of the Report, and before the vote yond the amount then in the Treasury; on the question of its acceptance, sig. and the Society are now under obliga- nified their intention to resign their tions for stereotype plates and paper places as members of the Board and of to the amount of $9,239 93.

the Society. S. V. S. Wilder, Esq. The whole number of Branches and on leaving the chair, which he filled Auxiliaries reported at the last anni- with great impartiality and candour, versary as having contributed to the also resigned, both as Vice President Society's funds was 75. The whole and member. number which now contribute to its Among other remarks of Mr. Frey. funds, is 340; besides which, 56 have it was stated that of 400 auxilliaries been recognized by the Committee, nominally connected with the Society, making a total connected with the So- not five were living. He however atciety, of three hundred and ninety-six. tributed this, not to any disaflection on

their part in relation to the object or The American Society for meliorating

management of the Society, but to an the condition of the Jews held its fifth

impression, which at present was coranniversary, May 11th. The following, rect, that no more funds were needed. froin the New York Observer, will show the present condition of this So

POLITICAL. ciety.

ENGLAND.-The London papers The Hon. Jonas Platt having resign- bring us accounts of great commoed the Presidency some months previ- tions in the English Cabinet. They ous, S. V. S. Wilder, Esq. the only have arisen in consequence of the apVice President present, was called to pointment of Mr. Canning to succeed the chair. The records of the Board the Earl of Liverpool as first Lord of at a meeting on Tuesday preceding the Treasury. This measure has been were read, stating, among other things, displeasing to several Members of the the adoption of the Annual Report Cabinet, who have sent in their resigProm the Treasurer's Report, which nations. These were, The Lord Chanfollowed, it appeared that the total cellor, The Duke of Wellington, Earl Bathurst, Mr. Peel, the Earl of West- not undertake to give even an outline moreland, Lord' Bexley, and Lord of these protracted discussions, which Lowther. The King is said to have resulted in a rejection of the motion acted with great decision in this exi. by a majority of four: no fewer than gency, and his measures are generally 548 members voting; 272 for, and 276 approved.

against the motion. The subject is,

however, far from being set at rest ; Catholic Emancipation.-The Christ and frequent conversations are occur ian Observer of March, speaking of ring respecting it in both Houses, esthe late decision in the House of Com- pecially the House of Lords. We mons, respecting the question of Cath- much fear lest it should prove a source olic Emancipation, says:

of greater discords than ever; for The debate lasted two nights; in never, in the opinion of persons of all the course of which most of the lead parties, has the state of Ireland been ing speakers, and various other mem- less a subject of more serious uneasibers particularly interested in this sub- ness than at present." ject, addressed the House. We can

ORDINATIONS AND INSTALLATIONS.

Feb. 28.--The Rev. HEMAN Hum- over the Baptist Church in Orange. AAREY, D. D. was installed Pastor of Street, New York. Sermon by the the Church in Amherst College. The Rev. A. Perkins. College Chapel was dedicated the same April 8.-Rev. NATHANIEL A. day. The Sermon was preached by Pratt, over the Presbyterian Church President Humphrey.

in Darien, Ga. Sermon by Rev. HorMarch 7.—The Rev. PETER Holt, ace Pratt, of St. Mary s. over the Presbyterian Church in Pe- April 22.-Rev.GEORGE F. ADAMS, terborough and Greenfield, N. H. over the Central Baptist Church of Sermon by the Rev. Mr. Bradford, of Washington City. New-Boston.

April 25.-Rev. DANIEL S. SOUTHMarch 14.--Rev. ABNER P. CLARK, MAYD, over the Trinitarian Church in over the Presbyterian Church in Pre- Concord, Mass. Sermon by Professor blo, N. Y. Sermon by Rev. Mr. Murdock, of Andover. Mills, of Peterborough.

April 25.--Rev. Joseph H. BRECK, March 15.-The Rev. Isaac Cum over the Church in Andover, Ohio. MINGs, over the Congregational Church Sermon by Rev. H. Coe. in Dover, Vt. Sermon by the Rev. May 3.--Rev. HENRY B. HOOKER. Chandler Bates, of Newfane.

over the Congregational Church in March 21.---The Rev. SAMUEL Lanesborough, Mass. Sermon by the SPRING, over the North Ecclesiastical Rev. Charles Walker, of Rutland, Vt. Church in Hartford. Sermon by the May 16.--Rev. John E. Bray, over Rev. Dr. Spring of New-York. the Congregational Church in Pros.

March 28. --The Rev. Alonzo pect. Sermon by the Rev. Mr. TalHill, as Colleague with the Rev. Dr. cott, of Warren.' Bancroft, over the Second Congrega- May 16.-Rev. ETHAN SMITH, was tional Society in Worcester, Mass. installed over the Congregational SoSermon by the Rev. Mr. Brazer. ciety in Hanover, Mass. Sermon by

April 1.-Rev. SAMUEL Wilson, the Rev. Mr. Storrs, of Braintree.' over the Presbyterian Church in Shi May 20.-Rev. HIERVEY HAYES, at loh, Ohio. Sermon" by Rev. John Boston Mass. as an Evangelist and Howe.

Chaplain in the United States Navy. April 5.--Rev. W. G. MILLER, Sermon by Rev. Dr. Beccher.

ERRATA.- Page 316, column 2, line 30 from top, for sons, read sins:
Page 317, column 1, line 20 from top, for Arfidus, read Aufidius.

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HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE PULPIT. ity oporated upon the corruption of

the heart, discipline was relaxed, DURING the first two centuries, and the purity of the church was religious instruction was given to lost in proportion to its splendour. those who were looking forward to Persecutions also were frequent the ministry, by lectures ; and to and violent, so that the prominent the people mostly in private houses. bishops and presbyters were emEvery distinguished presbyter and ployed in refuting error, or defendbishop had a catechetical lecture ing the oppressed. This gave a which all who chose, attended. character of bitterness as well to The method of preaching on the their preaching, as their writings. sabbath, so far as we can ascertain, From the 5th, to the 16th, century was rather that of expounding there are few materials from which Considerable portions of scripture we can derive any authentic history were read and explained. The of the pulpit. Preaching degenerstateliness and formality of pulpit ated into cold metaphysical disquiinstruction were not then known. sitions. The subtleties of the Cecil thinks arch-bishop Leighton's school-men supplanted the simple eommentary on Peter is the best truths of the gospel. The gloom and specimen we have of primitive ignorance of monasterism quenched preaching. Origen, who flourished the light and chilled the fervor of in the 3d century, was the first who piety. This long period of time introduced the practice of selecting for want of good writers may be a single text as the subject of a dis- compared to desolate wilds, in course. He dealt much in ab- crossing which, the weary traveller stract and philosophical disquisi- is doomed to spend whole days, tions. With him a text was little without meeting one object attracmore than a starting point ; for he tive enough to relieve the unvary. wandered much in the mazes of ing picture of lonesomeness and speculation. Houses for public sterility. It has often been justly worship were not generally erected observed, that no literary loss is till the fourth century. From the more hopeless than that of historicmiddle of the third century, vital re- alrecords. At the Reformation, the ligion began visibly to decline, spe- pulpit became the seat of truth and cial seasons of the out-pouring of holiness. The thunders of one the Spirit became less frequent. In world shook the very centre of the the east, this was owing in a great other : the deep sleep of error and measure to the spread of error, oc- superstition was effectually broken ; casioned by the prevalence of a false and the arrows of the Spirit, which philosophy. In the west, prosper are the truths of the gospel, became

Vol. 1. --No. VII.

sharp in the hearts of the king's en- ted in interest, so kept together by emies. The pulpit in Germany, persecutions and the surrounding France and England, was occupied darkness, that prominent men gare by men who wielded a mighty influ- a character to the age in which they ence-a power went out from it that lived. If therefore, we can ascershook the foundations of spiritual tain what was peculiar and distinand political tyranny. Since the guishing in a few eminent preachReformation, the pulpit has been ers we can judge of all the rest. regarded as an engine of immense We shall mention some who stand power. The more unpretending out to notice in the 2nd century. and humble its occupants, the Justin Martyr, was educated a stronger is its hold upon the public Platonist. That he was an able mind, and the wider is its influence preacher is proved by his Apologies. over the community. “An enlight. He is rather known as a controverened, holy, and powerful ministry," sialist, than as a pastor and divine. says an able writer in a London Re- Irenæus, was sound and judicious. view, “ is one of the greatest bless. He had more of the spirit of the ings that can enrich the Christian Apostles. He laboured sometime church. It is the best security as a missionary among the Gauls. against error, and a spirit of delu- He was located at Lyons, and exersion : it annihilatcs sectarian pre- ted a wide influence. To a mind judices where they exist ; and keeps of a high order, was added an exten

they have never been indulged. tures, as is proved by his book By its mighty operation, good prin- against Heresies. He seems to have ciples are widely diffused and lu- been intent upon building up the minously displayed in the consistent kingdom of Christ. and blarneless deportment of those Tertullian, the first Latin Father. who are brought under their influ- was a profound scholar. He had a ence.”

most inquisitive mind. He travelled Further light will be thrown upon extensively to glean from every this subject by giving the character source all possible knowledge of the of the different preachers in the sev- “ traditions” of the Apostles. We oral eras of the church.

The Apostles enjoyed advantages able information respecting the first in the miraculous gifts and powers usages of the church. He lacked which were peculiar to themselves. in evangelical spirit. He seculariz. Their preaching was accompanied ed religion. His writings had rather with the Holy Ghost sent down a stoical, than a Christian appearfrom heaven. Their immediate ance. His influence was salutary, guccessors were men of great sim- though not wholly unexceptionable. plicity and surpassing excellence. If Clemens Alexandrinus, was of a we may judge from what are termed philosophical cast. He corrupted the epistles of Ignatius, Polycarp, some of the doctrines of the gospel. Clement, and others, we should say He was one of Origen's instructthe character of their preaching was ers. The three last mentioned Fahortatory rather than argumenta. thers were men of great research, tive. They made a very free use of and of deep study. They had an inthe language of scripture, so that fluence in blending philosophy with their sermons must have been perva- religion. What the church gained ded with deep piety and a heavenly in erudition by their labours, it lost " onction.”

in simplicity and moral power, During the first centuries the Their preaching was with the entichurch was so entirely one, so uni- cing words of man's wisdom, the

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