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never exert their sting till knowl. bleeds with bonor, he grows pale edge displays them, and slides them gloriously, and dies with the same into the apprehension.
heat and fervor that gives life to Nihil scire, vita jucundissima est. others. It is the empty vessel that makes But he does not, like the scholar. the merry sound ; which is evident kill himself in cold blood ; sit up from those whose intellectuals are and watch when there is no enemy; ruined with phrensy or madness; and, like a silly fly, buzz about his who so merry, so free from the lash own candle till he has consumed of care ? their understanding is hinself. gone, and so is their trouble.
Then again : the husbandman It is the philosopher that is pen- who has the toil of sowing and sive, that looks downwards in the reaping, he has his reward in his vt. posture of the mourner. It is the ry labor ; and the same corn that open eve that weeps.
employs, also fills his hand. He Aristotle affirms, that there was who labors in the field indeed weanever a great scholar in the world, ries, but then he also helps and prebut had in his temper a dash and serves his body. mixture of melancholy; and if inel. But study, it is a weariness withancholy be the temper of knowl. out exercise, a laborious sitting still, edge, we know that also it is the that wracks the inward, and decomplexion of sorrow, the scene of stroys the outward man ; that samourning and affliction.
crifices health to conceit, and Solomon could not separate his clothes the soul with the spoils of wisdom from vexation of spirit. We the body; and, like a stronger blast are first taught our knowledge with of lightning, not only meets the the rod, and with the severities of sword, but also consumes the scab. discipline. We get it with some bard. smart, but improve it with more. Nature allows men a great free
The world is full of objects of sor- dom, and never gave an appetite but row, and knowledge enlarges our to be an instrument of enjoyment; capacities to take them in. None nor made a desire, but in order to but the wise man can know himself the pleasure of its satisfaction. to be miserable."
But he that will increase knowl.
edge, must be content not to enjoy; 66 Pass we now to show, how that and not only to cut off the extrava. knowledge is the cause of sorrow, gancies of luxury, but also to deny in respect to the troublesome ac- the lawsul demands of convenience, quisition of it. For is there any la- to forswear delight, and look upon bor comparable to that of the brain ? pleasure as his mortal enemy. any toil like a continual digging in
He must call that study, that is the mines of knowledge ? any pur
indeed confinement ; he must consuit so dubious and difficult as that verse with solitude, walk, eat, and of truth ? any attempt so sublime as sleep thinking, read volumes, de. to give a reason of things ?
vour the choicest authors, and (like A man must be always engaged Pharaoh's kine) after he has de. in difficult speculation, and endure voured all, look lean and meagre. all the inconveniences that attend He must be willing to be weak, it ; which indeed are more than at sickly, and consumptive ; even to tend any other sort of life whatso. forget when he is hungry, and to ever.
digest nothing but what he reads. The soldier, it is confessed, con.
He must read much, and perhaps verses with dangers, and looks meet with little ; turn over much death in the face ; but then he trash for one grain of truth ; study
antiquity till he feels the effects of Expertus multum sudes, multumque it; and, like the cock in the fable, labores. seek pearls in a dunghill, and per. But the divine's office spreads ithaps rise to it as early. This is, self into infinite other occasions of Esse quod Arcesilas ærumnosique labour; and, in those that reach Solones :
the utmost of so great a profession, To be always wearing a meditating it requires depth of knowledge, as countenance, to ruminate, mutter, well as heights of eloquence. and talk to a man's self, for want of To sit and hear is easy, and to better company; in short, to do all censure what we have heard, much those things, which in other men easier. But whatsoever his perare counted madness, but in a formance is, it inevitably puts us scholar pass for his profession. upon an act of religion ; if good,
We may take a view of all those it invites us to a profitable hearing ; callings, to which learning is neces: if otherwise, it inflicts a short pensary, and we shall find that labour ance, and gives an opportunity to and misery attend them all. And the virtue of patience. first, for the study of physic: Do But, in sum, to demonstrate and not many lose their own health, set forth the divine's labour, I shall while they are learning to restore but add this, that he is the only it to others? Do not many shorten person to whom the whole economy their days, and contract incurable of Christianity gives no cessation, diseases, in the inidst of Galen nor allows him so much as the Sab. and Hippocrates ? get consump- bath for a day of rest.-Robert tions amongst receipts and medi. South. cines, and die while they are conversing with remedies?
GODLY SORROW, AND THE SORROW Then for the law : Are not ma
OF THIE WORLD. ny called to the grave, while they are preparing for a call to the bar ? Usually, the sting of sorrow is Do they not grapple with knots and this, that it ne ther removes nor alintricacies, perh .ps not so soon ters the thing we sorrow for ; and dissolved as themselves? Do not so is but a kind of reproach to their bodies wither and decay, and, our reason, which will be sure to after a long study of the law, look accost us with this dilemma. Eilike an estate that has passed ther the thing we sorrow for is through a long suit in law ?
to be remedied, or it is not; if it is, But, above all, let the divine why then do we spend the time in here challenge the greatest share ; inourning, which should be spent in who, if he takes one in ten in the an active applying of remedies ? profit, I am sure, may claim nine But if it is not ; then is our sorrow in ten in the labour. 'Tis one part vain, as tending to no real effect. of his business, indeed, to prepare For no man can wecp his father, others for death; but the toil of his or his friend, out of the grave, or function is like to make the first mourn himself out of a bankrupt experiment upon himself.
condition. But this spiritual sorPeople are apt to think this an row is effectual to one of the greateasy work, and that to be a divine est and highest purposes that manis nothing else but to wear black, kind can be concerned in. It is a to look severely, and to speak con- means to avert an impendent wrath, fidently for an hour; but confi- to disarm an offended Omnipodence and propriety is not all one; tence; and eren to fetch a soul and if we fix but upon this one part out of the very jaws of hell ; so of his employment, as easy as it that the end and consequence of seems to be, Vol. 1.--No. VIII.
this sorrow sweetens the sorrow lights,"] seize upon some text, itself; and, as Solomon says, in the from whence they draw something, midst of laughter, the heart is sor. (which they call a doctrine) and rowful ; so in the midst of sorrow well may it be said to be drawn here, the heart may rejoice; for from the words ; forasmuch as it while it mourns, it reads, that those seldom naturally flows froin them. that mourn shall be comforted ; and In the next place, they branch it so while the penitent weeps with into several heads; perhaps twenone eye, he views his deliverance ty, or thirty, or upwards. Wherewith the other. But then for the upon, for the prosecution of these, external expressions and vent of they repair to some trusty Concor. sorrow; we know that there is a dance, which never fails them, and certain pleasure in weeping ; it is by the help of that, they range six the discharge of a big and a swel or seven scriptures under each ling grief; of a full and a strangling head; which scriptures they prosdiscontent; and therefore he that ecute one by one, enlarging upon never had such a burthen upon his one, for some considerable time, heart, as to give him opportunity till they have spoiled it; and then thus to ease it, has one pleasure in that being done, they pass to anoththis world yet to come. - Ibid. er, which in its turn suffers accor
dingly. And these impertinent and
unpremeditated enlargements they He that prolongs his meals, and look upon as the motions and breath. sacrifices his time, as well as his ings of the Spirit, and therefore other conveniences, to his luxury, much beyond those carnal ordinarhow quickly does he out-sit his ces of sense and reason, supported pleasure! And then, how is all by industry and study; and this the following time bestowed upon they call a- saving way of preaching, ceremony and surfeit; till at length, as it must be confessed to be a way after a long fatigue of eating, and to save much labour, and nothing drinking, and babbling, he con- else that I know of. * * * * But cludes the great work of dining to pass from these indecencies to genteelly, and so makes a shift to others, as little to be allowed in rise from table, that he may lie this sort of men, can any tolerable down upon his bed ; where after reason be given for those strange, he has slept himself into some use new postures used by some in the of himself, by much ado he staggers delivery of the word ? Such as to his table again, and there acts shutting the eyes, distorting the over the same brutish scene; so face, speaking through the nose, that he passes his whole life in a which, I think, cannot so properly dozed condition between sleeping be called preaching, as toning of a and waking, with a kind of drowsi- sermon. Nor do I see, why the ness upon his senses ; which, what word may not be altogether as efpleasure it can be, is hard to con- fectual for the conversion of souls, ceive ; all that is of it, dwells upon delivered by one who has the manthe tip of his tongue, and within ners to look his auditory in the face, the compass of his palate : a wore using his own countenance, and his thy prize for a man to purchase own native voice, without straining with the loss of his time, his reason, it to a lamentable and doleful whine. and himself.- 1b.
* * * * It is clear therefore, that the men of this method have sullied
the noble science of divinity, and First of all they (the “new can never warrant their practice.. either from religion or reason, or shall come fully and clearly to unthe rules of decent behaviour, nor derstand ; so that even the aposyet from the example of the apos- tles, the secretaries of heaven, tles, and least of all from that of might say, We know in part, and our Saviour himself. For none we prophesy in part ; We now see surely will imagine, that these men's through a glass darkly, but then speaking as never man spoke before, face to face.-Barrow. can pass for any imitation of him. -Ib.
We are also uncapable thorough. ly to discern the ways of providence,
from our moral defects, in some Divers notions not simply pass. measure common to all men; from ing our capacity to know, we are our stupidity, our sloth, our temernot yet in condition to ken, by rea- ity, our impatience, our impurity of son of our circumstances here, in heart, our perversness of will and this dark corner of things to which affections : we have not the perwe are confined, and wherein we spicacity to espy the subtle tracts, lie under many disadvantages of and secret reserves of divine wisattaining knowledge. He that is dom; we have not the industry, shut up in a close place, and can with steady application of inind, to only peep through chinks, who regard and meditate on God's standeth in a valley, and hath his works; we have not the temper prospect intercepted, who is en- and patience to wait upon God, compassed with fogs, who hath but until he discover himself in the aca dusky light to view things by, complishment of his purposes ; we whose eyes are weak or foul, how have not that blessed purity of heart can he see much or far, how can he which is requisite to the seeing God discern things remote, minute or sub in his special dispensations, we tile, clearly and distinctly ? Such is have not that rectitude of will and our case ; our mind is pent up in government of our passions, as not the body, and looketh oniy through to be scandalized at what God those clests by which objects strike doeth, if it thwarteth our conceit or our sense ; its intuition is limited humor ; such defects are observ. within a very small compass; it able in the best men, who there. resideth in an atmosphere of fancy, fore have misapprehended, have stuft with exhalations from tem- disrelished, have fretted and murper, appetite, passion, interest ; its mured at the proceedings of God : light is scant and faint (for sense we might instance in Job, in David, and experience do reach only some in Elias, in Jonah, in the holy few gross matters of fact, light in apostles themselves, by whose fused, and revelation imparted to speeches and deportments in some us, proceed from arbitrary dispen- cases, it may appear how difficult it sation in definite measures) our is for us, who have eyes of flesh (as ratiocination consequently from Job speaketh) and hearts too never such principles, must be very short quite freed of carnality, to see and defective ; nor are our minds through, or fully to acquiesce in the ever thoroughly sound, or pure and dealings of God. defecate from prejudices : hence It is indeed a distemper incident no wonder, that now we are wholly to us, which we can hardly shun, or ignorant of divers great truths, or cure, that we are apt to measure the have but a glimmering notion of equity and expedience of things acthem, which we may, and hereafter cording to our opinions and pas
sions; affecting consequently to scend on the heads, then floods of impose on God our silly imagina wealth must run into the laps of our tions as rules of his proceeding, favourites, otherwise we are not sat. and to constitute him the execution- isfied ; and scarce can deem God er of our sorry passions ; what we awake, or mindful of his cliarge. conceit fit to be done, that we take We do beyond measure hate or des. God bound to perform ; when we pise some persons, and to those feel ourselves stirred, then we pre. God must not afford any favour, any sume God must be alike concern- mercy, any forbearance, or time of ed: to our apprehensions every repentance; we excessively ad. slight inconvenience is a huge ca- mire or dote on others, and those lamity, every scratch of fortune is a God must not touch or cross ; if he ghastly wound ; God, therefore, we doth not proceed thus he is in dan. think, should have prevented it, or ger to forfeit his authority : He must presently remove it ; every must hardly be allowed to govern pitiful bauble, every trivial accom- the world, in case he will not square modation is a matter of high conse- his administrations to our fond conquence, which if God withhold, we ceit, or froward humour : hence are ready to clamour on him ; and no wonder, that men often are stum. wail as children for want of a trifle. bled about providence; for God Are we soundly angry or inflamed will not rule according to their with zeal ? Then fire must come fancy or pleasure it would be a down from heaven, then thunder mad world if he should) neither bolts must fly about, then nothing indeed could be do so if he would, but sudden woe and vengeance are their judgments and their desires denounced: Are we pleased! being infinitely various, inconsistent Then showers of blessings inust de- and repugnant.--lb.
The Scoffer Admonished; being hibit the progress or decline of reli. the Substance of two Sermons gion at different periods in the preached in Carr's Lane Mccting church, and its peculiar characterHouse, July 18th and Augustistics and modifications in different 1st. 1824. By J. A. JAMES, Bir- countries. A collection of sermons minghain. · pp. 53.
from the Christian era down to the
present time, would afford a comTue sermons of different coun- prehensive view highly interesting tries and ages indicate, perhaps and instructive, on this subject. better than any other species of We are not aware indeed that this writing, not excepting ecclesias- could be done to a desirable extent tical history itself, the state of reli- from the want of records at the begion in those countries and ages. ginning. Had the discourses or Not only are they faithful exposi- rather the expositions of the earlitors of the piety, Icarning and dilic est Christian teachers been pubgence, or the impiety, ignorance lished and preserved, it would conand sloth of the incumbents of the stitute a body of testimony, of the sacred office ; but they show the most unexceptionable character, reinfluence of truth or error on the specting the Church immediately mass of the community. They ex- succeeding the age of the apostles.