« AnteriorContinuar »
Second Annual Report of the Board ders it impossible to prevent the
of Managers of the Prison Dis. mutual intercourse of the convicts. cipline Society, Boston, June 1, In all the old prisons, the convicte 1827. pp. 164.
are turned together in considerable
numbers into the night rooms, and The first Report of this Society are then beyond the inspection of was the subject of a brief notice in their keepers. We ourselves, serone of the numbers in our last vol- eral years since, visited one in ume. That document disclosed which forty-nine miserable wretches facts which the public could not were lodged together in one apart. have suspected to exist, in relation ment !-and the literal filthiness of to American prisons, till the re- the place equalled the moral pollusearches of the Prison Discipline tion of its occupants. What hope Society brought them forth. The of reformation in such circumstansecond Report contains a further ces? Who would not look for developement of the same general any thing rather than the moral incharacter.
provement of men thus nightly The great objects of penal jus brought together into one mass of tice, in a Christian country, are gloomy and concentrated depravity, the prevention of crime and the where their desperation could only refomation of the guilty. But as vent itself in heart-hardening immost of our prisons have been man- precations, or seek relief in the aged, they have not only failed of most vile and polluting abominathese objects, but have, in the most tions? direct and efficient manner, pro
This greatest of evils in the penmoted the evils they were design. tentiary system--the intercommued to cure. Instead of being peni- nication of the convicts, cannot tentiaries, in the good sense of the long be suffered to remain. The word, they have been schools of old prisons will be abandoned, and mutual instruction in the arts of new ones be constructed on the villany, and have been more dan principle of that at Auburn. In gerous to society in proportion.as a that prison, as well as at Sing Sing, community of villains is always and at Wethersfield, the convicts more dangerous than an individual sleep apart in solitary cells, and knave. Old offenders instead of are so arranged during the day, as being reformed have initiated the to prevent any degree of interyounger convicts into the myste course among themselves. The ries of their own wickedness, and benefits of this system are evident have thus prepared juvenile offene from such facts as the following. ders to go forth veterans in guilt ; The old prisons, instead of reformthe crimes for which many of the ing their inmates, prepare a great prisoners were brought hither, are proportion of them for a speedy repeated within the prison walls return within their walls. In the with peculiar facility; and plans old County Prison in Philadelphia, have been laid which have been the recommitments are about one horribly executed as soon as the per- in three ; while in the Auburn petrators were discharged. Some prison they are less than one in of the boldest crimes which have twenty. astonished the community within a In respect to one means, and few years past, have been traced to probably the only effectual means the night rooms of our penitentia of the reformation of convicts, ries. These evils are in a great namely, faithful religious instrucmeasure to be attributed to the bad tion,—there has been, and is, a construction of prisons, which ren, criminal neglect on the part of our
state legislatures. In none of 'our which has been a continual and heavy prisons have they made adequate burden to the State, from its first esOrovision for this obient and in tablishment, a liberal provision, in promany of them, none at all. On this
portion to the number of convicts, has
been made for their religious instrucsubject the following facts were exhibited in the last year's report
tion; but the chaplain has not resided
in or near the prison, and for various of the Prison Discipline Society. causes not suitable to mention, the
moral and religious influence exerted In the New Hampshire Penitentia- over the prisoners has been very far ry, which has afforded to the State, from what it should have been. from one to five thousand dollars in In the State Prison in New York come, for the last six years, twenty- city, the duties of the chaplain have five dollars only are appropriated an- devolved upon the Rev. Mr. STANnually, to supply the institution with FORD, a venerable man, more than the means of grace.-It is worthy of seventy years of age, who has been reremark, however, that the warden, of lied upon to supply the following inhis own accord, causes the Scriptures stitutions, containing the following to be read publicly to the men, twice number of inmates: State Prison, more every day; and on the Sabbath, if no than six hundred; Penitentiary, more clergyman can be obtained to perform than three hundred; Bridewell, from the service of the sanctuary, the war. one to two hundred; Debtors' Jail, den does it himself. The influence of number variable; City Hospital, from these measures, which have been adop- one to four hundred; Alms House, ted voluntarily by the warden, has from one to two thousand. Vast as been powerful in raising the institu- is the praise and honour of this worthy tion to its present elevated character. and venerable man, who preaches reg
In the Vermont Penitentiary, which ularly, at least ten times a week, how has nearly defrayed all the expense of inadequate is the provision of religious its management for five years, one instruction for all these humane and hundred dollars only, are appropriated criminal institutions. Clergymen from for religious instruction. The chapel the city sometimes preach at the State has been converted into a weaver's Prison. shop. The service on the Sabbath is In the New Jersey Penitentiary, irregular, and the Scriptures are not there is no provision whatever by the daily read to the assembled convicts. State, for the moral and religious inThis may be one reason why there are struction of the convicts, and not unso many more recommitments in Ver frequently month after month has pasmont, than in New Hampshire, and sed, without a religious service on the why there are so many more prisoners Sabbath. in proportion to the population.
In Pennsylvania, no provision is In the Massachusetts Penitentiary, made by the State for the religious inwhich has given an income to the struction of the wretched inmates of State, of more than thirteen thousand their almost incomparably wretched dollars in the last two years, two hunCounty Prison. The Prison here dred dollars a year only, are appropri. spoken of, is the old County Prison in ated for the religious instruction of Philadelphia, used by the State as a more than three hundred convicts. State Prison, for which the new one There is only one short service on the now building, but not yet finished or Sabbath, and the iemainder of this ho. occupied, is intended as a substitute, ly day, the men are locked up in their In this old Prison, almost four hund. cells and left to their wicked inclina- red men were found occupying sixteen tions. There is no reading the Scrip- rooms, which in the night were an tures daily to the men, nor is such emblem of the pit, and on the Sabbath provision made by the State for the the men canie forth from their rooms chaplain, as to enable him to devote into the yard, and were there seen much of his time during the week, to engaged in various sports, without the appropriate duties of his profes- regard to the sanctity of the day, or bion.
the presence of the officers. All the In the Connecticut Penitentiary, religious instruction given to these
men is given gratuitously, by benevo- the early part of the summer of 1881, lent individuals or societies. . measures were taken to ascertain the
In the Baltimore Penitentiary, no number of convicts who were unable provision is made by the State for to read, or who had received so little moral and religious instruction. The instruction that they could read only friends of the Methodist church have by spelling most of the words. The gratuitously, and very regularly supli- number was found to be between fitty ed most of the instruction which has and sixty. Besides these, there were been communicated.
many others, who, though they were In the Virginia Penitentiary, no able in a measure to read, were still provision is made by the State of reli
grossly ignorant.” Out of the whole gious instruction; the Scriptures are number, fifty of the most ignorant not read to the men daily; nor has were placed in the school. there been a religious service on the During the exercises of the school, Sabbath, sometimes, for three months great pains have been taken to impress together. The chapel has been con- upon their minds a deep and abiding verted into solitary cells.
sense of moral and religious obligaIt is believed that the exhibition of tion. the condition of the Penitentiaries, in The privilege was embraced with regard to moral and religious instruc- the greatest avidity and apparent tion, furnishes the second, if not the thankfulness. Their conduct has been first great cause of the partial failure uniformly good, and their industry and of the Penitentiary system. pp. 51– application unremitted; and it is very 53.
gratifying to be able to state, that
their progress has exceeded the most This great deficiency, it is hoped, sanguine expectations-nor is this all will not long remain unsupplied. -an influence of a very salutary na. The Prison Discipline Society sent ture and tendency, it is believed, has chaplains last year to Auburn and
been exerted on the minds of many of Sing Sing; and the good effects of
the members of this school-an influ
ence which it is hoped will be felt their labors cannot escape the at
through the whole course of their futention of our enlightened legisla- ture lives. pp. 71, 72. tors. In relation to one of them, we will quote the testimony of the
At Sing Sing, since the chaplain keeper at Auburn.
was sent there, they have not only
had public worship on the Sabbath, In November, 1825, the Rev. JARED CURTIS was employed, and sent
but reading the Scriptures and here as a resident chaplain, by the prayer every evening: Massachusetts Prison Discipline Soci. The Prison Discipline Society is ety, since which he has continued with accomplishing a good work. Its ability and zeal, to discharge the du- philanthropic and indefatigable secties before referred to; and although retary, at an expense of several strong prejudices were to be encoun- thousand miles travel, besides an tered, his knowledge of human nature,
extensive correspondence, has colcorrect views of public policy, the pen
lected a most valuable mass of itentiary system, and prison discipline, with a steady and uniform devotion to
facts; and these facts communicahis duties, has not only enabled him to ted to men of distinction and office, overcome those prejudices, but the fa- have either originated or hastened yorıble results of his labors fully jus important measures. Legislatures tify what is said above on this sub- have promptly acted upon informaject.
tion which has been thus imparted Under the immediate superintend to them. This is a gratifying cir. ence of the chaplain, assisted by the students in the Theological Seminary,
cumstance, and one which ought as teachers, a Sabbath school has been
to be turned to good account by instituted for young convicts: con. all enlightened friends of the pubcerning which the keeper says, “in lic welfare. There are other evils
of at least equal magnitude with ly explored. Let facts be collectthe penitentiary system, which prob- ed, by individuals, by ecclesiastical ably will never be driven from the bodies, and by ass ciations formed community, but by an array of facts for the purpose. Let these facts against them. Such are lotteries. be presented to our intelligent leSuch are theatres—which send ten gislatures, and there is reason to felons to the penitentiary where the believe, from the history of the penitentiary sends one reformed Prison Discipline Society, that the convict back to society. Let these legislative remedies will not be and every possible evil be thorough- withheld.
A Gazetleer of Massachusetts is during his campaigns in Italy and about to be published, by Charles Egypt; all his proclamations as GenWhipple, Newburyport, Mass., in a eral in Chiet, Consul, and Emperor; duodecimo of 350 pages: Containing a the history of the “Hundred Days;' general view of the State; A Geo- his opinions on war, religion, the clergraphical Description of its Situation, gy, the nobility, history, morality, the Soil, Mountains, Rivers, Roads, and revolutions in France and England; Canals; Literary Institutions, Com- curious anecdotes, confidential letters, merce and Manufactures; with the and other productions. Constitution of Government, and a Historical Sketch of Events, from the Society of the Alumni of Yale College. first settlement to the present time; a -A Society with this name was formList of all the Towns and places of ed at the late Commencement, the obconsequence, alphabetically arranged; ject of which is “ to sustain and adwith the number of Inhabitants, Date vance the interests of the College." of Incorporation, Boundaries and Dist. A Committee, appointed for the purance from Boston ; also, Lists of pose at a former meeting, reported an Churches, Ministers, Physicians, Law. address, and the Constitution of a Soyers, and Men of eminence; together ciety, which, after mature deliberation, with a great variety of Geographical was unanimously adopted. The Conand Historical Notices of many of the stitution provides that every alumnus towns. By Jeremiah Spotiord, M. M. who pays two dollars annually, shall S. Soc.
be a member of the Society; every
one who pays 15 dollars shall be a The Life of Dr. Ledyard, the inter- member for ten years ; 25 dollars, a esting American traveller and poet, member for life; 50 dollars, a director which has been promised for some time for life; and 250 dollars, an honorary from the pen of Mr. Jared Sparks, ed- vice president for life. After the itor of the N. A. Review, is now in adoption of the Constitution, it was press, and will shortly be published by voted that it be printed, with the adMessrs. Hilliard and Brown of Cam dress of the Committee, in the form of bridge.
a Circular, and that a copy be for
warded to every alumnus of the ColDugald Stewart is engaged in pre- lege. paring for publication, a work on “the "At the close of the meeting the books active and moral powers of man." were opened, and the subscriptions re
ceived were very liberal.—The followThe complete works of Napoleon have ing gentlemen were elected officers of recently appeared at Paris, containing the Society for the ensuing year.three pieces written by him at the re- Hon. John Cotton Smith, President.--spective ages of 20, 21, and 23, a se- Hon. Jeremiah Mason of N. H., Samlection of the reports to the directory, uel Hubbard, Esq. of Mass., Hon. Ol
iver Wolcott, His Excellency Gideon of the Alumni of Yale College, and to Tomlinson, Con. Charles Chauncey, aid the efforts of any agent who may Esq. of Penn. and Hon. J. C. Calhoun be employed by the Board of Directs ofS. C. Vice Presidents.-Hon. Josiah ors. Stebbins, of Maine, Hon. Asher Robbins, of R. I. Hon. Horatio Seymour, The Western Reserve College has of Vt. Rev. Lyman Beecher, D. D. been founded at Hudson, Ohio, and a and Hon. Isaac C. Bates, of Mass. commodious edifice erected. Most of Rev. Gardiner Spring, D. D. Rev. that part of the state is settled by Dr. Chester, Wilijam Maxwell, Esq. people from the New England states, and William Jay, Esq. of N. Y. and agents have been sent into those Rev. Ezra Stiles Ely, D. D. of Penn- states to obtain assistance, to enable sylvania, J. P. Devereux, Esq. of N. the institution to supply itself with the Carolina, Hon. Stephen Elliott, and necessary professors.-It is obvious to Thomas S. Grimke, Esq.ofs. Carolina; every one who has reflected on the the Rev. President Day, Thomas S. subject, that if our western states are Williams, Esq. Professor Silliman, ever to be supplied with preachers, Oliver D. Cooke, Hon. R. M. Sher- with habits and feelings suited to the man, Hon. James Gould, Hon. Lyman exigences of the country, they must be Law, Hon. Judge Baldwin Æneas supplied from Colleges and Theologic. Munson, Esq. Hon. Martin Wells, and al Institutions, established within their Hon. David Daggett, of Connecticut, own territory; and every such InstituDirectors.
tion has a claim upon the patronage of At a meeting on the day of Com. those who feel an interest in the politmencement, it was resolved ;- That ical and religious welfare of our rising the next annual meeting be held in the country. Chapel at 7 o'clock on the evening preceding the Commencement of 1828, Kenyon College was founded in and that public notice of the meeting June last, at Gambier, Ohio. It has be given in the newspapers ; That an received donations of considerable address be delivered, on that occasion, amount, in money and lands. The by an Alumnus, on the interests of college building now commenced is learning, the appointment to be made the centre, or connecting part, in the by the Board of Directors; That the form of the letter H, and is 110 feet Alumni now present will make efforts long by 40 feet wide: this is to receive to extend the influence of the Society two wings of 174 feet each.
By Eleazar T. Fitch. pp. 96. New. Simplicity in the Christian Faith, Haven: A. H. Maltby, 1827. alike Scriptural and Powerful: A Ser- Hymns of the Protestant Episcopal mon, delivered July 1, 1827, at the Church in the United States, set forth Second Independent Church, Charles- in General Convention of said Church, ton, S. C. By Mellish J. Motte. 12mo. in the years of our Lord 1789, 1808, pp. 24. Charleston, 1827.
and 1826. A Discourse on denying the Lord The Importance of the Study of the Jesus: By Bernard Whitman of Walt. Old Testament. By Augustus Phoham. 12mo. pp. 47. Boston: Bolles & luck. Translated from the German Dearborn, 1827.
by R. B. Patton, Professor of Langua. An Inquiry into the Nature of Sin: ges at Nassau Hall. in which the views advanced in “Two A Sermon on the Perdition of Judas. Discourses on the Nature of Sin,” are By Nathaniel Emmons, D.D. of Frankpursued, and Vindicated from Objec- lin, Mass. With a review of the same. tions stated in the Christian Advocate. By David Pickering, of Providence, R.