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labours of her patriots ; deaden her see the evils which you have creaindustry; neutralize her charities. ted. The lover of his country's in
From arguments directed against stitutions can give you no regard ; the system, it is natural to turn our for you circumscribe the influence attention to the sentiments which of her happiest institutions. If you we ought to entertain toward that are desirous of character,look to your numerous class whose interest it wealth, look to your family; look to serves. When we see their wealth any thing but your occupation. accumulating over the ruins of But with many, perhaps I should private happiness, we might feel have said the most, of the tribe, our thoughts excited to indigna- it would be superfluous to waste tion. But, on second reflection, time in argument. Men who know we should be disposed to compas- no higher good than wealth, and call sion rather than anger, when we no means of gaining it dishonour; observe at what expense of charac- their precise elevation of character ter their wealth is gained. The is very significantly exhibited, in assertion may be maintained, that a their windows, by the whole apparalottery-dealer, so far as his charac- tus of wheels and squirrels, mice ter is derived from his business, can and painted goddesses ; while they neder be a very respectable man. stuff the papers with effusions, Wealth may afford that sort of re- appropriate to their intellect, in spect which easily attaches to it; sickly advertisements. One would but his profession has no quality of suppose that they had not yet arrielevation or benefit which can at- ved at the dignity of reason; or had tract esteem. If he possess it stopped short at some intermediat all, it must be on other grounds, ate stage of the progress, which -of public usefulness, or private Lord Monboddo has described, character: for an upright man will from an ape to a man. Beings not sometimes be strangely blinded to far enough exalted for the honour the moral nature of the craft which of reproach, their best element is he has taken for his profession. contempt.
But if a dealer in tickets should I shall now bring this letter to a be disposed to make appeal from close ; having put together the such a sentence upon his character, thoughts which I first proposed to he might be asked ;-Upon what do, upon that part of the general do you found your pretensions to subject which relates to the public respectability ?' Do you not know tendency of lotteries : I hope for a that the honour of being useful, future opportunity to confer with which most other citizens can claim, you upon the portion which remains, you cannot claim ? You stand be- and to prosecute the inquiry, whethhind your counter and gather in er, on moral principles, distinct your substance, by practising upon from every ground of expediency, the credulity of the people. You a man ought not to renounce them. feed yourself from the necessities
AHE. of the indigent, and maintain your
(To be continued.) splendours by the folly of the rich. Were the world what it ought to be, there would be no room for your profession. The patriot can have THERE are some men who seem no friendship for you ; since you destined to make a noise, move impair the resources of his country. how they will. Such a man apThe man who regards the interests
pears to be the Bishop of New. of the poor can have no friendship York. On his late return from for you ; since he every day can England, that prelate preached,
BISHOP HOBART AND THE RE
as who needs to be informed, a less. The dissenting magazines comparative view of the mother do indeed seem to see some truth country and his own. In that dis- in the Bishop's statements, but his course, though he lauded England high-church friends know no bounds not a little, yet as he presumed to to their resentment. They see give “ his own dear native land” nothing in the whole discourse, but the preference, it behoved him as the most gratuitous obliquity, or a reasonable man to set forth the the most amazing obtuseness,grounds of such preference; and the nine lauditary paragraphs notin doing this he must needs dis- withstanding. Hear for example, place some of the loose stones and in what a strain the Quarterly Thedust which it seems he had dis- ological Review speaks,-a pericovered in his clamberings about odical, than which there is not anthe walls of that venerable edifice, other in the world more eminently the church establishment. The high-church, the New York Christconsequence was as might have ian Journal not excepted. been expected. For “a man of · Still more repugnantly' says gentlemanlike habits, nay, of con- that oracle of the establishment, siderable intelligence, nay, of the “should we believe that Dr. Hosacred profession, nay, of episcopal bart had volunteered this offensive rank, actually to signalize his first publication; that he had been appearance in the American pulpit, thinking only of a vulgar flourish on his return from the hospitality to announce his arrival in America; and marked attentions of the British and that any unfortunate eagerness clergy, by a laboured, and most un- to grasp the contemptible popularmeasured, and most unfounded at- ity attached to libelling England, tack on the established church of should have betrayed him into a England”—was an offence not to flimsy and fantastical declamation, be borne in silence; and accor- stiffened out with charges, which, dingly upon the first appearance of if he had not examined, it was the discourse in England, all good rashness and presumption in him churchmen, and especially high- to mention; and which, if he had churchmen, and above all, the high- examined, and even found to be church reviewers, were thrown into true, he should have been the last such an uproar, as, judging from man to mention.” the hum at this distance, resem- “Or, was this depreciation of our bled, in no small degree, the stir church designed for the pastoral among the people which the town- edification of his own, as his pamphclerk at Ephesus was hardly able let seems to say ? ... Or, did he disto appease.
cover that the spirit of Episcopacy The Bishop seems to have had in America would derive new pua presentiment of what was coming, rity from the announcement that and to have guarded against it. the great parent church in England For in his English edition, as I had fallen into gross decay ? gather from the reviewers, he se- Or, could he have conceived that in lected and brought together in his the midst of his crowd of native preface no less than nine para- sects, all fiercely jealous of the graphs from the sermon, of une- church, the declaration that the quivocal and downright praise of principles of Episcopacy were falEngland. These he hoped might lible, worldly, and incapable of reserve as a sort of paragreles to sisting rapid and rancorous corrupmitigate the storm. But in this tion, would tend to raise them in he was disappointed. The hail the American eye? None of these came thick and pitiless neverthe- suppositions will relieve him." ..
" Yet we
“But where was the ne- perhaps become us who are withcessity for this topic at all? Here out to intimate any opinion as to is a man returning to his country the merits of the case. It is mereafter an absence of years. We ly incidental that I have touched greatly question whether among upon the subject, having taken up ourselves the most inveterate pub- my pen with reference to another lic haranguer, the most vigorous topic, suggested by the Christian trafficker in political verbiage, the Observer. The conductors of that most bowed down lover of popular work indulge but a moderate reity, would not, at his first step on sentment at Bishop Hobart's serthe threshold of his home, have mon. For they remark that he found a hundred topics that flung had formed his opinions, “not politics aside."
among Bible Society and Church have in Dr. Hobart, a clergyman Missionary schismatics, but in his stepping from the very shore to the intercourse with the warmest oppalpit, brimfull of the most unfor- ponents of all such outrageous tunate opinions on our affairs; proceedings, to whom his well laying upon his cushion for a ser- known opinions, on these and simmon, a political pamphlet ; and ilar matters, had introduced and calling upon his congregation to recommended him ;" and therefore rejoice in the superiority of their they know how to excuse him. obscure church over the fallen and But they take occasion from the decrepit grandeur of the mighty sermon to notice several other church of England.”
things, and among these, the use Thus the reviewers go on, pour- the Bishop makes of the term dising forth page after page of nation- senters. “ With us,” say they, al indignation. Indeed it is amu-"in England, the term is neither sing to see magnanimous England, harsh nor inappropriate; for it --forgetting her own similar offen- means only “non-conformists” as ces, committed in the persons of it respects the established church: her Fearons, and her Fauxes, and but what it means in the United her quarterly reviewers, against States we cannot so clearly underher transatlantic daughter,-wince stand ; and the use of it appears to and smart thus, under the castiga- us exceptionable, because it seems tion of “the gentle shepherd of an to imply a spirit which would exobscure flock in the wilderness ;" clude from the visible pale of for thus diminutively do the re- Christ's church all who do not adopt viewers of the sermon affect to the doctrines and discipline of a speak of Dr. Hobart and his dio- very small, though highly respectacese.
ble, minority of transatlantic ChristNow, for my part, since the re- tians." viewers make such a bluster, I And this exclusiveness of spirit wonder Bishop Hobart does not at the use of the term is intended to once put them all to silence and to imply; and the Christian Observer shame, by coming forth with the folks must be very degenerate whole, of which he had not told Churchmen, and very ignorant of the half. He knows, and his review- the apostolic claims of Episcopacy, ers know, that not only may the to think the spirit censurable. “charges" he has brought against In
other sense of the word, it. them be substantiated, but those would have no propriety of meancharges may be backed by many ing. For if it be merely used to more of the same kind.
denote all non-episcopalians simply But the misunderstanding is one as such, it might be used with as of a family nature, and it does not much propriety by one denominaVOL. I.No. II,
tion as another. Thus with the dred of his neighbours, and among Presbyterian, dissenters' would them many grave men, and good mean all non-presbyterians, with men, differing from him in some of the “ dipt,” all the “sprinkled,' bis peculiarities, however much imwith the Methodist, all who do not portance he may attach to those follow Wesley.
peculiarities, it becomes him to asBut with our Episcopalian breth- sert them with modesty. But in reren the term dissenters is by no spect to our high-church brethren, means used thus, as a convenient not only do the great majority of noun of multitude. It is the hand. Christians in this country differ from maid of Episcopacy, and has the them in their notions, about divine
same general import as all that in- right, and so forth, but the better • cessant talk about the “ apostolic part of their own church also, both
and primitive” church ; the church in England and in this counry, dis“divinely constituted in her sacre- approve of such pretensions. It is ments, ministry, and worship ;” time they did so. And it is time, I do * the divine institution of Episco- not say merely that churchmen, but pacy;" “the divinely constituted that all denominations, certainly all powers of Bishops,”' &c. &c., which protestant denominations, should one meets with abundantly in all become ashamed of their exclu. American high-church publications, sives. In an age of bigotry these and which load especially those of things might be expected ; but how Bishop Hobart, even to an offence do they accord with the spirit of the against taste. Now if it were present day. “There is no salvanot invidious, and if it were worth tion,” says the Roman Catholic, the while, to go into a statistical "out of the Catholic church.” view of the matter, it might easily “ There is only uncovenanted merbe made to appear how little rea- cy,” says the Churchman, " out of son our Episcopalian brethren have the pale of Episcopacy.” “I will for any complacency in the use of allow none to be members of the term "dissenters," from a Christ's visible church,” says the comparison of numbers with their close-communionist, “ but such as sister denominations. In this light agree in immersion.” “ And in the the term is, to say the least, in- days of the millennium," affirms the congruous; for in all other cases Shaker, “ the world will go out in of division among men, the few are Shakerism." Thus we mutually said to dissent from the many, and hold each other. Each the church, not the many from the few. Again, and all schismatics.* But let me which have been the great and pre- ask, in conclusion, what is the vailing denominations in the land, church of Christ ; or, rather, in from its earliest settlement; and what does its unity consist ? Does which is the best entitled in this it consist in an agreement in this view of the subject to apply the or that particular set of forms ? or term in question ;-the Episco- in a common relation to a common pal? or some other denomination. Lord ; a common renouncement of
But this is not to the point. For the world and a common adherence what have priority and numbers to to Christ, by a public and sincere do with the question whether Episcopacy be of divine right or no? * The Presbyterians and CongregationTrue. But when a man finds a hun- alists are not wholly exempt from cen
I allude to their application of the * For all the expressions here quoted,
term sectaries, to certain intruders into and many more, see the Discourse on
their flocks. The intrusion may be cenEngland and the United States: also see surable, but the use of the term is illibthe Bishop's writings everywhere.
profession of faith in him. And taste demand in it the same qualiwho are the real schismatics ? ties which appear in finished archWho but those who interpose their itecture, while the mind destitute mole-hill peculiarities as partition of these is viewed as imperfect and walls between brethren, and who uncomely: or, to recall a famil. make zeal for an external form of iar comparison, the mind to the more account than a hearty obedi- statuary marble,--as it is the perence to the first and great com- fection of the sculptor's art to premandment.
E. R. sent by proportion and symmetry
the dignity, and grace, and beauty,
of the human form, as it is when SYMMETRY A POINT TO BE AIMED AT
most admired ; so it is the highest IX MENTAL CULTIVATION. perfection of mental cultivation to
present a mind so improved by a Ar extensive acquaintance with due attention to all its faculties as mental philosophy is confessedly to awaken in the beholder the highimportant to those who are employ- est admiration. ed in forming the youthful mind, The memory has its uses. But and training it to habits of ac- an excessive exercise of the memtivity and usefulness. It is no less ory, and an undue reliance upon it important to those who, having in the common course of education, come to years of reflection, are is often ruinous to the inventive facendeavouring, by assiduous and ulties. The student of inere mempersevering attention to learning ory becomes a menial slave to other and science, to cultivate their own men's opinions. The imagination minds. A study in itself dry and is an interesting and a noble faculdifficult may become interesting ty. In its legitimate exercise it when it is seen that the instruction gives gaity and embellishment to derived from it is of great prac- the intellect, sheds a pleasing lustical utility. There is no greater tre on untried life, and becomes a benefit to be derived from pursuing powerful incentive to deeds of nothe philosophy of the mind, there ble enterprise. Its excessive inis nothing which throws around the dulgence often becomes fatal. The study a higher interest, than its mind of powerful imagination, like practical bearing on mental disci- the heavy ship of towering sail, if pline. The subject of investiga- balanced and directed, is borne in tion is within us. It constitutes the safety. But who has not seen the more noble part of ourselves, and floating wreck of many a shattered to its improvement we are impelled intellect, torn from its stand, and by the most weighty considerations. cast on the waves, by a towering im
An object ever to be kept in view, agination ? Similar results follow in mental cultivation, is the propor. the excessive or defective cultivationate and harmonious improve- tion of every other faculty. ment of all its faculties, both spec- In studying the philosophy of the ulative and active. The strength mind with a view to mental improveand elegance of architecture de- ment, it is not sufficient to have pend on a due attention to fitness studied the philosophy of mind in and proportion in all its parts. A general. But the student should part too much enlarged or too high- carefully investigate the philosoly ornamented, with a correspond- phy of his own mind, and mark dising part feeble, or uncouth is viewed tinctly the customary operations, with disapprobation and disgust. and the state of improvement of *The same is true in the mental fab- each faculty. And can he discov. ric. Sound judgment and correct er that which an ill-directed educa