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“ Majesty, most justly provoking his wrath “ and indignation against usz.” The Article teaches the cause of this disobedience : “ Original sin standeth not in the following " of Adam, as the Pelagians do vainly talk, « but it is the fault and corruption of the “ nature of every man, that naturally is “ engendered of the offspring of Adam, “ whereby man is very far gone from ori“ginal righteousness, and is of his own “ nature inclined to evil, so that the flesh “ lusteth always contrary to the spirit, and “ therefore in every person born into this “world, it deserveth God's wrath and “ damnation. And this infection of na“ ture doth remain, yea, in them that are " regenerated; whereby the lust of the flesh "... is not subject to the law of God.” We are's by nature born in sin, and the “ children of wrath b.” So saith the Apostle; we «s were by nature children of « wrathc:” for “ in Adam” not only did all die', but all did sine, and “ by one
? Communion Office. a Art. IX. b Church Catechism. c Ephes. ii. 3. d I Cor. xv. 22. e Rom. v. 12.
“ man's disobedience the many were made 66 sinners",” and “ judgment came upon "o all men to condemnations,” and “ the " whole world” became liable to the judgment of God". Hence also are our hearts “ deceitful above all things, desperately “ wicked'," and continually prone to evil. “ The flesh lusteth against the spirit, and " the spirit against the flesh, and these are “ contrary the one to the other, so that we " cannot do the things that we wouldk.”
9. It is declared, that “ the condition of “ man after the fall of Adam is such, that “ he cannot turn and prepare himself by “ his own natural strength and good works “ to faith and calling upon God: where“ fore we have no power to do good works 66 pleasant and acceptable to God, without “ the grace of God by Christ preventing us, “ and working with us when we have that “ good will!” To the same effect every child is taught, that he is not able of himself “ to walk in the commandments of God, “ and to serve him without his special “ gracem.” The same doctrine is expressed in many of our collects. “ As we are “ sore let and hindered in running the race “ that is set before us,” we pray “ that “ God's bountiful grace and mercy may “ speedily help and deliver us."." “ By “ reason of the frailty of our nature we “ cannot always stand uprighto.” “We “ have no power of ourselves to help our“ selves P." “ Through the weakness of “ our mortal nature we can do no good " thing withoutq” God. “The frailty of man “ without him cannot but fall".” “ With“out him we are not able to pleases him :" and therefore we pray, that “ as by his “ special grace preventing us, he doth put “ into our hearts good desires, so by his “ continual help we may bring the same “ to good effect*.” These expressions of
f Rom. v. 19. & Rom. v. 18. h Rom. iii. 19. i Jer. xvii. 9. k Gal. v. 17. 'Art. X.
· m Catechism. n Collect for fourth Sunday in Advent. o Collect for fourth Sunday after Epiphany. p Collect for second Sunday in Lent. 9 Collects for first and ninth Sundays after Trinity.' Collect for fifteenth Sunday after Trinity. s Collect for nineteenth Sunday after Trinity Collect for Easter Day.
deep and unfeigned humility are of heavenly origin, and it is the Apostle's doctrine, that while “ we work out our own salvation with “ fear and trembling, it is God who work“eth in us both to will and to do of his “ good pleasure.” “No man can come "unto me,” saith our Lord, “ except the “ Father draw him *;” and “ without me “ ye can do nothingy.” “ We are not suffi“ cient of ourselves to think any thing as " of ourselves, but our sufficiency is of “ Godz.” “ The Spirit also helpeth our “ infirmities,” for “ the natural man re“ ceiveth not the things of the Spirit of “ God; for foolishness is in him : neither “ can he know them, because they are spi- ritually discerned b.”
10. Thus corrupted, thus assisted, it is declared “ of the justification of man,” that “ we are accounted righteous before “ God only for the merit of our Lord and “ Saviour Jesus Christ, by faith, and not “ for our own works or deservings. Where
u Philip, ii. 12, 13. John vi. 44. y John xv. 5. 2 2 Cor. iii. 5. a Rom. viii. 26. b i Cor. ii. 14.
“ fore that we are justified by faith only is “ a most wholesome doctrine, and very full “of comfort.” It is also very agreeable to the Scriptures; “ For by grace have we “ been saved, through faith: and that not «s of ourselves, it is the gift of God ... not " of works, lest any man should boastd.” For “all have sinned and come short of “ the glory of God, being justified freely “ by his grace, through the redemption " that is in Christ Jesus, whom God hath “ set forth to be a propitiation through “ faith in his blood, to declare his right“ eousness for the remission of sins that are “ past, through the forbearance of God, « to declare his righteousness, that he is “ just, in justifying him that believeth in « Jesus e."
11. “ Works done before the grace of “ Christ, and the inspiration of his Spirit, “ are not pleasant to God, forasmuch as “ they spring not of faith in Jesus Christ, “ neither do they make men meet to re* ceive grace, or ... to deserve grace of
c Art. XI. d Ephes. ii. 8, 9.
Rom. ii. 23-26.