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and the wicked; for there is a time there for every purpose, and for every work.
1 8 I said in mine heart concerning the estate of the sons of men, that God might manifest them, and that they might sec that they themselves are beasts.
1 9 For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no pre-eminence above a beast: for all is vanity.
20 Al l go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.
21 Who knoweth the spirit of man thatgoeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?
22 Wherefore I perceive that there is nothing better than that a man should rejoice in. his own works; for that is his. portion: for who shall bring him to see what shall be after him?
1 Vanity is increased upon men by oppression, 4 by envy, 5 by idleness, 7 by covetousness, Q by solitariness, 13 by wilfulness.
gO I returned, and considered all the oppressions that arc done under the sun: and behold, the tears of such as zoere oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there teas power, but they had no comforter.
2 Wherefore I praised the dead which are already dead, more than the living which are yet alive.
3 Yea, better is he than both they whjch hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun.
4 Again, 1 considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
5 If The fool foldeth his hands together, and eatctb his own flesh.
6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit.
7 Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun.
8 There is one alone, and there is not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet is there no end of all his
labour; labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither suith he, For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good i This 'it also vanity, yea, it is a sore travail.
9 If Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labour.
10 For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him that is alone when he falleth; for he hath not another to help him up.
11 Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm alone?
12 And if one prevail against him, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
13^} Better is a poor and a wise child than an old and foolish king, who w ill no more be admonished.
14 For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also he that is born in his kingdom becometh poor.
15 I considered all the living which walk under the sun, yvith the second child that shall stand up in his stead.
16 There is no end of all the people, even of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also is vanity, and vexation of spirit.
1 Vanities in divine service, 8 in murmuring against oppression, 9 and in riches. 18 Joy in riches is the gift of God. J^EEP thy foot when thou goest to the house of God, and be more ready to hear than to give the sacrifice of fools; for they consider not that they do evil.
2 Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few.
3 For a dream cometh through the multitude of business; and a fool's voice is knoKn by multitude of words.
4 When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it: for he hath no pleasure in fools: pay that which thou hast vowed,
5 Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay.
6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither
» say say thou before the angel, that it vtts an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands?
7 For in the multitude of dreams and many words there are also divers vanities: but fear thou God.
8 If If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for he that is higher than the highest regardeth, and there be higher than they.
9 I f Moreover the profit of the earth is for all: the king himself is served by the field.
10 He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loveth abundance, with increase: thL is also vanity.
11 When goods increase, they are increased that eat them} and what good is there to the owners thereof, saving the beholding of them with their eyes?
12 The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.
13 There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun^ namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.
14 But those riches perish by evil travail: and he begetteth a son, and there is nothing in his hand.
15 As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shal} he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand.
16 And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as he came so shall he go: and what profit hath he that hath laboured for the wind?
17 All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.
18 Behold tlmt which I have seen: it is good and comely for one to eat and drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun, all the days of his life which God giveth him: for it is his portion.
19 Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given him power to cat thereof, and to take
his his portion, and to rejoice in his labour; this is the gift of Cod.'
20 For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because God answereth him in the joy of his heart.
CHAP. VI. . 1 The vanity of riches without use, 3 of children, (i and old
age without riches. 9 The vanity of sight and uundering
desires. 11 The conclusion of vanities. ^11 ERE is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it is common among men:
2 A man to whom Cod hath given riches, wealth and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet Cod giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease.
3 % If a man beget an hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be . not filled with good, and also that he have no burial; I say, that an untimely birth is better than he.
4 For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness.
5 Moreover, he hath not seen the sun, nor known any thing: this hath more rest than the other.
6 Yea, though he live a thousand years twice told, yet hath he seen no good: do not all go to one place?
7 All the labour of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled.
8 For what hath the w ise more than the fool? what hath the poor, that knoweth to walk before the living t
9 I f Better is the sight of the eyes, than the wandering of .-, the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
10 That which hath been is named already, and it is known that it is man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he.
11 If Seeing there be many tliings that increase vanity, what is man the better?
12 For who knoweth what is good for man in this life,
all the days of his vain life which he spendeth as a shadow? for who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?
CHAP. VII. 1 Remedies against vanity, are a good name, 2 mortification, 7 patience, 11 icisdom. '13 The difficulty of getting nisdom. JL Good name it better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth.
2 It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the eud of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart.
3 Sorrow is better than laughter: for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better.
4 The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house- of mirth.
5 It is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than for a man to hear the song of fools:
6 For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool: this also is vanity.
7 Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad, and a gift destroyeth the heart.
8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.
9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.
10 Say Hot thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these ? for thou dost not enquire wisely concerning this.
11 If Wisdom is good with an inheritance : and by it there is profit to them-that see the sun.
19 For wisdom is a defence, an4 money is a defence: but the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them that have it.
13 Consider the work of God: for who can make that Straight which he hath made crooked?
14 In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him.