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rather to supply facts omitted, than to rivet those which he had before communicated. In this attempt he was exceedingly happy this lecture being fully more diversified, and richer in anecdote, than any of its predecessors. Mr. Buckingham's stores of information regarding the East appear to be quite inexhaustible; and he opens them with a facility exclusively his own, and which makes us regret every time we hear him, the impossibility of doing justice, in a report, to a tythe of the topics which he illuminates.
From 'The Edinburgh Evening Courant,' July 25. On Thursday evening, Mr. Buckingham delivered a Lecture in the large room in the Waterloo Hotel, the principal object of which was to supply what he had omitted in his former lectures on the Eastern countries. He likewise enlarged considerably on the Monopoly question, and communicated additional information on that interesting subject. The audience was highly respectable, and every part of the room, including the gallery, was crowded. He lectured with unabated interest for the long space of three hours and a half. As usual, he became more animated as he proceeded, and delighted his audience by his eloquence, as well as by the playful and fascinating manner in which he narrated his personal adventures. We need scarcely add, that he was often interrupted by the applauses of his audience.
The following are the towns in Scotland in which Mr. BUCKINGHAM's Lectures are now positively fixed, and on the dates annexed.
1. Aberdeen, July 27–28 | 5. Paisley, August 12-13 2. Dundee, , 29—30 6. Greenock, . 14-16 3. Perth, . . 3117. Ayre, . 17-18 4. Glasgow, August 3—11 8. Dumfries, , 19–21
MONUMENT TO THE LATE MR. AVAM.
(Mr. BUCKINGHAM, to whom the subjoined was sent during his stay in Edinburgh, can have no possible objection to the insertion of it in the pages of The Oriental Herald." Whep parents write Epitaphs for their deceased Children, Criticism is disarmed :-bat an Inscription on the Tomb of a Son placed there by the Father, although it may prove the affection which dictated the eulogy-can hardly be regarded as sufficient evidence to outweigh the testimony of facts which no affection can obliterate. If the Epitaphs of much greater invaders of the liberties of mankind than Mr. Adam, were to be consulted for their characters--the greatest tyrants that the world ever saw, would pass for paragons of meekness and humanity.]
Edinburgh, July 16, 1829. The annexed Epitaph was copied, this afternoon, from a marble slab in the mausoleum of the Adam family, situate in the south-west corner of the Greyfriars Church-yard of this City. The Copier first saw it last summer, and intended, at that time, to send a copy for insertion in 'The Oriental Herald,' but neglected so to do. But now that Mr. Buckingham is in Edinburgh himself, he may have an opportunity of seeing, what is so much at variance with his own opinion of the merits of the person commemorated.
Eldest son of
was born 4th May, 1779.
In the civil service
of the East India Company.
And in 1819, was placed in the supreme Council.
He was re-appointed,
By the public voice of India.
And the wisdom of his measures
fatigue and anxiety,
to embark for England,
To have beheld his benign countenance ;
on his voyage home,
And his remains
His public services
will be recorded in
Put up by his father in July, 1827.
· WRECK OF THE Carn-BRXA Castle IndianAN. The following is an extract of a letter from one of the passengers, a lady, to her father in Edinburgh, dated the 10th July :
The particulars of our wreck are, as nearly as I can remember, as follows:—We had been wind-bound off Portsmouth from the 1st to the 5th of the month, when, about ten in the morning (Sunday) it sprung up a fine fresh wind. All was bustle and life in a short time; the anchor was weighed, and sails set, and we should have been off (as the Bolton was) at the rate of six knots an hour, had it not been that one of the passengers, a Mr. A--, had not come on board, although he had orders to be so the night before ; we waited about an hour and a half before he was seen coming from the shore, and it was not till one o'clock that he got on board. We then set off; but in a very short time the wind changed, and we were then obliged to tack. I had always been a good sailor till this day; for, though at anchor, the motion was very great, and I had been in bed mostly all day. About five o'clock W- came down stairs, and bad also lain down, and had said to me, that both he and Captain S-- thought that Captain Barber was keeping too near the land. I said that I thought several times I felt the ship as it were touching the ground. Just at that moment the ship struck with such a tremendous crash, that it alınost makes me shudder to think of it. W-- started up, and told me to put on my cloak, which I did, and also put some of my most valuable parcels into my bag, and left my cabin ; Captain S-- made me go into theirs, beside his wife, who was much alarmed but composed. Except one woman, not a lady made the least noise, but said that they would do whatever was thought best. Perhaps we remained here about half an hour, during which time every third or fourth sea dashed the ship with such violence against the rocks, that every moment we thought we were gone. We then went up stairs to be ready to go off, but what did we not feel when we were told that no boat could come off, though we were not more than three quarters of a mile from land; guns were fired, but were of no use. The rudder broke with an awful noise; the boat was let down to take the ladies, and swamped immediately; the sea washed in at one cuddy window, and ran out at the other; things of different kinds were thrown * overboard; and every one did what they could to assist. The Captain never left the poop, but behaved with the utmost calmness and precision ; but the men bad not known him long enough to be under much discipline; they were almost all boys, and did not know what to do. We had on board five ladies in all, and amongst the number a Miss F--, and if it had not been for this lady it is probable we must have remained all night. She came from the Isle of Wight, and her friends, seeing the ship, had gone to the Revenue Officer and insisted upon him doing his duty, and at least attempting to get to the ship, which he did, and providentia lly
reached it in time to get the ladies on shore that night. We were let down into the boat partly by help of hand and partly by ropes, the sea running so bigb that it was with the greatest difficulty that we could get into it. I was the last, and the men would hardly take me in; but to part from my W- , at such a time, was truly dreadful; he gave me some money, and kissed me upon deck, and at that moment neither of us knew that we should see each other again in this world. We were made to sit down in the bottom of the boat amongst the wet, and the sea washing over us very much, I think we must have been about half an hour in this state. I had only two dressing gowns on, and my cloak and bonnet, but the people were kind to us, and took us to a farm house called Motteston, about eight miles from Newport, but here, after a little, my agony began. W did not follow; night closed in, in utter darkness, the wind blew with such violence, that when they fired the guns we did not hear them, though not a mile from the shore. W- says it was terrible when the masts were cut down; and for some time the ship looked like a bridge, rising up in the middle, and that he expected every moment to see it break in two. By the time day light came in, the sea was calmer, and a boat brought them safe to land.'
A GREEK Sailor's War Song. My gallant ship! again-again in freedom shalt thou bound, Once more upon the trembling main thy thunders shall resound; And heroes from thy boards shall leap on the red deck of the foe, When the grappling fight is ship to ship, and sabres deal the blow. Hark! messmates now the breeze is loud, to the wind your canvass
spread Again we feel our hearts beat proud, as the sounding deck we tread. Farewell --the maids of that soft isle, though long we've own'd their
LETTER FBOM China.
The use of the drug that is so great a luxury in China, has been much extended of late years ; in the last, the consumption appears to have increased one-fourth beyond any former season. The price has not latterly been high, which has brought more of the population among the snokers. It is expressly prohibited by law, being considered by the heads of the Government, as deleterious to the health, and corruptive of the morals of the people. The probability is, that in a general way, its inordinate use is less frequent, and its effects taken in moderation less pernicious than the practice of drinking strong liquors in other countries. The Government of British India is giving as much encouragement to the growth of opium as they possibly can do, with the immediate view of adding to the large profits they already derive from its cultivation. It is a monopoly of their own, and forms a considerable part of their revenue. They buy from the growers for about 350 rupees, what they sell at 1,200 to 2,000 rupees. I believe nothing further enters their heads. Some of us here, however, who observe how necessary the article is become to many of the Chinese, and the increasing demand for a luxury that custom renders indispensable, suppose it may some time, not far off, turn out an engine of power in our hands, to obtain a better footing among them with regard to our trade, if not also in a political relation. The time may come that they may feel all the inconvenience which they believe we should do if deprived of tea, by withholding from them their supply of opium. If resorted to the next time they stop our trade, we might from the effect produced, be able to judge what greater advantages could be drawn from the use of a weapon that would shed no blood, and cost the Company neither men nor treasure; I am afraid, however, this will not happen until the expiration of their Charter. Their agents cannot deviate from the letter or spirit of their instruction from the Directors, without a dereliction from duty and a compromise of their own particular interests,—we must wait a few years for a better state of things. Those who are interested in a free trade to China, look forward with considerable feelings of interest to the discussions that will take place this year in England, on the merits of the Company's Charter. It is now an acknowledged axiom among commercial men, that all restrictions upon the free course of trade are injurious, and therefore the greater a monopoly the greater must be the evil. Most of the private traders settled here, are provided with consul's patents from different states in Europe. At present they appear useless, as the supercargoes do not interfere. It is supposed that the near approach of the time for Parliament taking into consideration the Company's exclusive privilege, induces their agents to act with a degree of forbearance that they may not consider vecessary, if the Charter should be again renewed. In that case a consul's patent would be desirable to any one out of their favour.