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That no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident; for, The just shall live by faith. And the law is not of faith, but, The man who doeth them, shall live in them, &c. Wherefore then serveth the law? it was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come, &c. If there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law, &c. Wherefore the law was our school
master to bring us unto Christ.-Gal. iii. 11, 12. 19. 21. 24. iv. 1-5.
Christ is become of no effect unto you: whosoever of you are justified by the law, ye are fallen from grace. -Gal. v. 4.
By grace ye are saved, &c. not of works, lest any man should boast.— Eph. ii. 8, 9.
We are the circumcision which worship God in the Spirit, &c. and and have no confidence in the flesh, &c. Paul was very zealous of the law, and if any man had whereof to boast in that respect, he more; yet he counted all but loss and dung for Christ; and that he might be found in him, not having his own righteousness, which is of the law.-Phil, iii. 3, &c.
The law is good, if a man use it lawfully: knowing that the law is not made for the righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, &c. -1 Tim. i. 8, 9.
Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he hath saved us.-Titus iii. 5.
If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, &c. what further need was there that another priest should rise? &c. For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did.-Heb. vii. 11. 19. viii. 5, 6. 8.
In which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience.-Heb. ix. 9.
For the law, having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually, make the comers thereunto perfect for then would they not have ceased to be offered, because that the worshippers once purged, should have had no more conscience of sins; but in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year; for it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins, &c. Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, &c
In burnt offerings, &c. thou hast had no pleasure, &c. Sacrifices, which can never take away sin.-Heb. x. 1 -6. 8. 11. xiii. 9, 10. Ps. xl. 6, 7. Micah vi. 6, 7.
Whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. For he who said, &c. -James ii. 10, 11. We are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousness are as filthy rags. -Isa. Ixiv. 6.
When ye shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants; we have done that which was our duty to do.
Luke xvii. 10.
If the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses, for the glory of his countenance, which glory was to be done away; how shall not the ministration of the Spirit be rather glorious? For if the ministration of condemnation be glory; much more doth the ministration of righte ousness exceed in glory: for even that which was made glorious, had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory which excelleth: for, if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious.-2 Cor. iii. 7-11.
This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh? &c.-Gal. iii. 2, 3. 5.
CHAP. V. OF MAN'S SALVATION AND REDEMPTION: HOW IT CAME, AND BY WHAT MEANS.
FIRST, From God only, and no other wise.
WHAT is man, that thou shouldest magnify him, and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him?-Job vii. 17. Ps. viii. 4. cxliv. 3. Heb. ii. 6. None can by any means redeem his
brother, nor give to God a ransom for him for the redemption of their soul is precious, &c. that he should still live for ever.-Ps. xlix. 7—9.
Will the Lord be pleased with thou→ sands of rams, or with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression? The fruit of my body for the sin of my soul? &c.-Micah vi. 7. Heb. x. 5, 6.
Ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, &c.-1 Pet: i. 18.
He saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor; therefore his arm brought salvation to him, &c. And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, &c.—Isa. lix. 16. 20.
The year of my Redeemer is come: And I looked, and there was none to help; therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me, &c.-Isa. Ixiii. 4, 5. Ps. xcviii. 1-3.
Then thou spakest in vision to thy Holy One, and saidst, I have laid help upon one who is mighty: I have exalted one chosen out of the people, &c.-Ps. lxxxix. 19.
Thus saith the Lord, Behold I lay in Zion for a foundation, a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner-stone, a sure foundation, &c.-Isa. xxviii., 16. 1 Pet. ii. 6.
The glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together, &c.-Isa. xl. 5. Luke iii. 4-6.
Behold my servant, whom I uphold: mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth. I have put my spirit upon him he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles, &c. I the Lord have called thee in righteousness, &c. and give thee for a covenant to the people : for a light of the Gentiles; to open the blind eyes; to bring out the prisoners, &c.-Isa. xlii. 1.5-7. xlix. 8.
vation shall not tarry and I will place salvation in Zion for Israel. Isa. xlvi. 13.
It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant, to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel. I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth, &c. That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth, &c.-Isa. xlix. 6. 9. Acts xiii. 46, 47. Isa. liv. 1, 2.
To whom is the arm of the Lord revealed? For he shall grow up before him as tender plant, and as root out of a dry ground, &c.-Isa. liii. 1, 2.
The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek: he hath sent me to bind up the broken hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; to proclaim the acceptable year, &c. to comfort all that mourn, &c.-Isa. lxi. 1-3.
Saith the Lord, I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, &c. In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name, whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS, &c.-Jer. xxiii. 5, 6. Acts xiii. 23.
O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself, but in me is thine help.-Hosea xiii. 9.
Bethlehem, &c. Out of thee shall he come forth unto me, that is to be Ruler in Israel; whose going, &c.Micah v. 2.
Behold, I will bring forth my servant, the Branch.-Zech. iii. 8. vi. 12, 13.
Behold, I will send my messenger, &c. And the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple; even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in; Behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts, &c. Then shall the offerings of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the Lord. -Mal. iii. 1. 4.
Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he hath visited and redeemed his
people; and hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David; as he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, &c. that we should be saved from our enemies, &c. To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant, &c. To give knowledge of salvation unto his people, by the remission of their sins, through the tender mercy of our God, whereby the dayspring (or sunrising, or branch) from on high hath visited us: to give light, &c.—Luke i. 68–72. 77-79.
Mine eyes have seen thy salvation, which thou hast prepared before the face of all people: a light to lighten the Gentiles, &c.-Luke ii. 30-32.
God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, &c. that the world through him might be saved.—John iii. 16, 17.
If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith unto thee, &c.-John iv. 10.
I came down from heaven, to do the will of him who sent me: and this is the Father's will, who hath sent me, That of all which he hath given me, I should lose nothing, &c. That every one who seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life.-John vi. 3840. Heb. x. 7. John x. 36.
Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and fore-knowledge of God, ye have taken, &c.-Acts ii. 23.
Against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, &c. were gathered together; for to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.-Acts iv. 27, 28.
Him hath God exalted with his right hand, to be a Prince, and a Saviour. -Acts v. 31.
God commendeth his love towards us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us, &c. The grace of God, and the gift by grace, &c.-Rom. v. 8. 15, 16. Tit. iii. 4, 5. Heb. ii. 9.
What the law could not do, &c. God sending his own Son, &c. Spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us.-Rom. viii. 3. 32.
All things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself, by Jesus. 2 Cor. v. 18.
Jesus Christ who gave himself, &c. according to the will of God, and our Father. Gal. i. 3, 4.
God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them who were under the law, &c.-Gal. iv. 4, 5.
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus, &c. who hath blessed us, &c. in Christ, and chosen us, adopted us, &c.-Eph. i. 3, &c. Pet. i. 3, 4.
God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us, &c. that in ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace, in kindness towards us, through Christ Jesus: for by grace are ye saved.-Eph. ii. 4-8. iii. 9, 10. Tit. iii. 4-6.
God, &c. who hath saved us, &c. by grace, which he hath given us in Christ, &c.-2 Tim. i. 8—10.
What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man, that thou visitest him?-Heb. ii. 6. Ps. viii. 4.
In this was manifest the love of God towards us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him: herein is love; not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins, &c. And we have seen, and do testify that the Father sent the Son, the Saviour, &c.-1 John iv. 9, 10. 14. iii. 1.
And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.-1 John v. 11.
God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us.-Heb. vi. 17, 18.
God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath; that by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for
Blessed be God, who hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by Jesus Christ. 1 Pet. i. 3.
SECONDLY, Who is he by whom this Salvation is conveyed and wrought? -John i. 17. Eph. iii. 8.-It is Jesus Christ.
THE law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ, &c.-John i. 17.
Of which salvation the prophets have inquired, &c. the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.-1 Pet. i. 10, 11.
And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed: it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.-Gen. iii. 15.
The Lord said unto Abram, &c. And in thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed.-Gen. xii. 1. 3.
Abraham shall, &c. And all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him.-Gen. xviii. 18.
The Lord said to Isaac, &c. In thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed.-Gen. xxvi. 4.
The Lord said to Jacob, &c. And in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.-Gen. xxviii. 14.
The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a law-giver from betwee his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt, &c.-Gen. xlix. 10, 11.
I know my redeemer liveth, &c.—— Job xix. 25.
All they that see me, laugh me to scorn, &c. He trusted on the Lord, that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, &c.-Ps. xxii. 7, 8.
He keepeth all his bones; not one of them is broken.-Ps. xxxiv. 20. John xix. 33, 34. 36, 37.
Sacrifice and offering thou didst not
desire, &c. Then said I, Lo I come, &c.-Ps. xl. 6-8. Heb. x. 5—7. Mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, &c. hath lift up his heel against me.-Ps. xli. 9. Matt. xxvi. 14, 15. 47. &c. Ps. lv. 12-14. Thou hast ascended on high, led captivity captive, received gifts for men, &c.-Ps. lxviii. 18.
Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand; upon the Son of man, whom thou madest strong for thyself. -Ps. lxxx. 17.
The Lord hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season, &c. I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks, &c.-Isa. l. 4. 6. Matt. xxvi. 67.
The stone which the builders refused is become the head of the corner. -Ps. cxviii. 22. Acts iv. 11, 12. Isa. xxviii. 16. 1 Pet. ii. 6.
The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was, &c. then I was by him, as one brought up, and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him, rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.-Prov. viii. 22, 23-31.
The people who walked in darkness, have seen a great light: they who dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined, &c. For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given, &c.-Isa. ix. 2, 3. 6. Matt. iv. 15, 16.
There shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles, &c. -Isa. xi. 1, 2. 10. lx. 1, &c.
Behold, a king shall reign, &c. a man shall be a hiding place from the wind.-Isa. xxxii. 1-3.
O Zion, who bringeth good tidings, &c. Behold, the Lord shall come, &c. His arm shall rule for him, his reward is with him, he shall feed his flock like, &c.-Isa. xl. 9-11. lxii. 11.
1, 2. 6, 7. xlix. 6. 8, 9. Acts xiii. 47. Matt. xii. 18, 19.
Behold, my servant whom I uphold, &c. he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles; he shall not cry, nor lift up, &c. I will give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles, to open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners.-Isa. xlii.
The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings, &c. to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them who are bound, &c.-Isa. lxi. 1, &c. Luke iv. 17-21. Isa. xlv. 13.
Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments? &c. Mighty to save. Wherefore art thou red in apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth? &c.—Isa. lxiii. 1—3.
I will raise unto David a righteous branch, &c. and in his days Judah shall be saved, &c. He shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.Jer. xxiii. 5, 6. John i. 45.