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DEATH OF ROBERT ANDERSON, M.D., LATE OF HAMILTON,
A TESTIMONY OF AFFECTION FROM ONE WHO KNEW AND LOVED HIM WELL.
(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) One of the earliest victims of malignant cholera in Cairo, during its late awful visitation, was our able and respected young friend, Dr. Robert Anderson, who fell a martyr to science and the love of his profession. Although he had not been in Egypt twelve months, he had so won the esteem and confidence of most of the English residents, that his death was deeply felt, and more especially at a period so critical and distressing.
Dr. Anderson attended the service of the church on Sunday morning, July 230 ; afterwards he walked to Boulack, the port of Cairo, distant about two miles, to see cholera cases; he returned heated and exhausted, and seemed far from well. On the previous Thursday he had also gone thither, and called on us in the heat of the day to report the result of his acute observations. I then remonstrated with him on the hazard of unnecessary exposure to the sun: he replied, “I am anxious to watch the regular development of the malady.” He said that he had entered into all the holes and corners of that wretched place, and had seen how the pestilence raged there in all its violence; adding, that it would be excellent practice for him. Poor fellow ! we little thought how very short his experience of that practice was to be ; for even then his hours were numbered, and the sands were well-nigh run. He was taken ill during the night of Sunday. Mr. Lieder called early on Monday morning, and found him sick unto death. He remained with him till all hope of life had fled; but before that solemn crisis arrived, he was able to administer to the dear, dying youth the sweet assurance of his Redeemer's love; leading him, in this hour of his utmost need, to cast himself and all his care on that Saviour who died for him. He could not speak; but he looked his thanks, and evidently prayed with silent fervour. At six P.m. he breathed his last ; and was interred the following day with all possible respect. Mr. Lieder described the burial as a very solemn and melancholy spectacle. He felt, he said, an unutterable mingling of awe and sorrow, as he stood beside the grave of one so young, distinguished for moral excellence, amiable, judicious, and highly-gifted. There lay the mortal remains of him whom he had regarded as a son; who was beloved by his friends, and respected wherever he was known : a countryman, too, taken from us at such a trying juncture, and summoned from a sphere of active usefulness at his earliest noon; the “natural body" about to be “ sown” in a foreign soil, far from the charities of home and kindred,-a stranger in a strange land!
Our consolation is drawn from a knowledge, that our lamented friend had been carefully nurtured in the bosom of the Free Church of Scotland ; that he had early loved the Lord Jesus, and walked in the fear of God. The Apostle St. Paul counsels us " concerning them which are asleep, that" we “sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.” (1 Thess. iv. 13, 14.) Cairo, October 7th, 1848.
HORÆ BIBLICÆ. No. XXVII.—THE NAME OF THE LORD. (To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) “ Then began men to call upon the name of the Lord.”—Gen. iv. 26. The above text, confessedly one of the most difficult in the whole book of Genesis, may receive some elucidation from the following passage in Mitford's History of Greece ; a passage which has not, so far as I am aware, been hitherto applied to that purpose :
“Herodotus, after giving an account of the origin of the names of the principal Grecian divinities, proceeds to tell us, that, being at Dodona, he was there assured (apparently by the Priests of the far-famed temple of Jupiter) that, anciently, the Pelasgian ancestors of the Grecian people sacrificed and prayed to gods, to whom they gave no name or distinguishing appellation ; 'for,' he adds, they had never heard of any; but they called them gods, as the disposers and rulers of all things. It is hence evident, that the Pelasgians can have acknowledged but one God; for when many gods are believed, distinguishing appellations will and must be given ; but the unity of the Deity precludes the necessity of names.” (Chap. iii., § 1.)
The italics here are my own. The passage in Herodotus to which the English historian refers, will be found, book ii., chap. 52, and appears to me to merit translation entire.
“The Pelasgi, as I learned at Dodona, at first performed all their sacrifices with the invocation of divinities, to no one of whom did they give a distinguishing epithet or proper name, (for they had heard of none,) but called them gods," (Seous, arrangers,) “for some such reason as this,that they had arranged and continued to manage all affairs and all regions. Subsequently, after a long lapse of time, they learned names, which had arrived from Egypt, for the gods ; (Bacchus excepted, of whom they did not hear till long after ;) and after a time they made inquiry regarding these names at Dodona. This oracle has the reputation of being the oldest among the Hellenes, and was at that time the only one. When, therefore, the Pelasgi inquired at Dodona, if they should adopt the names which had come from the foreigners,' the oracle commanded to employ them.' Consequently, from this period they employed those names of the gods in their sacrifices ; and the Hellenes received them from the Pelasgi.”
It may seem a difficulty in the way of Mitford's conclusion, that Herodotus speaks of “gods” in the plural number. But when it is remembered, that in the Hebrew language, one of the most common appellations of the Deity has the plural form, this will prove an additional argument for the trustworthiness, not only of the conclusion, but of the narrative on which it is founded.
Adopting, therefore, the view thus suggested, it would seem that, in the time of Enos, the growing direction of worship to sensible objects rendered it necessary for those who still worshipped the one living and true God to vary the mode in which they had hitherto addressed him. What this had been, we know not; but from this period they called upon “ the NAME of the Lord.” While others bowed down before some created and sensible object, the sons of God called upon his NAME only; and thus confessed him to be one who, himself unseen and unfelt, saw and heard those who acknowledged him before men. No image, no symbol was necessary for the worship of an omnipresent Spirit; and if they uttered aloud the name of Him
they adored, one great reason was, to testify to those around that such was his nature.
That the text has been previously explained by reference to the growth of idolatry, I am fully aware ; but, in such cases, a new translation has generally been proposed. For this I see no necessity. The authorized version, giving the correct sense of the original, while it does not indeed expressly assert the prevalence of polytheism, does imply it in the most unequivocal manner.
I cannot quit this subject without calling attention to the affecting picture presented in the narrative of Herodotus. The Pelasgi possessed a measure of correct information on spiritual subjects," did not like to retain God in their knowledge,”-and, to justify their breaking the last feeble tie which bound them to him, had recourse to an authority pretending to be divine. In all this they are but a type of what took place among other nations, of whose backsliding no record has been preserved. But, with or without human record, the word of God has been fulfilled. “The Lord is with you, while ye be with him ; and if ye seek him, he will be found of you ; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you.” (2 Chron. xv. 2.)
H. R. O. Wesleyan Collegiate Institution, Taunton, October 24th, 1848.
SELECT LIST OF BOOKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED,
The Insertion of any article in this List is not to be considered as pledging us to the approbation of its contents, unless it be accompanied by some express notice of our favourable opinion. Nor is the omission of any such notice to be regarded as indicating a contrary opinion; as our limits, and other reasons, impose on us the necessity of selection and brevity.]
Memoirs of Mrs. Elizabeth Harvard, her pious Ancestry, Descendants of the late of the Wesleyan Mission to Ceylon Proto-(English) Murtyr, John Rogers. and India : with Extracts from her 12mo., pp. iv, 328. Hamiltons. - A Diary and Correspondence. By the valuable memorial of a pious and intelRev. W. M. Harvard, A.M. Third ligent lady, who died in December, 1827. Edition. 18mo., pp. 130. Sold by John It is a useful contribution to the stock of Mason. Besides the excellent character religious biography, particularly in rewhich is here, though with much brevity, spect to the exhibition of a beautifully yet with real fulness, portrayed, there meek and quiet spirit, and the delineaare the interesting notices connected with tion of the character by which it was Mrs. Harvard's personal history, of the developed. voyage to India of the first Wesleyan Lectures, illustrating the Contrast Missionaries, in company with Dr. Coke, between Christianity and various other whose death, and committal to the great Systems. By W. B. Sprague, D.D., deep, till “the sea shall give up her New-York. 12mo., pp. ri, 309. Stiff dead," are affectingly narrated. Nor is Covers. W. Collins. The plan of the the volume less valuable for the memo work is this : In the first four Lectures rial which it furnishes of the commence Christianity is contrasted with Atheismy ment of the Wesleyan Mission to India. Paganism, Deism, and Mohammedanism, We are glad to see this new issue. To Protestant Christianity is then contrasted the young, and especially those of them with Romanism ; Évangelical Chris. who are engaged in Missionary opera- tianity with Voitarianism; Practical tions, it is calculated to be very useful. Christianity with Antinomianism; and
The Seed of the Righteous. A Memoir Experimental Christianity with Formal. of the late Mrs. Elisabeth Long, of Clap. ism, Sentimentalism, and Fanaticism. ham-Park, with interesting Notices of The arguments are good, and well put;
and the selection of the aspects of the se- will be, in its generic character, that of veral cases examined is excellent. All is his age and country; in its specific chasettled by honest exhibition and cogent racter, that of the individual person. reasoning. We would not be hypercri. Essays on Human Happiness. By tical; but we cannot help saying that our Dr. Henry Duhring. 18mo., pp. ri, approval would have been more entire, 87. Longmans. The remarks contained if there had been less of that sort of in these Essays are generally correct and romanticism (so to call it in the writing, good, and will most likely be read with to which we have thought some of the pleasure by the author's personal friends; transatlantic religious writers are some but we confess we see no particular tea. what prone. We had rather have the son for their publication in reference to a bold English roughness of Andrew Ful. wider circulation. ler. The worst of it is, that when a The Gathering of Israel; or, the good writer furnishes an example of this Patriarchal Blessing, as contained in kind, it is sure to be followed by those who the 49th chapter of Genesis : being the are immeasurably below him, and fancy Revelation of God concerning the Twelve they are great when they are pretty. Tribes of Israel, and their Ultimate
The Pulpit Orators of France and Restoration. Illustrated by the Autho. Switzerland: Sketches of their Charac- rity of Biblical References. By Aaron ter, and Specimens of their Eloquence. Pick, Author of the “ Biblical Student's By the Rev. Robert Turnbull. 12mo., Concordance," ge. 18mo., pp. iv, 116. pp. ix, 320. Stiff Covers. W. Collins. Nisbets.-We can only refer the reader - This is another of “ Collins's cheap to what we have said in our last “noseries of valuable and popular works,” tice.” The same remarks might be used and well deserves the terms by which the here. series is described. It ought to be A View of the Evidences of Chris. popular; and it is, for the class to which tianity. In three Parts. By William it belongs, valuable. The “ Pulpit Paley, D.D., Archdeacon of Carlisle. Orators ” to whom the volume refers, are A new Edition, with Introduction, Notes, Bossuet, Flechier, Bourdaloue, Fenelon, and Supplement, by the Rev. T. R. Massillon, Saurin, Vinet, Monod, Grand Birks, M.A. 12mo., pp. viii, 443. pierre, Lacordaire, Merle D'Aubigné,and Religious Tract Society. Paley's EviGaussen. Sketches of their history, the dences are well known, and extensively peculiar character of their talent, &c., are read by various classes of society. We given, and a specimen of the eloquence” bave simply to look at the extra work of of each is appended, of sufficient length the Reverend editor in the shape of to enable the reader to form a judgment of notes, which form the appendix. We his own on the subject. On the whole, have examined them carefully, and the the selection of the specimens is judi- conclusion at which we have arrived cious, and the “Sketches ” afford the compels us to speak highly of the head desired information in a pleasing style, and heart of the author. The notes are though with something of that tendency blended with sound discrimination, and which we have noticed in the preceding much critical acumen, worthy of the article. The reason of this will in both work to which they are happily appended. instances be the same. This is a reprint The History of Auricular Confession, from an American publication. The Religiously, Morally, and Politically author himself, perhaps, accounts for it, considered, among Ancient and Modern in this sentence, which occurs in his Nations. By Count C. P. De Lasteyrie. “ Preface,” when speaking of the cha Translated under the Author's especial racter of French “ Pulpit Eloquence : " Sanction, by Charles Cocks, B.L., Trans« Their style of preaching differs, of lator of Michelet's “ Priests, Women, and course, from ours : still, it makes a nearer Families," &c. Two Volumes, 12mo., pp. approach to ours than to that of Eng. xix, 260; vi, 282. Richard Bentley. land.” We hope English sermons will One object we have in view in these notices always be English. The style of the is to give some information to those who Preacher, when he is, as he ought ever may see advertisements of books, and to be, natural, not artificial, will be the wish to know something of their characproduct of mental development; and ler before they order them. To many national styles will differ as national persons, who are interested in the Rominds differ. Let the mind be properly manist controversy, the title of the work cultivated, and the heart inflamed with before us would, perbaps, excite a wish holy love for God and souls, and then to possess it, if to that title the contents let the speaker be natural, and he will be properly answerable. We have, be sure to be eloquent; and his eloquence therefore, taken care to read it, that we may speak concerning it from actual civilized countries forbids him to men. knowledge. From this and other publi- tion in plain terms. Some of the results cations, (especially those of Messrs. of the confessional, as proved by the doMichelet and Quinet,) it appears to us cuments of judicial proceedings, he adthat the liberal party in France, who see duces, leaving it to be inferred what the Popery as it is, and not under the influ- real extent of those results must be, if, ence of political prejudice, as is sometimes in Romanist countries, such disclosures the case in England, have taken the have been compelled by law. The disalarm at its undeniable encroachments, closures themselves are horrible; and which they know to be altogether hostile the upholders of such a system of tyranny to all liberty, both religious and civil. and immorality can never acquire power They seem resolved to call public atten- in a land, without exposing it to ruin. tion to a subject which has so powerfully Talk of the slaveholders of the Southern excited their own fears; and by various American States! What are they to works they are endeavouring to show, soul-slaveholders ? Whoever gives them that, however Popery may seem opposed power, assists in establishing the most to established governments where those enthralling and debasing despotism that governments are Protestant, or unfavour. the world ever knew. Of course, books able to Roman supremacy, yet, even of controversy, especially of such conin this case, the design is, not to antago- troversy, are not for family, or general, nize tyranny in itself, but to set up their reading, but for the hard-reading, closeown crushing domination in its place, thinking theological student. As to the Especially they are labouring to establish opinions of the author of the essay on the fact, that where the confessional exists religious subjects, it is evident that he is in its full influence, the Priest becomes one of the infidel philosophers of the the ruler of the community more tho- day, who would lay more stress on anroughly, and far more injuriously both cient moralists than on Prophets and to order and morals, than the civil go- Apostles, except so far as he can revernor, however great his power may be. gard them in the light of ancient mo. The author of these volumes, a member ralists. And though he does not quote of the National Assembly, and simply from Scripture as we should do, he yet Citizen Lastey rie,- for men are no longer shows, as matter of fact, that ancient Counted in France,-has entered largely moralists, the Scriptures, and the earlier into the question ; and so far as he writes Fathers, are all opposed to the principles against auricular confession, we think he which are involved in auricular confesis eminently successful. In a masterly sion, and external penance. We can manner he has shown that it was unknown scarcely wonder, when we look on Poin the early church, and was only pery as it is, when unchecked by a surintroduced when true penitence was rounding Protestantism, that it should transmuted into external penance, and occasion the existence of so much intithe moral operations of a changed state delity. If Protestants are not judicially of mind disregarded for the infliction of blinded for placing political party inte. corporeal pains and penalties at the will rests far above the claims of Christian of a Priest. Then, as the Priest had to truth and purity, they will say,-say, apportion the precise quantity of suffer from their very love of liberty,—“No ing or penalty to the precise quantity of peace with Rome!”. guilt, it became necessary that he should The Pearl of Days; or, the Advanbe made perfectly acquainted with all tages of the Sabbath to the Workingthe circumstances of every action of life, Classes. By a Labourer's Daughter. that he might determine what was, or With a Sketch of the Author's Life. was not, sinful, and what was the exact Tenth T'housand. 12mo., pp. xiv, 90. quantity of sin. Hence arose the novel Embossed cambric, and gilt edges. Parscience of the casuistry of the confessional. tridge and Oakey.--A prize was some The two chief points which the author time ago offered for an Essay on the argues, are, first, the demoralizing ten subject mentioned in the above title, to dency of this science in those who are be written by a labouring man. Nine compelled to study it; and, second, the hundred and fifty compositions, it seems, demoralizing tendency of it as reduced were sent in ; among them the present to actual practice. His great difficulty essay. But it was by a woman, a female lies in the fearful immorality of certain servant, and therefore did not correspond portions of the science, and of certain to the lerms of the offer. But the adjuproceedings which have actually resulted. dicators decided that, from its intrinsic He is often obliged to leave his readers excellence, steps should be taken for its to suppose what the ordinary purity of separate publication. Subscribers were