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Gid: a symbol, we trust, that Christ, for carrying on the work of instruction who came to destroy the works of the and education. The views of the leaddevil, will soon cast out Satan from Africa, ing men are being gradually enlarged and and reign over that long-neglected conti-. improved. The seed of life is being nent as the King of righteousness and of actively sown; and it is for praying salvation. 2. Preaching the Gospel. Christians at home to secure its growth. It was an unforeseen but favourable cir The people generally have been taught cumstance that the Chiefs can speak, the evils of their Heathen customs; and and not a few of them write, an imperfect some, it is said, are beginning English. This enabled the Missionaries the name of Jesus. Creek-Town is at the very outset to hold intelligible alleged to be more quiet and orderly than intercourse with them, and to instruct it was wont to be. King Eyo, who them in the truths of God's word. They manifests considerable interest in religious have held personal converse with very things, and who often speaks about them many; and on Sabbath they have got the to his native gentlemen, has commanded inhabitants collected in the King's court his people to work on the Calabar Sunday, yard, and, by the King acting as inter and to rest on the Christian Sabbath. preter, have preached to them the leading His eldest son, a promising youth of doctrines of the Gospel. They have twenty, seems much concerned about embraced these opportunities to show knowing and doing the will of God. It them very faithfully the contrariety of is said, that when he goes into the countheir customs to the will of God, and try to buy oil, he refuses, notwithstanding have diffused a considerable amount of the scorn of some of the Chiefs, to traffic precious truth. Still it is manifest that on the Lord's day, devoting this period they will not obtain intelligent access to to rest, and the reading of the Bible ; the minds of the common people, nor and as it was alleged that this would succeed in thoroughly interesting their interfere with the success of his business, feelings, till they are able to address them he earnestly besought God to send him in their own language : a qualification twice the number of sellers on the Monwhich they are exerting themselves to day: a petition which, he affirms, the gain. 3. School Instruction. - The Lord has kindly and visibly answered. young are desirous to obtain an English I conclude this brief account with two education, reading, writing, and arith. remarks. The first is, that this has been metic, in order that they may be fitted regarded as a trial Mission : an attempt for trade; and the King and all classes to see if Europeans, acclimated in the warmly encourage the schools. There West Indies, can endure the terrible are upwards of two hundred children un climate of Central Africa. The trial der instruction, male and female ; the hitherto has been encouraging. Our children of all classes, those of the King Missionaries last season remained at the and of the meanest slave, sitting on the post of duty, even during the season of same benches, and learning the same the smokes, the most dreaded period of lessons. The pupils display good abili. the year. It is to be hoped, therefore, ties, are making gratifying progress, and that as proper precautions are likely to being now clothed by the gifts of Chris- preserve health even in that land, the tian benevolence, are already evincing a churches of Christ will hasten to send sense of decency and order. Some of forth to that hitherto neglected but interthem can read and write pretty well; esting region, the messengers of mercy in and, in addition to the Sabbath-school, a large and increasing numbers. British few of them attend worship daily in the Christians owe a vast debt to Africa, and Mission-house, and take their tum in it is full time that they were taking meze reading the Scriptures. The schools are sures to pay it. The second remark is, the hope of the Mission, the places where that Old Calabar possesses peculiar imthe huge and cruel fabric of superstition, portance as being the key to the extensive that has stood untouched for centuries, regions of Central Africa. It is not, is to be undermined and destroyed. perhaps, too much to say, that the valleys Hundreds of well-instructed young per- of the Niger, having a course of at least sons, with Bibles in their hands, must two thousand four hundred miles, of the soon revolutionize the customs of the Tchad da, the Cross river, and of their country.

tributaries, are inhabited by between We are unable as yet to report any twenty and thirty millions of human cases of obvious conversion ; but there beings, who have never heard of Jesus are symptoms of good having been done. Christ, the only Saviour of sinners. Full freedom and encouragement, espe- There is no place on the coast, where cially at Creek-Town, have been granted Europeans can live, that offers so fret

and easy access to these countries as Old bless this Mission; raise up agents at Calabar. One part of the Cross river is Old Calabar to carry the Gospel to within forty miles of the Tchadda, the their countrymen; and may the time largest tributary of the Niger; and thus, soon come when the glad tidings of from the seat of our Mission, a pathway salvation shall run up these mighty may easily be opened to all the regions of streams, and be welcomed with joy by Central Africa, without going through the numerous millions waiting on their the pestilential Delta of the Niger. Let banks." us then unite in the aspiration, “ Lord,

VARIETIES.

LITERATURE OF THE MILLION. Paine, and later offenders, to be had at -The necessary fruit of this parliament- cheap rates in Paul's-alley, Paternosterary indifference is, that the literature of row. The remaining sixty are rendered our lower classes consists chiefly of attractive by coarse romance and infidestamped newspapers, and unstamped lity.-- John Poynder, Esg. periodicals, most of which are openly FRENCH BAGMEN.- The airs, laninfidel; while many of them are under guage, and deportment of these commerChartist influence, and would be inad cial magnificoes is something more than missible where Christian morals are disgusting, it is absolutely terrifying to known. From the stamp report of 1843 quiet people. I heard a grey-bearded, we know that the “ Weekly Dispatch " moustached, dirty old dandy, with a printed 3,725,000 impressions annually; crop of the true republican cut, his perthe “Sunday Times," 1,030,000; “Bell's son hung in chains, and his dingy fingers Life in London,” 1,014,000; and three encircled with rings, open the most vioothers of less note, 613,000; all of them lent tirade against England, Monsieur being published on the Sabbath! But Guizot, and everything decent, shaking since 1843, four new Sunday papers have his hand, after forming his fingers into a arisen, and reached a circulation of kind of cup the colour of a cocoa-nut, 5,720,000 annually; so that the four last rolling his eyes, and ringing his ro's, till have almost doubled the amount of Sab. I got nervous. I timidly asked who he bath-breaking literature since 1843. was, when he had completed his repast There is thus no fear of God before the of near upon fifteen dishes (from the eyes of a great mass of our people; for, pottage to the shrimps). A young to say nothing of the profane character French gentleman who sat next me said, of our own Sunday press, let that of the “He is a blackguard, and sells allumettes interior be also considered. The issue of d friction, or lucifer matches !I the unstamped periodicals is calculated at thought he was at least some hero fresh 10,400,000 a year; but their opposition frorn Africa, who had been roasting to divine truth is uniform and great. Arabs, décoré, and probably a Marshal, Sixty might be named which are most from his overpowering eloquence! Lupernicious, nearly all of which are pub- cifers at a sou a box must be profitable lished on Sunday: some are as directly merchandise to maintain so splendid an infidel as if “the fool's” saying, that ambassador.-Pedestrian Reminiscences. " there is no God,” had been fully AN ILL-TREATED OLD BULL.proved; and, of course, that there is no In the course of the afternoon dust rising future state of retribution. Among among the hills at a particular place atthese are “ The Reasoner," “ The Li- tracted our attention, and, riding up, we brary of Reason,” “ The Herald of Pro. found a band of eighteen or twenty gress,” and “ Free-thinking Information buffalo bulls engaged in a desperate for the People." The first is of sixteen fight. Though butting and goring were octavo pages, price twopence, affecting bestowed liberally, and without distincan air of calm and free discussion, and is tion, yet their efforts were evidently largely read by operatives. The last directed against one, a huge, gaunt, old bears a motto said to be from Melanc- bull, very lean, while his adversaries thon : "Let all have full liberty to be- were all fat and in good order. He aplieve and maintain whatever opinions peared very weak, and had already they choose ;” and a long list is always received some wounds, and while we on its cover, of the works of Volney, were looking on was several times knock

ed down and badly hurt, and a very few off to lie down somewhere. One of his moments would have put an end to him. enemies remained on the ground where Of course we took the side of the weaker we had first fired upon them, and we party, and attacked the herd; but they stopped there for some time to cut from were so blind with rage, that they fought him some meat for our supper. We had on, utterly regardless of our presence, neglected to secure our horses, thinking although, on foot and on horseback, we it an unnecessary precaution in their were firing in open view within twenty fatigued condition : but our mule took it yards of them. "But this did not last into his head to start, and away he went, long. In a very few seconds we created followed at full speed by the pack-horse, a commotion among them : one or two with all the baggage and instruments on which were knocked over by the balls his back. They were recovered and jumped up and ran off into the hills, and brought back, after a chase of a mile. they began to retreat slowly along the Fortunately, everything was well secured, broad ravine to the river, fighting fu- so that nothing, not even the barometer, riously as they went. By the time they was in the least injured.-Fremont's reached the bottom we had pretty well Exploring Expedition to the Rocky dispersed them, and the old bull hobbled Mountains.

RECENT DEATHS.

Sept. 5th, 1847.-At Bath, aged twenty-eight years, Mr. W.J. Lewis. He was convinced of his need of peace with God in February, 1833, in connexion with a remarkable revival of religion at Leigh, in the Downend Circuit, in which he then resided. Being clearly and fully brought into the liberty of the children of God, he soon joined himself to the Wesleyan society. Though young in years, his Leader testifies, that whilst he remained in that neighbourhood, he observed in him a uniform consistency of character. He removed to Bath, where he settled in business; but soon his religion was tested by one of its greatest trials. His health declined, and he was called upon to resign the world when he had just entered upon it, and to surrender a beloved wife and infant children. But the God be served supported him. His language was, “I can give up all; my Saviour hath done all well; my God will be a Father to the fatherless, and a Husband to the widow.” When arrived nearly to the end of his pilgrimage, he said to his former Leader, “I am happy in God : farewell! we shall soon meet again."

W. D.

leyan society for fifty-nine years. Sbe was an
Israelite indeed, in whom was no guile. Though
not accustomed frequently to obtrude her verbal
testimony, her whole life and deportment were a
living attestation of the power and sweetness of
divine grace. Gratitude, humility, and affec-
tionate consideration for those around her, were
among the most prominent features of ber cha-
racter. “0," she would often say, “what
mercies have I to be thankful for, such a poor
worm as I! How is it that I, who deserve
nothing, have such kind friends, and everything
I need?" Her health was very feeble for many
months, so that she was not able frequently to
attend the public means of grace. But she
proved the reality of religion at home, and
realized the presence of God in her sickness. In
her last illness, which was accompanied with
much suffering and weakness, she was the sub-
ject of occasional conflicts, which brought out
more clearly the sincerity and simplicity of her
character, and the ultimate triumph of her faith.
It was no ordinary privilege to stand by her bed
of sickness, and hear her testify how precious
was the Saviour's love and then, in the face of
her spiritual foes, when her lips were trembling,
and her memory failing, to hear her exclaim,-
“ Jesus protects ; my fears, be gone!

What can the Rock of ages move?
Safe in thine arms I lay me down,-

Thine everlasting arms of love!"

March 30, 1848.-At Street, in the Brixham Circuit, aged thirty-nine, Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Benjamin Hayman, and sister. in-law of the Rev. C. W. Vibert, Wesleyan Minister. She was a member of the Wesleyan society seventeen years; was remarkable for her attendance on the means of grace ; and her love to Christ and his house was sincere. During the last nine years of her life she was the subject of severe and distressing affliction, which was graciously sanctified. With a calm and peaceful mind, feeling that Christ was her Saviour, she exchanged mortality for life.

C. W. V.

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June 30th.–At Portland-place, Bath, Mrs. Bush, aged seventy-five, having been an exemplary and esteemed member of the Wes

July 20.-At Gainsborough, aged twenty-nine, Elizabeth Crawshaw, wife of Mr. Isaac Beech. Having had the advantage of a pious training. she was from an early period the subject of the gracious influences of the Holy Spirit, but did

not fully yield to them, until it pleased the Lord triumphed, and with the greatest composure he more fully to convince her of the evil of sin, talked of the hour of his dissolution ; throughout, when she sought more earnestly the things that his peace was deep, rich, and abiding; and after made for her peace, and shortly afterwards ob- lingering awhile he ceased to breathe. tained a sense of the divine favour, and the

C. W. pearl of great price." She way unostentatiously benevolent; and, by her steady and consistent August 17th.-At Hull, the Rev. John Radpiety, was happily instrumental in leading herford, who commenced his itinerant labours in husband to embrace the truth, and unite himself 1807. Having attended nearly the whole session with the Wesleyan society, of which she was de of Conference in the enjoyment of perfect health, member about five years. During her illness, he prepared to return bome, and requested a conshe experienced great peace; and to one who veyance to be sent to the railway station, to meet visited her, she observed, if it was the Lord's him. On the Tuesday evening before the Conferwill to take her to himself, she was quite willing

ence closed, he was violently seized with English " to depart;" and on another occasion, to those cholera, which, the power of medicine failing to who stood around her, she exclaimed,

arrest it, in about eight days proved fatal. The

utter prostration of his strength rendered him “ The op'ning heavens around me shine

incapable of conversing with his brethren and With beams of sacred bliss."

friends who visited him ; but it was evident that Thus freed from the fear of death, and having

the power of his Saviour graciously sustained the pleasing prospect of a glorious immortality,

him; and in meekness and patience he possessed her happy spirit took its flight to the paradise of

his soul, till he exchanged mortality for eternal God.

T. E.

life. The amiable disposition he manifested, the

judicious and faithful interest he took in all perJuly 14th.-At Sharrow-Vale, in the Sheffield

sons and things under his pastoral charge, the East Circuit, aged seventy-three, Mary Frost,

winning attention he paid to young persons, and who had adorned her profession as a Wesleyan

the deeply-evangelical piety and ministrations Methodist for thirty years. When in health, she

with which his life was uniformly characterized,

rendered him an endeared friend to Preachers was diligent in all the means of grace; and, during the period of sickness, was graciously sup

and people.

J. N. ported by the consolations of the Holy Spirit. Her death was remarkably calm and peaceful. August 25th.-At Hutton Sessay, in the EasThe last words she uttered were, " Jesus is ingwold Circuit, Edward Rimmington, Esq., precious! I have no fear; all is well!"

aged forty-five. From a child he was the subT. H. ject of religious convictions. His parents were

moral, but strangers to vital godliness, and July 15th.-At the Neath-Abbey Iron Works, therefore were unable to understand the influin the Swansea Circuit, Mr. William Bartle, ence at work upon the mind of their child: from aged sixty-five. He was converted to God in the them he would derive no valuable counsel and vear 1810. when he united himself to the Wes- encouragement. At a suitable age he was apleyan-Methodist church, and from that period prenticed to a medical gentleman at Thorne, in to the end of his life, his humble, spotless, and the Doncaster Circuit: here his impressions eminently consistent demeanour gave proof of were deepened ; and at the age of eighteen he the reality of the religion which he professed. united himself to the Wesleyan society. Not During his last illness, he was enabled to main long after this he was pressed in spirit to make tain a firm reliance upon the mercy of God in a few attempts to preach. In these early efforts Christ: and his death was peaceful and happy. he was much owned of God. His labours, « The friend of all, the enemy of none," he was though encouragingly successful, were of limited esteemed and beloved wherever he was known ; continuance: he was necessitated wholly to desist and by a large circle of friends, as well as by the on account of the serious failure of his health. church of which he was a member, his memory He practised in the medical profession twentywill be long and affectionately cherished.

one years, principally at Monk-Fryston, and J. G. A. then retired. Having leisure and a tolerable

measure of physical strength, and the impression August 9th.-At Harling, in the Cheltenham being renewed that it was his duty to preach Circuit, Mr. John Cooke, in the twenty-first the Gospel, he devoted himself to that work and year of his age. Blessed with pious parents, and labour of love in great earnestness: he belonged being naturally of a thoughtful disposition, he to that class usually denominated revivalists. He was early led to see the value of true religion. was fervent in his desires and endeavours to bring At the age of fourteen, he became convinced his hearers to a present acceptance of salvation. that he was a sinner, and required forgiveness, In this important matter he had a single eye. After seeking this blessing for some time by His influence as a revivalist was maintained by a faith, he was enabled to lay hold on Christ, and corresponding deep, sincere, and active piety; with holy calmness to cry, “Abba, Father," by his spirit and temper in private life, and all his the Spirit of adoption given unto him. When transactions in the world, were truly consistent. absent from the parental roof, his humility, con Very many excellent members of the church of sistent conduct, and obliging behaviour, could Christ still live as monuments of his extensive not fail to strike an impartial observer. He was usefulness. In him the Easingwold Circuit has a young man of considerable promise, great sim lost a valuable friend and Local Preacher, and plicity, and genuine devotion. In his last illness, numbers in the neighbouring Circuits, where he though occasionally suffering much, his faith was increasingly popular, will lament his sudden

removal from the militant church. Some time before his last illness, he intimated to several friends his belief, that his work was nearly done : there was evidently some presentiment in his own mind that he was drawing near eternity. His illness was very short, and his end was sudden and unexpected by all but himself. It was, however, marked by the dignified, settled tranquillity and assurance of a man " made meet to partake of the inheritance of the saints in light." Ile was a fine specimen of the “ perfect and upright man, whose end is peace." W. D.

gress of religion in his neighbourhood. His attachment to Methodism was enlightened, principled, and unfaltering. He was its steady and consistent friend; and they who witnessed his constant devotion to the interests of that great revival of apostolical Christianity, will long cherish the memory of his influential piety. He died in peace. “The memory of the just is blessed."

F. F. W.

August 29th. -At Raunds, in the HighamFerrers Circuit, aged fifty-one, llannah, the wife of Mr. Henry Knighton. When about fifteen years of age, she joined the WesleyanMethodist society, and soon obtained the knowledge of salvation by the remission of sins, in the enjoyment of which blessing she habitually lived. During a protracted illness, her mind was kept in peace; and even in the agonies of death, she realized and manifested the supporting power of divine grace.

S. H. W.

Sept. 5th.-At Bloxwich, in the Walsall Circuit, Peter Keay. He had been long devoted to God, not only as a member of the society, but as a Leader of the people. He was characterized by deep piety, unfeigned humility, and benevolence of disposition. He had great attachment to our discipline, regard for our Ministers, and was emphatically a lover of Methodism. He was greatly and long afflicted ; and at some periods his sufferings would in a measure depress bis mind; but they were borne with great resignation to the will of God. His death at last was very sudden.

E. R.

August 30th.--At Norton, in the Stockton Circuit, Ann Cooke, aged seventy. She had been a member of the Methodist society fifty-seven years. She was the subject of long and heavy affliction, but was uniformly meek, resigned, and cheerful. She departed this life in great peace.

W. B.

Sept. 8th.-At Stockton, aged sixty-eight, Mr. M. Boast. He had been a member of the Methodist society about fifty years, twenty of which he had filled the office of Class-Leader with great acceptance. In disposition he was amiable, in character consistent, and in religion eminently devout. In his last illness his sufferings were great; but he was graciously supported, and in composure and holy confidence passed to his eternal reward.

W. B.

Sept. 2d. --- At Bankhouse, in the Leek Cir cuit, Mary Armett, aged eighty-four. She was brought to a knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus, about fifty years ago, joined our society, and continued to adorn the doctrine of our Saviour. For forty years her house was open for the preaching of the word and the entertainment of the servants of Christ. On her bed of languishing, she exclaimed, “O love divine, how sweet thou art !” and shortly before her death she was heard to utter, “ Glory, glory, glory!" Through the grace of Christ, she took her de parture, triumphing over the last enemy.

W. W.

Sept. 11th. - At Irthlingborough, in the Higham-Ferrers Circuit, Mr. John Bird. About T . thirty-seven years ago, he was converted to God, and joined the Wesleyan-Methodist society; his connexion with which he steadily maintained. He was also for many years a Class-Leader and Local Preacher. His delight was in the law of the Lord. With Scripture truth his mind was largely stored; its sanctifying influence was seen in the uprightness and consistency of his life; and throughout severe and long-continued suf. ferings, he realized its sustaining and consoling power; and died in peace.

S. H. W.

Sept. 30.-At Harrop, in the township of Rainow, in the Macclesfield Circuit, William Willott, aged eighty-three. lle had been a member of the Wesleyan society for upwards of sixty years, and during this long period had maintained a consistent Christian character. His faith was evangelical : such a faith as, resting not in the church or her ordinances, or abstract union with her, but alone in the divine sacrifice and intercession of the Redeemer, secured his personal interest in Him, and real membership with His body. And this was practically evinced by the consecration of his talents to the cause of Christ. lle " showed his faith by his works." It was a living, influential, operative grace. He felt the claims of Christianity to be paramount, and was ever ready to contribute not simply prayer, but also pecuniary assistance, towards the promotion of its ends. He rejoiced in the prosperity of the work of God, and to the last manifested his unabated anxiety to hear of such prosperity by frequent inquiries as to the pro

Sept. 14th. At Brompton, in the Rochester Circuit, at the advanced age of eighty-five, Mrs Letitia Oakes, who, for more than thirty years, had adorned her Christian profession by exemplary love to the means of grace, and to the ambassadors of Christ, by remarkable blameless. ness, and unwonted liberality, and by an amiability and consistency which were the fruit of that " pewness of spirit " which she had received through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. For several years she was confined to her room by extreme feebleness: here her cheerful piety was displayed by a happy uniform submission to the will of her heavenly Father. A very short time before the “ weary wheels of life stood still," she said,

"Not a wave of trouble rolls

Across my peaceful breast."

And, without apparent suffering, she gradually

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