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hand, referring to that canton, states, politicians of every class deserting these that your own Missionaries had several persecuted men, and yet these persecuted obstacles to contend against in the jea- Ministers manifesting an unalienable allousy of some of these good men, who legiance to the truth which they have are now suffering in their turn. All discovered and maintained. It is true, have expressed their liveliest sympathy they have been silenced; but their serwith their suffering brethren of the Free mons, even when most eloquent and Church. Those Ministers of the Free most earnest, perhaps excited the admi. Church are now, in as brotherly a spirit, ration of their hearers, but never scarcely officiating in your Missionary labour; penetrated their hearts ;—that canton, so that these circumstances have brought notwithstanding the influence of many Christians together, while they have been faithful men, degenerated into mere irreseparating Christians from the world; ligion: their sermons were heard and and it is hard to say which of these two admired in the pulpit ; but were forgotbenefits is the greater. Christians want ten in all the week besides : but their to be more separated, in all religious silence now is a louder sermon, that matters, from the world, and to be more knocks at the door of every heart, that united together, in their worship, their reaches every one who listens to it, that love, and their brotherly action, with all finds an echo in his mind from which he who love the Lord Jesus Christ, through- cannot protect himself; it is the sermon out the world. If we can already see of a blameless, suffering life in the prothat those sufferings, which did demand motion of Christian truths. That sermon our sympathy, it is true, have already speaks, if they are excluded from their improved the Christian character and pulpits, and hunted from the humble energy of our brethren in that country; meetings which they have substituted for on the other hand, there are other salu- their great congregations; and when tary influences, which are most obviously your own Missionaries, in common with beginning to act on the population at them, meet in the forest, or on the brink large through these events. It appears of the lake, or wherever an opportunity to me to be distinct, that the greatest occurs, the very knowledge that there virulence that has arisen against these are a few remaining who will, in spite good men in that canton has not arisen of persecution, still meet to praise God, simply and solely from the natural still meet to implore unitedly his blesshatred which men feel to the restraints ing, and still listen to the sound of reof the Gospel, and its spiritual doctrines. deeming love, this speaks to the conThat is always enough, it is true, to ac- sciences all, and bids them turn to count for any active opposition ; but in God. And when they see men that the present case there was this additional were before jealous of each other, now feeling, that the populace in the Canton united as a band of brothers, this adds to de Vaud, who felt a great dislike, jea- the blessed influence which is excited on lousy, and even hatred in many instances, their hearts. The feeling which before of their former governors, perceived prevailed is now fast vanishing : it must those governors, with the best intentions, vanish, because its whole foundation is to be in strict alliance with the evano destroyed; but, on the other hand, there gelical Ministers of the canton; they is a new principle taking the place of saw that they were sustained by them, the irritation which the populace before appreciated by them, and that their in- felt, for even the populace itself is not terests were promoted by them. When, destitute of generous emotion, is not therefore, they saw this, this popular incapable of some right feeling: when hatred against the existing Government they see that the very men, whom they was necessarily transferred to those who thought leagued with those whom they were supposed to be their allies and supposed to misgovern them, are now friends; and I know, from a conversa- everywhere proscribed, and bear it pation with a gentleman connected with tiently, prosecute their benevolent labours that canton, that the belief existed among with uninterinitting exertion, driven from. the people, that the evangelical Minis- one place will meet for prayer in another, ters, with their flocks, were a political and if they are not found occupying the party against them. They did not be- pulpit in their cathedral, are found by lieve their religion to be true ; but they the bed. side of the dying, and amidst thought it to be official, worn for the sickness and want,-sympathy arises in sake of worldly ends, and by which place of that irritation ; and I believe worldly ends contrary to their own views the religion of the Canton de Vaud will were to be supported. They can now be vastly accelerated and augmented by think this no longer; for they have seen the circumstances that now appear so
disastrous, if we only have patience to wish, as far as in you lies, to throw the wait for the results. If I ask for your shield of your influence, your combinasympathy with your suffering friends in tion, and your position as Englishmen, that canton, permit me to remind you, over these your persecuted brethren that the best expression of your sympa. Surely this will, at the present time, teil thy is to sustain their exertions. It is upon that country. I cannot believe that an expression of sympathy they ask for ; they will long maintain these unrightefor they are not timid enough to retire : ous edicts. What do they see at this as long as they are permitted to labour, moment? Why, that while they are there they are willing to remain. Mr. expelling the Jesuits from that canton, Gallienne would not leave the streets of those nations that are truly free, and in Lausanne, although they might be which the Gospel freely circulates, feelstormier than the lake under a hurri- ing as they do the bad principle and the cane, and your Missionary still meets bad intention of that Roman Catholic with his friends. Already the violent association, yet admit them freely to feeling manifested in the town has so their coasts, because they know that much subsided, that your congregation truth can conquer error, and that we meets in peace ; nor are there wanting have nothing to fear from them so long indications, even now, of a remission of as the Gospel has free course, and is glothe unjust and most discreditable vio- rified in this land. What do they see lence which the Government and the in this happy England of ours ? That populace have there shown. The fact we can afford to give refuge to every that the Grand Council would not enact persecuted man, whatever his country the persecuting law, is encouraging; may be. We did not refuse to welcome and many Members of the Grand Coun- amongst us Mazzini, the Italian patriot, cil are now anticipating the time when although his secrets might be vast, and they shall be able to reverse the proceed. some might think them dangerous ; but ings which they feel to be disgraceful to writhing under the tyranny inflicted on them, as well as injurious to their fellow- the best part of the nation by Austria citizens. I trust, therefore, I may be and by Prince Metternich, he found an permitted to ask this assembly to sup- asylum on our shores, and in our city port your Committee in still maintaining too. But when the time changed, and their interesting Mission there. There violence spread over the Continent, and are several reasons why the Society is that very persecutor himself, fearing lest called upon to do so. That persecution his palace should be burnt over bis head, may, ere long, cease ; and if it does, was anxious to hide himself from the you may be sure that there will be population he bad disgusted, he, too, has greater opportunities of preaching the found a free asylum and shelter on these Gospel among that people than there happy shores, and in this very city. have been for many years that are past. They see this, and they learn to value At this time, likewise, the persecution the character of those institutions that has necessarily driven from their homes enable us to do it so safely ; and when and from their canton many of those who they see what England does for the unonce preached in that land : they have happy refugees, no matter what their been obliged to seek asylums and sup- faults, no matter what their opinions port elsewhere ; and, therefore, the faith- may be, I cannot but think that free ful men who still proclaim the Gospel in Switzerland, which, after all, sympa. that country are now exceedingly few. thizes with us in many things, and Your Missionaries, therefore, have a admires this great nation, from which larger field than before, and their efforts she has derived many advantages, will are much more iinperiously required no longer dishonour herself by injuring than when there were numbers ready to the very best portion of the population preach as they do. And what is so likely that ought to be placed under the safeto sustain their hands, I mean the hands guard of their laws. of the native Ministers, as the knowledge The Rev. Dr. URWICK, of Dublin, that a body so large as yours does pro- _My Christian friends, I have no ob. test, as Christian men ought to protest, jection whatever, but am gratified, to against the unrighteous violence which occupy a brief space in the proceedings has been done to them; that you feel a of this most interesting, and I hope it deep interest in the proclamation of those will prove equally edifying, Meeting. doctrines which are there decried ; that And I avail myself of the opporyou agree with the persecuted minority tunity to thank the Committee of the in proclaiming the glory of your risen Wesleyan-Methodist Society for their and reigning Saviour; and that you kindness in inviting me, a stranger of another denomination, from the sister tween the Irish intellect and heart and isle, to come and share in your privilege, the dogmas of the Council of Trent. and I hope in your profit, at its present Give us, Mr. Chairman, liberty for IreAnniversary. I think, Sir, if I had land, the liberty of the glorious Gospel means for the purpose, and nothing of of the blessed God. Sir, I wish well to greater importance wherewith to occupy your Society; I know somewhat of its my time, I should be strongly disposed labour in Ireland. It is doing great to spend a good portion of my life in good there. Your men are workingtravel. I should like exceedingly to men: and I say, with all my heart, and visit France and Switzerland, and various many others along with me, not of your other countries on the continent of denomination, will join with me in sayEurope ; and I should have no objection ing concerning them, “God speed.” to visit the countries in other parts of the The Resolution which I have been called world, and more especially the spheres opon to second, and upon which, for of Christian Missionary labour. There form's sake, I must say a word, bears is another kind of travelling, however, upon Switzerland and upon France. which is within my humble ability After the statemeuts which you have sometimes to accomplish ; and it is a heard with regard to Switzerland, the kind of travelling which I love at least only remark I shall make in connexion equally well with that to which I have with the Christians of the Canton de referred. I like to pay a visit at one Vaud is somewhat of a practical applitime to one denomination of Christians, cation. I heard once of, I think, a memand at another time to another; and í ber of the Society of Friends, describing can assure you, Sir, I have great plea- a very touching case to another. The sure in finding myself now within the other expressed his very great sympathy. territory of Wesleyanism ; for there is a “ How much do you feel ?" said the vast deal within that range of Christian ' Quaker : “ I feel,” he continued, “so and ecclesiastical territory, (whatever you much,” naming a surn of money, whemay call it,) that accords very much with ther it were £5 or £50, I forget. Now, the best convictions of my judgment, how much does this Meeting feel? If aud the best feelings of my heart. Í the collection were near at hand, (and I have come, as you are aware, from Ire- suppose there will be one before the close land,—a country that has lately occupied of the Meeting,) I should put it to this a great portion of attention on this side Meeting, “ How much do you feel for of the Channel. You call it your sis. the persecuted Christians of the Canton ter isle, You will perhaps allow me de Vaud ?” Well, measure your symto say a word or two about Ireland. I pathy partly by your money. But give have heard from the gentleman who also to the Christians there the sympathy proposed the first Resolution, the utter- of prayer which has power with God, ance of what I may state to be substan- and that will bring down upon your tially my own judgment in the matter. proscribed brethren a blessing; greater We have heard very much of the repeal than any amount of money possibly of the Union. I am for a repeal of a could furnish. And, friends, value your union; and I believe, Mr. Chairman, own privileges, and thank God for them. that Ireland will never be what England With regard to France, I had the pleais, and what her best, her most enlight- sure, when I was at a meeting of the ened and warmest friends wish her to Council of the Evangelical Alliance in be, until there has been a repeal of a this city lately,-(and I must say, that union ;-not a repeal of the union be.
“ Evangelical Alliance," tween England and Ireland, which ought somehow or other, carries a sort of mys. to be cemented more and more by every tic, powerful, indefinable, but hallowed possible appliance, and especially the and delightful, charm to my heart,) appliances that bear upon the intellect when I was at the meeting of that Counand heart in Christianizing the people: cil, I had the pleasure of seeing a very confirmed yet more and more be that excellent Minister from France; and I union between the two ! But there is a shall not soon forget the thrill of delight union, cemented now for centuries, which and gratitude with which we heard his is one of the greatest calamities that has testimony as to the probable results of the ever befallen that country, so remarkable present movements in France, in securfor its calamities. The repeal that I ing full religious liberty for the professors wish for is a repeal of the union between and Ministers of evangelical truth ; and Ireland and Antichristianism ; a repeal I have since then had a letter from that of the union between Ireland and the worthy brother, fully confirmatory, 80 Man of Sin; a repeal of the union be- far, of that representation. There may be circumstances which seem to warrant should be in advance of the income; but anxiety. Your funds are short. Your I confess that I, for one, cannot regard, receipts are below your expenditure. but with very serious feeling, an AnniShall that dismay or even discourage ? versary at which we find the income is Whose are the silver and the gold ? behind the expenditure. At this AnniWhose is the cause you wish to sus- versary, there is a discrepancy, and a tain ? The battle is not yours, but considerable one, between our income God's; and rely upon it, that he will and our expenditure. However, that not suffer you to be lacking the requisite discrepancy has been stated, the Meeting provision for the war. And what, though has looked at it, and has declared it is difficulties should arise ? Can we expect not a discouragement: I, therefore, am the powers of darkness to quit the field not discouraged; for, when a work is they have so long held, without a strug- given to do, to a diligent heart it is an gle? Why, it would be an absurdity to incitement, to an apathetic one it is a look for it! The church must calculate discouragement ; when a work appears upon a conflict,-peradventure one of the to be done, to the fearful mind it is a most severe she has yet seen : but He discouragement, to the believing one that gave to Luther the soul he had, can an incitement. But, remember, if it do give a soul like Luther's to every man, not discourage and do not incite us, if woman, and child in the compass of the it do neither the one nor the other, it church. Look to Him for that soul; will surely multiply itself next year, and for in proportion as a soul like that is come down upon us in a positive discoue possessed, the church will be herself ragement. We must seriously look at blessed and prepared for whatever exi. the fact, that there is a great work to be gency may come. I most heartily wish done, and that this year we must not by you success in the undertaking in which any means allow an addition to the debt you are engaged.
which has last year been unavoidably The Rev. WILLIAM ARTHUR said, and very naturally contracted. After -It has been denied, Mr. Chairman, what your Society has passed through certainly in words, and, I think, from already, after the painful trials to which the response that those words met, it your Committee have been subjected, I appears to be denied in feeling, that the confess that I do most earnestly deprecate Report that has been submitted to us anything at all approaching to a progresgives us any note of discouragement. I sive debt, or a debt progressively increas. am glad that that is so; glad that the ing. I believe our present position is feeling with which the notes uttered by not at all discouraging ; but it is not disthe Report have been heard, is not a couraging simply on this ground, that feeling of discouragement.
I believe God will give us the heart, and that we, that that does not at all alter the facts in obedience to his will, will take the that have been stated, although it con- heart, to go to the work anew, and raise, siderably alters the aspect of affairs with in the year that is coming, such an regard to those facts. That which to amount of income, as that the reasonable one state of mind is discouragement, to expenditure to be anticipated shall be another state of mind is only incitement. fully covered, and the Committee be in a One thing is very certain,—the Report condition to go on again. But do not, to-day has laid before us a great work to on any ground, let a debt accumulate do: it has plainly stated what, in a cer- upon the Society. I remember, when I tain condition of heart, would be a disa looked at the Society, on my arrival couragement, that during the past year from India, although the heart was just your expenditure has greatly exceeded the same heart it had always been, and your income; that, though the Committee just as large and full, I could not but during the past year have not expended feel, as there was a dead weight of a sum of money equal to the income of £30,000 on the breast, that with such a the year previous, and therefore can cer- weight it was impossible there could be tainly appear before their friends with. free action. We will not be discouraged. out the possibility of being accused of We are not. But I earnestly trust that improvidence ; although they have not we shall all be moved to renewed and expended a sum equal to the income of greater exertion, If we look at that the previous year, yet they have ex. prodigious sphere of labour which the pended a sum that very greatly exceeds Report has placed before our view, we that which they have received this year find in it, not, I think, in any place, disfrom their friends and supporters. Now, couragement, but in every place inciteSir, it is very natural that, during the ments and calls. The Society is, perhaps, progress of a year, the expenditure unique in some of the aspects of its character, unique in the multiplicity of its is another branch of our operations, to Missionary engagements. It is not, which allusion has been made to a conand I believe we do not pay sufficient siderable extent. Our Mission in noattention to the fact,-it is not merely a minally Christian countries is, I believe, Missionary Society to the Heathen; but now assuming an importance that it never it is, first, a Colonial Missionary Society; had before. Taking that country to it is, again, a Continental and European which reference has been made, (France,) Society; and it is, finally, and most I may say, that during the Revolution largely of all, a Missionary Society to in Paris, and subsequently to that Revothe Heathen. With regard to the Co- lution, I have made it my conscientious lonial branch of our Missions, I am sa- duty to see as much of the people as I tisfied that but few of us, very few, per- could, to watch them as closely as Provihaps, of the most thoughtful and intelli- dence gave me the opportunity, to go gent, are at all prepared to estimate the wherever I could go with propriety, in responsibility we are under to the Head order to obtain a knowledge of their senof the church and future generations of timents, and of their feelings. I have the human family, in regard to the con- been in the most excited of the mobs, on duct of that branch of our operations. the most excited days. I have been About a century ago, or less, we had the wherever I could find access and opporcolonies of North America, with a popu- tunity; and there is not a sentiment of lation somewhat under three millions. hope uttered by the Hon. and Rev. genLess than a century ago, the Methodists tleman who moved this Resolution, (Mr. of England undertook a Mission in those Noel, in which I do not cordially and colonies; and now that those colonies joyfully participate. Some of my friends, have become separate states, according not far from me, are aware that this has to the statement of Dr. Baird, we have been my prevalent state of feeling. In a number of individuals connected with this country there has been no exaggerathe Methodist church considerably ex- tion, with regard to the commercial disceeding what the entire population of the tress, with regard to the stagnation in states was at the time to which I have trade, with regard to the pecuniary emalluded. The entire population did not barrassments, and to the dangers to ma. then number within nearly a million the nufacture and commerce, for some time number which he now estimates are to come, that have resulted from the enjoying the benefits of Christianity Revolution. On that point your informathrough that instrumentality. We may tion, your impressions, do not appear to look at our colonies as a great means for be beyond the reality. But, with regard the extension of our national grandeur, to personal peril, with regard to danger But take another view. Take their to life, property, person, or other private geographical position, and they present a right, I believe the impression in this most astonishing opening, furnished by country, as is very natural in a country the providence of God, to bring to bear which God has long blessed with such upon every portion of the human race perfect peace, is beyond the truth; and the energies of the Anglo-Saxon charac. I believe, too, that no man who has not ter, and the truths of the Christian faith. lived in Paris during the Revolution, no If we take, for instance, the continent of man, even in France, however acquainted Africa, we find the only part of that con- with the aspect of the Parisian character, tinent where the Anglo-Saxon constitu. and its changes, could have supposed tion freely developes itself consigned to that changes so prodigious should have the care of England ; and there, in a occurred in a day; that the most inflam. fine country and climate, we have the op- matory principles should have been portunity of planting our institutions, spread among the people ; that exciteand rearing a vast fabric of Christianity, ment of the utmost kind should have that shall, by degrees, spread through been brought to bear upon them; and the entire of that continent, and finally that yet, since the Revolution, the city carry to all its people the Gospel of of Paris is freer from crime, theft, robChrist. If we look at the colonies of bery, and general disorder, than at any Australia and New Zealand, there God recent period of its general history. has provided, in climates congenial to There has never been anything to enthe European constitution, spheres where danger life and property for a moment ; we may plant our institutions and our there has never been anything to frighten, race, and bring them to act with force although there has certainly been a good upon those great homes of the human deal to concern, anybody; there never family, China and India, and upon the has been anything to frighten any, except eastern Archipelago. Then, Sir, there those who looked upon the people