Central Europe: Enemies, Neighbors, Friends

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Oxford University Press, Oct 31, 1996 - 22 páginas
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Throughout the Cold War era, the Iron Curtain divided Central Europe into a Communist East and a democratic West, and we grew accustomed to looking at this part of the world in bipolar ideological terms. Yet many people living on both sides of the Iron Curtain considered themselves Central Europeans, and the idea of Central Europe was one of the driving forces behind the revolutionary year of 1989 as well as the deterioration of Yugoslavia and its ensuing wars. Central Europe provides a broad overview and comparative analysis of key events in a historical region that encompasses contemporary Germany, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, and Croatia. Starting with the initial conversion of the "pagan" peoples of the region to Christianity around 1000 A.D. and concluding with the revolutions of 1989 and the problems of post-Communist states today, it illuminates the distinctive nature and peculiarities of the historical development of this region as a cohesive whole. Lonnie R. Johnson introduces readers to Central Europe's heritage of diversity, the interplay of its cultures, and the origins of its malicious ethnic and national conflicts. History in Central Europe, he shows, has been epic and tragic. Throughout the ages, small nations struggled valiantly against a series of imperial powers--Ottoman Turkey, Habsburg Austria, imperial Germany, czarist Russia, Nazi Germany, and the Soviet Union--and they lost regularly. Johnson's account is present-minded in the best sense: in describing actual historical events, he illustrates the ways they have been remembered, and how they contribute to the national assumptions that still drive European politics today. Indeed, the constant interplay of reality and myth--the processes of myth-making and remembrance--animates much of this history. Since the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, the unanticipated problems of transforming post-Communist states into democracies with market economies, the wars in the former Yugoslavia, and the challenges of European integration have all made Central Europe the most dynamic and troubled region in Europe. In Central Europe, Johnson combines a vivid and panoramic narrative of events, a nuanced analysis of social, economic, and political developments, and a thoughtful portrait of those myths and memories that have lives of their own--and consequences for all of Europe.
 

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Crítica de los usuarios  - carterchristian1 - LibraryThing

European political-military affairs and history. An excellent background of the past 150 years of this part of Europe showing how the area arrived at its disfunctional borders. This is a remarkable ... Leer comentario completo

Crítica de los usuarios - Marcar como inadecuado

Excellent and readable history, giving meaning to more modern challenges that present themselves in Europe and elsewhere.

Contenido

Where Is Central Europe?
3
1 Central Europe and the Roman Christian West 4001000
13
2 Feudal Foundations 10001350
26
Poland and Hungary 13501500
43
Religion and Warfare 14001550
61
The Roman Catholic Church and the Habsburg Dynasty Triumphant 15501700
81
6 Absolutism as Enlightenment 17001790
98
7 Nations Without States States Without Nations 17901848
118
9 World War I and National SelfDetermination 19141922
162
Germany and the Soviet Union
187
East and West or Yalta Europe
211
12 The Failure of Eastern Europe 19481989
236
13 The Revolutions of 1989 and Their Aftermaths
275
Old Europe New Europe and Central Europe since 911
324
NOTES
333
INDEX
357

8 The Demise of Imperial Austria and the Rise of Imperial Germany 18481890
141

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Acerca del autor (1996)

Lonnie R. Johnson has taught for a variety of institutions in Vienna, Austria, and has travelled extensively in Central Europe. He currently is the editor of KOOPERATIONEN: Higher Education, Science & Research in Austria, published by the Austrian Academic Exchange Service.

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