« AnteriorContinuar »
CLERGYMAN IN FULL ORDERS.
they deem most convenient; but the generality adopting that as a preaching gown which is represented in the plate: from its fulness, usually termed the puddingsleeve.
AN AN ADMIRAL.
On the origin and denomination of this important officer, whom we find, with some variation, established in most kingdoms that border on the sea, authors are divided. The Sicilians are by some said to be the first, and the Genoese the next, who gave the title to the commanders of their naval armaments; and it is affirmed they took it from a Saracen or Arabic term, that signifies a commanding officer.
The first admiral we read of in the English history is under Edward I. And the first title of Ad
miral of England conferred upon a subject, was given by patent from Richard II. to the Earl of Arundel and Surrey, in 1387. His successors were afterward called lord high admirals, to whose care the whole government of the British navy was committed; and they were vested with a power not only to appoint sea-officers, but also commissioners, or judges, for exercising justice in the court of admiralty.
Prince George of Denmark, however, was the last who had the title of lord high admiral; the office is now put into commission, and the commissioners are styled lords of the admiralty.