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most specious arguments in its favour ? or rather, as far as it is discountenanced, is it not discountenanced, not by the power of the law, though the law is against it, but by an influence issuing now, as five hundred years ago, from the Church? Or, to come to a more opposite instance,—what greater revolution has there been in society, than the liberation of slaves ? a revolution which is going on even now, as in times past. This has been owing to the Kingdom of the Saints. It has ever exalted those of low degree. It has changed the structure of the body politic all through Christendom. Is it a greater revolution that it should tend to humble the great, than that it should raise the low? ot, rather, are not both achievements predicted as prerogatives of Him who is the glorious Lord and King of the new kingdom? “He hath showed strength with His arm ; He hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. He hath put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree."* So it was of old time; so it is now : whenever the Kingdom of the Most High fulfils its mission, the mighty bow down, and the despised are exalted.
And, moreover, we see from this instance of the abolition of slavery, as in the other instances I mentioned, how the Church conquers,—not by force, but by persuasion. It is written, “ Thy people shall be willing in the day of Thy power ;''+ and so it is fulfilled. And hence in the prophecies in the book of Isaiah the willingness of the kings of the earth to humble themselves to the Church, is noted as a special characteristic of the spread of the Church. They are overcome by the beauty of holiness, and they yield freely. “ Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold : all these gather themselves together, and come to thee.”! “ The Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.” “The isles shall wait for Me,
* Luke i. 51, 52.
+ Ps. cx. 3.
Isa. xlix. 18.
2::che se vé Tasses frzt, to brag thy sens from far, 1 _Ter2 s ec. Len ... The gates shall be « 2 ¢--::-2 ... 1121 LED war bring unto thee the becacets Geci, azcbat their kies may be brou gbt."** 1: 2 st L esce C: tha the Courch reizes, or by what as sredes c2. d opinien. Kings ud states still have tue prster of the switc, and ties out. They must still be obesed by the Cherch, if they prefer to command and rue crer ber, to budcuraz her. They must be obeyed, and they will come to pought. She must leave her cause to God, who has promised to arenge it on erery proud kingdom and nation. For berself, she has no arms, but peace, quietness, cbeerfulness, resignation, and love." Being reviled, she blesses; being persecuted, she suffers it; being defamed, she intreats;" she does not defend herself: like her Master, she does nct “cry in the streets, or strive;" but she prerails, because God fights for her.
Lastly. If the Kingdom of Christ be what this view, drawn from the prophecies, represents it, you will say a very heavy responsibility lies upon those parties, civil or religious, who withstand that heavenly Kingdom, and a miserable destiny lies before them. You will say that it follows that such men of power or influence as insult the Church, and such professors of religion as speak against her, are in very great peril. I do not wish to undervalue their perilous condition, in charity to them. But I will observe this one thing, that it is very different to resist the Kingdom of Christ when it was at unity with itself, and now, when it is broken up into sections. Christ said, that whoso spake against Himself should be forgiven; but whoso spake against the Spirit should not be forgiven. I hope it is not presumptuous to say, that to many of us the Kingdom of the Saints comes, or before now has come, not in demonstration of the Spirit,
* Jsajah lx. 3-11.
but as Christ was in His Passion, broken, defaced, with its glory hidden, and its power more or less suspended. And as then our Saviour, as if in fulfilment of His promise that His own persecutors should receive pardon, prayed for them on the Cross; so I trust now, without intruding into things unseen, we may hope that whatever hard things some among us speak against that Heavenly Stranger which sojourns on the earth, yet, considering how she is disfigured and deformed by strife and calamity, Christ says for us continually, “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.”
land re Jewish
sinds Psalm x. 19, 20.-“ Lord, Thou hast heard the desire of the poor ; li con
Thou preparest their heart, and Thine ear hearkeneth thereto; .. to help the fatherless and poor unto their right, that the man of the earth be no more exalted against them.”
now ft The book of Psalms has ever been one main portion of les to the devotions of the Christian Church, in public and in pri- astance vate, since that Church was. In the east and west, north and he caus south, in quiet times, in troubled times, in the rise, and nown mu in the decline, of the Kingdom of the Saints, the inspired phetic. words of the Prophets of Israel have been in the mouth of Christ the children of grace. In consequence, it is natural to reveren suppose that the Psalter has a Christian meaning. Since it id preta has held its place at all times, it surely has a sense for all lions times. Since we especially use it, this surely must be beth cause to us it is especially useful. Some free-thinkers have also said, What is the book to us, relating, as it does, the history and expressing the feelings of a people who lived two or three thousand years ago? I grant it : if the book of Psalms be but a Jewish book, it is not a Christian book; but the question on which all turns is, whether the Psalms are the mere devotions of an extinct religion or no
The very circumstance, then, that Christians use the Psalter, proves that they consider that it has a meaning over and above that Jewish meaning which lies on the surface of it. And when we consider how intimately it has been received into the Christian Church, how it is made the form of so great a portion of our devotions, how it enters into alınost all our Services, equally with the Lord's Prayer,—nay, it may be said, even more than the Lord's Prayer, because of its greater length and variety,- it cannot be supposed that
this Christian meaning contained in it is but occasional or Rustli faint; it must run through it; it must be strong, definite
and real ; else why should Christians turn aside to use Jewish forms? They have ever acted as if no state of their
minds but found its appropriate expression in the Psalms; the no sentence in the Psalms but had its appropriate sense in ah is their own mouths. he is Now as to a great portion of this sacred book, we all
know full well, and shall be able to reply at once, that it rewie lates to our Lord and Saviour. Whatever is said in the first din instance of David and his labours, trials, and sufferings in w the cause of God, whatever is said of Solomon and his glory, vnt and much besides which is more or less of a directly pro
phetic, and not of a mere typical character, is fulfilled in
Christ. Much as we revere the memory of holy David, such in reverence would not account for our commemorating him
in preference to all saints, and him alone, in our daily devoitions ; but we know well, that in reading the 22nd, or the W 69th, or the 109th Psalm, we are reading, not of David's by trials, which are gone and over, but of the mediatory and ex- piatory work of Him who ever liveth, a Priest for ever after
the order of Melchizedek ; and in like manner, when we - read the 2nd, or the 45th, or the 72nd, we read of the trii umph and exaltation, not of the monarchs of Israel, but of .. the same Lord and Saviour. And further, much that does not on the surface bear to