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asserted which tends to bankrupt the Race and defeat the highest end of its creation. Wherever one fancies himself exempted, by the inheritance or acquirement of wealth, from performing his fair proportion of the Labor demanded by human necessities, there is one whose example justifies the slaveholder on his couch, the absentee landlord rioting in luxury on the last potato of starving penury, the coward fleeing from the post of danger and of duty. In defrauding his kind of the service he owes them, he defrauds himself of the health, strength, and longevity, which were rightfully his portion until “vilely cast away.” And the physical evils of luxury and sloth are but faint reflections of the moral. Every household constructed on the basis of a superior and an inferior caste-on the assumption that some of us are born to wait and serve, others to be served and waited on—that some must work to live, while others may justly live without working—the former being the less and the latter the more honorable class—that household, I say, is built on a foundation of un-Christian slavery and unmanly falsehood, whose tendencies are to eye-service, deceit, envy, hatred, sloth, pride, and all kindred vices. Not without a radical reform of the Household is any real approximation to the careers therein commenced to the Ideal of a True Life possible, save as a rare exception—a happy result of unobserved but potent influences, fortunately conspiring to overrule the more obvious and general laws governing the formation of character. If we are educated slaves or enslavers, we shall rarely and with difficulty outgrow our early lessons, and become true men and women.
As yet, the great Reform which shall abolish all Slavery, as it only can be effectually, really abolished, by leaving none coveting the position of a master, none possessing the soul of a slave, is in its infancy, silently and slowly but surely progressing to matured energy and vigor. ATTRACTIVE INDUSTRY, the dream of the past age, the aspiration of the present, shall be the fruition and joy of the next. The reunion of Desire and Duty, divorced and warring since the Fall, restores Man at once to the unchanging, uncloying bliss of Eden. That this is a Moral renovation is indeed most true, but false is the deduction that it is wrought or endures regardless of Physical conditions. Idly do the lips of the widow murmur expressions of contentment and thankfulness when her children pine for bread and have no prospect of procuring it; vainly does the forlorn wretch essay to thank that Providence whose ways he cannot fathom, but whose present results are to him famine, disease, and utter, bopeless destitution. Here and there the keen eye of Faith may pierce the deepest gloom of the Present, and rest exultingly on the compensating glories of the Future; but such are exceptions to the general law which renders present privation and anguish an Aaron's rod, swallowing up all thought, overclouding all hope of future bliss. We must know what happiness is, ere we can rightly appreciate the prospect of it; we must have exemption from pressing wants of the body, ere we can duly heed and be faithful to the loftiest promptings of the soul. The indi. vidual engrossed in a constant and arduous struggle for daily bread, makes slow and capricious progress on the path to Heaven. Those who cannot obey the Divine precept, " Take no [anxious) thought for the morrow,” can hardly hope to obey any precept relating to their own
spiritual growth and elevation. Not till the pressing demands of our outward and bodily nature shall have been provided for, may we rationally look for a general conformity of our Actual state to the Ideal of sentient, intelligent being.
That the physical conditions of a calmer and nobler existence for the great mass of mankind are slowly but surely preparing, I recognise with gladness; I will not doubt that the Moral elements are also commingling. In all the forms and shows of present and threatening Evil, I discern the shadows of approaching Good. The age now dawning shall reap in gladness the fields tearfully sown in defiance of tempests of contumely and reproach. It will have its Statesmen, who may continue to serve their Nations without stooping to flatter their worst and most dangerous passions; orators, whose trumpet-tones shall be employed to chasten and rebuke whatever is selfish in the thronging multitudes they address, rather than impel them to envy and hate their fellows; teachers of religion, meek, earnest followers of the carpenter's son of Bethlehem and Paul the tent-maker, who, living, or at all times ready to live, if need be, by the labor of their own hands, shall minister to God in houses unpartitioned to men, asking of a prospective field of labor, not what salary is to be paid, but what sin is to be cured, and setting forth the duties and reproving the delinquencies of Wealth, as few or none have dared to do since He who had not where to lay His head? Under such faithful ministrations, the truth must soon become apparent that Riches are desirable only to widen the scope and enlarge the opportunities of well-doing—that they impart no right to live prodigally, selfishly, or ostentatiously-still less to avoid the ways of Industry and benign Exertion. With wealth thus possessed and employed, vanish at once the privations and the envious discontent of the Poor—the dreams and the desire of Agrarian equality-since the most abject must then recognise the wisdom and beneficence of the dispensation which qualifies some to be the almoners and benefactors of the less gifted or provident millions, while the more fortunate would learn to feel, in extending the amplest encouragement and aid to the lowly, some faint reflection of the rapture of Creative goodness. Thus harmonized in feeling, exalted in purpose, convergent in effort, the re-united Human Family shall move on to greater and still greater triumphs over Physical obstruction, Elementary perversion, and Moral dissonance, until Evil and Anguish shall virtually be banished, our Earth be restored to its primal rank among the loyal provinces of God's empire, and Man, made “a little lower than the angels,” shall realize in his Actual, the noblest, the fairest Ideal of Life.
No: the altar was not there,
Till the bruised and wounded heart,
ye ask for your reward ? “ They are blest who serve the Lord.'
ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED
BY PARK GODWIN.
FRIENDS AND FELLOW-CITIZENS !—We address you on a subject which we think of vital importance to your welfare, and we ask your calm and deliberate attention to the views we are about to present. Let no hasty impression—let no prejudice imbibed in a thoughtless moment, or under the force of wilful or unwilful misrepresentation-deter you from the perusal of the few and brief words in which you are here accosted. The objects we have in view are great and elevated; our motives, we know, are sincere ; we harbor no mercenary nor sinister designs, and we appeal alike to men of all classes, and of every shade of Political and Religious opinion.
No man can have observed the tendencies of the age in which we live without perceiving that there is everywhere a restless uneasiness under the present circumstances of society, and an earnest desire for Advancement and Progress. In the efforts which benevolent men of all civilized Nations are making to meliorate the condition of their fellows, we see the movings of a Conviction that Mankind is not placed in such relations as it should be, and of a Hope that it is possible for us to attain to a much better state. How many are the ways, how various the methods in which this Conviction and this Hope find an expression! Reformers, Teachers, Missionaries, Statesmen, Ministers, of every kind and degree, confess, by the very nature of their efforts, the intolerable weight of misery which hangs upon Society, and the deep need there is of a prompt and vital improvement,
It is obvious, however, from the results of all these movements, beneficial as many of them are, that they do not strike at the root of the evil. We discover a great deal of good in them, it is true; but on the whole an evident inadequacy to accomplish their aims. We honor the motives of all who are engaged in a conscientious effort at Human Improvement; we acknowledge the indebtedness of the world, for much that makes life valuable, to those noble and generous spirits who take upon themselves the task of instructing and elevating Society; we thank God that he raises up, from time to time, wise and good Men as instruments, in His hand, for the better guidance of their race. While, therefore, we take a position of antagonism to no party or sect, we are