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scure our view. Let me illustrate this, to keep this before us, times of retirement further. I can imagine in a great city, for meditation should be sedulously an institution in which are the daughters arranged and adhered to. The Lord, of sin and shame who had sought from in washing the feet of the disciples, man a refuge from polution, and the shewed us a beautiful example of the work of ruin, and from God pardon extent to which our sympathy and care and cleansing. In this establishment, should extend ; the act most lovely, the where the penitent daughters of sin example most significant, that what he have congregated, all is peace, order, did for us, (in them) we ought also do obedience, humility, contrition; they feel for each other, namely, stoop to the humcompunction and shame the memory of blest, meanest offices, if we can bring their guilt leaves them not-they feel comfort, health, or blessing to the people they are poor—they know they had sinned of God. and led others to sin ; so they have no Now, of all the tender kindly ways in pride nor contentions_once it was not which love can be shewn, asking no thus with them: so, man, in his proud, return, expecting none, it is when the educated, accomplished, and prosperous memories of the dead are brought before state, feels no sorrow-no shame_he us, the sorrow of the widow, and the knows not his poverty, he would pro- pennyless, pitiless, unprotected and most bably adopt the language of Rev. iii. 17, endangered state of the orphan. Do I am rich and increased with goods and | you desire to practice love, generosity, have need of nothing,” and he knows humility ? in no one way, can you so not that he is “ wretched, and miserable, easily, so speedily, and so 'usefully fulfil and poor, and blind, and naked;" — the master's call, as thus,“ visit the therefore, it is evident, he knows not fatherless and widow in their affliction.” God, that he has not yet attained clean- Some three hundred little ones of our sing, for cleansing must bring a me- deceased Protestant brethren exclaim in morial of his poverty and unworthiness, the language of Lamentations of Jere. and in that remembrance he would have miah, v. 3, " We are orphans and been humbled ; humbled, aye, as these fatherless_our mothers are as widows ;" poor creatures who knew their sinfulness, these are now fed, clothed, sheltered, for what are we all but vile sinners; who and educated by the Protestant Orphan can say what elements of guilt are slum- Society. They have had to reject as bering at this moment in his soul ?- many more in the last two years, for Contrast light with darkness, hatred with charity was loitering and needs to be love; contrast Judas with Jesus, sin with aroused. By no one carnal feeling would holiness, earth with heaven and we have | I address you, but I would reason thus, some idea what the heart is before a “ If you love Christ and value his cleanGod of absolute holiness: the very sing and will obey his precept, then this angels are not pure in his sight, noble Society will have many a com

munication from you ; it is easy for “ They veil their faces while they cry Thrice glory to their God most high!"

many to comply; determine this day, and

to-morrow let your bounty find its way to Mediation is therefore greatly needed, if the Office of the Society. we would cultivate humility; we must re- This bounty, this demonstration of flect on what God has done for us. The love, will testify to man that your proxvi. of Ezekiel exhibits what the Jewish fession is sincere. God grant that many Church was, and in this a natural heart may here know what this cleansing is. God be depicted also. The wonder that God grant that those who do not, may now would think of us, and does think of us, and henceforth know it and value it for worms, should never be lost sight of; and ever.

III.-Let me, in the last place, speak | ship with Jesus ; such a heart will say, of THE DANGER OF NEGLECTING, AND " that in the friendship and fellowship of THE HAPPINESS OF APPRECIATING WHAT | Jesus, there is gladness, and honour, and THE LORD, BY PRACTICE AND PRECEPT, peace, and joy,” and the possessors of HAS HERE INCULCATED. This truth such hearts will follow him, obey him ; must be proclaimed, rigid and awful, love each other, love his poor, love his but spoken in love “ ye are clean, but little lambs, speak comfortably to not all !”

mourners, and wipe away tears from the If the Lord had merely commanded, eyes of the fatherless; they will speak speaking from heaven, our duty was to them of the friendship of Jesus ; they plain ; but he took flesh, inhabited earth, will urge them to seek this friendship, did, himself, fully, plainly, kindly, and they will tell them, that this day, humbly, explain all that he desired us Jesus invites poor sinners to meet him to receive and fulfil, hence, we are left and to be his friends. without excuse. There is danger of tri- ! How shall we persuade men of the fling, the appeal that touches the heart honour comprehended in fellowship with to-day, (if neglected or its objects post- Christ ! If a man (says St. John xiv. 23.) poned for some selfish consideration) | love me, he will keep my words, and were it repeated, next Sunday, would my Father will love him and we will have lost its power; we know not what we come and make our abode with him.”_ do when we quench the risings of con- Happy believer! the Father, Son, and science within, and bid convictions depart, Spirit dwelling in him ; how faint is all when we reject the offered pardon and con- earthly honour compared to this! Oh! sequently bid charity be silent, and consci. why are we so alive to earthly honour ence slumber in reckless repose. Another and place and emolument, and so cold Sabbath, and we may not be here ; ere when Christ invites us ? another Sabbath many will be widows, Go and tell the subordinate officer that and many will be fatherless. Another his general invites him to his table, his Sabbath, and hell and heaven will be home, his heart :--tell that general his encreased in their inhabitants. Dear Sovereign has sent for him to clothe him in Friends, when we die, opportunities are ducal robes, and the insignia of England's then passed away-the orphan's cry is noblest military order ; tell a subordinate seen no more_nor the sob of the clergyman that he is chosen by the Sowidow known any more-nor the voice vereign to wear the mitre of the prelate; of the preacher heard any more ; we tell the lawyer that he is selected to have then lost cleansing, and humility, wear the coif of the serjeant, or the and benevolence; we had no pity on the ermine of the judge, and each will be fatherless, we pleaded not for the widows, affected_he cannot feel as man if he be it is a terrible record that declares, “I not affected ; and now, when Christ's will have judgment without mercy on message has come, so sweet, so kind, him that shewed no mercy.”

so admonitory, so edifying, what can we Bút, ere we close, let us turn to the do? we cannot resist, we must give our happy subject of “ appreciating the hearts," take them, O Lord, for we truths and precepts of Jesus.” Happy cannot give them! keep them, O Lord, the heart that knows it's own joy this for we cannot keep them for thee !" day! that feels the spirit of adoption And now, O Lord, bless the appeal, bedewing the soul that feels peace like have pity upon these present, dispose a stream gliding over the frame, and an their hearts to know and love thee, and assurance declaring that the heart is to cherish those little ones whose cry this right with God. Such a heart will day is, “ We are orphans and fatherless, testify to its love for Christ, to its fellow- our mothers are as widows !”

THE FATHERLESS.

A SERMON

PREACHED IN TRINITY CHURCH, DUBLIN,

ON THURSDAY, 2ND APRIL, 1840, ON BEHALF OF THE ORPHANS (TWO HUNDRED AND EIGHTY IN NUMBER CONNECTED WITH

THE PROTESTANT ORPHAN SOCIETY,

BY THE REV. THOMAS DREW, A.M.

Incumbent of Christ's Church, Belfast.

LAMENTATIONS OF JEREMIAH, v. 3.
“ We are orphans and fatherless, our mothers (are) as widows."

We are ever willing to admit that God is sympathetic feeling and alarm, when all wise and all powerful. If we wanted we see how the slow indignation of God to illustrate this omniscience and omnipo- has its assured time of visitation and that tence in a manner at once simple and in proportion to forbearance, may be the convincing, we may refer to prophecy weight of indignation. Jeremiah began and to the fulfilment of prophecy. God, his prophetic work in the 13th year of in his prophetic declarations, evidencing Josiah : by his various “ shadows" of the a wisdom beyond the reach of man, and “ boiling pot," the “ marred girdle," in the controuling power exercised in the “ the breaking of a vessel on the potter's fulfilments of prophecy, exhibiting his wheel," “ the yokes,” and other illuspotency and sovereignty; the history of trative demonstrations, he exhibited the the times, in which Jeremiah lived, affords“ coming events, which were fulfilled a remarkable and satisfactory illustration with terrific accuracy. The last chapter of what is thus asserted; he uttered (36th) of the 2d Book of the Chronicles, many prophecies and he lived to see contains a succinct account of the various them fulfilled, even to minute particu- changes, the depositions of monarchs, the larity ; it was a time of sorrow and suf. dogged obduracy of the people, the fering, and the pious heart of Jeremiah slaughter of many in the very sanctuary, was deeply afflicted under the sin and the leading of men captive and the ab obstinacy of his people. No writer, in straction of brilliant and costly vessels to the Bible, appears to have suffered under become the glory of the spoiler in his more protracted affliction. It has been idolatrous land. All this was done, said of this book of Lamentations, “a (saith the 21 v.) “ to fulfil the word of sagacious discerner would think every the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah." letter written with a tear ; every word Jeremiah lived to see these visitations, the sound of a breaking heart, and the and having previously, with many tears writer, a man of sorrows, who scarcely and entreaties, warned the people of ever breathed but in sighs or spoke but them, when the heaviest blow was struck, in groans !” The spirit exhibited in his he proved himself at once true to God, prophetic writings becomes still more and yet sympathising in his nation's disdeeply imbued with sorrow, in his Lamen- asters ; few have ever furnished such tations, which cannot be read without testimonials of their patriotic affliction. War and captivity, at any time deplo- chamber and lonely habitation. Man rable, presented themselves here in their may live far away-the occupant “ of the most hideous features ; nor is it possible lodge in some vast wilderness” but death for our generation, which has escaped the finds him there ; man may (139 Psalm) miseries of invasion and the horrors of “take the wings of the morning and dwell intestine warfare, to imagine the cala- in the uttermost parts of the sea," but mitous condition of these who have suf- there the iron hand and icy grasp of fered what is here so graphically and death arrest the victim, as surely as feelingly depicted. We have too much bullet speed from cannon's mouth.lost sight of the truth in the tinsel and Thousands will die this day—no matter poetry which have been wreathed around where. Since I began to preach, people the inhumanities of war. The trappings have died, many have been made widows of the soldier, the plume, the shining and many have become orphans since we ornament, the accompaniment of martial entered this Church. music, the waving of banners, and the And wherefore death ? whether the shouts of crowds have drawn us aside death of ignorance or despair ; whether from that which demands our chief at- of calm peace or holy rejoicing ? ask the tention, even the horrid realities of war- apostle ! (Rom. v. 12.) “ death passed fare ; lands ravaged, the peace and purity upon all men for that all have sinned !" of women outraged, the sword glutted There is a first death, and a second with blood, and last and most pitiable, the death, and a third death-yea, there are fatherless and the widow alone, sorrow many deaths; the soul surviving all, an stricken and by man forgotten. “ From imperishable, vivid, indestructible thing; it whence come wars and fightings ?” en is ever dying and yet never dies in eternity, quires a wise Apostle, (James iv. 1) and a paradox most true, most intelligible. he answers by asking the question, Of all living, fathers of families should

Come they not hence, even of your know this and feel this ; fathers " to lusts that war in your members ?” Wars children should make known this truth." come from lust, the lust of power, fame, A first death in which we are born, "yea gold, land, or (dearer than all to the are dead” saith the Apostle, not physi. natural heart) revenge ! and this lust is cally, not intellectually dead, but we are engendered in man ; be it little or sup- spiritually “ dead." Let them speak of pressed-be it great or ruinously de- the second death, the severing of soul veloped_it is in man's heart, and was and body, the journey, the flight, the born some thousand years ago, when the leap where man sees and knows what a lust of forbidden fruit and of restricted dying malefactor called, “ THE GRAND knowledge led our first parents to indulge SECRET !" The third death—that death the deadly appetite, and to lift the veil everlasting, which is most enduring, cerwhich revealed God in his fiery indig- tain life! THE DEATH OF Hell_the nation, and which disclosed themselves life of pain and of exile from heaven ; to themselves in all the reaped repro- and in this death are included many bation of sin, sorrow, toil, and death! | deaths, for joy is dead, and peace is

War does, in a few hours, a work of dead, and hope “ that here comes to all,” death, equal to the ordinary process of is dead there, and above all, the dead mortality in many years; war alone does are for ever dead, and lost, and unknown not snatch the husband from the wife, to the dwellers in bliss, and light, and and the father from the child ; war does glory. its work in street, and field, and high- The first death is now our chief conway ; but the procedure of dissolution cern. The Lord speaks to the dead, does its work as securely in the secret 1“ arise, and Christ shall give thee light !" when he speaks, he applies the Spirit to its development and prosperity ; let us those whom he calls, and the “ dead sympathise in its disruptions and disso. hear his voice.” Then (the Spirit quick lutions; our text reminds us of these, ening, and Christ revealed, and the we are bound not to turn a deaf ear Father reconciled) there is a change upon them, the voices of upwards of from death to life, from the bondage Three Hundred childred are lifted up of sin to the service of Christ ; from this day, and their cry is gone up to the dominion of Satan to the rule of heaven, “ We are orphans and fatherless Jesus.

-our mothers are as widows !" These truths are most important to It matters not to these desolate ones, heads of families, for their responsi- whether the carnage of war devoured bilities are multiplied, and encrease every their parents or whether they died in day. The wide world is interested in the humble beds, the tenants of peaceful question of paternal and maternal sway, domiciles; enough to them that they are wisdom and admonition ; the families orphans and fatherless-enough for my of the land are the noblest, brightest, subject that God made them so, and that and strongest bond of union which the they are bequeathed by God and their land can show. In our families, is to parents as a legacy which we must not be found the model as well as the origin overlook nor reject. of the purest government, from them 1. Let us speak of their fathers. spring social relationship, industry, Their fathers were as we are this day, economy, subordination, government, | born to a common heritage with us, and schools, and instructors. None so qua- subordinate to the destiny which belongs lified to be public instructors as parents ; to us all. Man born in sin and clothed none so wise and sympathising where in infirmity is not always permitted to children are concerned ; none so possess arrive at years of adolescence ; ere he the nameless art of communicating know- be so permitted, (if spared) through ledge with kindly and acceptable process. how many pains and sorrows does child. It was worthy of the dark ages to be wiser hood reach puberty, and puberty manthan God, and to set shackles and re- hood ? While the generations are rushing straints where God had left man free - onward from the womb to the warfare of I specially refer to the monastic legis- life ; many drop in the ranks, the ground lation under which our Universities opens and closes, and they are forgotten. groan and reel at this day ; peace and Others attain to vigorous manhood ; with propriety being risked, and the best susceptibility of years and desire of leaven of instruction (parental feeling) woman's affectionate companionship, man being voted unworthy of existence ; an becomes an husband ! happy husband ! unscriptural bondage, a vicious temp- happy wife, if marriage have been made tation that bribes men to live solitary, in the Lord. True, that God has placed amid the arid wilderness of speculative four penalties—toil, sorrow, humiliation, enquiry or in the unrefreshing alternations and death upon man, but in religious asso. of literary acquisition to day, and of colle- ciation and sympathy, all these are allegiate instruction to-morrow ; let this res- viated; and though wit and ribaldry, jest triction be banished, let our colleges be and profaneness have been united against filled with men who shall feel as parents, this “holy estate ;” though lying proand be touched with such sensibilities as verbs have gained currency against it's draw men closer to each other and render utility and happiness, still when exathem more dependant upon God. Let mined it is here, (and here only,) we find us then appreciate the family system in the best bonds of social and public life its prime and beauty ; let us rejoice in strengthened and consolidated.

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