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were removed ” (Ibid, p. 157). Let us charitably hope that the writer of these lines was not aware of all that is involved in the fact of asking assent to a rash statement made on the bare word of a weak and fallible creature in opposition to the truth of God's Eternal Word. Similar instances might be given to show that in disparagement of Holy Scripture the Roman Catholic and Rationalistic Schools are at one. Quite recently, however, a letter appeared in the Guardian newspaper (Feb. 10, p. 156), which so strikingly corroborates this opinion that it merits a brief notice in this connexion. The letter is somewhat significantly headed, " An Instructive Quarrel." Its opening portion runs thus :—“A very pretty quarrel is now going on between two Romanist serials, the Dublin Review and the Month, as to the amount of ignorance which may be attributed to the Apostles. The Month having declared that the Church does not assume, and never has assumed, any power to discern and proclaim truths altogether unknown to the Church of the Apostles,' the Dublin severely reprobates the expression as 'not only false, but most unsound and mischievous.'" The bearing of such a controversy as this on theories of development, and on the extravagant pretensions of the Ultramontane party in the matter of the Pope's personal infallibility, is obvious. The writer of the letter concludes by saying that he thinks "this controversy is instructive in two ways. 1. As a specimen of the shifts to which a writer trained in the Romanist school naturally and unblushingly resorts. 2. As showing the complete identity, as to their views of Scripture, of the Ultramontane Romanist and Dr. Colenso and his school."

The coincidence of opinion and sentiment here brought to view between schools of theological thought apparently so diverse is indeed remarkable and instructive. It is, moreover, capable of much additional illustration. Thus extremes meet. How striking is the contrast between such language as applied to Holy Scripture, and that of our Lord Himself. “ It is easier for heaven and earth to pass than one tittle of the law to fail !” (St. Luke xvi. 17.) In accordance with the Divine truth involved in these words, the author of Transition says :“ If the Word created all things, and the new creation at the introduction of Christianity was the Church, then the Church was created by the Word ; and as the Church was created by the Word, so it is governed by the Word, and all the Divine dispensations toward the Church proceed from the Word, and have relation to the Word” (pp. 82, 83).

On this principle the religious consciousness of the Church from the

a

first to the last of the Divine dispensations is traced out in this work. It is divided into seven principal sections, a brief summary of which may serve to bring before the reader the leading facts and arguments of which it mainly consists, and serve in some degree to indicate the grave character of the questions which it undertakes to discuss.

1. After a few introductory remarks, the first division treats of the first age of the World, the nature of the primeval human consciousness as founded on the Law of Correspondence, and also the relation between this Consciousness and the first chapter of Genesis.

2. The second age of the world being a continuation of the first age by means of a remnant. The rise of outward from inward speechcollectors of such things as pertained to doctrine—the origin of Mythology and Idolatry—and the institution of Ritual.

3. The third age of the world, exhibiting a still further decline from the state of primitive perfection ; the establishment of a systematic ritual by Heber, by which means the continuity of Divine Truth was once more preserved by a remnant : also the worship of statues, the origin of gods, the previous existence of Jewish ritual, the call of Abram, and the still unbroken continuity of the Church.

Thus is brought to the view of the reader, “under an historical form, what in modern language has been called the original psychological condition of humanity; the connection of mankind and of the whole creation with the Creator ; establishing on this subject those primeval truths from which the transition of ages is to be traced ; and in relation to which the present condition of the human mind is to be judged ; if it be true thatin order to know what man is, we must first know what man has heen.(Vide p. 64.)

The author then proceeds to contrast the survey thus far taken of the order of the Ages with that which has been so confidently propounded by the Modern Philosophy of Science known by the name of Positivism, and which is maintained by its advocates with a certain kind of plausibility to be founded upon the fundamental law of the evolution of humanity? In the language of one of the most enthusiastic and uncompromising expositors of this system, the reader is made acquainted with the well known hypothetical “ three stages" of human progress—the Theological, the Metaphysical, and the Positive.

(To be continued.)

325

Miscellaneous.

The oppo

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AMERICABOSTON.-The Socfety of in the neighbouring towns; and it is the New Church in this city, which doubtful if there were a half dozen other has long been distinguished for the persons in Massachusetts who were at number and intelligence of its members, all interested in the doctrines. Some and the eminent uses it has rendered to of these had received them in the latter the Church in America, was instituted part of the previous century, and some August 15, 1818. Last year, therefore, at later and different periods. Two of it had existed fifty years, and the mem- them, Dr. Worcester and myself, were bers determined to hold a semi-centen- members of the Harvard University. nial celebration. The particulars of “The reception of the doctrines at this celebration are before us in a pam- that early period was a very different phlet of 86 pages. It is full of pleasant thing from what it is now. reminiscences of the past and cheerful sition that we experienced, whether hopes for the future. It abounds also openly expressed, manifested in manner with instructive narratives of personal and deportment, or unconsciously exexperiences connected with the history erted by spiritual sphere, cannot at the and progress of the Church.

present day be conceived or imagined. The celebration was preceded by pre- We experienced a general sphere of liminary exercises in the church. oppression from the world at large that the close of these exercises, the com- cannot be described. Those who repany repaired to the vestry below, ceived the doctrines in those early times which presented a very pleasant ap- had to give up everything else for them. pearance. Tables had been set running This was strictly true with the most, the whole length of the room from and mainly so with all. We were resouth to north, with a smaller table at garded as insane, madly insane, to imathe southern end at right angles with gine that we had come into possession the former. At this smaller table sat of a new religion, which was really a the pastor, with most of the church com- new dispensation.

Then, mittee and the speakers of the evening. again, all the ties of affection, relationAfter a blessing pronounced by the ship, social position ; all the motives pastor, the company partook of a plain of ambition, respectability, personal biit substantial repast, which was served interest; and everything else but the by young ladies and gentlemen selected conviction and love of the truth were archiefly from the Sunday school.” This rayed against us. Few, very few, could repast was followed by a number of receive the doctrines under such inaddresses by aged and distinguished fluences, and none except such as were members of the church, by letters from lifted up and carried forward by the absent members, and by songs specially stronger internal influence of the Lord. composed for and suited to the occasion. They felt that the doctrines opened in The early period of the Society's history them a new world, a spiritual worldis thus sketched by the Rev. T. B. a world within, which their opposing Hayward :—“As you have just been friends knew nothing of, and, therefore, informed by your pastor, I am the only could not assail; and the conscious expeperson present who took part in the rience of this alone sustained them. Tle institution of this Church or Society few receivers in Boston and the vicinity fifty years ago

There were twelve of had hell meetings, sometimes every us, three of whom are still living. The week, and sometimes once in two weeks, other two are Miss Cary, now at the on Saturday afternoon for more than a advanced age of ninety-three, and the year ; and at length they began to conRev. Thomas Worcester, D.D., who sider the question of coming out,' as has been your pastor during almost the they called it. But they found they whole history of the Society. As nearly were not unanimous on this point. as I can recollect, there were at that Those who favoured it thought it time about fifteen receivers residing in would give us a position, and would Boston, and about ten or twelve more materially qualify and go far to remove

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91

the constrained relations of things which ciety, passed to the spiritual world about have just been alluded to. Besides it three weeks after the festival-on the was our imperative duty to set up the 7th day of December. The Boston standard of the Lord's New Church New Jerusalem Magazine for May gives before the world, and it was none too the following extract from her will :soon to begin. But some of our most “I take this last solemn opportunity valued friends could not see the matter to declare my entire belief in the misin this light, and when it was resolved sion of Emanuel Swedenborg, and my to become a church openly, they re- reliance on the truths of the New Jerumained behind.

salem Dispensation, on which I rest my “ Information had been received that hopes of future happiness through the the Rev. Maskell M. Carl, the minister infinite mercy of my Lord and Saviour of the New Jerusalem Church in Phila- Jesus Christ, in whom is the fulness of delphia, would be in New York at a the Godhead bodily. Miss Cary, we certain time, and it was determined to are also told, gave one thousand dollars request him to extend his journey to to the New Church Institute of EducaBoston and form us into a church. He tion at Waltham.

came, and

on Saturday afternoon, August 15, 1818, twelve of us met at SWEDENBORG SOCIETY.—The fifty. the house of Dr. Mann, corner of ninth anniversary is appointed to be Washington Street and Newbury Place, held at the Society's House, Bloomsbury and were instituted into a Church, by Street, on Tuesday evening, June 15th, name the ‘Boston Society of the New the chair to be taken at seven o'clock Jerusalem.' The ceremony was very precisely, by the Rev. A. Clissold. The simpie. We stood in a circle round reports of the retiring committee, treathe room ; Mr. Carl read some suitable surer, and auditors will be read, and forms, including some passages from the new oflicers elected. It will be recoWord ; we kneeled and united in re- lected that portions of the Chairman's peating the Lord's Prayer ; the proper address of last year were given in sevequestions were asked and answered. ral numbers of the Repository, and Mr. Carl then declared us to be a duly afterwards published, in an enlarged instituted Church, and we all signed form, under the title - Transition ; or our names to a creed which had been the passing away of Ages or Dispensapreviously agreed upon.”

tions, Modes of Biblical Interpretation, On the following day (Sunday), Mr. and Churches. An equally important Carl preached morning and evening in address may be looked for on this occaBoylston Hall. Notice of the services sion, the critical state of the religious had been given in the public papers. world at the present time demanding The hall was densely filled by a our attention. Favourable opportunities highly respectable and intelligent for placing the works in public libraries audience, who listened to the services have arisen, and have been promptly with great attention. The sacrament met by the committee. It is earnestly of the Holy Supper was administered hoped that the members and friends of after the morning service. “From that the Institution will attend the meeting day the Society held public worship in such strength as to encourage the regularly on the Sabbath. On the new committee to enter upon their

duties second Sunday the audiences were nearly with increased energy. The subscripas large as on the first. They soon tions are due at the anniversary; any diminished, however, and in three arrears should be previously paid to the months we had but few hearers beyond treasurer, Mr. Thos. Watson, 19 Highour own numbers. Yet now and then bury Crescent, N. an individual became interested in the Mr. James Spiers, late of Glasgow, doctrines and joined with us.” At the has succeeded Mr. Alvey as agent. All end of the first ten years, we are in- orders for books should be sent to him. formed by a subsequent speaker, the Communications for the committee to whole numberof members was only sixty- be addressed to the secretary, Mr. three, of whom, at the time of holding Butter, 249 Camden Road, N. the meeting, twenty-four were living.

Miss Cary, one of the three survivors MISSIONARY AND TRACT SOCIETY OF of the twelve who first entered the So- THE NEW CHURCH.— The forty-eighth

its missionary and other labours, and trusts that the friends of the New Church in the United Kingdom will by their liberality enable the Society to make greater efforts, and perform increased uses through the coming year.'

This it will be seen is an inexhaustible thenie, and one of its features is an appeal for additional subscriptions. During the evening the meeting was addressed by Dr. Bayley, Rev. W. Bruce, Messrs. Bateman, Dibley, Elliott, Moss, Smith, and the Treasurer. Very sanguine expressions of possibilities were uttered. No doubt that in the good providence of the Lord, this Society will continue to be, as it has for so many years been, one of the most useful of our institutions. The names of the new committee were announced, the chairman made some additional observations, a verse was sung, the benediction pronounced, and the meeting terminated.

anniversary of this institution was held at the chapel of the College, Devonshire Street, Islington, on the evening of Wednesday, the 12th of May 1869, Wm. Pickstone, Esq., presiding. Dr. Bayley opened the meeting with prayer. After some appropriate remarks from the chairman, the minutes of the last anniversary, the committee's report, and the treasurer's accounts were read. From these it appeared that the Society continued to perform a variety of most important uses, by the abundant circulation of tracts, the regular supply of missionary aid to several societies needing such assistance, and keeping for sale the cheap edition of "Noble's Appeal, “ Antediluvian History," “The Future Life," and several minor works. It is worthy of note also, although known to many readers of the Magazine, that during the past year a cheap edition (3000) of the “ Brighton Lectures,” at 6d. per copy, has been printed, and the greater portion of them sold.

These lectures were delivered by Dr. Bayley at Brighton some years ago, the questions and answers which followed the lectures being added. The first edition was sold at 2s. per copy. They were regarded by the committee as very excellent, and as calculated, in a cheap form, to serve an important missionary use. Dr. Bayley having generously given to the committee the copyright, the edition spoken of was printed, the price however, 6d. per copy, does not quite cover the cost. The meeting, though not large, was one of considerable interest. The funds are in a sound state-extended uses however could be performed if more ample supplies were furnished. Out of the 100 copies of Noble's Appeal, generously given by Mr. Finnie, 92 have been applied for and furnished to ministers. Perhaps some other generous friend will follow this excellent example, and authorize the committee to give out if applied for, 25, 50, or 100 additional copies. It cannot fail to be useful to circulate such a work amongst ministers who desire to read it.

The essential resolution of the evening was “That the Society, believing that the New Church possesses spiritual treasures, the dissemination of which will greatly benefit the world, determines that it will zealously prosecute

MANCHESTER TRACT SOCIETY.—The annual meeting of this society was held in the Peter Street school-room, on the evening of May 11. The Rev. Mr. Hyde was in the chair, and introduced the business of the meeting by remarking on the agency of the press in its relation to the new dispensation. Other churches had been raised by preaching, the New Church chiefly by the press. Swedenborg did not teach by word of mouth, but by the publication of his writings. As members of the Church, we should not neglect the zealous employment of both these means of disseminating the truth, but we should not be true to the character of the Church and requirements of the age if we neglected the employment of the press.

The report of the society was of a cheerful and hopeful character. A number of new tracts have been published, and six thousand copies of tracts published by others purchased. The number of subscribers have also increased, and the society is in a healthy condition, and pursuing a course of vigorous usefulness. The reading of the report was followed by a series of resolutions, the moving and seconding of which gave rise to many instructive and interesting remarks. In addition to those of a formal kind, one of these resolutions affirmed, “that the various circumstances now affecting the re

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