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Sixth Series, Volume XV.
No. 2767–July 17, 1897.
I. THE NEW ASTRONOMY. By Williaa.
Ninetee i Century,
Macmillan's Magazine, .
Gentleman's Magazine, .
IN THE SWEET O' THE YEAR, 154 | A SONG FOR LADY DAY,
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
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IN THE SWEET O' THE YEAR. And when high noon on many a sail
Was bright along the brimming low, Merrily piping a carol of mirth,
Or when the westering sun must fail And of thanks for the life that was
Blood-red, and from the shifting glow dear;
Of lilac-citron skies the queen Glad of the breath of the Spring o'er the
That sways your motion glimmered earth,
green, Sang a bird in the sweet o' the year.
One lesson still my spirit learned Singing a message of death as it sped,
From flood and daylight fleeting past, Woe is me for the life that we fear
And from its own strange self that Swift from the string flew an arrow, and
Like them to lapse into the vast, Fell the bird in the sweet o' the year.
And merge and end its vague unrest Sunday Magazine. In some wide ocean of the West;
Ere we can find true peace again,
Our being must have second birth,
Purged and made one through toil and A SONG FOR LADY DAY.
pain A home she makes where'er our Lady With Him Who rules and rounds the goes:
earth, Her bosom is the garden of the rose,
Beyond the dark, behind the light, At her approach the Winter turns to In mystery of the Infinite.
And we like rivers from their source sing
Through cloud and shine, by deep or With bloom and fragrance, perfuming the
Must follow that which draws our course, air,
The Love that is its guide and goal; So glad are they her presence to declare.
Of life, of death ye made me free,
Waters and hills of Severn Sea! With diamond dew the paths she treads are wet:
And mother, I'm for listing in the
morn:' "And would ye, son, to wear a scarlet
coat, “AH, WESTERN WINDS AND WATERS
Go leave your mother's latter age forMILD."
lorn?" Ab, western winds and waters mild!
"O mother, I am sick of sheep and goat, Others your vaporous languors chide;
Fat cattle, and the reaping of the corn: They have not loved you from a child,
I long to see the British colors float: Nor grown to strength your shore
For glory, glory, glory, was I born." beside.
She saw him march. It was a gallant Ye speak of youth and hope to me,
sight. Ye airs, ye floods of Severn Sea!
She blest herself, and praised him for a
man. For I was native to your mood
And straight he hurried to the bitter And apt to take your influence,
And found a bullet in the drear Soudan. To muse and pause, to pore and brood, To doubt the shows and shapes of They dug a shallow grave—'twas all they
might: sense, To dream how not to dream away
And that's the end of glory. Rataplan! The long large hours of boyhood's day.
April, 1891. EDWARD CRACROFT LEFROY.
From The Nineteenth Century.
edge which the new methods of reASTRONOMY: A PERSONAL search of which I am about to speak RETROSPECT.
have revealed to us, to put themselves While progress in all branches of back a generation, into the position of knowledge has been rapid beyond prece. the scientific thought which existed on dent during the past sixty years, in at these subjects in the early years of the least two directions this knowledge has queen's reign. At that time any knowlbeen so unexpected and novel in char- edge of the chemical nature and of the acter that two new sciences may be physics of the heavenly bodies was resaid to have arisen: the new medicine, garded as not only impossible of attainwith which the names of Lister and of ment by any methods of direct observaPasteur will remain associated; and tion, but as, indeed, lying altogether the new astronomy, of the birth and outside the limitations imposed upon early growth of which I have now to
man by his senses, and by the fixity of speak.
his position upon the earth. The new astronomy, unlike the old It could never be, it was confidently astronomy to which we are indebted for thought, more than a matter of preskill in the navigation of the seas, the sumption, whether even the matter of calculation of the tides, and the daily the sun, and much less that of the stars, regulation of time, can lay no claim to were of the same nature as that of the afford us material help in the routine of earth, and the unceasing energy radidaily life. Her sphere lies outside the ated from it due to such matter at a earth. Is she less fair? Shall we pay high temperature. The nebular hyher less court because it is to mental pothesis of Laplace at the end of the culture in its highest form, to our purely last century required, indeed, that matintellectual joys that she contributes ? ter similar to that of the earth should For surely in no part of nature are the exist throughout the solar system; but noblest and most profound conceptions then this hypothesis itself needed for of the human spirit more directly called its full confirmation the independent forth than in the study of the heavens and direct observation that the solar and the host thereof.
matter was terrestrial in its nature.
This theoretical probability in the case That with the glorie of so goodly sight
of the sun vanished almost into thin The hearts of men
air when the attempt was made to exmay lift themselves up hyer.
tend it to the stellar hosts; for it might May we not rather greet her in the well be urged that in those immensely words of Horace: “O matre pulchra distant regions an original difference of filia pulchrior"?
the primordial stuff as well as other As it fell to my lot to have some part conditions of condensation were presin the early development of this new ent, giving rise to groups of substances science, it has been suggested to me which have but little analogy with that the present Jubilee year of retro- those of our earthly chemistry. spect would be a suitable occasion to About the time of the queen's accesgive some account of its history from sion to the throne the French philosthe standpoint of my own work.
opher Comte put very clearly in his Before I begin the narrative of my "Cours de Philosophie Positive” the personal observations, it is desirable views then held, of the impossibility of that I should give a short statement of direct observations of the chemical nathe circumstances which led up to the ture of the heavenly bodies. He says:birth of the new science in 1859, and also say a few words of the state of On conçoit en effet, que nous puissions scientific opinion about the matters of
conjecturer, avec quelque espoir de sucwhich it treats, just before that time. cès, sur la formation du système solaire It is not easy for men of the present sente de nombreux phénomènes parfaite
dont nous faisons partie, car il nous prégeneration, familiar with the knowl- ment connus, susceptibles peut-être de