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thee ruler over many things: Enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.'" Looking forward to the resurrection and retribution day, our Saviour svps to the apostles, Matt. xix. 28. <c Ye, which have followed trie, even ye, in the' regeneration i" or new earth; "shall sitrupoB twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes Os'Israel." And St.'Paul, speaking to the Corinthians, says, i Cor. vi. 2, 3.':
"Do ye not know that the saints Giall judge the vorid? and if the world shall be judged By you, .are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters? itndvv ye hot that we Ihall'judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?" Arid in this book of St. John, Jesus is represented as saying, Chap. iii. 21. '.'
'''To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with
me on my throne, even as I also overcame, and am
.ft)' i' 7r>..;•.; ; 1 .' .<, * •- • '
set down with my Father on his throne." From
all which, it clearly appears, that the faints will be
•sis '. ,'vi*y y\ \ '>i •'. '•'**.• r ; •' r '*
highly promoted by Christ, and admitted to some
sort of aflefforship with him in the judgment of the great day.
When, therefore, St. John says, "And I saw thrones, and they Tat upon them,' and judgment was given Unto them'Y *be meaning is; that he saw saints, those whbse-ri'arnesi were written in the Lamb's book of lise, sitting On thrones with some kindof judiciary power, according to our Saviour's promise to his disciples, to those who should overcome* and to all his faints,"
By the beheaded, or the souls of those who vter* beheaded for the witness of Jesus, martyrs are intended; all who died in the cause of Christ and of bis religion, by the hands of their enemies.
St. John saw all the saints, both martyrs and others, sitting on thrones as assessors with Christ.
3. What is meant by the .thousand years, in which the saints and martyrs reign with Christ? and where are we to place them, before or after, the general resurrection and judgment?
The restraint laid on satan was for a thousand years; and daring that term, he should not deceive the nations, or the wicked among mankind, nor disturb the peace of the saints. For this term of fatan's restraint, the saints should reign with Christ in undisturbed repose; or without any attempts from satan, or from wicked men, to molest or annoy them. And this, I imagine, may be the reason why the term, a thousand years, is mentioned. It is worthy of notice, that, immediately after the expiration of the thousand years, satan is released from consine-* znent, and enter? readily upon his beloved employment, of deceiving the wicked and troubling the saints, "And when the thousand years," of the saint's reign and his consinement," are expired, satan shall be loosed out of his prison."
After the thousand years of undisturbed tran-* quillity, the faints shall still go on to reign, forever and ever. Rev. xxi. 5. "And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light
9s. the' sqn; for the Lord God giveth them light; find they shall reign forever and ever.''
As tp the situation of this thousand years, I am 'fully of opinion with' Dr. Chauncy, that it ought to l>e placed after the general resurrection and judgment. If it be placed, as commentators and divines have generally placed it, immediately after the destruction of antichrist, and before the coming of Christ? all those difficulties corpe into view, which Dr. Chauncy mentions,, and which every Attentive leader, must see to be insurmountable.
'. How can we account for the rise of that insinitude of wicked jnen, like the sand cf the sea for multitude, called Gog and Magog, immediately after a thousand years of profound peace, and a universal reign ,pf righteousness over all the Jewish and Gentile world? Jt appears to me absolutely impossible 10 acCount for it, op this hypothesis of the situation of the thousand years,
,. Gog. and Magog lvere ancient enemies of the Jewish church a.nd nation. And it is remarkable that they were threatened with the fame destruction, by sire, which St. John .tells us will destroy the Gog and Magog who shajl endeavor to disturb the christian church in the paradisaic earth,
, Ezek, xxxviii. 18. "And it shall come to pass at the fame time, when Gog shall come against th« land of Israel that my fury shall come up in my face." Chap, xxxix, 6. "And I will send a fire
'on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles, and they shall know that I am the Lord." S£. John fays, Rev. xx. 9. "And they went up pn the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the faints about, and the beloved city: and sire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them."
Our Saviour informs us, that moral corruption and depravity of manners shall be so great, and so universal, when he shall come again, as to make it necessary to burn the world in order to purify it. Matt. xxiv. 37, 38, 39. "As the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood, they were eating, and drinking, marrying, and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, and knew not, until the flood came, and took them all away: So shall also the coming of the Son of man be." And again, describing the universal degeneracy of mankind, Christ says, Luke xviii. 8. "Nevertheless, when the Son of man cometh, shall Jie sind faith on the earth?" And St. Paul, 2 Thes. i. 8. 9. says Christ shall come, "in flaming sire, taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the Gospel,of our Lord Jesus Christ: who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power."
N6w, according to the supposition we are combating, Christ will come immediately on the expiration
of the Millennium. Is it not, then, incredible that such universal corruption should overspread the world?
Place this miirennial state after the general resurrection and judgment, and let it be the same term that satari will be restrained; and all these difsiculties, vanish, and we may very easily account for the rise 6f Gog arid Magog, and every thing appears natural and rational. Sti John fays, Chap. xx. 14, 15. ,f And death and hell were cast into the lake of sire. Arid whosoever was not found written in the book of lise was cast into the lake of sire."
These multitudes of the human race, Who will be condemned in the general judgment, and cast into the lake of sire, and consined to that disagreeable part of the earth which God will assign'them, with the devil arid false prophet; may easily fee supposed, when restraint is taken off, to be prepared for any attempt, especially when abetted and excited by satan..
"Thus it appears rational, and agreeable to the analogy of scripture, that the Millennium will commence immediately after the general judgment, will continue whilst satan is consined, and be a happy reign with Chi id.
4. What are we to understand by the expression, the rest of the dead lived net till the thousand yedtt were finijhedj
By the rest of the dead, we are to understand all the rest of mankind, who were not described in the