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some territorial distributions. The dependance on the mother country; island had been ceded to Great the principles laid down in some Britain at the last
and of Mr. Sharp's correspondence though no stipulation had been encouraged them to anticipate his made in favour of the Caribbees, countenance and support, and a yet instructions had been given work which he had published, that they should not be molested. entitled " A Declaration of the Some, however, of the French People's natural rights to a share settlers sold their possessions to in the Legislature,' was reprinted English adventurers, and these and widely circulated in America. persons perceiving that some of the When the contest commenced, most fertile parts of the island were large demands for stores, &c. were in the hands of the Caribs, made received, and Mr. S. holding a such representations to government situation in the Ordnance departthat directions were given for the ment, was required to take an survey of these lands, and the active part in forwarding these dispossessing of the ancient inhab. supplies; feeling a conscientious itants who were to be removed objection to being in any way to distant and mountainous parts engaged in this contest, Mr. S. of the island, receiving some mentioned his scruples to his supecuniary compensation. These periors, and was by them allowed unjustifiable proceedings naturally leave of absence. At length, howinfluenced the minds of a brave ever, hostilities with America hay: and sensitive people, who remon- ing advanced so far
as to prestrated against the survey--de- clude all hope of speedy accomstroyed the roads which were modation, Mr. S. resigned his formed, and burnt the huts built situation, and took up his abode for the surveyors.
The Caribs in the house of his brother, where were therefore immediately de- he diligently applied himself to nounced as daring and
incor- literary pursuits, and prepared rigible rebels, and an armament and published tracts on various was prepared to
them and widely different topics. These from their native land, or severer studies were relaxed by tirely exterminate them. Mr. S. musical performances and comin consequence applied to Lord positions, in which Mr. S. and his Dartmouth, the then secretary of brothers were assisted by various state for the colonies, in a long amateur and professional performand forcible letter. His lordship ers, and entertained royal and disimmediately appointed an inter- tinguished personages on board a view; and the result was, - that yacht, which was, during the sumalthough our troops had previously mer season,
almost constantly been engaged with the Caribbees, inhabited by some of the family. and some loss had been sustained He was still, however, alive to on each side, a treaty of peace every opportunity of doing good, was concluded, by which on the and on the arrival of Omai, a surrender of certain portions of native of one of the South Sea territory, and the acknowlegment Islands, in this country, he earof his Britannic Majesty as their nestly sought an introduction, and rightful sovereign, the Caribs gave him lessons in reading, &c.
confirmed in their ancient and especially laboured to imbue possessions.
his mind with the essential princiWhile Mr. Sharp was thus ples of Christianity. advocating the cause of the op- In the year 1776, press warrants pressed, the American colonies were freely issued by the Admiwere preparing to cast off their ralty, and in consequence, some
individuals had been impressed to this conclusion, extended over within the city of London, who several years, but Mr. Sharp had invoked Mr. Sharp's assistance ; at length the satisfaction of witto this, as to every call of distress nessing the success of his labours, he cheerfully responded, and wrote in the permament establishment of an introduction to a work by episcopacy in America. General Oglethorpe, entitled The While engaged in these efforts for“ Sailor's Advocate.' Nor did his the promotion of peace, and the exertions rest here; some officers advancement of religion in Amewho had been impressing seamen rica, Mr. Sharp found leisure for in Lime Street, were themselves other important efforts ; he took taken into custody by the beadle an active part in projects, for the and constables, and carried before reform of parliament; he advocathe city magistrates, by whom ted the cause of armed associations they were committed to the Comp- of the people, and some other ter, and the impressed person bound measures, which, had they succeeover to prosecute; the affair was ded, would probably have prosubsequently brought before Lord
duced results very different from Mansfield, who directed that the those which their benevolent proimpressed man should be liberated, jector anticipated. He published though the decision was not made also observations on murder, manin the full and liberal terms which slaughter, duelling, &c. but espeMr. S. had anticipated ; this dis- cially laboured in every possible graceful practice, it is deeply to way for the extinction of slavery. be regretted, is still adopted by His zeal in this cause, always our government; though the dan ardent, was powerfully excited by ger and inconveniences which re a horrible enormity, which was sult from it are such as might well perpetrated near Jamaica in 1781, lead to its termination, independent but which came before the public, of all considerations arising from in consequence of an action brought justice or humanity. During the against the underwriters, for the whole course of the American con recovery of the value of one hundred test, Mr. Sharp was feelingly and thirty-two slaves, which were alive to the unhappy events which thrown overboard and drowned. occurred, and seized every oppor
The circumstances of the case tunity in his power to induce the were these. The ship Zong, Luke contending parties to lay aside Collingwood, master, sailed from their animosity, and treat for peace St. Thomas, on the coast of Africa, on equitable terms. His efforts Sept. 4, 1781, with fourteen whites, indeed proved in vain, but they and four hundred and forty slaves served to evince the Christian spirit for Jamaica; the master being by which he was actuated, and mistaken in his observations, was enabled him at a future period to driven too much to leeward, and interfere, so as materially to con the crew and cargo becoming sicktribute to the promotion of epis- ly, it was found on November 29, copacy in America, and eventually that sixty slaves, and seven white to obtain the consecration, by the people had died, and that many Archbishop of Canterbury, in others were not likely to live long. February 1787, of the Rev. Dr. On this day the master called toWhite, as Bishop of Pennsylvania, , gether his officers, and stated that and the Rev. Dr. Provost, as if the sick slaves died La natural Bishop of New York, and subse- , death, the loss would fall on the quently of the Rev. Dr. Madison, owners, but that if they were ! as the Bishop of Virginia ; the thrown alive into the sea; on any correspondence indeed which led sufficient press of necessity, the
loss would fall on the underwriters, made what the opposing counsel by whom the vessel and cargo was
characterized as pretended appeals insured. This in human proposal to the feelings of humanity.' Mr. was at first rejected, but at length, Sharp, however was not to be under the pretext of a scarcity of checked by sneers. He immediwater, one hundred and thirty slaves ately addressed a powerful appeal were brought upon deck, and to the Lords Commissioners of the thrown overboard; the claim for Admiralty, a copy of which he the value of these slaves was re forwarded to his Grace the Duke sisted by the underwriters, not on the of Portland ; he published stateground of the barbarous iniquity ments of the case, and reports of perpetrated, but on the ground that the trial in newspapers, magazines, no such urgent necessity had exist &c. and endeavoured to excite ed as could justify the throwing others to the adoption of measures, overboard a part of the cargo; which might terminate a traffic at the question was argued in court once detestable in itself, and atjust on the same principle as if one tended by the most outrageous atrohundred and thirty head of cattle, cities. The narrative, however, of or hogsheads of sugar, had been these exertions, and their eventual thrown overboard ; and great con success, must be unavoidably posttempt was expressed for those who poned to a subsequent occasion.
THE HEART TO BE DESIRED.
" O that there were such an heart in them.” -DEUT. v. 29. SINCE the fall of man, the way in them, that they would fear me, of acceptance with God has always and keep all my commandments been through the mediation and always, that it might be well with merits of Christ; though the man them.” Such a declaration, when ner of obtaining it bas at different applied to ourselves, we should times been differently described. take to mean, • 0 that we had In the first ages of the world the such a new heart, that we would religious life was called “ walking repent of our sins, put our trust in with God.' By this was meant the Saviour, love God, attend upon penitence for sin, faith in divine his worship and ordinances, and be mercy, and in those sacrifices which faithful in all the common duties prefigured the sacrifice of Christ; of life : for thus shall be well also daily devotion, and continual
with us.' attention to the moral duties. 1. A religious life is indispenUnder the law of Moses, the same sably required of us. thing was represented by “fearing It is required by the principles the Lord, and keeping his com
of reason. A holy God has cremandments ;” importing true piety ated us, and preserved us, and of heart, and a faithful attendance given us every blessing.
We upon the ordinances prescribed in should then devote all to his serthe law. In the present dispensa- vice and his glory. Since he has tion, the Christian character is done so much for us, we should do spoken of as "repentance towards every thing according to his will. God, and faith towards our Lord It is daringly ungrateful to abuse Jesus Christ, living soberly, righ the privileges he has afforded us; teously,” &c. All this, so far as grievously sinful to indulge in any it could be understood, was in conduct, or any disposition that is tended in the declaration to Moses, contrary to the holiness of his
O that there were such an heart nature.
The religious life is also com from his youth.” The psalmist mended. The ten commandments, had reference to this humiliating comprising the whole moral law, truth, when he prayed the Lord were spoken by a voice from hea to “ create a new heart, and renew
The people promised to a right spirit within him.” In obey; and the Lord saith, “ They reference to the same truth, our have well said all that they have Lord speaks,
except a man be spoken. O that there were such born again, he cannot see the kingan heart in them,” &c.
dom of God.” So likewise the ther occasion, “ Ye shall observe Apostle, “ If any man be in Christ, all my statutes, and all my judg he is a new creature; old things ments, and do them: I am the have passed away; all things are Lord.” By one of the prophets, become new.” This renovation he said,
Obey my voice, and of heart, then, is indispensably newalk in all the ways that I have cessary to a religious life. commanded you.” In the New 3. If we have " such an heart," Testament, all the exhortations to “it shall be well with us.” “ repent and be converted,” to “ It shall be well,” because we “ love God,” to “ follow Christ,” shall be delivered from the conand “ be careful to maintain good demnation of sin. While alienated works,” may be considered as posi- from God, and given up to caretive commands to a holy and reli less ways, we
were under the gious life. In that extensive mean curse of his law, every moment ing, “ they that have done good exposed to perdition. But when shall come forth to the resurrection we repented of sin, and became of life, and they that have done new creatures in Christ Jesus, our evil to the resurrection of damna souls were freed from bondage, tion.” Such a life then is indis and brought into the liberty of the pensably necessary to salvation.
Gospel. The sword of justice was 2. In order to such a life, it is turned away; the Lord was pacinecessary to have a new heart. fied towards us; be forgave our sins,
The poison infused into our na and accepted us in his beloved ture in the garden of Eden, has Son. “ There is no condemnation ever since continued to operate, so to them that are in Christ Jesus, that we have all a strong propen
who walk not after the flesh, but sity to sin.
We do not suitably after the Spirit. For the law of love God, nor thank him for his the spirit of life hath made us free mercies, nor pray for his blessing, from the law of sin and death.” nor think of his existence. Their sins are done away, and do not suitably love our fellow their souls justified through the men, nor suitably regard their Saviour's merits. Instead of being rights or their welfare. We do not any longer aliens and strangers, suitably restrain our corrupt dispo- they have become fellow-citizens sitions, nor use all due diligence with the saints, heirs of God, and to become fitted for the divine joint heirs with Christ. They are presence in heaven. Indeed, while special favourites of heaven, and our hearts continue unconverted, are entitled to a crown of glory, we cannot love God, nor live a which the righteous Judge shall holy life.
were not only under the sentence
give them at the great day. " It So we are taught in the divine is well with them,” because their word.
“ The carnal mind is en souls are in a measure cleapsed mity against God.” • The heart from sin, and transformed into the is deceitful above all things, and divine image. In time past, they desperately wicked.” “The imagination of man's heart is evil of the law, but under the power of
corrupt dispositions. They were them at the judgment day. The eager after worldly gratifications, trumpet shall sound; the sleeping but could never be satisfied. When bodies shall be raised, united to successful, they would be uneasy, their souls, and all stand before and when disappointed, unhappy.
the divine tribunal. The Lord But now, their dispositions are
Jesus shall be seated on the throne changed. They can love God, and of judgment, and separating the take satisfaction in his service. righteous from the wicked, shall Though they have yet some desire say to them, “ Come, ye blessed for worldly things, if disappointed, of my Father, receive the kingthey can submit with great patience, dom.” Then surely it shall be believing that all things shall work well with them. Though once so for good to them that love God.” sinful, and so unfit for his presence, In poverty or affliction of any kind, yet, being purified from all sin, they are cheered with the hope of they are admitted into the joy a better world, and can endure all of their Lord. When on earth, things with humble resignation to how cold was their love! how the divine will. In prosperity they languid their devotions! how imcan be thankful, and even increase perfect their whole Christian chatheir joy by looking forward to the racter ! But in that future world, perfection of it in a better world. all imperfections shall be done The work of righteousness in them away; every desire will be fixed is peace; peace with God, peace upon God, and every joy will be with man, peace in their own souls, complete, as being derived from a foretaste of that eternal peace
his favour. It shall thus for ever which they may expect to enjoy be well with those who have such in heaven.
an heart that they fear the Lord, More especially shall it be well and keep his commandments. with them at the close of life, O that there were such an heart While “ the wicked are driven in us all, that we were truly humaway in their wickedness, the bled by repentance, united to the righteous have hope in their death." Saviour by faith, and steadfastly From an humble confidence in the engaged in his service. He has Redeemer, and from a view of their provided us means, called us by glorious crown, they can cheerfully his word, and moved us by his resign their souls into their Crea- Spirit; if we neglect to comply, tor's hands. 6. When they pass
it shall never be well with us; we through the valley of the shadow shall go through life in sin and of death, they need fear no evil ; " sorrow, and hereafter be sent down the Lord is with them, to sustain to everlasting wretchedness. Do their souls by his divine presence. any wish for such a miserable The partition wall is then broken allotment ? If they do, let them down; their departing spirits leave stop their ears against the calls of the tenements of clay, and are the gospel, harden their hearts carried by attending angels to the against the influence of grace, and paradise of God. There they are press on resolutely in the way of introduced into his blissful pre sin. In that way they may soon sence, to join the millions of happy reach the misery that is before spirits who are singing the praises of them. But no, they rather desire redeeming love. Having - washed happiness. Let them then listen their robes, and made them white to the calls of God, repent of their in the blood of the Lamb,” they sins, seek for a new heart in Christ are fitted for his presence and his Jesus, live a pious and holy life, glory.
and it shall be well with them for Above all, it shall be well with