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residence the summoning of con- nothing of the increase in populavocations—the revision of the tion at home, thousands and tens liturgy, &c. &c. &c. have all their of thousands of our fellow-subseveral advocates; we say not that jects were called forth to occupy they are all, or equally unimport- civil or military situations in far ant; we think something may be
distant colonies; here they spent done, and something ought to be the prime and flower of their days, done, for improving small livings, exposed to many dangers, to powand for checking and taxing plu- erful temptations, without any ralities, and non-residence; though restraint from the superintendance we conceive many years must of others; without any religious elapse before these evils can be instruction or caution. Alas! how terminated without great injustice many have fallen victims to disease, to individuals, and serious injury and returned no more to their native to the church; but all the plans land; but of those who survive and which have been mentioned, leave return, how few are under the inthe real danger just where it was. fluence of any serious impressions ! No plan we have yet seen, pro- They went out young ; they had vides for the positive insufficiency little early religious instruction ; of our existing church establish- they passed years without public ment, to meet the religious neces- worship, without hearing sermons, sities of a vast and rapidly increas- without any religious opportuniing population ;--of an extending ties; for our colonies, our factories, and mighty empire.
our garrisons, our land and sea We may, perhaps, here be re- forces are more destitute of chapminded of the ecclesiastical estab- lains than those of any other nation lishment provided for the East and professing Christianity. Is it then West Indies; of the increase of any matter of surprise, that so many churches at home; of the labours who have acquired their fortunes of the National School Society; abroad, are found without any
reliand of the laudable exertions of the gion at home; and when such negSocieties for the promotion of lected and ill-instructed individuals Christian Knowledge, and the Pro- occupy responsible situations in the pagation of the Gospel in foreign administration or the legislature, parts; but still we recur to our is there not reason to
suppose position—our present Church estab- that they will be indifferent to a Iishment is insufficient to meet the church, from whom they have religious necessities of our vast and received no instruction, and hosmighty empire. The equalizing tile to the perpetuating of reveof livings, the prohibition of plu- nues which may appear to them ralities, the enforcing of residence, misapplied ? Nor should it be formay possibly remedy existing evils; gotten, that the Wesleyan, Presbut no regulations of this nature byterian, Independant, and Mecan supply the positive, the alarm- thodist Teachers in many ing deficiency of religious instruc- colonies very far exceed the clergy tion, by which large masses of the in numbers, and that consequently community, and immense portions a considerable portion of the more of the empire are left to perish in serious individuals who return home ignorance and sin.
are disposed to favour the dissentThe provision made for the reli- ing cause, rather than promote the gious instruction of the empire, interest of the establishment. remained very nearly stationary Nor is there any thing in our from the period of the reformation, proceedings at home which can till the commencement of the pre- effectually counteract the unfasent century. Meanwhile, to say vourable current which continually
sets in from our colonial posses are exposed at the eastern extresions. The advocates for the church mities of the metropolis. Alas ! record with delight the provision of how many of these may say, No additional accommodations in our man careth for our souls ! churches for half a million of
per The same deficiency of church sons in the last thirty years.
room which has produced so fearful rejoice in every addition of this a result in many parts of our land, kind, but if it shall be found that and especially in the vicinity of the the population increases with in metropolis, has also paralyzed to conceivably more rapidity than the a considerable extent the beneficial church accommodation, however effects of the National School we may rejoice at what has been Society, or even
some have effected, we must still lament that asserted, rendered its schools eventhe melancholy statements of Dr. tually injurious to the church. It Yates are too applicable at the seems generally agreed that the present moment. The crowded children in those schools are up to congregations in our new churches a certain point well instructed, and evince the necessity of those erec that many of them evince a very tions; and prove the impolicy of considerable proficiency; but the the still existing restraints on church instant they leave school and enbuilding; the expence, however, ter upon life for themselves, they which these churches have in many are not only, as other young persons, instances occasioned to the parishes exposed to serious temptations, but in which they are erected, has deprived of those religious instruccalled forth symptoms of opposi- tions, the continuance of which is tion, which threaten considerable of such inconceivable importance. inconvenience; while the absence No adequate provision is made for of all endowment, and the absolute them in our churches; many in dependance of the ministers on the consequence are tempted to negpew rents, has introduced into our lect public worship; the better disnew churches one of the worst posed find ready accommodation at features of the dissenting system. methodist or dissenting chapels ; The evils of popular election are and thus the system originally transient in comparison of those hailed as the palladium of our which arise from dependance on church, is said to produce results popular applause for daily bread. very unfavourable to her interest.
And after all that has yet been How far this is the case we predone there are numerous places, sume not to decide ; but the subeven in the immediate vicinity of ject demands investigation. NaLondon, where the well-disposed tional Schools have been so long find great difficulty in discovering established on an extensive scale, churches at which they can attend; that those more immediately conwhere the careless sink gradually nected with the society may easily down into practical neglect of all ascertain their effects; and as apreligion, and are in fact heathens plications are now making by bearing the Christian name; and authority to the benevolence of the where vast multitudes of the poorer Christian Public, it is highly imclasses are totally destitute of all portant to ascertain how far the religious instruction. It is melan bounty already bestowed has ancholy to witness the lost and swered the expectations of the degraded state of the poor labour donors. ing gardeners in the neighbourhood We have dwelt longer on the of Fulham, Battersea, &c. and dangers of our church than we orithe awful profligacy to which mul- ginally intended, but at the same titudes of our seafaring countrymen time it appears to us important that
those who really wish well to our
tion of Ministers and Missionaries Zion should not occupy their time in our several Colonies, that the on minor points, but should endea- native inhabitants may no longer vour to contemplate the real sources be dependent on the mother country of danger, and devise appropriate for those religious teachers of which remedies. The danger resulting she can only furnish a scanty from the neglect of religious instruc- supply. tion in our Colonial possessions can We desire also that the erection only be removed by providing of churches and chapels in the adequate and competent religious establishment should be thrown Teachers. The appointment, for perfectly open to the public. We instance, of one Bishop, three Arch- would wish that any man or body deacons, and some fifty Chaplains, of men might be enabled to pur(of whom little more than half are chase, erect, endow, and nominate at any given period in active em- to a church or chapel in any place; ploy) to communicate religious the ordaining, licensing, or institutinstruction to the civil and military ing of the individual so nominated servants of a country larger than would still remain with the DioceEurope, is a miserable evasion; san, and therefore no improper the attempt to provide churches at person could be admitted, if that the public expense to supply the Diocesan discharge his duty.* We wants of our population, where that wish that dissenting and methodist population increases ten times more ministers might be encouraged to rapidly than the church room pro- apply for ordination, and that the vided, only deceives the public by trustees and proprietors of dissentprofessing to do what in existing ing and methodist places of worship circumstances cannot by such means might be encouraged to convert be effected; and the education of them into churches and chapels in the poor in the principles of the connexion with the establishment; national church, if so conducted and while we shrink from the wanthat the great majority of the pupils ton alterations of Mr. Cox and Mr. do not continue in that church, is Riland, we would endeavour by a really encouraging many to rest on careful review of all the passages a broken reed.
in our Liturgy, commonly objected What we desire is, that the to by dissenters, to remove as far as established church should be ex
obstacle which imtended to all our Colonies :--that pedes their coming amongst us with in every Colony churches should
a quiet mind. We wish in short in be erected; incumbents appointed ; these times of strife and contention and moderate and sufficient provi- to remove every ground of comsion be made for their support, plaint which can be removed witheither from Colonial or national out sacrificing essential truth; to funds :—that in all the larger Colo- unite all Protestants as far as posnies Bishops should be appointed, sible in one common bond, to follow whose Sees should be confined to after peace and things whereby we such reasonable limits as should
may edify one another. + enable them to exercise a real and not a nominal jurisdiction. What
* It should be remembered that any upon earth can be more absurd than
man can open a dissenting place of wor
ship when and where he pleases; but no to place the Cape of Good Hope,
man can provide a church without the New South Wales, and the whole consent of the incumbent of the parish. of our East Indian possessions under + The importance of cultivating this the control of the Bishop of Cal
conciliatory spirit must be obvious to
every one who calmly considers the events cutta ? Provision should also be
which are passing around. The most made for the education and ordina- confident claims to extraordinary powers
Our limits compel us to close. tion of those measures which may We and our readers can do little ; promote the increase of true relibut that God whom we serve can gion, and the peace, and purity, turn the minds of all men, as seem- and extension of our established eth good in his sight. To him church; and that thus the glory therefore let us address our fervent of our God and Father, and the petitions, that he would graciously enlargement of the kingdom of our despose our hearts, and the hearts adorable Redeemer may be proof our sovereign, his nobles, coun- moted and extended throughout sellors, and senators, to the adop- the world. have in some quarters been advanced ; desire for the conversion of the ungodly and a very eminent degree of zeal for God which distinguished the great Apostle of and of jealousy for the honour and purity the Gentiles. Where envy and strife is, of his truth, has been confidently pro- there is confusion and every evil work ; fessed; but the fruit of the Spirit is LOVE ; and who can review the proceedings of the and while many have been zealously em- last two or three years but must feel that ployed in contending for truth and de- to many of the leading actors it might well nouncing divine judgments about to be be said, “ Ye know not what spirit ye are executed, we have witnessed few symptoms of.” O let us seek, and strive, and labour of His spirit who wept over Jerusalem ; to attain the spirit of love, of peace, and of or of that tender, compassionate, ardent a sound mind!
ADDRESS TO THE NEW YEAR.
O may the gracious hand that gave me thee,