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accommodated to the different ranks of society, 44. Because the
body cannot be respected, unless distinguished honour is paid to
some, 45. Because it invites competitors, 46.
Divorce by the husband, iii. 225.
Allowed by many nations, ibid. For-
bidden by law of nature, ibid. Should not be allowed, because of the
unity of interest between husband and wife, 227. Because husband
would be looking for new objects of gratification, 228. By mutual
consent inexpedient, why, ibid. When allowed, or forbidden, 229.
Injuriously attempted by Milton, ibid How regulated by scripture,
230 Partial, justifiable, when, ibid. Allowed only for adultery, 231.
Inconveniences of the law, ibid.
Doctrines to be distinguished from arguments of the apostles, ii. 865.
Down, on small birds, black; on others, not, why, i. 155.
Drum of the ear, i. 39.
Drunkenness, considered ́as a habit, iii. 262. Mischievous in many ways,
ibid. Peculiarly by example, ibid. Forbidden by St. Paul, 264. When
and how far excusing crimes, ibid. Supposing reason wholly lost,
265. Or only partially, ibid. Supposes an acquired habit, 266.
Duelling, absurd, as a punishment, iii. 194. Or as a satisfaction, ibid.
Duties to ourselves, what are, iii. 259. As self defence, ibid. How far
extended by law of nature, 260. How restrained by law of society,
ibid. Will justify homicide in preventing a deadly assault upon us,
ibid. Or in preventing a capital crime, 261. Or in assisting the ex-
ecution of the law, ibid. Violated by drunkenness, 262. Towards
God, 276. How considered and divided, ibid. As of prayer, 277.
Objection to, 278. Answered, a favour granted to prayer may there-
fore produce better effects, ibid. Or may be most consistent with di-
vine wisdom not to grant till asked for, ibid. And prayer amends the
petitioner himself, 279. Of reverencing God, 318. Becomes a habit,
ibid. Broken by a vain mention of him, 319. Prohibited in the dec-
alogue, ibid. In the commands of Christ, ibid. Broken by ridicule
of any thing related to him in religious economy, 320. Which re-
quires seriousness even in arguments on the disputed questions, 321.
How violated by enemies of Christianity, 322. And offered to the
world in every captivating form, 824. And even by obscenity of rid-
Ear, artificially adapted for hearing, i. 36. Compared with a drum, 3
Ears of animals turned backward, or forward, as the different species
most need, 168.
Eating affords a great share of animal enjoyment, i. 329.
Effects of Christianity, ii. 402.
Elements, what, i. 253.
Elephant's ear, dissection of, i. 40. Neck short, why, 192. Proboscis
Elytra, or hard cover of beetle's wings, i. 222.
Water, its use, 254. Air, ditto. ibid. Fire,
Employment necessary to happiness, iv. 415.
Ephesians, Epistle to the, proved authentick by the circumstances of
contemporaneousness with that to the Colossians, v. 127. Which is
apparent from their being transmitted by the same messenger, ibid.
And from similarity of subjects treated of, 128. And from sameness
of expression, 129. And particularly from sameness in parts of the
expression, 131. And from the apparent influence of association in
the order of ideas, 141. By the employment of particular phrases, or
cant words, 143. By the habit of breaking off, or digressing, at a
certain word, 144. By comparison of circumstances that show it was
written to the Laodiceans, 147. By collation of a particular expres-
sion with one found in the history, 152.
Epiglottis, i. 127. Not produced by action, 128.
Epistles of St. Paul, genuineness of the, may be proved by assuming the
genuineness of the history of him, detailed in the Acts of the Apos-
tles, v. 9. But such proof may be deceptive, where the history is
compiled from the letters, 10. Or where the letters are fabricated
out of the history, ibid. Or where both history and letters are made
up from some authority common to both, ibid. And therefore con-
formity between the history and letters must be proved with the ex-
clusion of those three suppositions, ibid. In which it must result
from design, ibid. Although in the first the design be honest, 12.
Conclusively proved by their marks of undesigned coincidence with
the history, ibid. Are filled with circumstances of times, places,
persons, events in private and publick, 15. Counterfeited in two in-
stances, now extant, which serve to show the genuineness of the
original, by the marks of the forgery, 16. If one proved authentick,
others are corroborated, 17. Were originally separate publications,
18. To the Romans, proved authentick, 19. To the Corinthians,
first, authenticity of the, 45. To the Corinthians, second, ditto, 64.
To the Galatians, ditto, 95. To the Ephesians, ditto, 127. To the
Philippians, ditto, 154. To the Colossians, ditto, 167. To the Thes-
salonians, first, ditto, 175. To the Thessalonians, second, ditto, 185.
To Timothy, first, ditto, 191. To Timothy, second, ditto, 201. To
Titus, ditto, 211. To Philemon, 217. Of St. Paul, subscriptions of
six of them false or improbable, 223. As that of the first to the Co-
rinthians, stated to be from Philippi, whereas the writer informs his
correspondents he will remain at Ephesus, ibid. And that to the
Galatians, from Rome, a manifest errour, ibid. And that to the first
to the Thessalonians, erroneously given from Athens, ibid. And also
to the second to the same church from the same place, 224. And
that of the first to Timothy, assigned to Laodicea, when it is to be
presumed that it was written from Macedonia, ibid. And that to
Titus, dated from an unheard of city, ibid. All which are founded
in conjecture and tradition, and involve so many contradictions and
absurdities, as show that conjecture and tradition had no hand in the
composition of the bodies of the epistles, in which such contradic-
tions and absurdities cannot be found, ibid. And are equalled by
mistakes of modern learned men, as is instanced by a remarkable one
of Capellus, 225. Were publickly read and acknowledged in the
age next after the author's; 228. Were rejected by one early sect,
because they were St. Paul's, 230. Were, most of them, received
by Marcion, who rejected a few, 231. Were generally agreed in as
authentick by sects who disputed on other points, 232. Were gen.
erally received, when others of the New Testament were contested,
ibid. As by the famous division of ecclesiastical writings made by
Eusebius, into uncontroverted, controverted, and spurious, in the
first class, all of St. Paul being included, 233. Attested by the same
evidence as ancient writings never disputed, ibid. Authentick, be-
cause no quotations of apocryphal books are found in the fathers of
the first century, 234. And the apocryphal books are usually in a
subsequent age, mentioned only to be condemned, 235. Were never
counterfeited before the conclusion of the fourth century, 236. Bear
evident marks of reality and actual business, 237. And are inti-
mately connected with the history, ibid. Which is sufficient to prove
all we desire to support, 258. And do thereby substantiate all the
early history of Christianity, ibid. Particularly that our religion was
not a sudden offspring of the disturbed situation of the Jewish nation,
239. Nor made up of current reports among the vulgar, 240. Nor
that our religion was the persuasion of mean or ignorant barbarians,
ibid. And so involve the history of the author with that of the other
apostles, that the whole account must be true, if St. Paul's is, ibid.
And show Jerusalem to have been the centre of correspondence of
the new faith, 241. Prove the soundness of author's judgment, 242.
And the sufferings of himself and the whole church of Christ, 244.
Assert unequivocally the power of the author to perform miracles,
247. Which are visible and external not to be confounded with in-
spiration, 248. Nor visions, ibid. Argument from, conclusion of,
Equality of fortune suddenly produced would occasion universal misery,
Eucharist, origin of the, truly related, ii. 259.
Eustachian tube in the ear, i. 39.
Evidence, oath in, requires whole truth, iii. 150. Except in one case,
151. May be relaxed by the Court, 152.
Evil, origin of, of no certain solution, i. 334. Perhaps is necessary from
adherence to general rules, ibid. There must be imperfection, if
there be gradation, 335. There must be narrowness, unless every
thing be infinite, 336. Pain puts us on escaping greater, 337. Pain
alleviated is pleasure, 338. Diseases not often fatal, ibid. Mortal,
useful in preparing us for death, 340. Death useful in making room,
341. Produces engagement, which is a source of pleasure, ibid.
Civil, of inequality, necessary, 342. Of little importance, 344.
Existence of a Creator proved, though his works may be imperfect, i. 45.
Eye compared with a telescope, i. 20. Pupil of the, may contract itself,
24. Change in, when directed to a near object, ibid. Evidence of
contrivance, 26. Of birds, 28. Of fishes, ibid. Of the eel, 29. Ex-
amination of, cure for atheism, 30. Sufficient to support conclusion
of an intelligent Creator, 58. Eyes correspond, 133. Of some ani-
mals of prey, peculiar power over, 168. In figure have an appropri-
ate relation to the want of different animals, 169. Made before birth,
proof of design, 180. Of some insects immoveable, how compen-
Face, parts of the, correspond, i. 132.
Faith, a reasonable one, required by Jesus, iv. 239. Want of, punishable,
242. Soundness in the, by whom to be judged, 428. Not necessary,
in the usual acceptation the words, to a Christian teacher, 429. Nor
if it were, would the injunctions of the dignitaries of a church pro-
duce it, ibid. Even if they were right, ibid. Single article of, all the
requisite made by the apostles, 437.
Fame, love of, not condemned in the Gospel, ii. 234.
Fang of a viper, a mechanical contrivance, i. 172.
Feather, a mechanical wonder, i. 152. Threads of its beard are clasped
Fecundity of animals, i. 324. Keeps a succession of each species, 326.
Proportioned to the destruction of each species, 327.
Feet, want of, compensated in reptiles, i. 201.
Filial piety, rewarded by Providence, iv. 183. Of Joseph to Jacob in the
famine, 185. During his sickness, 188. At his death, ibid.
Dissolves all matter, 258.
Fire, its use, i. 254.
Fins of fish compared with wings of birds, i. 165. Their use, 166.
Firmness of the joints of animals, i. 85.
Fishes' eyes distinguish objects but a short distance, i. 28. Fish's air
Fly's fore and hind feet have brushes, i. 231.
Food undergoes two processes in order to be converted into chyle, i. 119.
Designed specifically for certain animals, 331.
Forgiveness of injuries preferred to every other virtue, iii. 194.
Fornication, mischievous, why, iii. 207. Discourages marriage, ibid.
Promotes prostitution, ibid. Produces worse crimes, 208. Perpet-
uates a horrible disease, ibid. Condemned by scripture, 209. Inju-
diciously licensed in some countries, ibid. Justified by false pre-
tences, in fidelity to one object, 210. Because, if the condition of the
parties be the same, they should marry, 211. And it is not the same,
as to the offspring, ibid. But it is pernicious, ibid. Incentives to,
Future world not minutely described by Jesus Christ, ii. 240.
Galatians, Epistle to the, proved authentick by the controversy, in the
argument of which it is chiefly employed, v. 95. By evidence that
it was written without any communication with the Acts, but by im-
plication confirms many of the facts in that history, 98. As the zeal
and knowledge in the Jewish law of Paul, 101. And that he had
persecuted the church, ibid. And was miraculously converted, 102.
And the course of his travels, 103. And that Barnabas was with
him at Antioch, 104. And that the stated residence of the apostles
was Jerusalem, ibid. And that there were two apostles there of the
name of James, 105. By the particularity of recital in many instances,
106. By reference to the author's temptation mentioned in second
Corinthians, 108. By collation of passages from it with many from
the history about his persecution by the Jews, 112. By agreement
of a precept with a similar one in second Corinthians, 114. By as-
sertion of the law being done away, compared with his conduct in the