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Stapes, a bone in the ear, i. 38.
Steerage of a bird, how directed, i. 165. Of fish, ibid.
Stings of insects, delicate mechanism of, i. 224.
Stomach calculated for detaining food, till it is digested, i. 119.
Stone, no sufficient evidence of contriving wisdom in creation, i. 9.
Subscription to articles of religion, iii. 160. Who imposes the terms, 161.
Intends what, ibid. Should not be required to formularies of faith,
iv. 430. Origin of, in Protestant communities, 431. Dangerous con-
sequences of, 434. Not to be supported by the right of society to
make laws for preservation of order, 436. Rewards of, a temptation
to prevarication, 438. Punishment for conscientious refusal of, 440.
Denies the right of worshipping God in any other way, 441. Denies
free debate, ibid. Sacred writings are capable of many various senses,
no argument in favour of, 442. Nor that pestilent heresies might
otherwise be preached, 443. Because precaution beforehand is in
terference with liberty, 444. Reasons for granting relief from, 445.
Might be abrogated without confusion, 447. Or religious feuds, 449.
And might thereby produce greater harmony among worshippers,
450. And more ease to the governours, 451.
Subscriptions of the Epistles of St. Paul, some of them erroneous, v. 223.
(See Epistles of St. Paul.)
Sufferings of the witnesses for Christianity probable, why, ii. 18. Proved
from Tacitus, 50. Suetonius, 32. Juvenal, 33. Pliny, 34. Martial,
35. Epictetus, 36. Marcus Aurelius, ibid. From Christian History,
37. Writings of Clement, 55. Hermas, ibid. Polycarp, 56. Igna-
Suicide refers to general consequences, in order to determine question
of permission, iii. 268. For cases may be supposed, in which it might
otherwise be allowed, ibid. As when life becomes useless, 269. Or
when none will regret our departure, ibid. What would be the effect
of a permission, must determine the inquiry, 270. Should be pre-
vented by reflecting on the opportunity for improving our future
state, ibid. Aggravated by particular consequences in each instance,
271. Not expressly referred to in scripture, ibid. But strongly for-
bidden by implication, as when life is described as a term allowed us,
272. Or when we are commanded to be patient under affliction, ibid.
Or by the conduct of Christians described in scripture, 273. How
defended, 274. But argument founded in errour, ibid.
Sunday, different effects of, iii. 48.
Swallowing safely provided for, i. 127.
Sweetbread, or pancreas, fastened, i. 138,
Tail of a fish, its use, i. 165. How placed, 167.
Taxation does not directly diminish publick stock, but alters the distri.
bution, iii. 495. Generally, but not always, injurious, 496. New or
old, makes a difference to the comforts of the community,497. Should
always have reference to population, 499.
Teeth, i. 97. Not covered, like the other bones, by the periosteum, 147.
Of an Indian hog bent upwards, 176. Of animals not perfect before
birth or for some time after, why, 177. Want of, in some animals
compensated, 200. In birds, ditto. ibid. Made for good, evil is ac-
Tempests salutary, how, i. 256.
Temptation arising from our condition of life to be avoided even by the
sacrifice of our system and condition, iv. 382.
Tendrils of some plants mechanical, i. 248.
Tenon and mortice-joint, in the human neck, i. 70.
Terrours of the Lord, iv. 366. Of future punishment, 367. Of loss of
heaven, 370. Overbalance every thing that may be opposed to them,
371. Should influence our conduct, 372. Especially in temptations,
Tests, religious, necessary, iii. 454. Inconveniences of, ibid. Should be
simple as possible, ibid. Cases where defensible, 465. Where two
sects are contending for superiority, ibid. Where one party is disaf-
fected to the government, 466. Ought not to be unchangeable, iv.
Thessalonians, First Epistle to the, proved authentick by the circumstance
of the author's expectation of the day of judgment, v. 175. By the
direction that it be publickly read in the church, 176. By the agree-
ment of circumstances in it with the history relating to the sufferings
of the author and others, 177. By coincidence with the history as to
St. Paul's being alone at Athens, 179. By agreement with the history
as to the excitement of the Gentiles against that church by the Jews,
181. By reconciliation of discrepancies with the history, as of the
author's residence at that city, 182. Or of the conversion of some
from idolatry, 184. Second Epistle to the, proved authentick by the
obscurity of a passage, in which the author refers to what he had
told them before, 185. By passages in it and the Epistle to the Phi-
lippians and the Acts as to the contributions for the author's support,
187. By caution in it against an erroneous construction of the au-
thor's sentiments in his first epistle about the day of judgment, 188.
Thoracick duct, position of the, i. 121.
Thought, activity of, unavoidable, iv. 415.
Tillage better than pasturage, why, iii. 479.
Timothy, First Epistle to, time of its writing, v. 191. Authenticity of,
proved by probability that St. Paul visited Ephesus a second time,
195. By indirect coincidence with the Acts as to the support of in-
digent widows, ibid. By direction as to the character of bishops, 197.
By directions to him as to his health, 198. By reference to the au-
thor's early hostility to Christianity, 199. Second Epistle to, written
during St. Paul's second imprisonment at Rome, 201. As appears
from the contrast between his expressions about deliverance in the
Epistles to the Philippians and to Philemon compared with this, 202.
And the absence of Timothy who was with him at the time of writ-
ing several others, ibid. And the absence of Demas, ibid. And of
Mark, ibid. And from the mention of Erastus abiding at Corinth, 203.
And reference to Trophimus left sick at Miletum, ibid. All which
circumstances agree with the bypothesis of a second imprisonment at
Rome, and with no other, 204. Proved authentick by comparison of
circumstances relating to Timothy's mother, 205. And to his educa-
tion, 206. And by a monition to his youth, ibid. And by reference to
the author's sufferings in different cities known to Timothy, as is
proved from the Acts, 207.
Tithes an injudicious form of tax, iii. 506.
Titus, Epistle to, proved authentick by the author's quoting a saying of
a heathen poet about the Cretans, v. 211. By the similarity of man-
ner to that of the First Epistle to Timothy, 213. Time of writing it, 215.
Toleration in religion, iii. 443. Supposes tests by the establishment of
the country, 454. Partial or complete, 462. Complete, advantages
of, 463. In diffusion of truth, ibid. Absurdity and danger of disal-
lowing it, 464. Extends to all serious argument, ibid. Complete,
doubts of its utility, 465. General rule of, 468.
Tongue, great powers of the, i. 96.
Torture, equivocal in its effects, iii. 438.
Trachea, i. 129.
Subservient to population,
Trade in African slaves unjustifiable, iii. 172.
how, 483. In articles that have no direct tendency to increase food
or clothing, 484. As by setting half mankind to work for the other,
485. By improving agriculture, 487. That of exchanging wrought
goods for raw materials, most useful, 488. Next, exchanging one
sort of wrought for another, ibid. The least useful, exchanging raw
materials for wrought, ibid.
Trees, seeds of, provided for, i. 240.
Vallisneria, mechanical contrivance of that plant, i. 250.
Valves necessary in the communications to and from the heart, i. 115.
Variety of bodily forms, no answer to the wisdom manifested in their or-
ganization, i. 50.
Vegetables and animals, mechanical and immechanical parts and functions
of, i. 60.
Vegetation restores purity to the atmosphere, i. 256.
Veins, i. 108.
Vice has no advantage over virtue, even with respect to worldly happi-
ness, iii. 50. Must not expect to be happy, 58. Leads to unbelief,
how, iv. 227. Because pleasure and interest interfere with principle,
and induce decision in their favour without examination, 229.7.
Viper's fang a mechanical contrivance, i. 172.
Virtue, definition of, iii. 51. How divided by moralists, ibid. Quantum
of, necessary to salvation, not ascertained by Christian religion, 55.
Requires us to take the safe, rather than the doubtful side, in morals,
58. Produces belief, how, iv. 227. Proved by experience, 228. By
the scripture assurance of spiritual assistance to those who desire it,
232. Which however requires those who want more light to use
well what they have, 234. Must be sought with prayer, 235. Vir-
tues, passive, require a mixed state for their exercise, i. 361. Our
own, too much thought of, iv. 191. Which is inconsistent with Chris-
tian character, 192. Because we should regard ourselves as unprof-
itable servants, ibid. Because we should work out our salvation with
fear and not with confidence, 193. Forbidden by scripture examples,
abounding in contrition, 194. And St. Paul's self-abasement, 195,
206. And St. Peter's language to his converts, 207. And St. James's,
ibid. Dangerous, as preventing us from estimating the mercy of God
in our redemption, 199. Unnecessary, because they will not be for-
gotten or unrewarded, 203. Because religious comfort is obtainable
in a better way, 205. Leads to fallacious views of our own spiritual
state, 208. And unfavourable views of our fellow men, ibid.
Vision, proof of contriving wisdom, i. 21. Why not given at once, 34.
Vital motions involuntary, i. 117.
Unalienable rights, what, iii. 81.
Unconcern about religion, a worse state than that of enormous offenders,
iv. 213. Because it does not perform the will of God, ibid. And
never thinks of hope, 214. Caused by too much business, 215. By
being well received by the world, 216.
Undesigned coincidences in the scriptures, ii. 309.
Universality of the knowledge of Christianity, want of, considered, ii. 394.
Unknown God, altar to the, ii. 300.
Unprofitableness will be punished, iii. 57.
Vows, consideration of, iii. 115.
Use of some parts unknown, no argument against general design, i. 47.
Did not arise from the parts, but the parts were intended for use, 53.
Usury allowed in conscience, iii. 124.
Utile of the ancient moralists, an inadequate rule of morals, iii. 77.
Utility the foundation of moral obligation, iii. 70.
War, lawful as a profession, iii. 507. Involves many difficulties in mor-
als, 508. Regulated by the law of nations, 510. Causes of, justifi-
able, 512. Unjustifiable, 513. Conduct of, 516.
Warnings, neglect of, sinful, iv. 359. Frequency of, 350. To youth, 361.
Come thicker as life advances, 362. Of infirmities, come usually too
late, why, 363.
Watch exhibits to us contrivance, i. 9. Though perhaps we never saw
one made, 11. Or though it sometimes goes wrong, ibid. Or though
the use of some parts be unknown, ibid. Its existence not accounted
for by answer, that it is only one of possible configurations of mat-
ter, 12. Nor that its parts are disposed according to a principle of
order, ibid. Nor that its mechanism is only intended to make us
think it a proof of contrivance, 13. Nor that it is only a result of the
laws of metallick nature, ibid. It exhibits contrivance, though we know
little more than the bare connexion of means and end, ibid. Sup-
pose it may reproduce itself, 14. More strong proof of design in
its original maker, ibid. Cannot be considered as the final cause of
the new watch, 14-19.
Water, its use, i. 254. Purity, 257. Circulation, ibid.
Web-foot did not determine the duck to swim, i. 55.
Did not grow from use, ibid.
Wills, whether of natural or adventitious right, iii. 162. Being of arbi-
trary origin, informal not binding, 164. Capricious, guilt of, 165.
Neglect to make, culpable, 166. Under cognizance of ecclesiastical
courts, why, 167.
Windpipe, i. 127.
Its utility, 167.
Wing of a bird resembles the fore leg of a quadruped, i. 163. Line of its
motion, 164. Wings, want of, compensated, 197.
Woodpecker's tongue a peculiar instrument, i. 175.