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is in num fair
and the sport of fortune? Is that man free, let his outward condition be ever so splendid, whom his imperious passions detain at their call, whom they send forth at their pleasure, to drudges and toil,l, and to beg his only enjoy- than ment from the casualties of the world?
6. Is he free, who must flatter and lie to compass end; who must bear with this man's caprice, and that man’s scorp; must profess friendship where he hates, and respect
Where he contemns; who is not at liberty to appear in his own colours, nor to speak his owy sentiments; whó ' In hi dares not be honest, lest he should be poor!
ceed 7. Believe it, no chains bind so hard; no fetters are so heavy, as those which fasten the corrupted heart to this treacherous world; no dependence is more contemptible Pas than that under which the voluptuous, the covetous, or the ambitious man, lies to the means of pleasure, gain, or power. Yet this is the boasted Jiberty, which vice promises, as the recompense of setting us free from the salu tary restraints of virtue.
The man of integrity:
2. The upright man is guided by a fixed principles of
He seeks no
is indeed what he appears to be, full of truth, candour, and numanity. In all his pursuits, he knows no path but the fair and direct one; and would much rather fail of success, than attain it by reproachfule means. He never shows us a smiling countenance, while he meditates evil against us in his heart.
4. He never praises us among our friends; and then joins in traducing us among our enemies. We shall never find one part of his character at variance with another In his manners, he is simple and unaffected; in all his pro ceedings, open and consistent.
and that Zates, ak
vice pro the sala
SECTION XIV. Pas-sive, pås'-siv, unresisting, k U-ni-ver-sal, yů-nd-vér-sål, gensuffering.
eral, total. As-sent, ås-sént', consent, agree-1 Sub-stance, sůb'-stånse, essential
part. A-dopt, à-dôpt', to make him a m Re-lent, ré-lént', to soften, grow son who is not so by birth, to pur moist.
sue any particular method. In De-mea-nour, dé-me-nür, behad Dis-tin-guish, dis-ting'-gwish, to viour, deportment. note, divide, discern.
o Cour-te-sy, kůr'-te-se, elegance 2. Syc-o-phant,sik'-6-fånt,a flatterer. of manners. f Su-per-in-duce, sů-per-in-důsc',top Ad-min-is-ter, äd-min’-nis-túr, to bring in as an addition.
give, supply. & Ar-ro-gance, år'-ro-gånse, pride, 9 Re-proof, re-proof', blame, reprepresumption, conceit.
hension. k E-mer-gen-cy, e-mêr'-jén-se, any r In-quis-i-tive-ly, In-kwiz'-zé-tivsudden occasion.
lé, curiously, busily in search. : i Base-ness, båse'-nés, mcanness, s Ten-our, těn'-hůr, continuity, genvileness,
Gentleness. 1. I BEGIN with distinguishing true gentleness from passivea tameness of spirit, and from unlimited compliance with the manners of others. That passive tameness, which submits, without opposition, to every encroachment of the violent and assuming, forms no part of Christian duty; but, on the contrary, is destructive of general happiness and order. That unlimited complaisance, which on every occa sion, falls in with the opinions and manners of others, is so far from beiog a virtue, that it is itself a vice, and the parent of many vices.
2. It overthrows all steadiness of principle; and produces that sinful conformity to the world, which taints the whole character. In the present corrupted state of human manners, always to assent and to comply, is the very worst
3 a plau nakes! scording science Cections
maxim we can adopt. It is impossible to support the purity, learn and dignity of Christian morals, without opposing the world gente on various occasions, even though we should stand alone.
8. 3. That gentleness therefore which helongs to virtue, good is to be carefully distinguished from the mean spirit of bart cowards, and the fawning assent of sycophants. It reheart nounces no just right from fear. It gives up no important for truth from flattery. It is indeed not only consistent with a chara firm mind, but it necessarily requires a manly spirit, and a fixed principle, in order to give it any real value. Upon then this solid ground only, the polish of gentleness can with advantage be superinduced.?
4. It stands opposed, not to the most determined regard for virtue and truth, but to harshness and severity, to pride and y and arrogance, to violence and oppression. It is properly, luty that part of the great virtue of charity, which makes us el unwilling to give pain to any of our brethren. Compassion which prompts us to relieve their wants. Forbearance prevents and s us from retaliating their injuries. · Meckness restrains our 10. angry passions; candour, our severe judgments.
5. Gentleness corrects whatever is offensive in our man- ctheners; and, by a constant train of humane attentions, studies o alleviate the burden of common misery. Its office, there antha fure, is extensive. It is not, like some other virtues, called forth only on peculiar emergencies; but it is continually in action, when we are engaged in intercourse with men, tend It ought to form our address, to regulate our speech, and slow to diffuse itself over our whole behaviour.
6. We must not, however, confound this gentle "wisdom which is from above,” with that artificial courtesy, that studied smoothness of manners, which is learned indeli the school of the world. Such accomplishments, the came most frivolous and empty may possess. Too often they ing are employed by the artful, as a snare; too often affected by the hard and unfeeling, as a cover to the basenessi of shir their minds. We cannot, at the same time, avoid observ ing the homage, which even in such instances, the world w is constrained to pay to virtue.
7. In order to render society agreeable, it is found necessary to assume somewhat, that may at least carry its appearance. Virtue is the universalk ocharm. Even its shadow is courted, when the substance is wanting. The imitation of its form has been reduced into an art; and, in the commerce of life, the first study of all who would
pretest trains or
Ompasm which feels for every thing that is human; and is backward Junds hers, which the gospel of Christ enjoins, when it commands
either gain the esteem, or win the hearts of others, is to he purt learn the speech and to adopt the manners, of candour, he word gentleness, and humanity.
8. But that gentleness which is the characteristick of a Lo vitte good man, has, like every other virtue, its seat in the spirite heart; and let me, add, nothing except what flows from the
It heart, can render even external manners truly pleasing mportar For no assumed behaviour can at all times hide the real at with character. In that unaffected civility which springs from
a gentle mind, there is a charm infinitely more powerful, . Ur than in all the studied manners of the most finished courtier.
9. True gentleness is founded on a sense of what we owe to HIM who made us, and to the common nature of which
we all share. It arises from reflection on our own failings , toprik and wants; and from just views of the condition, and the prope Puty of man. It is native feeling, heightened and improve matest ed by principle. It is the heart which easily relents;"
and slow to inflict the least wound.
10. It is affable in its address, and mild in its demeanour," ever ready to oblige, and willing to be obliged by others; breathing habitual kindness towards friends, cour
esyo to strangers, long-suffering to enemies. It exercises ce, the authority with moderation; administerse reproofa with
tenderness; confers favours with ease and modesty. It is ontinua , unassuming in opinion, and temperate in zeal. It con
tends not eagerly about trifleś; slow to contradict, and still slower to blame; but prompt to allay dissension, and to
11. It neither intermeddles unnecessarily with the afcourte fairs, nor pries inquisitively" into the secrets of others. It
delights above all things to alleviate distress; and, if it cannot dry up the falling téar, to sooth at least the grieving heart. Where it has not the power of being useful, it is never burdensome. It seeks to please, rather than to shine and dazzle; and conceals with care that superiority, either of talents or of rank, which is oppressive to those who are beneath it.
12. In a word, it is that spirit and that tenours of manus, to bear one another's burdens; to rejoice with those who rejoice, and to weep with those who weep; to please every one his neighbour for his good; to be kind and ten
, ten the affecte
der-hearted; to be pitiful and courteous; to support the weak, and to be patient towards all men.”
SECTION I. & Ac-cu-sa-tion, åb-ku-zá'-shủn, these Re-luc-tant, ré-lük'-tânt, unwilact of accusing
ling, averse to. o Sa-gac-i-ty, så-gås'-e-te, quick- f Sus-pense, sús-pênse', uncertain. ness of scent, acuteness.
ty, delay. e At-tain-der, åt-tåne'-důr, the act g Mag-na-nim-i-ty, mág-na-nim'-+of attaining in law.
te, greatness of mind. d Im-mi-nent, im'-me-pént, inpend
ing, at hand, threatening. Trial and execution of the Earl of STRAFFORD, who fell
a sacrifice to the violence of the times, in the reign of CHARLES the First.
1. The Earl of Strafford defended himself against the accusations of the house of Commons, with all the presence of mind, judgment, and sagacity, that could be expected from innocence and ability. His children were placed deside him, as he was thus defending his life, and the cause of his royal master. After ke had, in a long and eloquent speech, delivered without premeditation, confuted all the accusations of his enemies, he thus drew to a conclusion:
2. “ But, my lords, I have troubled you too long: longer than I should have done, but for the sake of these dear pledges, which a saint in heaven has left me." Upon this ħe paused; dropped a tear; looked upon his children; and proceeded. - What I forfeit for myself is a trifle: that my indiscretions should reach my posterity, wounds me to the heart,
3. “ Pardon my infirmity.Something I should have addéd, but I am not able; and therefore I let it pass.-And now, my lords, for myself. Į have long been taught, that the afflictions of this life are overpaid by that eternal weight of glory, which awaits the innocent. And so, my lords, even so, with the utmost tranquillity, I submit myself to your judgment, whether that judgment be life or death: not my will, but thine, O God, be done !"
4. His eloquence and innocence induced those judges to pity, who were the most zealous to condemn him. The king himself went to the house of lords, and spoke for