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His unremitted application to ple remarked that it was premon- . study, and to the duties of his of- itory. Mr. Davies replied, that fice, probably precipitated his “although it ought not to be death. The habit of his body viewed in that light, yet it was being plethoric, his health hadvery remarkable.” When newfor some years, greatly depended year's day came he preached ; on the exercise of riding, to and, to the surprise of the conwhich he was, from necessity, gregation, from the same text. rauch habituated in Virginia. Being seized about three weeks This salutary employment had afterward, he soon adverted to been, from the time he took the the circumstance, and remarked, charge of the college, almost en- that he had been undesignedly tirely relinquished. Toward the led to preach, as it were, his own close of January, 1761, he was funeral sermon. seized with a bad cold, for which It is to be regretted that the vihe was bled. The same day, he olence of his disorder deprived transcribed for the press his ser- him of the exercise of reason, mon on the death of king George through most of his sickness. the Second. The day following, Had it been otherwise, his friends he preached twice in the college and the public would doubtless hall. The arm in which he had have been gratified with an adbeen bled, became in conse- ditional evidence of the tranquence, much inflamed, and his scendent excellence of the Chrisformer indisposition increased, tian religion, and of its power to On the morning of the succeed-support the soul in the prospect ing Monday,- he was seized, and approach of death. But he while at breakfast, with violent had preached still more emphatchills. An inflammatory fever ically by his life ; and even in followed, which, in ten days, put his delirium, he clearly manifesta period to bis important life. S ed what were the favourite ob
What are called premonitions jects of his concern. His beof death, are generally rather wildered mind was continually the fictions of a gloomy or mis- imagining, and his faltering guided imagination, than reali- tongue uttering some expedient ties. Yet the following anec to promote the prosperity of dote contains so singular a con- Christ's church, and the good currence of circumstances, as of mankind. gives it a claim to be recorded. His premature exit (he was
A few days before the begin- but little more than thirty-six) ning of the year in which Mr. was generally and justly lamentDavies died, an intimate friend ed, as a loss almost irreparable, told him, that a sermon would not only to a distressed family, be expected from him on new. and a bereaved college, but to year's day; adding, among other the ministry, the church, the things, that President Burr, on community, the republic of letthe first day of the year in which ters, and in short, to all the most he died, preached a sermon on valuable interests of mankind. Jer. xxviii. 16. Thus saith the An affectionate tribute was paid Lord, This year thou shalt die : to his character and virtues, by and that after his death, the peo- Dr. Finley, his successor, in a
sermon preached on the occasion Lord; or whether we die, we die of his death, from Rom. xiv. 7, 8. unto the Lord: whether we live, For none of us liveth to himself, therefore,or die, we are the Lord's. and no man dieth to himself. For whether we live, we live unto the (To be continued.)
CRITICAL OBSERVATIONS ON New Testament could be writ
CERTAIN PASSAGES IN THE ten.
The inspired writers had oc
casion to treat of many things, Though the apostles in wri- of which the Greeks had no preting, as well as in preaching, used vious knowledge, and for which great plainness of speech; yet they had no appropriate terms. particular passages, taken by But those writers chose such themselves, may to us seem ob- terms and phrases, as were best scure. These however may adapted to express their meangenerally be elucidated by other ing. Where perspicuity repassages, or by the analogy of quired, they used description. faith. If they remain of doubt. To ascertain the sense of particsul interpretation, yet the essen- ular terms, it is not necessary to tial doctrines and duties of reli- recur to heathen writers ; it is gion are not endangered by better to consult the sacred wri. them ; for these depend not on ters themselves. As they have a few doubtful or obscure pas used words, so we must undersages, but are plainly taught in stand them.' They are their innumerable places. Still it may own best interpreters. be useful to investigate the The New Testament is writ.. meaning of texts, which seem ten, not in pure, classical Greek, obscure.
but in a peculiar dialect, which The writers of the New Tes- may be called Hebraistical Greek. tament, it is well known, used The writers were Jews, and spake the Greek language, except Mat- the Hebrew, or rather the Arathew and the author of the mean, or Syro-Chaldee language, epistle to the Hebrews,' who When they wrote Greek, they wrote in Aramean. This was introduced into it the idioms of the learned language of the their own language. Thus also day ; most men of education did the seventy Jews, who trans. were acquainted with it ; and it lated the Old Testament into was the native language of ma.. Greek by the command of Ptole... ny subjects of the Roman em- my, king of Egypt. Their transpire ; of those particularly, to lation was in use in the apost whom St. Paul wrote most of tles' times, and from it are made his epistles. It was, on many most of the quotations from the accounts, the best language in Old Testament, which we nng : which the inspired books of the in the New. Without some ac- .
quaintance with that translation As the Hebrew verbs have and with the Hebrew, a man present time, the past is ofte cannot be a very accurate critic used for the present. The wris in the original language of the ters of the New Testament New Testament. The study of have, in some instances, written both may therefore be justly re- their Greek in the same mancommended to young gentle- ner. John tells us that, when men, who contemplate the min- Christ discovered himself to isterial profession.
Mary Magdalene after his res. The Hebrews often express urrection, he said to her," Touch the superlative degree by adding me not." Mary, transported with the word God. Exceeding high joy at seeing her Lord alive mountains and trees are called again, fell down and would have mountains of God and trees of embraced his feet, according to God. This Hebrew idiom is in the custom of the east, when troduced into the Greek of the women saluted men of superior New Testament. Stephen says character, especially when they of Moses that, when he was wished to detain them. . Thus born, he was fair according to the woman of Shunem saluted God, or divinely fair. Our trans- Elisha ; and thus the two Marys lators have judiciously rendered saluted Jesus. The Lord says it exceeding fair.
to her, « Touch me not,” for I . This observation gives an ea- am not yet, or have not yet as
sy sense to an obscure passage, cended, (anabebeka) i, e." I do in 2 Cor. viii. 1. Paul exhort-, not yet ascend to my Father." ing the Corinthians to send re- You need not detain me ; you lief to the persecuted saints in may have opportunity to see me Jerusalem, refers them to the again." Go, tell my brethren, example of the Macedonians. , that I ascend to my Father and
Brethren, we do you to wit,” their Father.” · or we make known to you " the The Hebrew verbs, by a smail
grace of God, bestowed on the alteration in the radical letters, churches of Macedonia.” The or in the points only, where grace of God, i. e. (according to points are used, give to actions the Hebrew idiom) the divine, different relations and qualities. the godlike, the abundant liberali. These various forms and powers ty, bestowed, (not on the church- are by grammarians called .con. es, but) by, in, among the jugations. The seventy, and the churches of Macedonia, for the New Testament writers have relief of the brethren in Judéa. sometimes used the Greek yerbs, To this, and only to this sense, as if they had these Hebrew conthe following words agree; jugations. In Psalm cxix. the ." How that in a great trial of af- Seventy use the neutral verb, · fiction, the abundance of their žao, to live, in an active or tran
joy, and their deep poverty a- sitive sense, to quicken, or cause bounded to the riches of their to live. The same Hebrew liberality. For to their power, idiom we find in the New Tesand beyond their power, they tament. Paul gives the Greek were willing of themselves, &c." word, oida, 'to know, the power Vol. II. No. 4.4
of the Hebrew conjugation His they are prepared of my Faphil to make known." He says to ther.” They will be dispensed the Corinthians, “I determined agreeably to the usual methods not to know,' i. e. not to make of Providence. known, or to preach “any thing This observation will explain among you, save Jesus Christ a passage in the 9th chap. to the and him crucified.” Thus the Romans. “He hath mercy on samé word is probably to be un- whom he will have mercy, and derstood in Mark xiii. 32, where whom he will he hardeneth." some erroneously suppose, that An antithesis, which is a freChrist disclaims a knowledge of quent figure in Paul's writings, future events. Speaking of the is naturally expected, and was destruction of Jerusalem, Jesus doubtless intended here." He says, “ Of that day and hour hath mercy on whom he will knordeth none, neither the angels have mercy." The antithesis in heaven, neither the Son, but to this is, " He withholdeth merthe Father.” . Christ had already cy, from whom he will withhold. foretold the event, and given the it." But as there was no single previous signs of it. Some word, in the Greek language, inight wish for a knowledge of which expressed this antithesis, the exact time of it. But this the writer took the word skleeruknowledge, for various reasons, , no, to harden, and used it accorwas improper towe then commu- ding to the intransitive conjuga. nicated. Jesus therefore says, tion, in which it would signify, ". “That day and hour none mak- not hardening another, but hareth known; no, not the angels, dening one's self against another, neither the Son." To reveal or shutting up the bowels of this belongs not to my commis- mercy. Thus the word is used sion'; “but it will be made in the book of Job. The Os. known by the Father," in the trich is said to be hardened course of his providence. We against her young ones. The find a similar mode of expres- word, she is hardened, is the sion in Christ's answer to the same, which Paul uses in the two brethren, who solicited the passage under consideration ; chief posts of power in the tem- and rendered there, as it is here, poral kingdom, which, they im- it would be,“ She hardeneth her agined, he would soon eréct. young ones." But the meaning They ask, “ Grant that we may is, “ She leaveth her young sit, the one on thy right hand, without care.” So the passage . and the other on thy left, in thy in Romans signifies, not that God
kingdom." He answers, “ To infuses hardness into sinners ; sit on my right hand and on my but that he exercises, or forbears left," i, e. promotion to tempo- to exercise bis mercy toward ral bonours," is not mine to sinners, according to his own
give; it is not committed to me sovereign will and unerring wis.. ? as the Teacher, Reformier, and dom. To whom he will, he
Saviour of men. But worldly shows mercy, and from whom honour's “ will be given under he will be withholds mercy, my gospel, as they have been leaving them to meet their own heretoforē, to them, for whom deserts.
Whoever reads Paul's writ- same thought occurs again, ings with attention will find chap. xi. i. “I say then, Hath that, though he is a connected God cast away his people, whoin . reasoner, yet he often suspends he foreknew? God forbid. For the chain of his argument, to in- I also am a Jew, of the seed of troduce an incidental, but perti- "Abraham.” Dent thought, or to dilate upon We shall, at present, pursue an occasional expression. Hence these criticisms no farther; but the parentkesis is more frequent shall subjoin two or three obviin his, than in the other sacred ous remarks. writings. Through inattention I t is evident that the books of to this circumstance, some pas- the New Testament must have sages in his writings seem ob- been written in as early a period scure, which otherwise might as has been assigned to them; be plain. There is an instance for that Hebraistical kind of . of this kind in Rom. ix. 2, 3."I Greek, in which they are writ. have great heaviness and contin- ten, was not in use after the ual sorrow in my heart, (for I general dispersion of the Jews. could," or rather did, “ wish my- The peculiarity of style and self accursed," separated, from diction, which runs through all Christ) for my brethren, my the writings ascribed" to Paul, kinsmen according to the flesh.” proves that they were all the
Much pains have been taken works of the same author. to explain, what Paul meant, The wisdom of Providence is when he said, " I wished myself conspicuous in ordering the accursed, or separated from books of the New Testament to Christ for my brethren." Wher- be written in a language, which as in reality he said no such was soon to go out of national
thing. The expression," I did use ; for a dead language re'wish myself accursed from mains the same; a living tan
Christ," or separated from all guage, in a lapse of ages, is liaconnexion with him, is an inci- ble to changes. The sense of
dental thought, naturally sug- Scripture can therefore be more • gested by his subject; and it ought easily and accurately ascertain• to be, as it is in some copies, ed, than if the language, in which
and in some translations, inclu- it is written, had been and con-
THE DECALOGUE. That he might not be suspected of any prejudice against the
* No. 6. Jews in foretelling their rejec Sixth Commandment. tion from the covenant of God
“Thou shalt not kill.” for their unbelief, he observed, that he himself was a Jew, was LIFE is an inestimable bles, lately an unbeliever, and gloried sing. . On the improvement of in his opposition to Christ. The it depends our future destination.