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against them is not speedily, friends of error and irreligion. In executed ; how much more will

this compromise it is agreed to ex

tend their full charity to one another, they be set on evil, if they be

however different their opinions, and lieve the sentence will never be even to all mankind, except those, executed.

who maintain an essential difference « The Most High said of the false between right and wrong, between prophets of old, they have strengthened truth and error, and who thence con. the hands of the wicked, that he should tend earnestly for the faith once denot depart from his wicked way, by livered to the saints. As this wonPROMISING HIM LIFE. Nor is it ea derful liberality is founded in a deep sy to perceive in what respects the rooted love of darkness, it renders doctrine, which teaches the salvation men no less opposed to a candid, imof all men, of all characters, and partial, and prayerful investigation of which, of course, makes it depend on moral and religious subjects, than to no conditions, is a whit less immoral that teachable and humble spirit, and pernicious in its tendency, than which is essential to receiving the truth the doctrine of the fool's heart, there in the love of it. The genius of this ia no God. The father of lies, who liberality is distinguished by such was a murderer from the beginning maxims as this ; it is no matter what and abode not in the truth, doubtless men believe, if they are but sincere in apprehended the real tendency of the their belief. This word, sincere, is doctrine in question, and first preach- the bait, which is designed to coned it to mankind with dire effect. The ceal the deceitful and fatal snare. consequence of their believing it, and By being sincere, in the present case, acting on a presumption of its being nothing better can be correctly in. true, was the apostasy and ruin of the tended, than men's really believing human race."

what they profess to believe. But The third false opinion men professing, or not professing, can tioned is, that the depravity of

never alter the nature of their belief, mankind arises from their igno

or of the things believed. Hence,

stripping their language of disguise, tance of the truth. The author

this is the doctrine, which they in. shows that this sentiment is con tend to maintain, that it is, no matter trary to plain scripture declara, what men believe, or what they disbetions, and that it implies that

lieve, and therefore, that they are not

accountable to God for any senti. man is by nature holy, and needs

ments, which they are pleased to emnot to be renewed by tbe grace brace. Some men use this language, of God; and, accordingly, that who dare not avow themselves the the sentiment is suited to cherish open and unequivocal adversaries of his pride and make him pure in

religion, and of morals. But might

they not avow this, consistently with his own eyes.

truth? And would they not do it, The author finally notices the were they not, for the present, less opinion of those, who deny the bold, than impious; or more afraid divine institution and perpetual

of men, than of God ? If it be no mat

ter what men believe, they may be. obligation of the Christian Sab

lieve that the doctrine of an all-perbath. In a note he suggests, that fect Deity, who is the Creator, the what has been advanced concern- Governor, and the Judge of the ing a few gross errors is equally

world, is a mere chimera of supersti

tion. They may, in like manner, disapplicable to others

believe the record, which God hath A number of interesting re- given of his Son, or embrace any othflections close the discourse. er opinion, however grossly errone.

“1. We may hence see the fatal ten- ous, and utterly subversive of the dency of modern liberality. This libe- Christian faith. When strastened for rality, when examined by the light of arguments to support their liberality divine truth, is found to be a sort of in all its absurd and horrid consecompromise between the various quences, they will plead their own Vol. II, No. 2.


cause, by asserting, that they cannot practical atheism. They labour to alter their belief, and that, therefore, set aside the doctrines, and even the it cannot be sinful. And with a litreality of a divine revelation, because He more hardihood, but with no more they wisb to live in such a manner, absurdity or impiety, they may pro: as fills them with horror, when precéed to assert tbe same in respect to sented with the awful prospect of beany vices, in which they are pleased ing arraigned at the tribunal of Heato indulge. They are not more vols ven. Accordingly, the doctrine, untary in the practice of these viccs, which maintains the innocence of all than in embracing those sentiments, opinions, is a most insidious attack on which are believed for no other rea- the pure and undefiled religion of the son, than their agreement with the gospel, and being universally admit. feelings of a proud, sensual, and de. ted, would be soon followed with the praved heart.

universal destruction of the morals • The liberal doctrine of modern and the happiness of mankind in this times takes for granied what is pals world, and of their souls in the world pably false, that there is no connex- to come.” ion between men's serrtinents and in the second inference the their hearts, and between their hearts

author points out the cause, to and thieir practice. They never act understandingly, in embracing false

which we must ascribe the and immoral opinions, but from an alarming prevalence of vice and answerable fiame of spirit. It is true, irreligion. He mentions evil men often become much more de communications, or corrupt prinpraved and immoral in their lives, in

ciples, as having a chief influconsequence of embracing those sentiments, which justify iminorality

ence. and irreligion, and which are thence In the third place he infers, suited to draw forth the latent seeds v.y naturally, the importance of sensuality, pride, envy, revenge, not merely of shunning prevaand impiety. But in other cases, those, whose crimes have got before

lent errors and vices, but of takhand of their speculative opinions, ing the best measures to oppose are found plunging suddenly into the them, and to counteract their darkness of gross error, that the hid. pernicious influence. I eous deformity of their characters *. « It wilt perhaps be said, that we may be concealed from the view of live in a land of liberty, where every their consciences, and no longer dis man enjoys the right of forming and turb them with the guilty forebodings expressing his own opinions. True. of infinite wrath.

But God has invested no man with u Again, that mode of reasoning, the right of calling evil good, even if which makes all sorts of opinions in his errors are kept to himself : nocent, might do the same, as con much less the right of communicating sistently, in respect to all sorts of the foul contagion of them to those actions. The sentiments, which men around him. All men are accountable embrace on moral and religious sub. to God for the sentiments, which jects, are their rules of moral conduct. they embrace, and which they incul. Every man, therefore, who justifies

cate on others.. Nor have they any errors in opinion, must, if consistent,

more right," on the principles of piety justify the same, when carried into

and benevolence, « to disseminate practice. This agrees not only with

those evil communications, which the tendency of erroneous sentiments,

corrupt good manners, than to prac. but with the evident design of num

tise those fagrant abominations, bers in embracing them, and with

which are at once an insult to the the habitual conduct of many. They

ey Majesty of the universe, and an at embrace error with the sole view of

of tack on the peace and safety of man. finding in it a cloak for their sins. kind » Many labour to disbelieve the moral.

. The occasional addresses at government of God, and even his existence, because they we in love with the close are marked with perti

nence, solemnity, and Christian of the matter, and in the propritenderness. On the whole we, ety of the manner, far excels the cannot forbear saying, that this generality of sermons on simsermon, both in the importance ilar occasions.

Religious Intelligence.

The General desembly of the Presby. With heartfelt pleasure the Assem. zerian Church, at their annual sessions bly bear testimony to the charitable it. May, are in the practice of receiving exertions made by some of their accounts of the state of Religion, from churches, for the relief of the poor, the members representing the various and for the maintenance of the holy parts of their ecclesiastical jurisdiction, ministry. They rejoice to find that and of condensing and publishing these the ordinances of the gospel are, in accounts in the form of a Report. The general, attended with punctuality and following is their Report for May last. earnestness. They regret, however,

tbat in some particulars, they are comThe Assembly have heard with pelled to use the language of reprepleasure, accounts from the east and hension. It is with pain they observe, west, the north and south, proclaiming it to be the practice of too many, in the triumphs of the Redeemer, in the some of their churches, tu attend di. extension and prosperity of his king. vine service only on one part of the day, dom in our country.

to the neglect or contempt of the re. The Assembly have received an maining part. Against this practice, impression of the most pleasing kind so injurious to the spiritual interests from the intelligence that there is, in of their people ; so entirely inconsist. almost every quarter, a general, and in ent with the Christian character and some parts of our church, an increased privileges, they think it no more than attention to the public worship of God: their duty solemnly to protest. And that there exists a spirit of inquiry in they do most affectionately beseech regard to religious truth, and a more all who are conscious of delinquency general conviction that the power of in this respect, no longer to withhold godliness is necessary to stamp val. from God any portion of that time, de on its form.

which he hath specially consecrated to Associations for prayer and reading his own service. the holy Scriptures, have, it appears, We live at a time when it becomes been the means frequently blessed by a duty peculiarly incumbent, to “con. God, to preserve the very existence of tend earnestly for the faith once deliv. religion, in places destitute of the ered to the saints.” It will, however, preaching of the gospel, and the full be remembered, that the sacred cause administration of its ordinances of truth can never be promoted by Such associations bave happily pre- angry controversy, or railing accusa. pared the people for the labours of the tion. It is therefore recommended pious missionary, who thus came up to the churches, to vindicate the truth, on ground, as it were, already broken not only by sound and temperate dis. op, and profitably scattered the good cussion, but also and especially, by the Beed of the word.

manifestation of its sanctifying and The Assembly have also heard with transforming power over the life and great satisfaction, that the catechising conversation; and by evincing, that, of children and others, has, ia certain “the like mind is in us which was in parts of our church, been practised Christ Jesus our Lord.” with more than ordinary care, and It should ever be recollected, that with that desirable success, which error in doctrine bath a native tenden may ever be expected to follow a suit- cy to produce immorality in practice : able regard to this most important du- and therefore, that we should not be

carried about by every wind of doc

trine. Let us prove all things, and The Assembly besecch all their hold fast that which is good. This people to bear in mind, that if they caution, it is hoped, will be received allow themselves to abandon the un. with attention and solemnity, inas. erring guidance of God's written much as the church has been of late word, they will inevitably become the invaded by errors which strike at the prey of ignorance, superstition and very foundation of our faith and hope, fanaticism. “Budily exercise profit. such as the denial of the Godbead, eth little.” The mind sown with the and atonement of the blessed Re. seed of the word; the soul renewed deemer, the subjection of holy Scrip. by the Holy Spirit; these profit ; ture to the most extravagant impulses these entitle a man to the character of the heart of man. These and other of being truly religious : and whatsoerrors of a dangerous nature, have ever has not a tendency to cherish been industriously, and, alas ! that and promote true religion, is incon. the Assembly should be constrained stant as the wind, and light as the to add, in some portions of our coun. chaff it scatters. try, too successfully disseminated. The assembly are happy to add,

It is believed that in the revivals of that their observations on the prog. late years, many have been added to perity of the church, and the favour. the church of such as shall be saved. able position of religious affairs gene. Many, who, stedfast in the Christian rally, were not meant to be confined life, seek to adorn the doctrine of to the presbyteries under their care: God their Saviour in all things. For they comprehend also the state of this, let the Giver of every good, and things within the bounds of the Genevery perfect gift, be praised. These eral Association of Connecticut, and happy subjects of divine grace are among the Congregational churches exhorted to "hold fast that, which they in the state of Vermont, where the have received, that no man take their interests of Christ's kingdom appear crown;" to “be faithful unto death, to prósper. that they may obtain a crown of life.” On the whole, they commend their

But as it has often occurred, in for. beloved people to the grace of God, mer periods of the church, so there is praying the great Head of the reason to believe, it has happened church to vouchsafe to them yet far. with respect to these effusions of the ther days of refreshing from his Spirit's gracious influences. Trans- presence. Exalted Redeemer, “pour formed into an angel of light, the enemy water on the thirsty; foods of water of souls hath endeavoured to mar the upon the dry ground ; thy Spirit on glorious display of divine operations, our sced, and thy blessing on our by inciting to the most absurd and offspring ; that they may grow up as extravagant outrages upon Christian grass, and as willows by the wator sobriety and decorum. jove

courses." Amen.


Literary Jntelligence.

FOREIGN MANGOURIT, the last year, pub. have here, as every where else, a con. lished at Paris, “ Travels in Hanover, mercial disposition. In the great cin in the years 1803, 1804." Among ies they are bankers; in the villages other information of value, is the fol. many of them are butchers; their lowing, viz. That only two religions children partake in the advantages of are known in Hanover, Judaism, and public instruction. There are a few Christianity, which latter is divided Catholics in Hanover; they were into the Catholic, the Calvinist, and twenty times more numerous, a centu. the Lutheran persuasions. Before the ry ago. They have adopted the re. union of Osnaburgh with the Electo. ligion of the prince. Calvinism is rate, the Jews were the most numer- scarcely ever mentioned in Hanover. ous body after the Lutherans. They Lutheranism prevails throughout the

Electorate. The Elector is the chief promulgate principles subversive of of this persuasion; in his absence, the truth itself. Wieland even thinks second minister, who presides in the that departed spirits know nothing of Consistory, inspects the other sects. their former relations and affections. The whole of the ecclesiastical estab- In medio tutissimis. That the de: lishment announces the prevalence of parted spirit should associate itself toleration. It is true, that the Lu- with the affairs of this life would imtheran ministers receive part of the ply a very imperfect separation from incomes formerly appropriated to the its earthly residence. On the other Catholics, but the destination of the hand, to suppose that it should have benefactions is not changed, though no recollection whatever of the communicated by different hands. “ deeds done in the body,” amounts The salaries of these ministers are to a denial of the retribution justlý respectable but moderate ; and due to virtue and vice ; a sense of the clergy, in general, is most favour- which seems to be almost instinctive ably and honourably spoken of by this in the human mind, which the wiser traveller, who commends their atten- heathen admitted and expected, and tion to study, their manners, their which is one of the very foundations. simplicity, and their attachment to of Christianity.

Une their country. The University of Got- A Military Almanack for 1805, with tingen, and other public literary estab. plates. 12mo. has been published at lishments, are supported partly by the Berlin.

ru former revenues of certain great bene This work offers, among other arti. fices, now secularized, and partly by cles, a report on the new organization other Romish endowments, now sup- of the Austrian army, and its present pressed.

state. The following enumeration is Among the literary productions founded on correct authorities. of Germany, which have lately excited

Men. general attention, is a work recently Infantry of the line ... 207,278 published in Leipzig by Dr. John Infantry in garrison .. 6,332 Charles Woetzel; in which he af- Light Infantry .

56,988 firms very positively, that his departed Cavalry

34,705 wife has twice appeared to him. The Artillery . .

14,569 first time, he says, was during the night; the second in open day-light,

Total 319,872 when he was perfectly awake. He The author also communicates in. says, she spoke to him in an audible formation on the condition and organvoice. The author brings philosophi- ization of the Russian army, in its cal arguments in proof of the possibil. present state. He calculates its ity of such a fact. He published this amount at 425,000 men: whereas work at first without his name, but Storch, who appears to have obtained being publicly called on to avow him- more accurate estimates, gives self, he obeyed, and added «Further 493,000, for its true total. This work Explanations,” in a second pamphlet. contains other articles interesting to On a subject like this, opponents were military men: with plates and a map. to be expected of course. Among Tyroler Almanack: The Ty. these are enumerated, 1st. Canalich's rol Almanack for 1805. Among Thoughts respecting the human soul, other information, as well historical as its existence and appearance after local, this number states the popula. death. Leipzig. 1805. 2d. Chel- tion of the Tyrol, including the bishopmuth's Epistle to Dr. W. relative to rics of Trent and Brixen, at 686,466 his wife's appearing, &c. 3d. Wie- inhabitants in the year 1804. land's Euthanasia, three dialogues, on The city of Lindau was ceded to existence after death, &c.

Austria in that year. All these authors insist that Dr. W. was partly deceived by others, Essay on the Sclavonian inhabitants of partly deluded by his own imagination. the Austrian monarchy. By JoThey adduce arguments from moral seph Rohrer. and natural philosophy, in opposition Under the general name of Sclaves, to his hypothesis, and, indeed, are led or Sclavonians, the author includes by the impulse of their opposition, to Morlachians, Croates, Sclavonians,

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