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We hope this may prove an open. Since this Prophet, as he is styled, ing for great and extensive usefulness arose, there has been a great reform among the Indians in this quarter, among the pagans of the Six Nations, where is a wide field for missionary The settlement at the Alleghany rislabours, already occupied, in part, by er, containing about 450 souls, a few tbe synod of Pittsburgh.
years since, were a poor, idle, drunk
en, contemptible people ; they are THE SENECA PROPHET, OR THE now become temperate, industrious, MAN OF THE GREAT SPIRIT. and comparatively wealthy. A mis
sion from the Friends near PhiladelCommunicated for the Panoplist by a
Panoplist by, a phia, has much aided this reform, by Missionary who visited him and his counsels and example ; but whether people.
one would have succeeded without A few years since, an Indian at the the other, it is probably impossible te Alleghany river, half brother to the determine. noted Cornplanter, gave out that he T his prophet says, he has had rehad communications from the Great peated visions, in which he sees three Spirit, which he was commanded to spirits or angels, who make communitake known to the different tribes of cations to him. Sometimes in dreams Indians. He was formerly a great or visions, he pretends to have seen drunkard, and despised by the Indians devils flying, and hovering over their themselves, as an ignorant, idle, new town, Canadesago, seeking some worthless fellow. Since his reforma place to light, but could fud none, be. tion, he appears meek, honest and in- cause the people were now orderly, offensive. By those best acquainted temperate, and industrious; he then with bim, he is considered as defi- saw them fly to Buffaloe Creek, and cient in intellect. He converses but light among the whisky casks. Some. little. His countenance does not in- times, he says, he has seen idie, dicate much thoughtfulness. When drunken Indians, clothed in rags and questioned, however, his answers are filth, in old worn out canoes, on lakes pertinent, and his public speeches at a distance from shore, clouds gathare sensible. He inculcates on his ering thick and black, with awful followers, that they sell not their thunder, lightning and tempest. lands; that they refrain from the use Sometimes sick persons send a of ardent spirits; that they put not shirt or some other article of clothaway their wives; that they cultivate ing, to the prophet, that he may pretheir lands ; live industrious lives ; scribe a cure. In such a case, he and maintain the religious customs of takes two handfuls of tobacco, puts their ancestors.
their ends to the fire on the hearth, To one, who expressed his doubts lies down and covers himself with a of his having such communications, blanket, after he has arisen he preand used some arguments to show scribes for the disease. him he had not, he replied with his He has stated to the Indians, that usual simplicity, “ I think I have had great judgments would follow them, such communications made to me." if they disobeyed the commands of
At the meeting of commissioners the Great Spirit, such as floods, with the Senecas, for the purpose of drought, &c." The principal of the purchasing a tract of land at the Friends' mission near these Indians, Black-rock, this Indian was present, observed, that a missionary who lateand opposed the sale of their lands. Jy visited them, had spoken much in He related the communications, wbich the same way to them respecting the he said he had received from the judgments of God, following the Great Spirit. Some of the commu. wicked, and that they had been visitnications be could not recollect, and ed, as their propbet had declared, esasked his brother Cornplanter. When pecially, with a remarkable Hood in asked how he could forget such com- the Alleghany river. munications, he said at the time the The fame of this prophet is great Great Spirit told him these things, he among the western Indians. He has related them to his brother ; and that once visited the Wyandots, and by he was told so many things, be did particular desire expected soon to not remember all.
visit them again.. tie is deeply im,
pressed with the opinion that judg. happened between the prophet and ments are coming on the nations, un most of his adherents, and Cornplant. less they reform. When he first er; in consequence, they have left arose as a prophet, he visited the Pre. Cornplanter, and removed further up sident of the United States at the the river, where they are building a seat of government, accompanied by new town. His nephews, who are Cornplanter. The prophet with his sensible, and men of great renown adherents, gladly embrace every op- in the nation, use their influence in portunity to encourage whatever, in his favour. He is consulted as the their view, tends to promote refor- principal chief of the nation; but mation. On this ground they advis. Red Jacket, a cunning and subtil chief ed the Indians to listen to the instruc. at Buffaloe Creek, does not believe tions of the missionary to the New in him, but in his public transactions Stockbridge Indians. Hence they he pays him respect, as he is popular were fond of thinking and saying, with the nation. He observed to the that a missionary, who lately spake Agent for the Six Nations, that when to different settlements of Indians, the prophet made his speeches, his urged the same things, as their pro- nephews sat contiguous to him on phet. One of the Onandagas, when the right and left. On a certain ocasked why they did not leave their casion he had taken care to place drunken habits before, since they some others next to the prophet, and were often urged to it, and saw the he was not able to say any thing. He ruinous consequences of such con- is held in great veneration by the peoduct, replied, they had no power; but ple. One of the most distinguished when the Great Spirit forbid such of their young men gave it as his oconduct by their prophet, he gave pinion, that the prophet would yet be them power to comply with his re- persecuted and put to death, as the quest.
wicked put to death the Lord Jesus Some time since a disagreement Christ.
The following account of the Com- in which an honourable and grateful mencement at Bowdoin College was tribute was paid to the Legislature of intended for the Panoplist for Septem- the State for their liberal grants, and ber; but from various casualties it to those of the Bowdown family, who was not received till the close of De- by their generous benefactions have cember. We insert it at this late pe obtained the honour of giving their riod, because we wish to bring into name to the College, and gained the notice this infant and rising Seminary, reputation of patrons of the sciences. planted in a new and thriving portion Other benefactors were respectfully of our country, to which it promises remembered, and the addresses to to be a great blessing.
the President and Instructors were
the affectionate and amiable expresAFTER an anthem, accompanied by sion of gratitude for paternal tendera band of music, the Throne of Grace ness and fidelity, and of regret at bid. was addressed in prayer by the Rev. ding farewel to the interesting scenes Dr. M'KEEX, President of the Insti- of youthful pleasure and improve. tution. The exercises of the young ment ; nor could the audience fail to gentlemen, candidates for their first sympathize with the Orator, when, degree, succeeded as follows:
unable fully to utter his feelings, he Ist. A salutatory oration in Latin, exclaimed, “ Curæ leves loquuntur : pronounced by BENJAMIN TITCOMB, ingentes silent."
2d. A spirited dissertation on the in- tem, by Moses QUINBY, leading the fluence of Commerce on public manners, mind from a contemplation of the by GEORGE THORNDIKE, distin- wonders of creation to admire the guished by sentiments of the purest wisdom and power of the Creator. nature, mingled with a glowing zeal The science of astronomy was for the simplicity of ancient times, traced con amore through the stages and the incorrupt integrity of " days of its progress to the present times. of yore.” And if, in some instances, The speculations of ancient and modthis zeal led to severe invective ern sages, and the ingenious theories against the mercenary, avaricious, of philosophers, from Pythagoras to and meanly interested trader, it ought Newton, and from Newton doxon to not to have been construed, as dero. Darwin, were passed in review by gating from the value and respect the orator, and proved his attachment bility of the fair and honourable mer. to mathematic calculation, and philochant, or of a profession which serves sophic inquiry. to unite mankind in bonds of mutual 8th. An English Oration on the benefits. S
t progress of Refinement, by ISAAC 3d. The Forensic disputation on the FOSTER COFFIN, led the enchanted question, Whether utility be the founda- attention of the audience through all tion of moral obligation, by JOHN DA. the steps of human advancement, vis and BENJAMIN TITCOMB, was “from passion and debasement" to conducted with accurate investiga- the highest polish of civilized society: tion, and a discriminating attention to and, if elegance and urbanity of manthe theories of writers on ethics, and ners, ease of elocution, and dignity of the insidious distinctions of modern sentiment are entitled to applause, philosophists.
this young gentleman was highly enti4th. A dissertation on the use of his tied to it. Indeed the whole exhibitory, by RICHARD Coor, exhibited a tion, of which a sketch is here given maturity of mind, and extent of read-excited lively emotions of pleasure in ing and observation, highly bonoura- a literary, respectable, and attentive ble to the genius and industry of the audience, and gave an earnest of the speaker. It contained energetic and future hopes of society from an instijudicious remarks; the style was tution, fostered by public munificence, perspicuous and appropriate, and the and private benefaction, and governbenefits of historical knowledge to le- ed with paternal fidelity aud profesgislators and professional men, to sional skill. princes, patriots and heroes, were After these exercises, the following displayed with glowing eloquence. excellent ADDRESS was made by the The eulogy on our countrymen, who President to the candidates for their fell before Tripoli, was calculated to first degree. “rouse even cowards to emulate the actions of the brave."
Gentlemen, 5th. An ingenious and discursive Having finished the course of studisquisition on the powers of language, dies, prescribed by the laws of this by JOHN O'BRIEN, evincing a nice institution, you are now to receive attention to the subjects connected its first honours, and soon to enter upwith eloquence, and to the influence on public life. I trust you need not of oratory on the human mind and be assured, that the governor's and passions in every age, with an indig- patrons of the society, and we espenation against innovators, and cor- cially, who have had the immediate ruptors of our idiom, eharacteristic of direction of vour studies, feel deeply the critical and classic scholar. w interested in your usefulness and hap
6th. An English oration by John piness in life. As instruction here DAVIS. This composition was mark- commenced with you on you, more ed with the features of judgment, se than on any sueceeding class, will deriousness, and piety. Its subject was pend the reputation of this infant “the Powers of Man," and it affordsemivary. ed evidence of the tender feelings, As the broadesty fivmest, and sur morel perceptions, and studious ap. est foundation of your future useful plication of its author.
ness and respectability, let me ear7th. A disquisition on the solar sys- Bestly recommend to you piety to
wards God, and a life of virtue, found and guided by sincerity and truth. ed upon evangelical principles. You Avoid every dishonest art to advance will make a very dangerous mistake, your interest or reputation, and probif you think it sufficient to maintain a ably the world will do justice to your decent character, formed on worldly characters ; but if not, you will have principles, and governed by worldly for your consolation the testimony of motives. I am not unwilling that re your consciences, which is infinitely ligious principles and resolutions better than the plaudits of millions. should be strengthened by a regard to reputation ; but the gospel of our The degree of Bachelor of Arts blessed Redeemer directs our su- was then conferred on the following preme regard to Him, who knows the young gentlemen, alumni of Bou doin secret springs of all our actions. And College; Richard Cobb, Isaac Foster God forbid that you should ever be Coffin, John Davis, John O'Brien, ashamed to be governed by the prin Moses Quinby, George Thorndike, ciples of the gospel of Jesus Christ. and Benjamin Titconıb. If you heartily embrace the religion It was indeed a novel enjoyment to of the Redeemer, it will furnish you witness the refinements of science in with the most powerful motives to a country not long since reclaimed practise the things that are virtuous from the wilderness, and to view a and praiseworthy; and, in a humble literary seminary, “ Cirrha procul et dependence on divine aid, you will re. Permesside lympha,” promising the solve with holy job, that your heart benefits and ornaments of erudition to shall not reproach you so long as you the youth of unborn generations. live. Would you maintain conscien
ATTICUS. ces void of offence towards God and Bath, Sept. 1806. man, without which you cannot be happy, shun the pestilential society of those, who are enemies to the relig SINGULAR PHENOMENON. ion of Christ. In the commerce of the world you must sometimes fall Extract of a letter from Overton coura into the company of such, but let ty, Tennessee, dated Nov. 1806, to one them never be your chosen compail of the Editors of the Panoplist. ions. Evil communications corrupt I have reserved room to sketch good manners. Let your chosen you a short account of a rare occurcompanions be men of virtue, men rence in the world of meteors. It who fear God and keep his command. was witnessed at Knoxville, on the ments. He that walketh with wise 27th of August last. Our attention men shall be wise, but a companion was attracted between 9 and 10 in of fools shall be destroyed. All the morning, by a number of extraor.
Whatever profession in life you dinary circles about the sun. The may choose, whether law, physic' or first was a common balo; though of divinity, you ought never to imagine colours uncommonly vivid; the sun
nature has given you, or the instruc- very dark between the sun and circle, tions you have had in the first ele. like the space between the outer and ments of science, will supercede the inner rainbow. This circle was crossnecessity of diligence in the prosecu- ed by another considerably larger ; tion of your studies. "Inquire among of a whitish colour ; its periphery the living, or among the dead, and running through the sun and its cen. you will find no example of great em- tre at or towards the zenith. The inence without industry. A
third and fourth were much larger And in whatever stations the prov. than the second ; paler, resembling a idence of God may call you to act your lunar rainbow, but the peripheries, respective parts, let your whole con- narrower and better defined, not conduct be directed by an inviolable re. stantly complete"; one projected togard to duty, and that delicate sense wards the southwest, and the other of honour and propriety, which shuns towards the northeast, each encomthe appearance of evil. In your in- passing the halo, and intersecting the tercourse with the world, let your second circle and one another at a behaviour be marked with candour, point opposite the sun, from which a
line drawn to the centre of the sun and there was none for several days would, it was judged, be equally di- after, though at the time the air was vided by the meridian. The place of a little hazy, as usual when haloes intersection was bright and tinctured appear ; but what disposition of the with different colours. And easterly vapours could produce such a wonderand westerly there were fragments of ful play of refraction and reflection, a larger circle varying in length, col. I do not pretend to determine. As it oured like a rainbow, and of sufficient continued so long, I regret that I had size, it is believed, if complete, to no quadrant to ascertain altitudes and have included all the rest, and to have angles, though there was nothing rea exiended southerly far below the hor- markable in a horizontal view of izon, altogether different from a rain- things, except that the air appeared bow in situation and magnitude. The rather darker than usual, something scene varied a little from time to as it does in a partial eclipse of the time; and probably was various in sun; yet the scene above was se different parts of the country. It is brilliant, that my eyes, though resaid the number of circles seen in markably strong, were immediately some places was seven. In an hour so overpowered, that I could only or two it had disappeared at Knox- take sudden glances of the phenomeville, but came on again in the after non, till I had procured a smoked noon, only reversed; the point of in glass. No one present, though there tersection of the three circles being were persons who had lived in differnortheast from the sun, and all ap- ent parts of America and Europe, had pearances changed accordingly. It erer bebeld, as they said, or recolwas seen through a region of country lected to have read or heard of the like. of several hundred miles in extent, and how much farther I am not in We understand that Mr. Carri. formed. I have waited to see if any gain, Secretary of the state, and Mr. thing similar was noticed in your Merril, are engaged in making such part of the Union : but suppose not, surveys of different parts of New as no mention was made in the pa- Hampshire, as may enable them pers. There had been no rain at shortly to publish an accurate map Knoxville for some days preceding of this State.
List of Dew Publications.
OBSERVATIONS upon baptism, de, Magazine, and Review of the United livered at Ipswich, south parish, Jiné States for December. Being a cont2, 1806. By Joseph Dana, D. D. tinuation of the Monthly Register pastor of the church in that place; and Review newly arranged. This with a view of introductory circum- work will be conducted as before, by stances and proceedings in the said S. C. Carpenter, in connection with church. pp. 24. Blunt. Newburyport. another gentleman of first rate ac.
The duty and character of a gos. quirements in every department of pel bishop illustrated. A sermon literature. Price 6 dollars per anpreached (Oct. 30, 1803, at the ordi- num. 8vo. pp. 64: New York. nation of the Rev. William B. Wes. No. I. Vol. I. of the Christian Mag. son, to the pastoral office over the azine, intended to promote the knowl. church and society in Hardwich. By Jos, Lee, A. M. pastor of the church truth and order. pp. 120, 8vo. Pabin Royalston. Northampton. Wright. lished quarterly. Price $1,50 a year.
A sermon preached at the ordina- N. York. Hopkins & Seymour. Sold tion of the Rev. Nathan Waldo, by J & T. Ronalds. A. B. at Williamstown, Vt. Feb. 26, The Sacred Minstrel No. 1. Con. 1896. Bv Elijah Parish, A. M. pas. taining an introduction to psalmody, tor of the church in Byfield, Masg practical essay on modulation, and a Hanover, N. H. Moses Davis.
collection of sacred music, suitable k No. 1. of the Monthly Register, for religious worship. Selected and