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was soon convicted, sentenced to be burned alive, and taken to the place of execution.

Here everything horrible in fire and heated irons was prepared for him. Wild yells rose from the monks and people; but he was firm, calm, unmoved. They began to torture him in ways too cruel for description. His body was being torn to pieces, but his mind was at rest. With a loud voice he recited the 115th Psalm, 'Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands. . . . They that make them are like unto them: so is every one that trusteth in them.' The voice and the sight of such fortitude daunted the enemies, and gave strength to the faithful. The people, so angry before, were now touched with compassion. But the priests saw him burnt by a slow fire, and thus turned the festival into an awful funeral. Leclerc was the first martyr among the French reformers.

Not yet were the priests satisfied. They had tried to persuade Chatelain to renounce the gospel, but were obliged to say, 'He is deaf as an adder, and will not hear the truth.' He was arrested, carried away, and shut up in the castle of Nommeny. The officers of the bishop degraded him: they stripped him of his priestly garments; they scraped his fingers with a piece of glass, saying, 'By this scraping we deprive thee of the power to sacrifice, consecrate, and bless, which thou receivedst by the anointing of hands.' Then throwing over him a layman's dress, they surrendered him to the secular power, and another martyr perished in the flames. But the fires of truth were not thus to be quenched with blood. Even the historians of the Gallican Church, approving of this severity, admit that' Lutheranism spread not the less through the whole district of Metz'

The dean was in trouble, lest his nephew Toussaint should perish in the storm of persecution. He had not taken an active part against the first two French martyrs, but he dare not throw his shield over his brother's son. Peter's mother felt a still greater alarm. Not a moment must be lost. The liberty and life of every one who had lent an ear to the glad tidings of free pardon were endangered. The taste of blood inflamed the rage for more, and other scaffolds and other fires would soon threaten the faithful. The only safety seemed to be in flight. Peter Toussaint, the knight Esch, and many others, fled in haste, and sought refuge in Basle.

Thus the north of France rejected the gospel, and the gospel gave way for a time. But the great 'Captain of our Salvation' was only changing His forces to new fields. He, who retreated from Nazareth, appeared again in Capernaum, Samaria, and Jerusalem. The Reformation only changed its ground: we shall see it again in the south-east of France, and in Switzerland. For, as in the days of the apostles, 'they that were scattered abroad went everywhere preaching the word.'

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CHAPTER VI.

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FAREL A WANDERER.
(1523-1524.)

.HOME, unvisited for years, attracted Farel to its refuge at the foot of the Alps, when he was driven from Meaux and shut out of Metz. Time, study, truth, and grace had greatly changed him since the day when his father wished him to be a knight, like the brave Bayard. He was something far better—a good soldier of Jesus Christ, enduring hardness. It was not simply home, with its old scenes and comforts, that was drawing him; he seemed to hear a voice saying: 'Return to thy house and thy kindred, and show what great things the Lord hath done for thee.'

His brothers had reason to wonder that he was still alive. They feared to have him come. In their eyes he was an apostate, a heretic, a fanatic. Rumours of what had taken place at Paris arid Meaux filled them with a certain degree of terror. But William got their ear and their heart, as he told them of the new and admirable things in the gospel. He entreated them, with all his fiery zeal, to believe and embrace it. He won three, if not all of them, to the truth. They did

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not at first abandon the Church of their fathers; but when persecution came, they had the courage to sacrifice friends, property, and country for the sake of liberty in Christ.

Farel thus kindled a new fire on the hearth at home; but he was not content until he had declared the truth to his friends and relatives in the neighbourhood. There are some who assert that he was invited, by certain of the clergy, to preach in the churches; others declare that he did not yet assume to enter the pulpit. However this may be, he taught in such a way as to cause great agitation. The multitude and the priests wished to silence him. 'What new and strange heresy is this?' they asked. 'Must all the practices of piety be counted vain? He is neither monk nor priest; he has no business to preach.' Of this Farel was the better judge, and upon his labours came the blessing of Heaven.

It was a time when several Frenchmen of that region were gained over to the gospel. Among them was a young gentleman from Dauphiny, the Chevalier Anemond de Chatelard. Even in his Romish piety he was a foe to relics, processions, and the dissipated clergy of his acquaintance. From Farel he received the truth, gave it a deep place in his heart, and soon was very zealous for it. He disliked forms in religion, and gladly would have seen all the ceremonies of the Church abolished. 'Never,' he declared, ' has my spirit found any rest in externals. The sum of Christianity is comprised in these words: John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost; ye must put on the new man.'

Anemond could not be idle, for he had all the vivacity of a Frenchman. If a celebrated doctor was to be heard, he wished to be present. If a door was open to the gospel, he was waiting to enter it. His father was dead. His elder brother was harsh, haughty, and bigoted, and repelled him with disdain. His younger brother, Lawrence, with all his love, could but half understand him. Anemond, finding himself rejected by his own kindred, sought to be of service in another quarter. Only laymen had yet been converted in Dauphiny; and Farel, with his friends, had wished to see a priest at the head of the movement, which already gave some promise of shaking the Alps. God had his finger upon the man.

There lived at Grenoble a Franciscan priest, Peter Sebville by name, a preacher of great eloquence, a man of a good and honest heart. He sought infallibility in Romanism; it was not there, and yet it must be somewhere, if man had any religion on which he could depend. He took up the long-neglected book, and found it in the word of God. He resolved to preach the word 'purely, clearly, holily.' His eloquent voice was heard in the province. Farel was delighted, and Anemond felt at liberty to visit Luther and Zwingle. He willed his property to his brother Lawrence, who probably thought the chevalier was going forth on as foolish an errand as that of many a knight in the olden time.

And perhaps Luther thought likewise, when the young Frenchman first met him at Wittemberg. His plans were on the largest scale, and his hopes of seeing all France converted were the brightest, if Luther would only go himself and take the glorious prize. But the Saxon doctor could not enter the field across the Rhine. 'Then write to the Duke Charles of Savoy,' earnestly said Anemond, who thought that Francis I. might be reached through his uncle. 'This prince feels a strong attraction

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