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of it, 1 Cor. xii. : where the fixed distinction and office, as well as the mutual dependence of the different members of the same body, are pointed out. The truth is, God hath set the members, every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him; and that, in order that there should be no schism in the body: and, on the other hand, it is no less clear that Satan will set them at variance, if he can.
Would to God, therefore, that, after we have sufficiently studied this subject in the chapter above-mentioned, we might proceed (as we are all under prejudices of one sort or other) to the chapter which follows it; and there learn a more excellent way in that CHARITY, which is “ the very bond of peace, and of all virtues;" which suffereth long and is kind, fc.; and whose holy flame burns up the briars and thorns of those evil surmisings and perverse disputings, which, even among good men, have long kept the mystical body of Christ bleeding.
It was not, however, at Reading and Chelsea only that the benefit of Mr. C.'s ministry was felt: he was ready, at all opportunities, to stand up for Public Charities at their collection sermons, and to assist such of his brethren as knew how to value his services.
Mrs. Cadogan having but very tender health, he endeavoured to procure her relief by travelling; and, accordingly, in the year 1785, he
made a tour into Wales; in 1786, another into Scotland; and, in 1788, a third to the Isle, of Wight.
In looking over his papers, I found a short Journal which he kept during each of these tours. It contains, indeed, little more than the different stages, and some notice of those objects which strike every traveller, with here and there a remark: the few remarks, however, which he makes plainly shew,
1. His fixed design of seeking, wherever he came, opportunities for usefulness: accordingly, when in the Isle of Wight, he preached constantly at one or other of the churches, but principally at Cowes; and, as often as he could, in Scotland and Wales.
2. His attachment to the Church of England; as appears from the following expressions found in his Scotch Tour. August 12, went to the Kirk to hear their preaching before the sacrament: but heard or saw nothing which did not make me thankful for the Church of England; so much preferable to that of Scotland in the frequency of her Communion, and in her mode of administering it.” Again, “ August 20. The High-Church” of Glasgow “is the finest piece of antiquity I have almost ever seen :-it is a noble cathedral. O that Episcopacy was established in it!”
3. His resolution not only to preach, but to take up the cross on every occasion. I could VOL. I.
mention froin his Welsh Tour a deplorable instance or two of ignorance and prejudice, if nothing worse, in the opposition he met with ; but I will not render evil for evil by inserting names or particulars : his own remarks, however, on one of these occasions, ought to appear. Tidings were brought of my sermon, and I was forbid to preach any more in .....
....... but I felt somewhat of the spirit of the Apostles when they departed from the presence of a similar council; rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for the name of Jesus.”
To this remark of his, I will add another or two of my own. First, for the use of ministers less eminent than Mr. C., who are depressed by the frowns of the world. Marvel not, my brethren, if the World hate you. You may observe, that neither the man of high rank, nor the high churchman-neither the finished scholar, nor the disinterested labourer, could excuse the faithful Witness; nor procure that reception of his testimony, which is refused to yours. Real Christianity must expect often to wander as an unacknowledged stranger, even in Christendom: and, though it has condescendingly courted the attention of mankind by various modes of address, if, by any means, it might win some; yet we see plainly, it has piped to them, and they have not danced; it has mourned, and they have not wept.
Next, I shall repel that gross imposition,
which, in protesting against such witnesses, catches up a vulgar term of reproach, and collects a stale list of acknowledged abuses-for what?-to shew that the best things may be misnamed and abused ?-No: but to misname and abuse the best things. What is this but the very imposition played off by Infidels against Christianity itself?-What is this, but that other farce played off by the Church of Rome?" We will have no new lights,” say they :-Right; if the light be really new :-bụt we apprehend your meaning—it is that you will have no light at all.
Still, truth will speak for itself; and it often extorts a reverence where it fails to generate an affection. There was an evident integrity in Mr. C. which gave weight and meaning to his religious habits and conversation; and made that appear natural and respectable in him, which, in less authentic characters, would have appeared fanatical or suspicious. I will give the Reader a few instances, illustrative both of his character and manner.
A musical Amateur of eminence, who had often observed Mr. C.'s inattention to his performances, said to him one day, “ Come, I am determined to make you feel the force of musicpay particular attention to this piece.”—It was played, --“Well, what do you say now?"_“Why just what I said before"_“ What! can you hear this and not be charmed? Well! I am quite sur
prised at your insensibility—Where are your ears?"
“ Bear with me, my Lord,” replied Mr. C., “ since I too have had my surprise-I have often from the pulpit set before you the most striking and affecting truths—I have sounded notes that have raised the dead-I have said, “Surely, he will feel now'- but you never seemed charmed with my music, though infinitely more interesting than your's—I too have been ready to say with astonishment-Where are his ears?”
I do not believe a spark of affectation was suspected in the reply he made to a pious lady whom he visited. She was making many enquiries and remarks relating to his birth, family, and connections: “My dear madam,” said he, “ I wonder you can spend so much time upon so poor a subject!—I called to converse with you upon the things of eternity.”
What, however, affords stronger proof that this neglect of his rank was genuine, and arose from his hold of grander objects, is, that he not only, as we have just seen, turned from the subject; but, as has been remarked by many of his intimate friends as well as by myself, he never introduced it.
I believe the late learned Bishop of London, Dr. Lowth, upon whom Mr. C. used frequently to call, did not question the sincerity of his declaration on the following occasion. The Bishop had been long confined with the gout, and said,