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taste, or ear that some have.—Plain and convincing, decisive and commanding, he exhibited truth in the mass, and characters in the general, with great effect; but, to discriminate with accuracy—to touch the strings of the heart with skill— and to meet objection in its different forms, were talents he did not so much possess himself, though he knew how to value them in others. I fear not, however, again to assert, that he was a Preacher of eminence in point of effect; and such a one as will scarcely be conceived by those, who knew him only by the sermons which he had printed. For, if he had not the Apostle's address, yet, like the Apostle, he had such a deep and evident persuasion of the truths he taught, that he seemed more like a man talking of what he saw, what he felt, and what he kept firm hold of, than of what he had heard or read. He had such a conviction of the reality and importance of Divine Revelation, that he did not treat of it as some do, who seem to doubt whether it would bear them out should they go all lengths with it. These, like children venturing on ice newly frozen, step and step with tender tread, fearing that the next venture should ingulph them: he, on the contrary, having knowledge of the foundation, stood upon it as on the everlasting hills; and from thence, as one bearing the message of Heaven, boldly called the World to account. In treating of his grand theme, the glory of the
Redeemer, I know not that he has left his equal upon earth. He often spoke upon this subject with such an authority and unction, that unbelief seemed but folly, and vice madness: and thus he proceeded, till a holy sympathy was propagated, and men left him, like ELISHA after the mantle was cast over him, wondering what had so strangely carried them away from the Plough and the Oxen.
To say anything further of Mr. Cadogan as a Christian seems needless. His piety was not only transparent, but splendid. I doubt not but many, who, “tied and bound by the chain of their sins,” could not approach his faithful ministry, said, as he passed their doors, Let me die the death of the righteous. His life was a sermon, known and read of all men who did not wilfully shut their eyes against the light of it: and I am happy at the conclusion, to add so respectable a testimony as the following, from a sermon preached by the Rev. Dr. Valpy of Reading, on the Fast Day, March 8, 1797, at St. Lawrence's in that town, before Mr. Justice Thompson and Mr. Justice Lawrence, the Judges of Assize.
“‘I am taken away from the evil to come,” were among the dying expressions of a late great and good Pastor of this town:-of whom it may be truly said, that he taught the noblest truths of Christianity with the zeal and fervor of a primitive Father of the Church;-and that he practised, in
spirit and in truth, the lessons that he taught. Like his great master, he went about doing good. Raised as he was by birth and connections to claim the highest honours in the Church, he preferred the useful task of preaching the Gospel to the poor, to the splendid scenes of public life. His great object was, to preach the Kingdom of God, and to teach those things that concern the Lord Jesus, with all confidence and boldness. In all things he shewed himself a pattern of good works; and he, who was of a contrary part, had no evil thing to say of him. . “He is ‘taken away from the evil to come.” But all things have worked together for good to him... ‘He is taken away!' but he still lives in the blessings of the Poor, in the hearts of the Good, in the applause of Angels, and in the rewards of the Almighty.”
AND now, should any one of my Brethren in the ministry have perused this Memoir, whose doctrines and habits are different from those described in the latter part of it, let me affectionately urge it upon him for his own sake, as well as that of his people, to put the following questions to his heart.
“Am not I, at this time, under those very prejudices against vital religion, and its ministers,
from which Mr. Cadogan is said to have so happily emerged —And, yet, has my way of preaching succeeded like his 2—Has God set his seal to it, in awakening and reforming sinners as he did to his?—Has not my Learning, or Morality, or Orthodoxy, served me for a reputation and a rest short of the true one?—Has not the fear of man proved a snare to my heart, in stifling my convictions, and fettering my efforts?—Whatever I may ingeniously plead in my defence, does not my conscience declare, that, to deny myself, to take up the cross, to follow Jesus Christ, aud to confess him and his cause before men, has not hitherto been my plan * Let me, however, remind such a one of the admonition of our Master, that except we thus follow HIM through an ungodly world, we cannot be even his disciples, and much less his Ministers. We may be any thing and every thing in the World, but we shall be nothing, or worse than nothing, in the Church. Till we Ministers have wrestled with God like Jacob, prevailed with him, and obtained his blessing, can we expect to prevail with men?—Can we be wise to win souls to God, while we reject his counsel as to the right way 2–Can we answer at his bar, when the cries of perishing sinners, once committed to our care, are witnessing against us? Or will it there excuse our negligence, that we could point out the enthusiasm or knavery of some who were active? On the contrary, the effects often produced by evangelical truth, when found in bad hands, should rouse us to the consideration of what might be expected from it in better. A weak man may expose the truth, and a bad man may pervert it; yet such honour has God put upon his Gospel, as sometimes to afford it an evidence which the preacher of it must otherwise destroy. Folly and craft mixed with the truth, like any foul matter falling into a medicine, may impede its good effect: yet, as there are medicines so potent as to work a cure through all impediments; so the Gospel is found sometimes prevailing through circumstances, which seem completely calculated to render it of no effect.—But, being the true medicina mentis, even the empirick that stumbles on this specific will often cure, where the regular physician, pursuing some presumptive theory, may kill. Surely I need not insist, that nothing is further from my intention than to countenance empiricism of any sort! I am endeavouring to shew, in a variety of ways, the efficacy of that remedy which our brother exhibited, and not to extenuate the abuses or absurdities that too often mix with and contaminate it. And what this remedy will produce, when found in a heart and a hand like Mr. C.’s, we have full evidence before us.-We should enquire, “What had this man discovered 2–What valuable consideration had he received, that he should so