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them that persecuted him; knowing that the servant of the Lord must not strive, but begentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient. To the last day he spent among them, he went straight forward, in meekness instructing those that opposed, if God. peradwenture might give them repentance to the acKnowledging of the truth. . But, before we take a final leave of Olney, the reader must be informed of another part of Mr. N.'s labours. He had published a Volume of Sermons before he took Orders, dated Liverpool, Jan. 1, 1760. In 1762, he published his “Omicron;” to which his letters, signed “Vigil,” were afterwards annexed. In 1764, appeared his “Narrative:” in 1767, a Volume of Sermons, preached at Olney: in 1769, his “Review of Ecclesiastical History:” and, in 1779, a Volume of Hymns; of which some were composed by Mr. Cowper, and distinguished by a C. To these succeeded, in 1781, his valuable work “Cardiphonia.” But more will be said of these in their place. From Olney Mr. N. was removed to the Rectory of the United Parishes of St. Mary Woolnoth and St. Mary Woolchurch-Haw, Lombard Street, on the presentation of his friend Mr. Thornton. These parishes had been favoured with two very eminent Pastors before Mr. N. appeared; namely, the Rev. Josias Shute, B. D. Archdeacon of Colchester, and Rector of St. Mary Woolnoth, who died 1643—and the Rev. Ralph Robinson, who died in 1655. There is a well-written account of Mr. Shute in the Christian Observer for January 1804; from which it appears, that his piety, ministerial talents, and moderation, in those difficult times, were very much distinguished, during the thirty-three years which he continued Rector.” Mr. Robinson died young, but has left a volume of truly evangelical discourses, preached at St. Mary's. Some difficulty arose on Mr. N.'s being presented, by Mr. Thornton's right of presentation being claimed by a nobleman: the question was, therefore, at length brought before the House of Lords, and determined in favour of Mr. Thornton. Mr. N. preached his first sermon in these parishes, Dec. 19, 1779, from Eph. iv. 15. Speaking the truth in love. It contained an affectionate address to his parishioners, and was immediately published for their use. Here a new and very distinct scene of action and usefulness was set before him. Placed in the centre of London—in an opulent neighbourhood —with connections daily increasing, he had now a course of service to pursue, in several respects different from his former at Olney. Being, however, well acquainted with the word of God and the heart of man, he proposed to himself no new weapons of warfare, for pulling down the strongholds of sin and Satan around him. He perceived, indeed, most of his parishioners too intent upon their wealth and merchandise to pay much regard to their new minister: but, since they would not come to him, he was determined to go, so far as he could, to them: and therefore, soon after his institution, he sent a printed address to his parishioners: he afterwards sent them another address, on the usual prejudices that are taken up against the Gospel. What effects these attempts had then upon them does not appear: certain it is, that these, and other acts of his ministry, will be recollected by them, when the objects of their present pursuits are forgotten or lamented. I have heard Mr. N. speak with great feeling on the circumstances of his last important station. “That one,” said he, “of the most ignorant, the most miserable, and the most abandoned of slaves, should be plucked from his forlorn state of exile on the coast of Africa, and at length be appointed Minister of the parish of the first magistrate of the first city in the world—that he should there, not only testify of such grace, but stand up as a singular instance and monument of it—that he should be enabled to record it in his history, preaching, and writings, to the world at large—is a fact I can contemplate with admiration, but never sufficiently estimate.”—This reflection, indeed, was so present to his mind, on all occasions and in all places, that he seldom passed a single day any where, but he was found referring to the strange event, in one way or other.
* Granger, in his Biographical History of England, says, that his learning in divinity and ecclesiastical history was extensive, indeed almost universal.” And Walker, in his Account of the Clergy, says, that, “In the beginning of the troubles, he was molested and harassed to death, and denied a funeral sermon to be preached for him by Dr. Holdsworth, as he desired;" and that he was a person of great piety, charity, and gravity, and of a most sweet and affable temper.” It further appears, that, like his successor Mr. N. he preached twice on the Sunday, and had a lecture in his church every Wednesday,
It may be necessary to add, that the latter part of these Memoirs leads me to speak so personally of my friend, that any further inspection from his own eye was deemed improper.
When Mr. N. came to St. Mary's, he resided for some time in Charles’ Square, Hoxton. Afterwards he removed to Coleman-street Buildings, where he continued till his death. Being of the most friendly and communicative disposition, his house was open to Christians of all ranks and denominations. Here, like a father among his children, he used to entertain, encourage, and instruct his friends; especially younger ministers, or candidates for the ministry. Here also the poor, the afflicted, and the tempted found an asylum and a sympathy, which they could scarcely find, in an equal degree, any where besides.
His timely hints were often given with much point and profitable address, to the numerous acquaintance which surrounded him in this public station. Some time after Mr. N. had published
his “Omicron,” and described the three stages of growth in religion, from the blade, the ear, and the full corn in the ear, distinguishing them by the letters A. B. and C. a conceited young Minister wrote to Mr. N. telling him that he read his own cha. racter accurately drawn in that of C. Mr. N. wrote in reply, that, in drawing the character of C. or full maturity, he had forgotten to add, till now, one prominent feature of C.'s character, namely, that C. never knew his own face. “It grieves me,” said Mr. N. “to see so few of my wealthy parishioners come to church. I always consider the rich as under greater obligations to the preaching of the Gospel than the poor. For, at church, the rich must hear the whole truth as well as others. There they have no mode of escape. Butlet them once get home, you will be troubled to get at them; and, when you are admitted, you are so fettered with punctilio—so interrupted and damped with the frivolous conversation of their friends, that, as Archbishop Leighton says, “It is well if your visit does not prove a blank or a blot.” - Mr. N. used to improve every occurrence which he could with propriety bring into the pulpit. One night he found a bill put up at St. Mary Woolnoth's, upon which he largely commented when he came to preach. The bill was to this effect:— “A young man, having come to the possession of a very considerable fortune, desires the prayers