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the utility of classical learning, P. 10.-" It were easy to prove that considered with reference to ethics every study by which the powers of the and theology, are just and impor- ed, has a tendency to improve us in the
human mind are invigorated and enlarge tant.
belief and practice of true religion.
Whatsoever extends the limits of our “ All
, undoubtedly, that it is essential knowledge, whether in the natural or in for a Christian to learn in the theory and the moral world, cannot fail to supply practice of Ethics, is contained in the additional proofs of the wisdom, power, books of the Old and New Testament: and goodness of the Deity. The abbut surely the topics of moral science struse sciences, by exercising the facutmay be enlarged and elucidated by the ties in the art of reasoning, enable it writings of philosophers in every clime, (them) to grasp more firmly the various and of every religion. And as this stu- arguments for the truth of Christianity : dy was no where pursued to such an ex- and even those studies, by which the tent, or with so much success, as by the fancy is warmed, and the taste matured, sages of Greece and Rome, skill in these dispose us to estimate more justly, and languages will at least discover much to feel more exquisitely, the lofty imageelaborate reasoning, much curioas dis- ry, the appropriate diction, and the wintinction, much scientific arrangement. ning simplicity of the sacred writers: Our researches into this important sub- This, indeed, is the end to which every ject will be invited and rewarded by the part of knowledge should be ultimately rich variety of their matter, if not by the directed; nor can we set forth, in a fairer infallible truth of their speculations; by or more striking point of view, the adthe splendour and beauty of their lan- vantages of polite and recondite learnguage, if not by the irresistible cogency ing, than by shewing that it affords the of their arguments. Doubtless it were clearest perception of the excellency, as superfluous to prove that none can ap- well as truth, of revealed religion.” P. prehend so accurately and completely 18, the contents of the sacred volumes themselves, as those who have stored their Ininds with habits of critical investigan
We were pleased to find, in p. tion, derived from an early and intimate 14, a quotation from the ele. acquaintance with profane literature.” gant and rational Jortin.”
Art. VI.- A Sermon preached in the Cathedral Church of
St. Paul, London, on Thursday, June 5, 1806: being the time of the Yearly Meeting of the Children Educated in The Charity Schools, in and about the Cities of London and Westminster. By the Right Reverend John, LORD BISHOP of Exeter. Published at the Request of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 4to. Rivingtons. 1806.
The “Society for Promoting certifying that he is “ of a sober Christian Knowledge,” like the and religious life and conversa.
Society for the Suppression of tion; and of an humble, peace. Vice," consists wholly of godly able, and charitable disposition," persons, " well affected to his “ excepting one of the Royal faMajesty King George, and his mily or a Bishop.” “His Royal Government, and to the Church Highness George, Prince of Wales," of England as by law established.” is, we are happy to see, at the No person residing within the bills head of the members. .of mortality, can be admitted a In a very short sermon, the inember without a recommenda- “ Lord Bishop of Exeter,” pleads tion by “ two members at least,” the cause of charity towards poor children, with considerable ear. ever ascend the British throne, a aestness.
steady supporter, (like the last He has an original remark, in Queen who held the reins of gop. 10, which we shall quote, as it vernment in England, good may suffice to infuse into Unita- Queen Ann, of pious memory,”) rian Christians, who contend so of the church as by law establishzealously for the unrivalled su- ed, and a determined enemy of premacy of Almighty God, a more heresy and schism. than ordinary degree of loyalty.
Indeed, the awful state of our coun.
try, in these tremendous times, requires, « Christian morality is the true basis, even upon inferior motives, our most on which all beneficial government must zcalous guardianship of these institus rest; and is most peculiarly the strength tions, where truth is taught unmixed and permanence of that excellent form with error; where the pure doctrines of of polity, with which the people of this
our most Primitive and Apostolical kingdom are blessed: where, from the Church, are inculcated with unremitting union of Church and State, God may be diligence; and where these poor innotruly said to be, all in all,”
cent children are separated and preserv.
ed from those mischievous receptacles of The Bishop (Dr. Fisher) is tu- fanaticism, disloyalty, and DISSENT, tor of the Princess Charlotte, and which have of late been too long and the we may hope, judging from the precipitately encouraged; and, to the ten
dency of which, the eyes of the discerafollowing passage, that he will ing part of the community are timely prepare her to be, should she opened.” P. 8.
ART. VII.-The English Liturgy, a "Form of Sound words."
A Sermon, delivered in the Parish Churches of St, Bene't
We pity such of the beneficed Hold fast the form of sound words. clergy as believe the church to The form here alluded to, is, he be in danger ; among whom is the supposes, the ancient "formulary « Rector of St. Bene't Grace. or confession of faith,” required church, and of Stoke Newington; of all persons at baptism. He ala and Lecturer of Islington.” We lows that there is good reason shall not, therefore, criticise see to think,” that the crecd comverely 'this attempt-zealous if monly called the Apostles',
wise-to preserve the sacred not prepared by the Apostolical vessel of the church from ship- College." wreck, in these times (as Dr. The object of the discourse is G. in his fear describes them) of to shew that the English Liturgy ecclesiastical anarchy.” Men un- is a form of sound words, and der the influence of imaginary ter- ought therefore to be highly fors, are less to be censured for prized, and carefully retained. It the follies they commit, than com- is pure and perfect, contains no miserated, on account of the dis- errors, and onits no truth. It is ordered state of mind in which adequate to the wants of the good those follies originate.
people of this country, possible Dr. Go's text, is 2 Tim. i. 1 as well as real. It cannot be re
moved or even altered without worship, and this should abate alarming detriment to the state, Dr. Gaskin's terror at the pros- . and to every true son of the pect of this change. Turn the Church of England.”. Yet alas ! conventicle into a church, (we do this perfection, like the beauty of not prophecy that this will ever a Chinese belle, is local; it fades be the case) and it will at once ac. away when taken off consecrated quire all the sanctity and virtueground.
inspiring power which it now
wants. « Even this service, (says the Dr.)
A description is given by the when performed as an act of public worahip, by persons not in episcopal orders, Dr. of the higher clergy of the or whose place of worship, though called English Church, which it would 2 chapel, has not received the licence or be entertaining to compare with sanction of the Bishop, but is opened in the description of Christian teachdefiance of his jurisdiction, then ceases to be the service of the Church of Eng- ers in the N. T.; and we leave land; and the persons frequenting it, our readers to make the compaactually become schismatics from the rison. church, and Dissenters, of I know not what new description."
“ The governors of this society (the
church) forin a kind of aristocracy regTransplantation which, it seems, pecting the community at large; but deteriorates the delicate plant of each particular governor, in his proper the English Liturgy, might possi- his function, both towards the inferior bly improve in the same degree ministers and laity, according to the will the rough one of Nonconforming of the supreme head of the church.” ART. VIII.--Future Punishment of Endless Duration. A
Sermon, preached at the Rev. J. Knight's Meeting-house, Collyer's Rents, Southwark; at a Monthly Association of Ministers and Churches, Dec. 11, 1806. By ROBERT WINTER. 8vo. pp. 35. Is. 1806.
The eternity of hell torments is from a tenet, which clothes the so dreadful a doctrine, so appa- parent of the human race with a rently subversive of the attributes character which in any one of his of the Deity, and so irreconcilea- creatures would be execrable. Let ble with the spirit and design of any benevolent person ponder on the gospel, that it requires an ac- the following refiçction, (p. 28.) cumulation of strong arguments and try if he can possibly recon. and just criticisms, to bend down cile his heart to the creed which our reason, and stupify our feel. produced it. It is to Mr. Winter's ings into a persuasion and belief credit that the idea is not original, of its truth. Such arguments but has been advanced by almost and criticisms are not to be every preceding Calvinistic writer, found in this discourse, nor in and especially by Jonathan EdDan Taylor's sermon, on which wards. it seems to be built, and therefore it cannot be expected to answer
“Who can imagine, what purposes of its design ; though by exciting in love and mercy may be accomplished to quiry, it may be the means of ing the awful contrast which will be
the myriads of the redeemed, by behold. bringing some pious persons off sahibited, in the wretched condition
of those who are suffering the awful doctrine maintained in this disconsequences of their own transgres- conrse, we cheerfully pay the ausion," !!
thor the compliment of admitting Yet, while we express our ab- that it is modest, well-written, horrence, as Christians, of the and not uncandid.
1807, Japuary 5. “In his 65th year, tory advertisement to the volume of Dr. at his chambers in Staple inn, of which Young, (which he had edited] his answer honourable society he had long been one was nearly in these words : - 1 solemnly of the an:ients, worn out by natural de- declare', that I have such a thorough dread bility, though his mind retained its ori- of putting my name to any publication ginal firmness, ISAAC REED, Esq. a whatever, that, if I were placed in the respectable solicitor and conveyancer. alternative either of so doing, or of standHis father passed unambitiously through ing in the pillory, I believe I should prelife in the useful occupation of a baker, fer the latter.'-He was a valuable conand had the satisfaction of witnessing the tributor to the Westminster Magazine son's literary attainments with that en- from 1773 to 1780. The biographical thusiasa which so frequently prevails in articles are from his pen. He became a strong uncultivated mind. Placed in a also very early one of the proprietors of situation which above all others, is fre- the European Magazine, and was a conquently the road to riches and honour, stant contributor to it for many years, Mr. R.'s principal ambition was, to ac- particularly in the biographical and crio' quire a fundamental knowledge of the tical departments. He was also an ocjuri prudence of his country; and thus casional volunteer in the pages of Sylvafar he was eminently successful. But nus Usban. So ample, indeed, was his the law, however alluring its prospects, collection of literary curiosities, so ready had not charms sufficient to engage his was he in turning to them, and so thos whole a-tention; and while he venerated roughly able to communicate informathe sy tem, he detested the chicanery of tion, that no man of character ever apwhich he was almost daily a witness in plied to him in vain. many of its professors. An attempt to To follow Mr. Reed into the more makes the worse appear the better cause" retired scenes of private and domestic would havebee nwith him a breach ofmoral life. He was an early friser. Exercise obligation. Hence an extensive line of bu- was to him a great source both of health siness was necessarily precluded; but he and pleasure. Naturally companionable, had the satisfaction of numbering among he frequently enjoyed the conversation of his clients many highly valued friends; the table at the houses of a select circla and other avenues to Fame, if not to of friends, to whom his great knowledge Fortune, were open to his capacious of books, and his firm but modest mode mind. His intimate knowledge of an- of communicating that knowledge, altient English literature was unbounded. ways rendered him highly acceptable. His own publications, though not very His collections of books, which are pumerous, were all valuable; and he chiefly Engli.h, is perhaps one of the was more satisfied with being a faithful most extensive in that kind that any pria editor, than ambitious of being an ori- vate individual ever possessed." ginal composer.” After a rimerous ca- To the above account of Mr. Reed, talogue of publications, commencing in given by his old and intimate literary 1768, Mr. Reed's cor.cluding literary friend, the editor of the Gentleman's engagement appears to have been the Magazine, and which we have taken the last and splendid edition of Shakspeare, liberty to abridge, it may be added, that in 21 vols. 8vo. 1803, with his name Dr. Kippis, in the prefaces to the first prefixed; an effort which he with some and second volumes of the Biog. Britt, difficulty was persuaded to makc.' So acknowledges very respectfully the asa extremely averse, indeed, was he to ap- sistance derived from his literary infor: pearing before the public, that, when he mation, and refers to him as an authowas asked, as a matter of course, to add rity in several articles of that work. only his initials at the end of the prefa. Mr. Roed was buried in the church of
Anwell, a village near Ware, which intercourse with you, which is to me in has been celebrated in “ a Descriptive estimable." The gratification which Poem,” in blank verse, by the Muse of Cowper received from the revival of Scott. In that village Mr. R. has passed their correspondence, and an expected a great part of his leisure hours at the interview with his cousin, at Olney, house of one of his intimate friends, cannot be described so well as in his
Jan. 15, at Clifton, in an advanced age own words. “ This is just as it should LÁDY HESKETH, widow of Sir be. We are all grown young again, Thoma H. Bart. Of the particulars and the days that I thought I should sec of this lady's history we have no infor- no more are actually returned. I need nation, except as her name frequently only recollect how much I valued you occurs in the life and interesting letters once, and with how much cause, immeof Cowper, her first cousin, with whom diately to feel a revival of the same va. she became intimate during her juvenile lue, if that can be said to revive, which gears. The amusements of those years at the most has only been dormant for lived in his remembrance, when they want of employment. But I slander it had long departed. In a letter to Lady when I say it has slept. A thousand H. after a very playful account of their times have I recollected a thousand youthful frolics, he adds, “ The hours scenes, in which our two selves have I have spent with you were among the formed the whole of the drama, with pleasantest of my former days, and are the greatest pleasure ; at times, too, therefore chronicled in my mind so when I had no reason to suppose that I decply as to fear no erasure.” In an- should ever hear from you again. I other letter, alnost the last which he hope that now our correspondence has wrote to this lady, or was in circum- received its last interruption, and that stances to write to any one, he says, we shall go down together to the grave, « Though nature designed you only for chatting and chirping as merrily as such my cou in, you have had a sister's place a scene of things as this will permit.", in my affections ever since I knew you.” Lady H. visited Cowper at Olney, in
Lady H. was married before 1763, 1986, and passed several months in that when Cowper's correspondence with her village. She had zealously promoted commences. She visited him during the subscription to his Homer, and also his first derangement while he resided proposed to aid the pecuniary resources in the temple, “ the only time,” he says, of the poet from her own purse, a pro“ in which he ever saw her without posal which was made and accepted pleasure." On his recovery he renewed with a frankness highly creditable to their correspondence from Huntingdon, both the parties. Thus was Cowper aswhich after a few months was unac- sisted to make a very agreeable change countably discontinued for a period of in his situation, as he describes it to a twenty years. Mr. Hayley informs his friend. “ Lady Hesketh is our good readers that Lady H. spent several of angel, by whose aid we are enabled to those years abroad with Sir Thomas, a pass into a better air and a more walk. worthy man, with many peculiarities, able country. She stoops to Olney, lifts according to a letter of Cowper's. She us from our swamp, and sets us down on afterwards became a widow, and passed the elevated grounds of Weston-Underthrough much affliction. There was wood.”. Here in 1795, Lady H. atprobably some other cause of this ex- tended her cousin for some months, dura traordinary alienation; but Mr. Hay- ing his distressing derangement, justifyley, in his biography of Cowper, docs ing Mr. Hayley's remark that her not always write to convey information, tenderness to her illustrious though un
Lady H's. attentions to her cousin re- happy relation, was exemplary through vived in 1985, upon meeting with John every period of his changeful life.” Gilpin. The bard thus agreeably re- Lady H. appears by the manner in fers to this circumstance. " Above all which Cowper addresses her, to have I honour John Gilpin, since it was he posse, sed a devout turn of mind, though who first encouraged you to write. I there are no traces of her opinions and made him on purpose to laugh at, and feelings being those so fondly called he has served his purpose well; but I evangelical. Her correspondent himself am now in debt to him for a more valu- when writing to her, indulges views of able acquisition than all the laughter in religion which must be approved by the world amounts to, the recovery of my every serious Christian, allowing for hia