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the Pronouncing Dictionary of the En. been honoured with the patronage and glish Language, and of several other friendship of Dr. Johnson, Mr. Edmund works of acknowledged, excellence on Burke and many other of the most dis. grammar and elocution ; as a professor tinguished literary and professional chaof which he had, for nearly 40 years, racters of the age; who respected and deservedly held the highest reputation, esteemed him, not more for the critical and had amassed a competent fortune, and profound knowledge he displayed by means equally honourable to himself, on the subjects to which he had devoted and beneficial to those in whose instruc- his enquiries, than for the conscientious tion he had been engaged; but which adherence to principle, the manly avowal would have been more ample, had not of opinion, and the undeviating rectitude its accumulation been retarded by his re- of conduct, that marked every stage of peaced and extensive charities. He had his life.”
Unitarian Fund.-York Institution.
onal collections to 961. 145. and the rents UNITARIAN FUND.-The Annual of the buildings in Manchester to 1411. Meeting of this Society will be held in 155. The trustees propose, in the course London, on Wednesday, October the twenty- of the present year to convert the rest first.
of the buildings into dwelling houses, A more particular account of the time from which they expect a rent of 100/. and place of meeting, dinner, &c. will more. Since the above date there have be given in our next. The gentleman been collections at Birmingham, Manse first applied to, to preach the Sermon, field and Newcastle, a donation of sol. (the same alluded to in our Intelligence from an anonymous friend, of rol. ios. for April, p. 218 of the present vol.) from the Rev. T. Belsham, and of sh having declined the service on account of from the Rev. B. Evans, and some very ill-health, Mr. Aspland has engaged to handsor preach before the Society.
Rev. Dr. Disney, the “Accidental Dis. N. B. Subscribers to the Unitarian coverer," and several friends to the instiFund who have not paid their subscrip- tution at Liverpool, in all upwards of tions for the present year are requested io 2001, as will be particularised in the pert pay them into the hands of Joseph Hol. report. Several of these were sent wich den, Esq. No.78, Lombard Street, Trea- a particular view to a third tutor, which surer, or Rev. R. Aspland, Hackney, is an addition desirable and even necesSecretary. Subscriptions will also be sary to carrying on the plan marked out received, if more convenient to the mem- for the education of the students, but the bers, by the gentlemen of the Com- trustecs do not think themselves warrantMITTEE, as urder :
ed in the attempt to engage any gentleJohn Christie, Esq. Mark Lane ; ,Mr. man in this capacity, till the permanent David Eaton, High Holborn; Rev. John funds of the institution shall be adequate Evans, Islington; Mr. Thomas Freeman, to the increased expense ; or till the annual Dyer's Court, Aldermanbury; Ebenezer subscribers become much more numerous Johnston, Esq. Bi hopsgate Street; Mr. than they now are. In the mean time John Sowerby, Watling Street; Mr. W. if it should appear to any who consider Titford, Union Street, Spitalfields. Of the present number of students that such whom also any information that is de- an addition is superfluous, they wish it to sired may be had concerning the So- be carefully observed that the labour of the ciety.
tutors de pends not on the number of stue YORK INSTITUTION.-TheTrus. dents, but upon the extent and variety tees of the York Institution, have lately of the subjects in which they are in. published their annual report, from structed, and the regularity with which which it appears that, at the balancing the appointed course is pursued. of the cash account on February the In the present state of science and 22d, the date of the original opening of literature, it is justly expected that they the Manchester college; the annual sub- who are de-igned for the ininistry in our scriptions amounted to 2244. congregati- religious societies should be initiated in
every branch of sound and polite learn- which, by nations not owning the christing, that they may enter the world qua. ian name, are considered as sacred. lified not only to discharge with ability Through the whole of the course he is sheir ministerial duties, but in many exercised in Latin and English compo. cases to be the instructors of our youth, sition on the subjects connected with the and to support by their acquirements studies he is at the time pursuing, and in and character the respectability of the the last two years in the composition of dissenting name. With such views the sermons and other pulpit exercises, and plan of study pursued in this institution receives instructions in the pastoral has been arranged. It comprehends a care. term of five years; during the first three Such is an imperfect outline of the of which the student proceeds through plan which has hitherto been kept in a full course of mathematics and natural view, and pursued with as much regu. philosophy, is daily employed in reading larity as circumstances would permit. some of the best classical authors, and is And although the excellent maxim of directed and assisted in an extensive in- Dr. Jebb, that “the personal labours of vestigation of ancient and modern histo. the student are of greater efficacy than ry. In the course of this period, he is the oral instructions of the tutor," is likewise instructed in logic, and the phi- constantly acted upon; yet it must be losophy of the human mind; in ethics, evident, that so many important and including jurisprudence and general po. necessary subjects of education must relicy; in the evidences of natural and se. quire the aid of another tutor, in order to vealed religion; in universal grammar, their being properly conducted; and that oratory and criticism, and other branches no great increase of students can be erof what are usually called, the Belles pected till this aid shall be obtained Lettres. And as the foundation of just The preceding plan has been arranged scripture criticism, must be laid in an principally, but not solely, with a view acquaintance with some, at least, of the to the education of divinity-students oriental languages, the student, in this The course, however, for the first three part of the course, is taught the Hebrew, years, is adapted also to the education of the Chaldee, and the Syriac. Thus pre- young men designed for other professions, pared, he enters on his theological stu- or for mercantile life. And as the leci dies, to which the last two years of his tures delivered in the third year are course are devoted. After some intro- upon subjects concerning which it is very ductory instruction concerning the gene. desirable that lay-students should be ral principles of sacred criticism, and the well-informed, in this age of scepticism aids to which a theological student should and infidelity, it is much to be wished have recourse, he proceeds in regular that parents would allow their sons to order through every book of the old and continue till that part of the course is new testament, paying at the same time completed. They might thus he the particular attention to the language of more surely confirmed in that good chaihe Septuagint, and the writings of Jose- racter which is essential to their being phus and Philo. Having thus traced the admitted into the institution, and which history of revealed religion, and from it is the object of all the regulations estabthe records of revelation alone endeavour- lished there to guard and improve. ed to learn the doctrines proposed in There are ac present seven divinity them, to the acceptance of mankind, he students: the number of lay-students passes to the history of the christian is five. church, having his attention particularly The treasurer of the institution is directed to the rise, progress and charac. Ouriwell Wood, Esq. of Manchester, to ter of the principal religious systems whom, or to the Rev. C. Wellbeloved, which have prevailed in the christian Theological Tutor, York, the Rev. Wila world; to the origin of onr separation liam Wood, Visitor, Leeds, Lewis Lloyd, from the established church, and to the Esq. Lochbury, or Mr. Kinder, No, s, grounds upon which a continued sepa- Cheapside, letters may be addressed reration is vindicated. He is also now in- specting the admission of students; or troduced to some general acquain- for the transmision of donations or subsance with those writings and opinions scriptions.
On Wedriesday and Thursday the first saic institutions, and their probable intenand second July, was held the annual ex- tion and use in preserving the knowledge amination of students at the close of the of One Supreme Being, and exhibiting session: it was numerous y and very re- a specimen and proof of the moral governo spectably attended, and gave the highest ment of God. The students in the third satisfaction to all present. lt compre- year were then examined in logic and hended the business of the whole session nietaphy.ics, and one of them read an without the students being previously in- Essay on the controversy relating to Maformed of the questions to be proposed. tcrialism, another, a Summary and Esti
On Wednesday the two Hebrew classes mate of the Natural Evidences of a Fuwere first examined; the junior class give ture State. Those of the third and see ing a particular account of ihe structure cond ycar were examined in aniversal of the language, according to Masclet's grammar, oratory, and criticism; and grammar, and translating several pas ages three of them delivered Essays on Taste, taken at random from the Pentateuch on Sublimity, and on the tragedy of irom Hebrew into English, and others Othello. The two higher mathematical from English into licbrew ; the senior classes were then 'examined in fluxions, class being examined in Lowth's Pre- and in hydrostatics and astronomy; and lections, and reading, as before, passa- the whole was concluded by an Essay on ges out of the prophetic and other pocti- the Study of Natural Philosophy. 'The cal books, one of them concluding this examination being ended, the Rev. John branch of the examination by a di.course Yates of Liverpool, in an eloquent ad. on Hebrew poetry. In the classics the dress declared the high satisfaction of the whole of the students, who had this ycar trustees in its result, and offered to the read the whole of Tacitus and great students some very judicious advice on part of Lucretius, read a passage from the conduct and proper application of the former author, Mucianus's addre-s to their future studies. The trustees Ve-pasian; after which a Latin poem afterwards dined together at Etridge's, on the battle of Maida, and a Latin ora. when sonie interesting conversation tock tion on eloquence, were read by two of place on the best means of raising a perthe students. The Greck classics which manent fund for making provision for a had this year been read were two plays third tutor. Several very hand ome of Euripides, one of Æschylus, a part of sums were reported as being ready for an Thucydides and scme Odes of Hindar; beginning to the accomplishinent of this the students read a scene of the Hecuba, truly desirable object, and there is lictie and another of the gold 7 Or,exs; after doubt that with a little exertion of the which an Essay was read on the characo friends of the institution an adequate ter and talent of Cicero, with a critique fund will soon be established. V. E. on hij Oratio pri donio sna. The exami.
POLITICO-RELIGIOUS. na:ion of the junior mathematical class IMPERIAL EDICT OF THE EXT. in Alge' ra and Fuclid concluded the PEROR OF CHINA, Ioth rear of Kis business of the first day. On the second Kirg. A. 1). 1805.-" The Supreme Crie the only student in the fourth year was minal Court has reported to us the strictly exanıined on the source of biblic trial, investigation, and sentence of that cal criticism, with a particular reference tribunal against Chin-yo-vang, a pative to the Old Te tament; on the original of the province of Canton, who had languages in which we possess its books been discovered to have received priand the state of the text; on the several vately a map and sundry letters from divisions which have been made of them; the European 'Te-tien-tse (Father Odca. on the sentiment which they severa ly dato, a Catholic Missionary at Pckin: inculcate on the nature and character of and also regarding several other perGod, and on human duty and expec- sons who had been found guilty of tations; on the several Grock and Latin teaching and propagating the doctrines translations, on the works of Josephus of the Christian ruliion. aud Philo, the Apocryphal Writings and “The Europeans who adhere to the the Tarzums, with their respective use in, Christian faith, act conformably to the illustrating the scriptures; and conclud- customs estab ished in those countries, ed by an c aboratc Discourse on the Mo- and are not prohibited from doing sa
by our laws. Their establishments at letters, or employing other means for Pekin were originally founded with the extending their sect and doctrine, it is auspicious view of adopting the west. our plea ure to confirm the sentence of ern method in our astrononical cal- the court; according to which they shall culations; and Europeans of every na severally be sent into banishment at Elu, tion, who have been desirous of study- in Tartary, and become slavez among ing and practising the same at this the Eleuths; and previous to their des court, have readily been permitted to parture, s'all wear each of them the come and reside upon the above e tab- heavy cargue for three months, that lish:nents; but from the beginning, they their chastisement may be corrective were restricted from maintaining inter- and exemplary course with, and exciting troubles among “ The conduct of the female peasant our subjects.
Chin-yang-shy, who undertook :0 super“ Nevertheless, Te-tien-tse has had the intend a congregation of her own sex, audacity secretly to propagate and teach is still more odious. She, therefore, shall his doctrines to the various persons also be banished to Elu, and reduced to mentioned in the Report; and he has the condition of a slave at the military not only worked on the ruinds of the station, instead of being indulged with simple peasantry and wonen, but even the female privile e of redeeming the many of our Tartar subjects have been punishment by a fine. persuaded to be ieve and conform to “The peasant Kun-han, who was emhis religion; and it appears that no less ployed in distributing letters for the than thirty-one books upon the European congregation, and in persuading others religion have been printed by his order to assist in their ministry,--and likewise in the Chinese character.
the soldier Tung-hing-shen, who contu“ Unless we act with severity and de- maciously resisted the repeated exhortacision on this occasion, how are the.e tions made to him to renounce his perverse doctrines to be suppressed!-- errors, shall re: pe cively wear the comand how shall we stop their insinunc. mon cangue for three months, and after ing progress?
the expiration of that tern, undergo “'The books of the Christian religion banishnient to Elu, and become slaves must originally have been written in the among the Eleuths. European languages; and in that state “ The soldiers Cheu-ping-te, Vang: were incapable of influencing the minds meu-te, and Tung-ben- hen, who have of our subjects, or of propagating the gone astray, and willingly become prosedoctrine in this country; but the books lyces to the European doctrine, are really lately discovered are all of them printed unworthy to be considered as men; and in the Chinese character. With what their names shall be erased from the lists view, it is needless to inquires for it is of those serving under our banners. The sufficient, that in this country such means countrymen Vang-hy-ning, Ko-tien-lo, must not be employed to seduce our sim- Yu-se-king, and Vu-si-mun; and the ple peasantry to the knowleige and be- soldiers serving in the Chinese infantry, lief of those tenets, and much less can it Tang-ming, Tung-se, and Cheeyungbe suffered to operate this on the minds tung, have each of them repented and of our Tartar subjects, as the most scri- renounced their errors, and may there. ous effects are to be apprehended from fore be discharged froni confinement; ic on the hearts and minds of the peo- but as the fear of puni hnient inay have
had more etfect in producing their re* " With respect to Chin-yo-vang, who cantation than any sincere di po ition to had taken charge of the letters ; Chuic reform, it is necessary that the magis. ping-te, 3 private of infantry under the traies and military officers, 1 wiose Chinese banner, who was discovered juri diction they may be, shou d keep a teaching the doctrine in a church; Licu- strict watch over them; and inflict a chao-tung, Siao-ching-ting, Chu-chang- punishment doubly severe, if they should tay, and the private so.dier Vang-neu- relapse into their former error te, who severally superintended the con- " Te-tien-tse, who į an European,entergregations of Ch istians, as they have tained in our service at court, havine o been respectively convicted of conveying for forgot his duty, and disobeyed tue
laws, as to print books and otherwise der to learn their doctrines, will be contrive to disseminate his doctrines, is punished with the utmost rigor of the guilty of a very odious offence. The law, without exception or abatement, for alternative proposed by the court of dis- having acted in defiance of the present missing him to his native country, or of prohibition. As for the rest, we conremanding him from the prison to his firm the sentence of the court Khin. station at Pekin, is very inadequate tse." to his crime. We therefore direct that On Tuesday, the 17th of June, there the Supreme Military Court do appoint was held at Co eley in the county of an officer to take charge of the said Te. Stafford, a general meeting of the UNIsien-tse, and conduct him to Ge-ho, in TARIAN TRACT SOCIETY, institutTartary, where it is our pleasure he ed in Birmingham, June 6, 1806, for should remain a prisoner in the guard. WARWICKSHIRE and the NEIGHBOURhouse of the Eleuths; and be subject ING COUNTIES. There was religious to the superintendance and visitation of service on the occasion; the Rev. John the not le magistrate Kingki, who must KENTISH of Birmingham conducted the carefully prevent him from having any devotional part, by an appropriate coriespondence or communication with prayer, and the sernion was preached the Tartars in that neighbourhood. by Dr. TOULMIN from Dan. xi. 33.
"'l he noble ofhcer Chang-fae, who has “ And they that understand among the hitherto superintended the European people, shall instruct many." This inestablishments, having been ignorant stitution for promoting Christian knowof what was going forward in his de- ledge and the practice of virtue was papartment, and having made no investi- tronized by an accession of new subgation or inquiries during the time that scribers. This is the fourth society of Te-tien-tse was writing letters, printing the kind formed since the year 1-91, books, and spreading his religion, has and it promises to be numerous and exproved himself insufficient and unwor. tensive. Great satisfaction was expressed thy of his station; wherefore, we di- in this meeting, and the' object of it was rect the Interior Council of State to take adopted with much approbation and cognizance of his niisconduct.
earnestness. i In like manner, it is our desire that The fifib annual meeting of the THEO. the Council of State take cognizance of UNITARIAN*SOCIETYIN SOUTH the neglect and inattention ascribable to the military commanders who suffered the soldiers under their orders to be corrupted with these foreign doctrines; * Theo-Unitarians is the true literal and then report to us the report of their translation of Dwyfundodiaid, the apdeliberations, in order that we may refer pellation which the first institutors of the the adjudication of punishment to the Welsh Society for promoting the knowproper couit.
ing and worship of One only Living and « The Council of State shall moreover, True God, gave theniselves, and by which in concurrence with the Supreme Crimi- they and their friends are now distinnal Court, appoint certain officers to ex- guished. The word being of the same amine all the books of the Christian doce standing as the Society is not to be found trine which have been discovered; alter in Owen's Dictionary; but he has inwhich they shall, without exception, be seited it in his Grammar, p. 44, which committed to the flames, together with was published and partly composed, sub
the printing-blocks from which the im. sequent to the publication of our rules • pres. ions were taken,
and address. Indeed he saw them with * « The governor and other magistrate; me in manuscript, before they were pubof Pekin, and the commanders of troops lished and was kind enough, to assist stationed at the capital, shall strictly ato me in correciing the press. The reasons tend to the subject of these instructions, urged by the original proposer of the and severally address edicts to the soldiers' name for the adoption of it may prove and people in their re pective jurisdic. no unacceptable article for the Monthly tion, de laring that all persons hence- Repository. I may, at some future time, forth, frcquenting the Europeans, in ore communicate them.