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ART. V.- Remarks on the Arguments advanced by Mr. P.
Edwards for the Baptism, Church-membership, and Salvation of Infants, in a Work entitled, “ Candid Reasons for renouncing the Principles of Antipedobaptism." In a Letter to a friend, wherein the certain huppiness of all Children dying in infancy is maintained. By Joseph Dobell.
pp. 171. 12mo. 2s, The subject of baptism has been “ A church," says Mr. D." is a socie. so often di-cussed by men of the ty, a number of persons united together
for religious purposes, for the worship greatest learning and abilities, of and service of God, and who stand in all persuasions, that little that is special relation to him. Now every new can be expected to be ad. one must see, that such a society must vanced upon it. The present work be a voluntary one; that the persons con
stitutiog such a society must be capis, we are told, intended as an an- able of understanding the purpose, for swer to one Mr. Peter Edwards which they are united, and of performon this subject, a gentleman who ing those religious services for which had been a baptist minister, but they assemble together. But can in
fants be members of such a society ? who, having changed his opinion, Are they capable of such union, of became one of the most zealous the purposes for which it is formed, or pædobaptists. If we are not great- of the services to be performed by it? ly mistaken, the performance of The very stating of these question is
sufficient to shew the extreme absurdity Mr. D. discovers profound think- of the position, that infants ever were ing and great ingenuity of argu. members of the church of God.” ment. He has also the merit of The several topics above notice occupying new ground and of stat- ed, together with the reasoning ing the question in new points of usually adduced upon them, are, view. Indeed, so thoroughly has with great cogency of argument, his mind been immersed in his sub- considered much at large. After ject that he is by no means satis- which Mr. D. proceeds to prove, fied with common-place arguments. “The certain happiness of all chil. Most of the baptists have incalle dren who die in their infancy. ticusly admitted that children un. But he opposes the common notion der the Jewish economy were of infaat salvation ; because, as he members of that church. This states, Mr. D. boldly denies, and maint
“ The term salvation in the scriptures tains that infants never were the is used to denote either the blessings of
grace which are the ineans of salvation subjects of a promise, or of an or. to believers, or deliverance from sin and dinance, or members of the church condemnation, which is to them the under
any dispensation : That all way to eternal life.” covenants and promises were made
Intant salvation supposes in. with, and given to adulis, that the fant guilt. Sin is a transgression command to circumcise was given of the law; but where ihere is to the parents and not to their in, no law there can be no disobedi. fanis, and that the parents being
ence. This is the state of infants, the subjects of the command, it They are not moral agents. They was their duty to obey it, and not are under no obligations of law, that of their infants.
and therefore they can neither
Richard Corris, Esq.-Novi F. Scott. commit sin, nor incur guilt, of mands their serious attention: by course they cannot stand in need many it will be thought unan. of salvation, or be liable to con- swerable, and there can be little demnation. The conclusion of his doubt that the baptists will conargument is, " A profession of re. sider the author as having render. pentance and faith are(is Jessential ed essential service to their cause. to baptism, church-membership The preface contains some re. and salvation. But adults only marks upon a pamphlet in faare the proper subjects of baptism, rour of infant baptisin, by D. church-membership, and salvati- Tyreman, of the Isle of Wight, on.” We know not what will be which we see not how that
gene thought of the present work by tleman can refuse noticing, with pædobaptists; it certainly de- out giving up his arguinent.
Ricbard Corric, Esq.- Rov. Jonathan Scott, At Islington, May 19th, RICHARD every kind, he was an enlightened and firm · CORRIE, Esq. in the 82d year of his friend of our common cbrissianity. age. He had cnjoyed an uncommon
J. E. degree of good health throughout life, May 28, the Rev. JONATHAN and was blessed with an easy dismission SCOTT, commonly called Captain from the cares and anxieties of mortality. Scott,) of Matlock, an eminent preacher His legacies were numerous, and shew among the Calvinistic Methodists. He that he had imbibed the generous spirit was born at Shrewsbury, Nov. 15,1735, of the religion of Christ. He left sol. being the second son of Richard Scott, to the Rev. N. Jennings whom he latter. Esq. a captain in the He followed ly attended-icol. to the Rev. H. Wor. his father's profession, and in the 17th thington, to distribute among ten Pres- year of his age became a cornet in the byterian ministers-ol. to the Rev. J. 7th regiment of Dragoons: he contiEvansmand 100l. for him to distribute nued in the army 17 years, and rose to among ten General Baptist Ministers the rank of a capiain lieutenant. He was besides certain sumi to various charitable in Lord George Sackville's cavalry, at institutions in London and its vicinity. the battle of Minden, in 1759. As Mr. Corrie was not a Baptist, his lega- From an early period he was under cy to the General Baptists, is a proof of religious impressions, and had, what he his liberality of sentiment. Indeed he himself afterwards called, his “religie always spoke in terms of abhorrence of ous fits." It was his daily practice, while every species of religious bigotry. in the army, to read the psalms and les.
He was a great admirer of Doddridge, sons of the day. At length hearing, and has told the writer of this sketch by accident, the late Mr. Romaine, in a with what pleasure when a boy he con- village in Sussex, he entered entirely into ducted him from his lodgings in Cannon Methodist views, and from thencefor. Street, to preach at the Weigh House, near wards gave himsef completely up to hie London Bridge. There was sething religious convictions. He began to preach, peculiarly friendly in Mr. Corrie's tem- it is supposed, at the beginning of the per and disposition. He had always a year 1767, in Leicester. He held prismall party at the commencement of vate spiritual conferences with the sole every year, chiedy composed of minis- diers of his regiment. And wherever ters of different denominacions. the regiment marched, he went as a
The right of private judgment was preacher. The union, however, of the with him a matter of the first importance. iwo characters, of military officer and And though he disliked extcmes of methodist preacher, was soon found to VOL. II.
General Peter Mublenburg. Rev. Jabn Sturges, D. D. be incompatible and indeed offensive: oddity. He was very facetious. His therefore, in March, 1769, he sold his drollery was out of place in the pulpit, commission, having, in the preceding but it constituted the charm of his preachyear, married Miss Elizabeth Clay, of ing amongst the populace. His prayWollerton, near Drayton, Shropshire, ers were sometimes ludicrously strange. with whom he gained a handsome He often prayed publicly for his hore. estate. Captain Scott now became a He had, as might be expected, a horror popular preacher among his party. His of unsound doctrines: but it was not in zeal never cooled. He introduced the his nature to be bitter, and his manners, Methodist doctrine into many places which were gentlemanly, controlled in Shropshire, Lancashire, and other the effects of his proscriptive creed. He counties, where it had not been before has left imitators amongst the Methodi ts, known. lle was eulogized by Whit- who would do well to copy rather his field, and by his recommendation intro- virtues than his eccentricities. We es. duced into the tabernacle pulpit, which teem good men of every party, and are in his turn he filled for upwards of 20 happy in paying this tribute of respect years. He was ordained at Lancaster, to a man, who when living would have 1776, as "a Presbyter or teacher, at rejected our praise with indignation. large." His first settlement was at
Q. Wollerton on his wife's estate, but hav- Oct. 1, in the 62d year of his age, at ing built a chapel at Drayton and raised his cat near the Schuylkill, General a considerable congregation there, he in PETER MUHLENBURG, son of the a little time removed to that place. late Rev. Dr. Henry Muhlenburg, PatriAbout the year 1779, he became inti- arch of the German Lutheran Church, mately acquainted with the late Lady in Pennsylvania. At the suggestion of Glenorchy: This lady devoted the the father the son became a minister of whole of her property to charity and the Episcopal Church, in which capacity the support of what she considered he acted in an acceptable manner in gospel-preaching. In the captain she Virginia, until 1776, when he became a found a counsellor and assistant, and to member of the Convention and after, him much of her clarity was intrusted wards Colonel of a Regiment of that She assisted him in most of his reli zious state. In 1977 he became Brigadier, schemes. One of her best works was and afterwards Major General in the the establishment of an academy for Revolutionary Army. On the peace of young mini ters at Oswestry, under the 1983 he was chosen by his fellow able direction of Mr. Williams, now citizens of Pennsylvania, of which he Doutor, and tutor of the Independent was a native, to fill in succession, the Academy at Roil.eram, Yorkshire. Her stations of Vice President of the Exco ladly snip died in 1786 b.queathing to her cutive Council, Member of the House of religious friend, the Captain, a house and Representatives, and Senator of the the chapel at Matlock, and a considerable United States, and in all his military and sum of money. He removed to Mat- political stations, Gen. M. acted faithful. lock, 1794. His wife died lamented by ly to his country, and honourably to him 1799 ; and in 1802, he narried a himself. He was brave in the field, and second tie, to the widow of the late S. firm in the cabinet. In private life he Burow. Esq. who survives him. After was ju e, in his domestic and social athis second mrriage he resided and cachments affectionate and sincere, and preached alternately at Nantwich and in his intercourse with his friends and Matlo k. In the early part of his minis- fellow-citizens amicable and unassumtry, he had leen accu tomed to travel ing from 18 10 20 miles on a Sunday, and Oct. 2, at Alverstoke, Hants, of which to preach five or six times a week. he was Rector, the Rev. JOHN STURLarterly, he wa obliu-d', to -Jacken his GES, D. D). prebendary of Winchester, exer.1011-, though his 2-al was unabated. chancellor of that diocesc, and chaplain He preached however e! the end of life. to the king He was father of Mr. Capi.in.cit poss: ssed many virtues. Surzes Bourne, one of the Lords of He was charitable, frank and upri ht. the Treasury. Dr. S. wa of New Col. his character had a strong colouring of lege, Oxford. His writings discover an Rev. Yosbua Jeans, D. D. Dr. William Markham. attachment to the Church, to which ship required a considerable enlargement. however he attributes some need of a For some time before his death, Dr. J. further reformation. His manner of had collected materials for a new account treating dissenters, also displays an amic of the States of Holland, &c. but his able spirit of moderation and justly ranks papers are not sufficiently arranged for him among low churchmen. Besides publication. He has left a widow and singlé sermons he published a volume of daughter, to lament his unexpected death, discourses “ on the evidences of Natural whom he had conimitted, last spring, to and Revealed Religion,” and “Reflee- the care of his friends in England. tions on Popery," in answer to Dr. Nov. 3, at his house, South Audley Milner's History of Winchester. Street aged 88, Dr.WILLIAM MARK
Two other publications of his called HAM, Archbishop of York, Primate of forth replies which exhibited his own England, Lord High Almoner to the candid and courteous style of writing. King, and Visitor of Queen's College, In 1779, soon after the appearance of the Oxford. He was of a Nottinghamshire Rev. R. Robinson's “ Plan of Lectures family, but born in Ireland, where his on the Principles of Nonconformity,” father, a military officer, resided. After &c. Dr. S. published " Considerations an education at Westminster school, he on the Present State of the Church removed to Christ Church, Oxford, and Establishment, in Letters to the Lord in 1745, distinguished himself there by Bishop of London." He here brings a copy of elegant Latin ver es. About forward the usual arguments for an estab- 1750, he was appointed first master of lishment, but recommends that “all the school where he had received his unnecessary impediments should be re- education ; a charge which, as a most moved," and confesses as to the articles, accomplished scholar, he was well pre. that “the subjects of some of them are pared to undertake. During this enof a most obscure and disputable kind.” gagement he had, in 1759, been promotThese “tender points of his subject," cd to a stall in Durham Cathedral, and as hias been well observed," he only after quitting Westminster, in 1765 to touches in a very soft and gentle man- the Deanry of Rochester, soon exchang.
The “ Considerations," were ed for that of Christ Church, an office noticed by Dr. Toulmin, in“ Letters to invo.ving the care both of a college and the Rev. John Sturges," in which the a cathedral, yet preferred to Rochester, worthy author shews the important no doubt, for sub.tantial reasons. reasons for nonconformity drawn by ln 1769, Dr. M. preached the Concio ad Dis enters, and especially Unitarians, Chrum, before the Convocation or Synod from the forms and doctrines of the of Canterbury, which he published acChurch of England.
companied with a Latin speech on preIn 1790, appeared " A New Transla- senting Dr. Thomas as prolocutor to the tion of Isaiah," with Notes, by Mr. h gher house of Convocation. At the Dodson. Dr. S. soon published “ Sbort end of his Concio, he had paid some high Remarks on a New Translation of Isacompliments to the memory of Arche iah,'' vindicating Bishop 1.owth from bishop Secker, then lately deceased, the objections offered to severai passages which drew upon him the strictures of of his translation by Mr. Dod on. That Archdeacon Blackburn, who is well learned writer replied in "A Letter to known to have entertained a low opinion the Rev. Dr. Sturges. The letters on of Secker. He also attacked Dr. M. as both sides were, as Mr. Dodson describes an enemy of Reformers, a charge not that of his opponent,“worthy of the gene likely to prejudice the advances of a tlenian, the scholar, and the Christian” Churchman.
Oct. 5, at Amsterdam, after a few days “ To better thence again and better illness, aged 53, the Rev. JOSHUA still JEANS, D. D. Rector of Sheviac in In clerical progression." Cornwall, Chaplain to the Duke of York, In 1771, he was promoted to the and Minister of the English Episcopal bishopric of Chester, and at the same Church at Amsterdam, where he had time appointed pieceptor to the Prince of been settled about four years, and was so Wales. In the diocese of Chester then popular a preacher that the place of wor- resided the Rev. Theophilus Lindsey,
Mr. Henry Holder.- Mr. Benjamin Newton. that venerable Christian who “ in full the characteristic of a primitive bishop, age and hoary holiness," is now waiting being “ apt to teach," for he seldom the call of his great Master to enter preached a sermon, and never exhibited upon the rewards of eternity. Mr. any taste for theology, no rare occur. Lindsey after a long and anxious in- rence, we apprehend, on the episcopal quiry had found himself no longer able bench. His classical fame is celebrated to comply with the terms of conformity. by Dr. Parr, a most competent judge, Unlike some later Unitarian Clergy. who nanies the Archbishop in his Spital men, who yet would be thought con- Sermon (p. 101),) among " the cloud of fessors, if not martyrs, he resolved to re- witnesses in favour of the plan of cdusign his living, and corresponded on the cation in the English Universitics." subject with his diocesan, by whom he As a Diocesan, where no courthy was treated with great kindness and lic questions interfered, and in private life berality. Indeed he must have been a he appears to have been blameless and most careless guardian of the Church, amiable
. His long possession of the who would not have endeavoured, by lucrative Sec of York, enabled him to every posible means, to retain in her ensich a large family, who are doubtless communion such an exemplary pari-ho persuaded that the Church of England priest as was the Vicar of Catterick. It is the best constituted Church in the is needless to add that the arguments of world, whatever those labourers in the the bishop were of no avail.
vineyard, the poor curates of the proIn 1777, Dr. M was translated to the vince might be tempted to object. 'l he See of York. The ill-advised and as ill- archbishop is said to have lately presentconducted American war now ed iocol. cach to 47 Grand-children, raging. In 1780 the freeholders of and to have left by will 100,000l. a Yorkshire, among whom Sir George goodly portion of the ecclesiastical Saville, and the Rev. Mr. Wyvil, were revenues which have been modestly conspicuous, took the lead in opposing called the “ pittance of the Church." the further prosecution of that war and Thursday, Nov. 26, Mr. HENRY the increasing influence of the crown, HOLDEN, son of Joseph Holden, Esq. to which war, as courtiers well know, is of Lombard-Sercet, in the 13d year of peculiarly favourable. That meeting his age, after an illness of three weeks. at which some very courtly sentiments He was modest, affectionate, faithful and were avowed by one of the freeholders, obliging. He was exemplary in his at: sub-governor of the Prince, was fol- tendance on the public duties of religion, lowed by a charge from the Archbishop. and wholly untainted by the vices which He took this opportunity to reprove his so frequently sully the reputation and clergy for their interference in politics, destroy the usefulness of young men at and gave occasion to the following de- his critical time of life. He promised claration from a number of then, that to be a comfort to his family and friends, "a Clergyman by entering the church, and a sincere supporter of the cause of does not abandon his civil rights.” In religion; but the Wise Disposer of 1780, our prelate appears to more ad- events has been pleased to close the terra vantage From a liberal disposition of his probation, and to remove him towards the Catholics, imputed to him from this scene of trial and of danger. by the enthusiastic Protestant Assosia. May his young companions imitate his tion, he was the first member of Parlia. excellencies, and be instructed by his Dent singled out for their vengeance, unexpected death in the uncertainty of and narrowly escaped from that mis- life, and the necessity of intellectual
, guided rabble.
moral and Christian industry, The latter years of the Archbishop,
A. have acquired no publicity. He scarcely On Tuesday, Dec. 1, at Plymouth. ever spoke in the House of Lords. Once Dock, in a decline, without a sigh or indeed he expressed himself on some groan, in his sleep, Mr. BENJAMIN much agitated topic with so much NEWTON, 30 years of age, a Mer. warmth, that a peer who opposed him, cer and Draper in that town: a man of teminded the prelate that they were peculiar mildness of temper, and pose 03 Row under his rod. He had not issed of excellent qualitich