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hath purchased the church with his own blood; the pre-existent Creator of the universe, equal with God the Father, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last. Compare Psalın xlv. 6, 7, 11. Isaiah ix. 6,7. Zech. ii. 8-13. Micah, v. 2. 1 Timothy, ii. 16. Acts, xx. 28. Coloss. i. 15–17. Phil. ii. 6. Rev. xix. 16. xxii. 13, 16. Mr, Stone has completely mistaken the prophecy in Isaiah vii. 14-16. “ The child” mentioned in rerse 16, is Shear-Jashub, not Emma. Duel. As Dr. Kennicot rightly observes, the word ought to be translated “ this child.” Isaiah holds his son in his hand, and points to him. The word 17733y only occurs seven times in the Bible, and it invariably denotes either a 6 virgin," or 66 a state of virginity." Its very derivation, indeed, shows its import. A virgin was called noy, from the concealed retired condition in which young unmare ried women were kept in the East. Nothing is more common in the Bible than a “ prophetic” sign. Here an event remotely future is a sigu to Ahaz of speedily approaching deliverance. A virgin shall bear a son, whose nature shall be so mysterious as to justify his being called “ God with 18,” or, as Jeremiah st; les him, " Jehovah our Righteousness.” This last name the LXX write lwoedex, making it a compound proper name, like Eminanuel. It is super. fuous to point out to the discerning reader, that not a shadow of proof is given of the supposed interpolations in St. Matthew and olsewhere. But, through proof be wanting, we have Mr. Stone's ipse dixit: His ignorance of the church-history is lamentable : he tepresents the Athanasian Trinity as being a yet further corruption of the Arian Trinity. Arius and Athanasius were contemporaries : and the opinions of Arius were opposed, on their first promulgation, by those who already held the opinions of Athanasius. But perhaps Mr. Stone will require us to believe, that all those passages in the very carliest fathers, wherein the divinity of Christ is asserted, aro mere interpolations. If so, he will certainly out-Procrustes eren Procrustes himself. Mr. Stone wishes to substitute a subscription to the Scriptures only, for a subscription to the articles. What Scriptures? (ertainly not the Scriptures as they stand at present ; for Vr. S. rejects all those parts of them which declare the divinity of Christ, and the atonement, as spurious interpolations. It is plain, therefore, that he modestly requires the church to subscribe to his Scriptures; that is to say, the Scriptures when garbled and mutilated by the mere conjectural emendation of the Rector of Cold Norton. For the doctrine of atonement, it is declared in Jewish prophecy, see Isaiah 1. 4-8, 11, 12. Dan. ix. 24-26. I do not mention the Levitical sacrifices, particularly the Paschal Lamb, because Mr. S. would probably deny the whole scheme of types and anti-types: get the reader may compare John i. 36, and Rev, v. 6, 8, 9, 12. with the institution of the Passover.”

To the Supporters of the Unilarian Fund. MY CHRISTIAN BRETHREN, An advocate for those views of the doctrine of the Divine Unity which you espouse, has read the report of the commencement and progress of the measures which you have adopted to promote the reception of that doctrine, with sacred pleasure. Indulge him, if he wishes, to animate your efforts, and to express the satisfaction which their nature and the opening prospect of their eventual success afford hiin. Accept his congratulations on the propitious circumstances wbich enlivened your first annual meeting, and tended to encourage and stimulate the prosecution of the laudable design in which you have embarked. You felt that your design met with an approbation on which you had not calculated. You felt yourselves invited to proceed in it with vigour and resolution, tempered with canhour and prudence. It was a great consolation, we are told, to that excellent confessor, Mr. Thomas Emlyn, who suffered obloquy, imprisonment, and fines, in the beginning of the eighteenth century, that he lived to see the progress of those very principles which had exposed him to rave and ignoininy. He had, in the prime of his days, sustained severe persecution for sirenuously, but modestly, asserting the unity and supremacy of the One God and Father of all: under the infirmities and languor of old agç, and in the view of death, it was a ground of rejoicing to see the truth which he had defended, at the loss of his good name, substance, and liberty, spreading its power; and to witness, that though he himself had suffered “as an evil doer. even unto bonds, yet the word of God was not bound*.”

You, Christians, have beheld the increasing progress of just sentiments concerning the Divine Unity. Some of you, perhaps a considerable proportion of your number, are examples of the power of truth, of the energy of good sense and plain Scripture, correcting, in this instance, the errors of education, and triumphing over the many prejudices which fix the adherence of numbers to those errors. I have often reflected, with surprise and pleasure, on the great and increasiug spread of those opinions, which, in my early years, were deemed bigllv heretical. It is an incontrovertible fact, that numbers, if not all, who have sat down, calmly and diligently, to investigate the grounds on which rest the commonly received opinions concerning the person of Christ and the doctrine of the Trinity,

• Dr. Foster's Funeral Sermon for Mr. Emlyn, f. 38. 1748

with every motive from education, authority, popularity, and interest to attach them to those principles, have, at the end of their inquiries, been convinced that they had no solid support in Scripture. What is to be expected, but that this will be more and more the case? What is to be expected from con, tinued, spreading, and growing inquiries, but new convictions and a wider diffusion of truth?

The commencement of your measures, for the dissemination of the true knowledge of God and of his Christ, is favourable to such anticipations. It omens well. You behold the success of your efforts : you look forward to their future efficacy, and, with devout exultation, you say, within yourselves, “Great is the truth, and it will prevail.” But, besides probabilities, besides conclusions drawn from the natural tendency of free and serious inquiry—besides appearances that augur the progress of truth-you hare "a more sure word of prophecy” on which to form your hopes, The sure word of prophecy realises anticipations, and converts conjectures into fajih. On the authority of divine o:acles, you may build your hope of the prevalence of sacred knowledy of the extirpation of error and of the final general reception of just views concerning the unity of God, in particular.

The divine Oracle spoken by Isaiah declares, chap. xi. 4, 4 The earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea." Chap. i. 2. “6 It shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills, and all nations shall flow unto it." Chap, xxix. 18. “ In that day shall the deaf hear the words of the book; and the eves of the blind shall see out of obscurity, and out of darkness." Verse 24. “ They also that erred in the spirit shall come to understanding; and they that murmured shall learn doctrine." The divine oracle declares, by Jeremiah, xxxi. 31-34. “Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah. I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be iny people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord; for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord.” This declaration is repeated by the Apostle, Heb. viii. 8, to revive the expectation it raises, and to lead forward our views to its full accomplishmicut. The divine oracle has declared this, in Daniel, both by words and symbols. The stone which smote Nebuchad.

nezzar's image, and was intended to represent a kingdom the God of Heaven would set up, is to “ become a great mountain, and to fill the whole earth," chap. ii. 34,35.' Then it is predicted, chap. xii. 4. " Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased." The divine oracle has directed our views to the same event, by the parables of Jesus: by one of “ a grain of mustard, which a man took and sowed in his fields; which is the least of all seeds, but, when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becomes a tree, and the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof :” and by another parable, of" a little leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.'' Matt. xiii. 31.33. Both these parables are prophetical, and point to one event, the growing and universal spread of Christian truth, or of the religion taught by Christ; of which one fundamental article is, si That the Lord our God is one Lord; and the other is, that Jesus is the Christ; a man approved of God, whom God hath raised up and made both Lord and Christ;" Matt, xxii. 37, compared with Deut. vi, 5. and Acts ji. 22, 32, 36.

You will recal to memory, with pleasure and with hope, these prophetic declarations, as justifying the expectation that the faith you profess--the belief that the Father is the only true God, and that Jesus of Nazareth is the Christ, his anointed Messenger and Servant, John xvii. 3. is the truth with which all flesh, agreeably to the prayer of your Lord, shall, in due season, become acquainted; that prayer of sublime devotion to his Father, and of diffusive benevolence to mankind, with which, by a predictive spirit, he closed his ministry.

The “ sure word of prophecy,” uttered by the seers of old, and confirmed by the words of Jesus, the 'true and faithful Witness, hath predicted (referring, in particular, to the rise and spread, and universal influence of the Gospel) the future prevalence of divine knowledge. The prophetic spirit foresaw and predicted, that the Gospel itself, after it had been embraced in its purity and simplicity, would be corrupted and perverted by human inventions. The foresight was in many, many instances, through a course of ages, realized. It has been ever consolatory to the friends of truth and pure Christianity, that as the corruption of the Gospel, so the recovery of it to its pristine simplicity, was predicted. The final extirpation of religious falsehood and error forms a gladdening subject of prophecy. “Every plant," saith our divine Master, “ which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up," Matt. xv. 13. 66 Other foundation can no man lay,” saith the Apostle, “ than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ.

VOL. II.

Now if any man build upon this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble: every man's work shall be made manifest. For the day shall declare il ; because it shall be revealed [or, discovered] by fire; and the fire shall try every man's work of what sort it is," i Cor. iii. 11-13. Good or bad doctrines are meant by this metaphorical language; the test to which time will bring them, or the scrutiny they will undergo in a day of judgment, is described ; and, the total subversion and overthrow of them is foretold. The same Apostle, having delineated the future apostacy from Christian verity, under the symbolical character of the man of sin," denounces his destruction; " whom the Lord,” he says, “ shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming," 2 Thess, ii. 8. All the prophetic scenes exhibited to John, and the great design of the book of Revelations, lead to the same joyful conclusion; that whatever influence of power, or corrupt inventions of error, have tarnished the glory and obstructed the design of the Gospel, shall be eventually done away. You, Christian brethren, who have a full persuasion that the doctrine of the Trinity, and the sentiments concerning the person of Christ generally enterJained, are gross corruptions of Christianity, can feel no hesitation to include in the glorious hope set before you in the word of prophecy, the unanimity and general consent with which those corrupt doctrines will, in the end, be discarded, and men will be brought to acknowledge, with one heart and one voice, that there is to us “ one God the Father, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; and that every tongue shall confess, that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

Once more, let me call your attention to those prophecies, in particular, in which the general reception of just notions concerning the unity and supremacy of God is explicitly predicied. To this purpose is Psal. lxxxvi. 9, 56 All nations whom thou hast made, shall come and worship before thee, O Lord, and shall glorify thy name.” To this purpose is Isai. ji. 2. (before quoted). Likewise, ch. Ixvi. 18, 2;.'" It shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues, and they shall see my glory. From one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all fesh come to worship before me, saith the Lord.” So Zechariah, chap. viii. 21, 22. $ And the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, Let us go speedily to pray before the Lord, and to seek the Lord of Hosts, I will go also. Yea, many and strong nations shall come to seek the Lord of Hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the Lord." Chap: xiv. 9. “And the Lord shall be King over all

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