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“ relations of Logan, not sparing even my women “ and children. There runs not a drop of my “ blood in the veins of any living creature. This “ called on me for revenge. I have sought it ; “ I have killed many: I have fully glutted my
vengeance. For my country, I rejoice at the “ beams of peace. But do not harbour a thought " that mine is the joy of fear. Logan never felt ,“ fear! He will not turn on his heel to save his “ life! Who is there to mourn for Logan ?-Not
The Indians of America want only an historian who would measure them by the standard of Roman ideas, to equal in bravery and magnanimity the proud masters of the world. The descendants of Romulus were ever engaged in a perpetual succession of barbarous wars. These wars, dignified by the historic page, are read with veneration by the multitude ; but the philosopher contemplates them through the same medium that he would a bloody conflict between the Chipeways and Mawdowessies, on one of the Ottowaw lakes. I know not why a Catawba, or Cherokee Chief, should not be considered a rival in greatness with a Roman, or a Latian leader.
If I understand aright the Roman history, war seems to have been the trade of the ancient Romans. To war they owed their origin, and they pursued it as a system. Let us compare with these dignified butchers the depreciated Indians of America; and if a love of peace be the criterion
of a great character, how will a Roman shrink at the side of an Indian. The Romans were ever found to sheath the sword with reluctance; the Indians have been always ready to lay down the hatchet.
That in humanity and all the softer emotions the Indians of America will rival the most polished nations of the world let facts establish. When, after a sanguinary war between the whites and the Indians, a treaty of peace was concluded on, no scene could be more affecting than the sensibility with which the Indians restored their .captives to the British. The Indians were of the tribes of Muskingham, and the event took place in the camp of General Bouquet.
It was with eyes full of tears that the Indian's brought their captives into the camp of their countrymen. They visited them from day to day, bringing the horses, furs and skins, which they had formerly bestowed on them, while they composed part of their families; accompanied with every act that could display sincerity of affection. Nay, some even followed their white inmates to Fort Pitt, hunting for them by the way, and delighting to supply their provisions.
But a young Mingo War Captain, evinced by his actions that the spirit of chivalry may be found in the forests of barbarous tribes. Wimpanoag had formed a strong attachment for a female captive of the name of Helen Hopkins,
and now at the risk of being killed by the surviving relations of the manyunhappy victims whom he had scalped, he accompanied Helen, who rode his caparisoned horse to the very frontiers of his enemies ; assisting her to ford the rivers, decorating her with the plumage of the birds he killed in the woods, and throwing into his looks all the tenderness of a lover. The girl from the prejudice of education, could not refuse to accompany the whites to Fort Pilt; but when the party were to separate at the Ohio, all the woman rushed into her bosom ; she clung to Wampanoag with distraction, called him by the endearing name of husband, and with the most bitter lamentations was torn from his arms.
Of the captives that were restored, many had been taken when children by the Indians. These had been accustomed to consider the Indians as their only relations; they spoke no other language but that of the Shawanese ; and beholding their new state in the light of captivity, they separated from their
benefactors with mournful reluctance.
On the parting of the Indians from the British, a Shawanese Chief addressed the white men in a short but humane speech. Fathers, said the * Indian warrior, we have brought your flesh and “ blood to you ; they are our children by adop" tion, but yours by natural right. Inmates with “ us from their tender years, they are wholly un
acquainted with your customs and manners;
« and therefore we beseech you to treat them with
kindness, that at length, they may become re- conciled to you."
“ It was my design to have spoken only of the Indian in what borc a relation to his moral character, but as the world has been long agitated relative to a particular circumstance of his physical construction, I cannot neglect the opportunity to produce a testimony or two upon the subject.
_“ It has been said,” observes Mr. Jefferson in his Notes, “ that Indians have less hair than the “ whites, except on their heads. But this is a “ fact of which fair proof can scarcely be had. “ With them it is disgraceful to be hairy on the - body. They say it likens them to hogs. They, therefore, pluck the hair as fast as it appears.
But the traders who marry their women, and prevail on them to discontinue “ this practice, say that nature is the same with “ them as the whites.”
He who can read the concluding part of this sentence, in which Mr. Jefferson still maintains that tone of philosophic gravity which breathes throughout his Work, without a smile, must possess more stoical composure than I. The dispute which has been so long sub judice, was not respecting the physical woman, but the physical man of the new world. The question in point was about beards. It was contended for by the philosophers of Europe, that the Alorigines of
America were without any hair to their chins, and that not all the warriors of the six nations could furnish one respectable beard. From this peculiarity in the American Inaian, inferences were deduced by no means favourable to the other parts of his physical conformation ; for when philosophers have once established a position they are seldom slow in building upon it.
But the dispute has at length been decided, and the red man of America is restored to his physical dignity; it has been discovered that nature has been not less liberal in her gifts to the Indian than the European ; that the Indians would have beards but that they will not suffer them to grow.
On a subject of such magnitude; a subject that has called forth every acuteness of disquisition from a Buffon on one side of the Atlantic, and a Jefferson on the other ; whatever positive evidence can be produced, is entitled to serious attention. It is, therefore, with satisfaction I lay before my readers three certificates of unquestionable authority.
COLONEL BUTLER'S TESTIMONY.
The Indians of the Six Nations have all beards naturally, as have all other nations of North America which ever I saw. Several of the Mohocks shave with razors, as do likewise several of the Panees, who have had an intercourse with Europeans. But in general the Indians pluck out