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LONDON: PRINTED BY JOSEPH RICKERBY,

SHER BOURN LANE.

GRAL

ON THE

BOOK OF PS A LMS,

BY

GEORGE HORNE, D.D.

LATE LORD BISHOP OF Norwich.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. III.

WITH AN INTRODUCTORY ESSAY,

BY
JAMES MONTGOMERY, ESQ.

AND MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR,

BY THE LATE

REV. WILLIAM JONES,

OF NAYLAND.

LONDON:
John Hatchard and Son, Piccadilly;
WHITTAKER & CO. AVE-MARIA LANE ; SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & co.

STATIONERS' COURT; TALBOYS, OXFORD; DEIGHTON,
CAMBRIDGE; OLIVER & BOYD, EDINBURGH ;

CUMMING, DUBLIN;
AND T. WARDLE, PHILADELPHIA

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COMMENTARY

ON THE

BOOK OF PSALM S.

Seventeenth Day.Evening Prayer.

PSALM LXXXIX. ARGUMENT.-This Psalm is appointed by the church to be

read on Christmas-day. It celebrates, ver. 1-4. the mercies of God in Christ, promised to David ; 5–13. the almighty power of Jehovah, manifested in his works and dispensations ; 14. his justice, mercy, and truth ; 15—18. the happiness and security of his people; 19–37. his covenant made with David, as the representative of Messiah, who should come of his seed ; 38-45. the church lamenteth her distressful state, at the time when this Psalm was penned ; 1 46–51. she prayeth for the accomplishment of the promise; and, in the meantime, 52. blesseth Jehovah.

VERSE 1. I will sing of the mercies of the Lord for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.

The 'mercies of Jehovah' have ever employed the voices of believers to celebrate them. These

1 Sedeciâ capto, domo David e solio deturbatâ, promissiones Dei irritas videri propheta queritur, necdum adesse Christum. - Bossuet. Dr. Kennicott imagines it to have been composed by Isaiah, as a solemn and public address to God, at the time when Rezin and Pekah were advancing against Jerusalem.

VOL. III.

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mercies were promises to the human race, in their great representative and surety, before the world began; 2 Tim. i, 9; Tit. i. 2; they were prefigured by ancient dispensations; and, in part, fulfilled, at the incarnation of Christ. The · faithfulness of God in so fulfilling them, is now 'made known,' by the holy services of the Christian church, to all generations.'

2. For. I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever; thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens.

Whatever be at any time the state of the church on earth, she knoweth that the foundation of God standeth sure; that the sacred edifice, raised thereon, will be incorruptible and eternal as · heaven' itself, where only mercy and truth are to have their perfect work, in the everlasting felicity of the redeemed. Of this felicity, which is to be the consummation of God's promises and our hopes, we behold some faint resemblance as often as we view the stability, the beauty, and the glory of the visible material · heavens.'

3. I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant : 4. Thy seed will i establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations.

The two former verses set forth a profession of faith in God's mercy : these two assign the ground of such faith ; namely, the covenant which God is here introduced as declaring that he had made with David, and which he did make with him by the prophet Nathan, 2 Sam. vii. 12, &c. The covenant relates to David's ' seed,' and to the establishment of his throne in that seed ; literally, in

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