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ously received, they enjoyed some in- then converts as, what they probably teresting seasons of christian commun are, the future messengers of salvation ion. His Excellency, Gov. Brownrigs to their countrymen-could they visit gave them a very kind reception, and the mission families, and see the boys leave to remain on the island with his assembled morning and evening to join best wishes; and his successor, Sir in praise and supplication-often meetEdward Barnes, granted them a fa- ing in little circles by themselves for vorable audience. After witnessing prayer, and always, when assembled to the departure of governor and lady take their food, falling down on their Brownrigg from the island, they had a knees around it, and in an artless manfavourable passage by inland naviga- ner begging the blessing of that God, tion to Jaffna, where hey arrived Feb. who feeds them; surely they would 18th, accompanied most of the way, say, “ this is worth our prayers ; this by that very valuable friend to our mis is a precious return for our labours and sion, J. N. Mooyart, Esq. They were substance.” And when, as the boys detained sometime in Columbo, wait pass in review before them, they hear ing for Mr. Mooyart; but were at last ihe names of Dwight, Worcester, &c. enabled, by his assistance, to make they must be constrained to ask, with their arrival earlier than they could a faith which almost answers its own have done alone by the outer passage, inquiries—what those loved and honon account of the opposing monsoon. oured names are in America will not
Thus has the Lord, though he saw these be in Ceylon ? fit to separate, for a season, those who Those of us, who have been recently hoped always to share each other's added to the mission, have, however, joys and sorrows, again brought them been called to trust the Lord in dark together on that spot, so long the ob ness as well as in light, on finding the ject of their earnest desire, and per- strength of our dear brethren withermitted them to enter into the labours ing under their labour. One is not ! of their dear brethren. Yes, Rev. Sir, Another, though brought back almost they are called upon, not only to bless by a miracle from the grave, and preGod for his goodness in guiding them served a little longer to aid us by his all the way hither, but in permitting counsels and prayers, is still almost bethem to unite with a prosperous mis- yond the hope of final recovery ;sion, and to rejoice "in the things made (though we rejoice to say, that for ready to their hands." They must be some weeks brother Richards has been allowed to say, that their hearts have gaining beyond all expectation;) and been greatly cheered, by what their on both the others the hand of diseyes have seen, and their ears heard, at ease bas been laid too insidiously, and these stations. Let any one imagine, we fear too firmly, soon to be remorhow animating must be to them the ed. Brother Poor is still feeble; and sight of religious congregations among brother Meigs, though better than these poor beathen, to the number, when we last wrote, is now gone to sometimes, including children, of two Columbo for his health. or three hundred, listening attentively There is another view of the misto the glad news of salvation; how sion, which we must all say affects us encouraging to look at 700 boys in the very deeply; and that is the embardifferent schools, receiving the rudi- rassed state of our funds. This subments of a Christian education; how ject was fully stated, in the last public full of hope the contemplation of letter; and we confidently expect, if 70 children in the mission families en that is duly received, that the means joying greater advantages for a knowl- of relieving our embarrassments are edge of the truth, than are generally already on the way. Still, as it is a possessed by the children even of chris- subject which presses upon us, we beg tian parents; and then how grateful leave to bring it up again ; and not onthe sight of at least six or seven, in ly to state our wants, but suggest some whom the image of Christ seems to methods, which appear to us practicashine through the darkness of their ble, for having them more regularly vissage, and amidst the former marks and permanently supplied. Not that of their heathenism.
we are particularly anxious about our Oh! could our beloved brethren and personal support, (though for that our fathers behold these “first fruits of a eyes must be directed to the churches, long harvest,” and look at these hea- wbich bare sent us forth,) for we do
not doubt the promise, that our bread If the means are not in the hands of and water shall be sure ; but we are the Committee, we ask, will not some ansious, and deeply so, for the pros Whitefield arise to plead with the perity of our mission-anxious lest, af churches—to show them-we do not ter having left our own country and say our necessities—but the necessities our fathers' houses, the object of this of the heathen ; to place before them sacrifice should be lost, either wholly at least one picture, the children resor in part, for want of efficient patron- cued for a time, by their charity, from age. "If money is the nerve of war, it ignorance, idolatry and wretchedness, is equally indispensable to all exten and taught just enough to show them sise missionary operations. Nothing the evils of their former condition, now can be done without money; and it is cast back into the habitations of cruessential, almost to the existence of a elty' from which they were taken, as mission, that supplies be seasonable though they were fostered for a moand regular. We do not say this from ment only, that they might be more any doubt, whether the Committee susceptible of misery. It is true, that think with us on this subject; but be no one has yet been dismissed for want cause they cannot well feel as those of support; but we have been obliged do, who in a strange land, are depen to shut our doors against many a poor deat on a distant country for sup child, who has come again and again port ; a support, the supplies for which to ask that charity which we dared not à thousand circumstances may retard grant. or prevent. Were a man confined to The station, which we have conclua barreo rock in the ocean, and visited ded to fit up, is Oodooville. It has a erery month by a single boat with wa Jarge population ; and is about five ter and provisions, he would not think miles from Jaffnapatam, six from Batit enough to have the arrival of this ticotta and four from Tillipally. The boat set for the very day when, with house and church, both built of brick, every care, all his former stock must and somewhat spacious, bear very be expended, lest some storm should strongly the marks of time ; nothing then delay or destroy, for once, this remaining of the former, except the only source of his subsistence. We walls, and these are gone at one end. must say it is not enough for us to ex The church is less injured, but both pect a remittance, just in season to save have been long deserted. For half a the wheels of the mission from being century, probably, the intruding banentirely stopped, after every exertion yan has taken root in many a crevice has been made, and many perplexing unnoticed, and gradually destroyed expedients adopted to keep up a sink the monument of nominal christianity. ing credit.*
The house was once the residence of a
Franciscan friar. The expense of put* The missionaries were called to a trial of their faith, for several months subse.
ting it into a proper state of repair, quently to the date of this letter, by the would be very considerable ; but we delay of expected remittances; a delay shall, for the present, only make occasioned in part by the want of conven habitable. ient opportunities to send money, and in part by the straitened resources of the missions, if the resources of the Treasury Treasury. The Committee have recently will permit. But the friends of these mis. learned that the ship in wbicb Mr. Garrett sions, and of the Board, ought to be dissailed, and in which money was remitted tinctly informed, that the funds now on for half a year's salary, arrived at Madras band are quite insufficient to meet the edo on the 4th of August. This arrival was a pected calls of the different missions, and great relief doubiless, both to the mission That, unless the donations are speedily inaries at Ceylon, and to those at Bombay ; creased, all the missionaries must experience but the money must have been in great very distressing embarrassments; and the part expended before it arrived ; that is, Committee must be left in a state of great ibe missionaries must have been compell perplexity and anxiety to know in wbat ed to borrow money to a considerable manner they, as agents and instruments, amount. Another remittance of a quar are to fulfil the engagements, into which ter's salary bas since been made ; but this the christian public has entered with the will not save the mission from a recur. missionaries, engagements, to wbich tence ot the embarrassment. By the first great multitudes of professed christians opportanity, (and one will probably be of have been parties, and which have been fered in a few weeks,) another remittance made and repeated in the most solemn must be sent, adequate to the wants of the
In connexion with the boarding Asking your prayers, and those of schools, we have only to add a request, the churches, and trusting, that neither that if the names of boys to be sup- you nor they will despise the day of ported at Bombay are transferred to small things, we subscribe ourselves, these stations, very particular direc Rev. and Dear Sir, tions may be given us on the subject, Your servants in the Lord Jesus. and money sent out accordingly ; and
James Richards, a caution, that it be not thought by :he
Daniel Poor, christian public at home, from what we
Levi Spaulding, have said on this subject, that we need
Miron Winslow, funds for this object of charity, more
Henry Woodward, than for the general purposes of the
John Scudder. mission. On the contrary, it is a method of doing good, which, though exceedingly interesting, is necessarily AMERICAN EDUCATION SOCIETY. in some degree limited. It must, at From the Boston Recorder. least, be proportioned to the extent of other operations. If boys are to be To the Patrons and Beneficiaries of
the American Education Society. supported in mission families, missionaries and teachers must be supported The Directors of this Society, at to receive and instruct them. Build their quarterly meeting in October, ings likewise must be erected for their adopted the general rule that each benaccommodation, and various other es- eficiary, in making application for the penses must be incurred, which will continued aid of the Society, shall always require more money, than the transmit to the Treasurer his note for simple maintenance of the children. one half the sum of the last appropriaWe say this from our apprehension tion which he has received from its that the education of heathen children funds. This note is to become due is so popular a charity, that it may pos- within one year after the beneficiary sibly receive a disproportionate pat- shall have entered on his professional ronage.
labors, and if not paid by the end of And now, Dear Sir, could we close that year, then to be on interest. this letter by giving you the joyful in The principal reasons which led to telligence that not only are the fields the adoption of this measure are the ripening to the harvest, but that the following. reaper already begins to fill his arms, For some time past there has been we trust that the fear, which steals in a regular diminution in the current reto the eye, as we think of our dear na- ceipts of the Treasury; so that of late tive land, would forget to fall, or drop they are but about one tenth part as only in gratitude ; and while we can much as they were two years ago. say, that there is some seriousness This fact may be ascribed, partly to among the boys of our families ; that the pecuniary embarrassments of the the first fruits of our labours in the times, and partly to the confidence in Lord continue, generally, to appear dulged, too readily perhaps, that the well ;-that a spirit of inquiry seems character and objects of the Society more and more to prevail among the were already so well understood, and heathen around us ;-that the fervency regarded with so deep an interest, as of united prayer begins to warm the to supersede the necessity of new apbreasts of the missionaries of different peals to the public in its behalf. denominations, as appears in our
While the funds have been thus dimonthly meetings, and in a daily union minishing, the number of beneficiaries of prayer ;-and that the Lord has bas been constantly increasing. The been pleased to add one more to our prospect that this jocrease may continchurch since we last wrote ; one, too, ue to present claims on the Board, bewho has already been useful to us as yond its resources, suggested the obvian interpreter and school-master, and ous necessity either of rejecting a part who promises to be a blessing to his of these young men, or of requiring benighted countryinen—we do rejoice them all to refund a portion of what in our work, and bless God, that " to they receive, that it may be applied us, the least of all saints, is this grace successively in aid of others, who may given, to preach among the Gentiles hereafter he equally necessitous and the upsearchable riches of Christ." equally deserving with themselves.
While this measure will require an LETTER OF DR. PATTERSON. increase of economy and personal effort from the beneficiaries, and to the [In the Appendix to the sixteenth Remost destitute will be a severe trial of port of the British and Foreign Bible their perseverance, the Directors hope
Society, are contained some interestit will not, in any case, be attended
ing letters from the Agents of the with insuperable embarrassment. And
Society. The following letter of they are persuaded that pious young
Dr. Patterson, relates to a country men, who shall have been thus fur
of which little is known.] nished with means of pursuing an edu
Mottonen, August 8, 1819., cation, will cheerfully devote the ne As this is a day of rest, I employ it cessary time, after entering on their to give you some account of what has profession, to restore to the common occurred since leaving St. Petersburgh. stock the above proportion of what The place from which I now write they have received.
you, lies quite in the heart of Finland, It will be understood, however, that about half way between Kuopio and if any one chooses not to obligate him
Wasa. self in this manner, he may, notwith The first place at which I stopped standing, receive one half the usual ap was Kexholin, a small town situated at propriation.
the mouth of the river by which the The correctness of the views which lakes which extend from Williamstrand led to the adoption of the foregoing to beyond Kuopio empty themselves plan in October, is confirmed by the into the Ladoga lake. The inhabitants more recent state of things. At the consist of Finns and Russians, in pearly meeting of the Board on the 10th inst. equal proportions, and are in general they were informed by the Treasurer very poor. The Finnish inhabitants of that the amount in his hands for pre this town and parish can all read; even sent use was only $1,446. As no re the children of five years old can read lief to the funds from the proposed re the New Testament. I had previouspayment of beneficiaries can be expect- ly suspected that this part of Finland ed under several years, it became ne would be found peculiarly destitute of cessary also to make a reduction of the word of God; and in this parish twenty five per cent in the ratio of ap- the Finnish clergyman assured me propriation. Still, without abandon- there were not twenty Bibles to be ing the great object committed to their found, and the people in general are so trust, they could not stop short of vot poor that they cannot afford to buy ing sums, amounting to $2,408. This them even at the moderate price at they did, relying on that generous co which they can now be obtained. It operation of the christian public, which is pleasing to learn that these poor peohas heretofore furnished prompt as ple are very attentive to the duties of sistance io a similar emergency. religion. In every village in the coun
There is one more subject on which try parts of this parish, the peasants I am requested to express, in this com meet on the Sundays,morning and evemunication, the views of the Directors. ning, in some house where the Bible, or In several instances, young men, who some religious book is to be found, and bad been assisted from the funds of the listen while one of the number reads Society, after trial of a few months, to thein the words of eternal life. have been found deficient in the quali- They sing psalms, and pray, and then fications required by the constitution, depart. I promised their worthy PasThe Board wish it to be understood, tor to endeavour to procure him some that when any beneficiary is thus deem Bibles for distribution among bis poor ed upworthy of continued patronage ; people. whatever expenses he may have incur At Konenberg I called upon the red, in reliance on future aid, they can worthy Dean, Slottman, whose Deannot, consistently with their sacred ery runs up the side of the Ladoga, trust, make any appropriation towards all the way to the Russian government such expenses, in addition to what he of Olonitź. shall have actually received at the time From this gentleman I got much iosuch decision is made in bis case. formation about the state of this part In behalf of the Directors, of the country, and of which I former
E. PORTER, Committee. ly knew nothing. The people in his Jan. 29, 1821.
Deanery can all read. Here, as in ex
ery other part of Fioland, this is chief- meet with such a man amidst the wilds Is to be ascribed to the attention
which of Finland. I spent the best part of a parents pay to their children. For, al- day with him. though in most parishes they have The next I called on was Dean school-masters, yet it is impossible, Cleve, at Randosalm.
The parish from the extent of the country, for contains about 1500 inhabitants, and parents to send their children to school, there are very few Bibles to be found and therefore they teach them at home. among them. The schoolmaster bere, To assist parents in the work of educa. bas much distinguished bimself in ting their children, this worthy Dean erecting Schools in this and the neighhas introduced circulating schools, boring parish. Here also they have which have been attended with sin- adopted circulating schools with much gular advantage.
advantage. The Dean has yet recei. The people in the whole of this part ved no copies of the Scriptures for nuof Finland are remarkable for their so merous parishioners who are anxious briety, purity, and simplicity of morals. to receive them. I was delighted to Few crimes are committed, and sel- fiod in his lady a pious, well-informed dom any of the more heinous kind woman, and whose example I hope They are a simple-bearted people. All will be useful in this part of the coun. they want is the Bible, in order to ex try. alt their morality, and to bless them I also visited the Dean of the district, with the purer joys of religion. The Dr. Bunstorf. It may give you some great body of the people in this dis- idea of the state of the parishes in Fintrict are very poor, and, may have, land, to mention that his parish is about comparatively speaking, but few copies eighty-six English miles long, and fifof the Scriptures among them. They ty-two broad; on all this extent of could be more easily supplied from St. country there live only 14,000 inhabitPetersburg than from any of the So ants. This is one of the poorest parcieties in Finland. The Dean begged ishes I bave been in. Many are so much that arrangements might be poor that they seldom can procure made for this purpose, and also for pure bread for their families; but mix procuring him a supply of Bibles their coarse flour with the bark of the and Testaments for gratuitous distribu- pine-tree, with straw and with a coarse tion among the poor. Few countries kind of moss. Last year, which was have such strong claims on the liberal- an unfavourable one, the poor people ality of Bible Societies. All can read, had scarcely any corn, and lived 'aland all are desirous of possessing the most entirely on bark, &c. They are Scriptures. I have had many proofs also in a great measure destitute of the of this on my journey, as I always Scriptures. carry a number of Testaments along The second Sunday after leaving with me, which have been received home I spent at a delightfully retired with tears of joy. So grateful were spot called Suonenjoki. I went to the they for them, that, although poor church in the forenoon, and carried a in the extreme, they refused to number of Testaments with me to distake money from me for lodging and tribute among the people. The clervictuals at the post-bouses. Bible So- gyman gave away some of them in my cieties must indeed prove a blessing to presence. To see the tear of joy and Finland, for without them her inhabit- gratitude stealing down the manly ants could never have been supplied cheek of the peasant, excited feelings with the scriptures.
of gratitude in my heart to that God In the neighborhood of Nyeslott I who has counted me worthy to be a called on the Rev. Mr. Maconi. His dispenser of blessings to others. I felt parish bas been pretty well supplied something of the blessedness of giving. with Bibles, eren of the older editions ; Here they have received no Bibles.and he had just received from the So- The extent of the country lays many ciety
in Kuopio filty Bibles and twenty. difficulties in the way of circulating the five Testaments, which were nearly all Scriptures. disposed of. The people in this Par On Monday the 2d inst. I arrived in ish are in general well informed ; fond Kuopio. There are some pious peoof reading, and have been supplied ple here whose acquaintance I made with books on various subjects by their when I passed the place in 1817, on
ortby vicar. It is truly a pleasure to my way to England, on whom I im