Imágenes de páginas


least have awakened those doubts, Besides this, he appeared soon after which will yet lead to a further and a the publication of Mr. S's work in more successfulinvestigation, and ulti a kind of preface to a review, the mately to a cordial reception of the avowed object of which was not to truth as it is in Jesus. Would to God, give “a complete review of Professor that this hope might not prove an il- Stuart's Letters," but rather to prolusion. We deprecate what seems to pose some preliminaries, and after us the waste of his talents, and still an apology for not remarking at more if our information be correct, length on their contents, he reserves the repunciation of those better with no small contempt for the views and the extinction of those production of Nir. Stuart, and with feelings, of which he may once have no small parade of his own prowess, been the happy subject.

the privilege of resuming the subject As christians, we regard with pe- in a future number. A third edition culiar emotions him, whose religious of the Letters appeared, and what opinions and perhaps experience also, has the Reviewer done? He has given bave been in accordance with our to the public his own reasons for de

By no unnatural association nying the doctrines of the Trinity and our thoughts recur to the case of those of the Divinity of Christ. And what who sin wilfully after they have re- has become of the “complete Received the knowledge of the truth. view of Professor Stuart's Letters ?" At the same time, it is grateful to our An article has appeared in the Chrisfeelings, that we are unable to decide tian Disciple, professing indeed, to be how far and how long, a real child of a review of those letters, but by the God may be left to depart from the author's own confession, he has taken true standard of faith, and no less a general view of the subject in congrateful that the particular case of troversy “ without particular referMr. C. is concealed from our inspec ence to the work" of Mr. Stuart. tion, in the counsels of divine wisdom. Stronger symptoms of conscious deHe will justify us then, is he regards seat in a theological contest we do not us as honest in our views of religious remember to have witnessed, nor can truth, in saying, that for bim we have we readily conceive of stronger proofs our anxieties; anxieties in some slight of actual defeat. For what have our degree alleviated by the hope that the Unitarian champions actually achievpromises of that everlasting covenanted? They have proved the doctrine which respect all who have experien- that three Gods are one God, to be an ced the power ofthe transforming grace absurdity, a doctrine which no one of God, may yet extend to him their maintains. The Reviewer has conrestoring efficacy, before the hours of ceded that the doctrine stated by Mr. his probation close. Our iguorance, Stuart is as free from absurdity as to say no more, we believe author- Unitarianism itself. He has then izes the hope, our heart we are sure turned upon it again the charge of abis ready with the prayer, that he may surdity, by denying the express meanyet feel the power and taste the con- ing of terms as used by Mr. S. and solations, as well as become the elo- affixing to those terms his own meanquent defender, of that system of faith ing. He has then conceded that he which he now denies and labours to knows nothing of God but by his atdestroy.-To return.

tributes, and of course that he knows The nanner in which the Review. not thai the doctrine woich respects er has treated the subject is still more the whole nature of God may not be upaccountable.

For some reason true. Mr. C. and the Reviewer in the management of the controversy attempting to fix absurdity on the seems to have been committed to his doctrine of the two-fold nature of hands. From him therefore, his par Christ, have argued against a miracuty did expect, and had a right to lous fact from the natural constiexpect a direct reply to the letters. tution of things. To what Mr. S.

has said to prove the Triaitarian in. age shortening, without a wish to add to terpretation of texts to be the right their number: But O may I be stirred up one, they have opposed new transla- ful work, and laying aside, as much as lations, which we have shown to be may be, all carnal cares and studies, may ! unauthorized, or those of some learn- give myself to this one thing.' The last ed critics, or a conjectural alteration, because the Lord has brought me safely


has been a year lo be remembered by me, or the reiterated charge of absurdity, India, and permitted me to begin, in one or a supposed interpolation or corrup- sense, my Missionary work. My trials in tion, or something else equally nuga. it have been very few; every tbing bas tory; and lastly, as to the most weighty turned out better than I expected ; loving arguments of Trinitarians, they have tended me every step; therefore, here,

kindnesses and tender mercies have atadopted a compendious method of re

will I sing his praise. I have been an unfutation, viz. to say nothing at all re- profitable servant, but the Lord hath not specting them.

cut me off: I have been wayward and per(To be continued.)

verse, yet he bath brought me further on the way to Zion: here then, with seven.

fold gratitude and affection, would I stop Review of the Memoir of Henry and devote myself to the blissful service of Martyn.

my adorable Lord. May he continue his

patience, his grace, his directions, his spir(Concluded from page 93.)

itual influences, and I shall at last surely

come off conqueror! May he speedily Our readers will remember that open my mouth, to make known the mys. Mr. Martyo, on his arrival in India, teries of the Gospel, and in great mercy resided at Aldeen, and preached occa

grant, that the Heathen may receive it in

great mercy and live !"-pp. 227, 228. sionally in Calcutta. In October 1806, he left Aldeen for Dinapore,

In and about Dipapore, Mr. M. the station to which he was appoint- at his own expense solely,' estabed. On bis passage, he distributed lished five schools. Before the end tracts, engaged in Christian conversa

of February the translation of the tion, and preached as he had

book of Common Prayer into Hin

opportunity. His attention to his studies doostanee, was completed, and on and to the business of translation, the 15th of March, he commenced was as great in his budgerow, as per the performance of divine worship in haps it would have been in a place the vernacular language of India, conmore congenial for literary exertion. cluding with an exhortation from When he arrived at Dinapore, Mr. Scripture in the same tongue. In M. engaged in the duties of a chap- March a translation of the Parables, lain with great ardour. His wish with a Commentary, was also finishwas to establish native schools, to

ed. attain such readiness in speaking Hin

Mr. Martyn's duties on the Sabbath had doostanee, as might enable him to now increased,-consisting of one service preach the Gospel of the grace of at seven in the morning to the Europeans, God, and to prepare translations of another at two in the afternoon to the Hin

doos, and an attendance at the hospital ; the Scriptures and religious tracts for after which, in the evening, he ministered dispersion.'

privately at his own rooms, to those sol

diers who were most seriously impressed On the first day of the year 1807, Mr. with a sense of divine things. From the Martyn was led to the following reflection, following statement we may see and apfron whence we perceive, that it is the preciate his exertions.—"The English serwork of the self-same Spirit to convince viee, at seven in the morning. I preachthe soul of sin, to constrain it to unresery. ed on Luke xxii, 22. As is always the ed obedience, and to fill it with unuttera case when I preach about Christ, a spiritble consolation.

ual influence was diffused over my soul.«Seven years have passed away since I The rest of the morning, till dinner time, I was first called of God. Before the con spent not unprofitably in reading Scripclusion of another seven years, how prob- fure, David Brainerd, and in prayer. That able tbat these hands will have mouldered dear saint of God, David Brainerd, is truly iolo dust! But be it so: my soul through a man after my own beart. Although I grace bath received the assurance of eter- cannot go half way with him in spiritualimal life, and I see the days of my pilgrim. ty and devotion, i cordially unite with him


in such of bis boly breathings, as I have While at Dinapore, Mr. M.
attained unto. How sweet and wise, like
him, and the saints of old, to pass through

menced and completed a translation this world as a serious and considerate

of the New Testament, into Hindoosstranger. I have had more of this temper tanee. He superintended the transto-day, than of late, and every duty has lation of it also into Persian. This been in barmony with my spirit. The translation was conducted by Sabat, service in Hindostanee was at two o'clock. The number of women not above one

whose conversion and apostasy are hundred. I expounded cbap. iii, of St.

alike memorable. While residing at Matthew. Notwithstanding the general this station, he was afilicted by the inapathy with which they seemed to receive telligence of the death of one of his I was sure, understood and felt something. sisters, and soon after his removal to But not a single creature beside them, Cawnpore, he was called to mourn European or native, was present. Yet the loss of the sister who was pecutrue spirituality, with all its want of at. tractions for the carnal heart, did prevail liarly dear to him, as having been the over the splendid shows of Greece and means, under God, of his conversion. Rome and shall again hore.-A man at the hospital much refreshed me, by observing,

At Cawnpore, the hand of friendship that if I made an acquisition of but one

and hospitality was stretched out, to wel. convert in my whole life it would be a

come Mr. Martyn, and to afford him those rich reward, and that I was taking the

attentions, after a wearisome and perilous only possible way to this end. This man's journey, which were not only most gratiremark was much more sensible than fying to his feelings, but almost indispensa***'s yesterday, who, it seems, had receiv. ble to the preservation of bis life. From ed full information of my schools, &c. and

the pen of the lady of that friend who said I should make no proselyte. Thy then received bim~a pen which has been judgments are far above out of their sight often and happily employed in the sacred How positively they speak, as if there

cause for which Mr. Martyn lived and lawere no God who could influence the bored-we have the following account of heart. Al nigbt B. and S. came, and we

his arrival at the new station to wbich he had the usual service."

was uppointed. “The month of April, in With those soldiers who attended Mr. the upper provinces of Hindooslan, is one Martyn always on the evening of the Sab

of the most dreadful months for travelling bath, and often on some other evenings throughout the year ; .indeed, no Europe of the week, he enjoyed true spiritual

an, at that time, can remove from place communion. Their number was very

to place, but at the bazard af his life. But small at first, amounting at the most to

Mr. Martyn had that anxiety to be at the five ; sometimes, indeed, only one could work which his heavenly Father had giv. attend, but with him he would gladly u

en him to do, tbat, notwithstanding the nite in prayer and praise, and reading the

violent heat, he travelled from Chunar to Scriptures, when the promise of the Re Cawnpore, the space of about four hundeemer's gracious presence was verified to

dred miles. At that time, I well rememtheir abundant consolation.

ber, the air was as hot and dry as that Over some few of the officers stationed

which I have sometimes felt near the mouth at Dinapore, he now began to rejoice with of a large oven-no friendly cloud or verthat joy, which faithful ministers alone

dant carpet of grass, to relieve the eye can estimate, who, after much preaching from the strong glare of the rays of the son, and admonition, and after many prayers

pouring on the sandy plains of the Ganges. and tears—at length perceive a fruitful re

Thus Mr. Martyn travelled, journeying sult of their ansious endeavors to win

night and day, and arrived at Cawnpore, souls and glorify their Lord. One of these, in such a state, that he fainted away as who from the first, to use Mr. Martyn's

soon as he entered the house. When we own words, bad á treated him with the charged him with the rashness of hazard. kindness of a father," at this time excited ing in this manner bis life, he always expectations which soon ripened into a

pleaded his anxiety to get to the great delightful certainty, that he had tuned work.

He remained with us ten days, with full purpose of heart to bis Re. suffering at times considerably from fever deemer. But if his bappiness was great at

and pain in his chest." witnessing this effect of ihe divine blessing

Mr. Martyn's own account of this dread. on bis ministry-so also was his anxiety,

ful and most distressing journey, is thus lest this new convert should relapse, and briefly detail to Mr Corrie. walk again according to the course of this " Caronpore, May 1, 1809. The entrance world, and he began, he said, in reference to this place is through plains of unmeasto bim, for the first time, lo enter into the orable extent, covered with burning sand. spirit of the Apostle's words, “now we The place itself I have not yet been able live if ye stand fast in the Lord."--pp. 242 10 see, nor shall, I suppose, till the raiti : -245,

at present it is involved in a thick cloud help, for his own pleasure.—But who is of dust. So much for esordium.-Let me God? One so great, so good, so wise, so take up my narrative from Mirzapore, mighty, that none can know him as he where I wrote you a note. I reached ought to know: but yet we must know Tarra about noon. Next day at noon, that he knows us. When we rise up, on reached Allahabad, and was hospitably re sit down, or go out, he is always with us. ceived by Mr. G. ; at night dined with He created heaven and earth; therefore him at the Judge's and met twenty-six every thing in heaven, sun, moon, and people. From Allahabad to Cawnpore stars. Therefore how should the sun be how shall I describe what I suffered ! Two God, or moon be God? Every ibing on days and two nigbts was I travelling with earth, therefore Ganges also--therefore out intermission. Especting to arrive how should Ganges be God? Neither are early on Saturday morning, I took no pro- they like God.-If a shoemaker make a vision for that day. Thus I lay in my pa. pair of shoes, are the shoes like bim? If a lanquin faint, with a head-ache, neither man make an image, the image is not like awake nor asleep, between dead and alive man his maker. Infer secondly: if God - the wind blowing flames. The bearers made the heaven and earth for you, and were so unable to bear up, that we were made the meat also for you, will he noti six hours coming the last six kos (twelve also feed you? Know also, that he that miles.) However, with all this frightful made beaven and earth, can destroy them description, I was brought in mercy and will do it; therefore fear God who through. It was too late on Saturday to is so great, and love God who is so good." think of giving notice of my arrival, ibat Such was the substance of bis first diswe might have service ; indeed I was course, the whole of which was preached myself too weak. Even now the motion sentence by sentence, for at the end of of the palanquin is not out of my brain, each clause there were applauses and expor the heat out of my blood."--pp. planatory remarks from the wiser among 310—312.

them. “] bless my God," said Mr. Mar. At Cawnpore, Mr. Martyn's ministerial

tyn, " for helping me beyond my expectadoties varied little from those which had

tions. Yet still my corrupt beart looks

forward to the next attempt with some occupied him at Dinapore. Prayers and a

dread."-318, 319. sermon with the regiment at the dawn of the morning; the same service at the

Objections having been made to boase of the General of the station, at elev.

the Persian version of the New Tesen o'clock; attendance at the hospital; and in the evening, that part of his work tament, on the ground that it too wbich was the most grateful and refresh. much abounded with Arabic idioms, ing to his spirit, though performed under it was at length determined that Mr. esposition to the more devout part of his M. should visit Arabia and Persia, lock, with prayer and thanksgiving, made and consult learned natives of those up the ordinary portion of bis labors.-pp. countries, respecting it. A letter -313, 314.

from Mr. Brown to Mr. Martyn, The close of the year 1809 was distin. shows that a residence in Asia had guished by the commencement of Mr.

not been without its effect upon the Martyn's first public ministration among the leathen. 'A crowd of mendicants, style of the former gentleman, which wbom, to prevent perpetual interruptions in this instance at least, is not defihe had appointed to meet on a stated day, cient in imagery. for the distribution of alıs, frequently as. sembled before bis house in immense num Mr. Brown's reply, on lbis purpose, be. bers, presenting an affecting spectacle of ing comunicated to bim, is too characextreme wretchedness. To this congre. teristic, both of himself and Mr. Martyn, gation he determined to preach the word to be onnitted. “But can I then (said be) of the Saviour of all men, who is no re. bring myself to cut the string and let you specter of persons. Of his first attempt at go? confess I could not, is your bodily this new species of ministration, be thus frame was strong, and promised to last for speaks :- I told them (after requesting balf a century. But as you burn with the their attention) that I gave with pleasure intenseness and rapid blaze of heated phos. the alus I could afford, but wished to give phorus, why should we not make tbe most them something better, namely, eternal of you? Your fame may last as long, ricbes, or the knowledge of God, which and perhaps longer, in Arabia, than in lowas to be bad from God's word; and then dia.' Where should the phenis build her producing a Hindoostanee translation of odoriferous nest, but in the land propheticGenesis, read the first verse, and explain ally called the blessed;' and where sball ed it word by word. In the beginning, we ever expect, but from that country, wben there was nothing, no beaven, no the true comforter to come to the nations earth, but only God, he created without of the East. I contemplate yons New

Testament springing up, as it were, from lation of the New Testament, by Sabat, dust and ashes, but beautiful as the wings commenced immediately another version of a dove covered with silver, and ber in the Persian language. An able and feathers like yellow gold."

willing assistant, in this arduous and im. Towards the end of September, there. portant work, presented himself in the fore, Mr. Martyn put himself in readiness person of Mirza Seid Ali Khan, tbe to leave Cawnpore; and on his preaching, brother-in-law of his host, Jaber Ali Kban. for the last time, to the natives, and giv. His coadjutor, he soon discovered,was one ing them an account of the life, the mira of a numerous and increasing religious comcles, the death, and the resurrection of Je. munity, whose tenets, (if that term be not sns, as well as a summary of his heavenly inapplicable to any thing of so Nuctnating doctrine-exhorting them to believe in and indefinite a nature as their senti bim, and taking them to record that he ments,) appear to consist of refined mystihad declared to them the glad tidings of cism of the most Lalitudinarian compler. the Gospel-it was but too apparent that ion; a quality, be it remembered, entirely they would never again hear those sounds opposite to the exclusive character and in of wisdom and mercy from his lips. On the flexible spirit of Christianity, and which opening of the new chuch, also, where he pervading, as it does so completely, the preached to his own countrymen, amidst system of Sooseism, sufficienily accounis the happiness and thankfulness which a. for its toleration under a Mahometan des. abounded at sceing “a temple of God potism, of a purer and more absolute kind erected, and a door opened for the service than exists even in tbe Turkish dominions. of the Almighty, in a place where, from In Jaffier Ali Khan, a Mahomelan of the foundation of the world, the taberna- rank and consequence, to whom Mr. Marcle of the true God bad never stood," a tyn had letters of recommendation, be mournful foreboding could not be sup found a singular urbanity of manners, unipressed, that he, who had been the cause ted to a temper of a more solid and subof its erection, and who now ministered stantial excellence-a kindness of disposi. in it for the first time, in the beauty of bo tion, ever fertile in expedients conducive liness, would minister there no more. to the comfort and convenience of his They bebeld bim standing on the verge of guest. There was in him also, as well as the eternal world, and ready to take a in his brother-in-law, wbat was still more splendid flight.“ My father, my father, gratifying, an entire absence of bigot. the chariot of Israel and the horsemen ry and prejudice; and on all occasions be thereof,” were the sentiments with which was ready to invite, rather than decline, many gazed on him. One of his auditors the freest intercbange of opinion on relion this solemn occasion, describes, in the gious topics. following words, the feelings of many oth The work, for which Mr. Martyn ha] ers, in depicting her own :-"He began come to Shiraz, was commenced on the in a weak and faint voice, being at that 17th of June, little more than a week af. time in a very bad state of bealth : but ter his reaching that city. It was pregathering strength as he proceeded, he ceded by a very pleasing interview with seemed as one inspired from on high.- two priests of the Mahometan faith, of Never was an audience more affected. which we have this account.-" In the The next day, this holy and beavenly man evening, Seid Ali came, with two Moolleft Cawnpore, and the society of many labs, disciples of bis uncle Mirza Ibraheem, who sincerely loved and admired him.- and with ihem I had a very long and tem. He left us with little hope of seeing him perate discussion. One of them read ibe again, until, by the mercy of our Saviour, beginning of St. John, in the Arabic, and we meet with bim in our Father's house." inquired very particularly into our opin. pp. 327-329.

ions respecting the person of Christ; and

wben be was informed that he did not con. On the 7th of January, 1811, Mr.

sider his human nature elernal, nor bis

mother divine, seemed quite satisfied, and M. sailed from Calcutta, and after remarked to the others, “how much misvisiting Ceylon, Goa, Bombay, and apprehension is removed when people the Elephanta Island, he landed at come to an explanation.' Bushire on the 22nd of May; on the

As Mr. Martyn was himself an object of

attention and curiosity in Shiraz, and the 30tb his Persian dress was ready, and Testament was wholly new to his coadju. he started for Shiraz. Our limits tor, he was not suffered to proceed in his prevent us from giving the


in work witho:t many interruptions. teresting account of this journey.

“ Seid Ali," he writes, June 17, “began translating the Gospel of John with me.

We were interrupted by the entrance of Arrived at the celebrated seat of Persian two very majestic personages, one of literature, Mr. Martyn, baving ascertained whom was the great-grandson of Nadir the general correctoess of the opinion de Sbah. The Uncle of the present King livered at Calculla, respecting the trans. used to wait behind his fatber's table. He

« AnteriorContinuar »