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Ordinations and Installations.
Feb. 20th.---The Rev. CALVIN of New-Hampshire, were admitted by Hitchcock, was ordained pastor of the Rt. Rev. Bishop Griswold, to the the First Congregational Church and Holy Order of Deacons.-Sermon by Society in Randolph, Mass.-Sermon the Rev. Dr. Jarvis, of Boston. by the Rev. Mr. Fay of Charlestown, March 7th.-The Rev. Elijas DEMass.
MOND, was ordained pastor of a church Feb. 28th.—The Rev.John BOARD- in West Newbury, Mass.-Sermon by MAN, was ordained pastor of the Con- the Rev. Mr. Fay, of Charlestown, gregational Church and Society in Mass. West Boylston, Mass.--Sermon by the March 14th.-The Rev. EBENEZER Rev. Mr. Braman, of Rowley, Mass. BURGEss, was ordained pastor of the
March 4th.-At an ordination held First Church in Dedham, Mass.--Serin St. Michael's Church, Bristol, R. I. mon by the Rev. Dr. Spring, of Newthe Rev. STEPHEN H. Tyng of Bos- York. ton, and the Rev. Silas BLAISDELL,
View of Public Affairs.
condition, and shall transmit to the Congress adjourned on the 4th inst. President of the United States on or The admission of the Territory of Mis- before the fourth Monday in Noremsouri into the Union, was the most im- ber next, an authentic copy of the said portant question, and comparatively act ; upon the receipt whereof the the only one, which at any time engage President hy proclamation shall aned the attention of the National Legis- nounce the fact; whereupon, and lature.
any further proceeding on the After many laborious exertions, and part of Congress the admission of said numerous propositions had been made state into this Union shall be considerin both Houses, for the purpose of ed as complete. bringing the question to a final issue, The above Resolution passed the the object was ultimately accomplish- House of Representatives 87 to 81 ; ed by means of a joint Committee, who was concurred in by the Senate with reported the following Resolution on out debate, and subsequently received the 26th of February, only six days be the signature of the President. fore the close of the session.
Resolved, &c. That Missouri shall be On the 6th instant, James Monroe, admitted into this Union on an equal was re-inducted into the office of Presfooting with the original states in all idency of the United States. His inrespects whatever, upon the funda augural speech, wbich was delivered mental condition, that the fourth clause on taking the oath to support the Conof the twenty-sixth section of the third stitution, contains a review of our naarticle of the constitution submitted on tional policy and success for four years the part of Congress shall nerer be past, and indicates the course to be construed to authorize the passage of pursued in future. Io view of our forany law, and that no law shall be pass- eign relations he makes the following ed in conformity thereto, by which any remarks. citizen of either of the states in this Europe is again unsettled, and the union, shall be excluded from the en prospects of war increasing. Should joyment of any of the privileges and the flame light up, in any quarter, how immunities to which such citizen is en far it may extend it is impossible to titled under the constitution of the U- foresee. It is our peculiar felicily to nited States : Provided, That the le- be altogether unconnected with the gislature of the said state, by a solemn causes which produce this menacing public act, shall declare the assent of aspect elsewhere. With every power the said state to the said fundamental we are in perfect amity, and it is our in
terest to remain so, if it be practicable posed by existing treaties, and disapon just conditions. I see no reasona proving of the "mode and circumstanble cause to apprehend variance with ces" under which the revolution of Naany power unless it proceed from a ples had been effected, the Despatch violation of our maritime rights. In further states, that " it should be clearthese contests, should they occur, and ly understood, that no government can to whatever extent they may be carri be more prepared than the British ed, we shall be neutral; but as a neu government is to uphold the right of tral power, we have rights which it is any state or states io interfere where our duty to maintain. For light in their own immediate security or esjuries it will be incumbent on us to sential interests are seriously endangerseek redress in a spirit of amity, in full ed by the internal transactions of anconfidence that injuring none, none other State. But as they regard the would knowingly injure us. For more assumption of such right as only to be imminent dangers we should be pre- justified by the strongest necessity, and pared, and it should always be recol to be limited and regulated thereby, lected that such preparation, adapted they cannot admit that this right can to the circumstances, and sanctioned receive a general and indiscriminate by the judgment and wishes of our application to all revolutionary moveconstituents, cannot fail to have a good ments, without reference to their imeffect, in averting dangers of every mediate bearing upon some particular kind. We should recollect, also, that State or States, or be made prospecthe season of peace is best adapted to tively the basis of an alliance. They these preparations.
regard its exercise as an exception to general principles, of the greatest value
and importance, and as one that only By late arrivals at New-York and properly grows out of the circumstanBoston, London papers have been re ces of the special case, but they at the ceived to the 10th and Liverpool to same time consider, that exceptions of the 13th of February.
this description never can, without the Parliament agreeably to adjourn- utmost danger, be so far reduced to ment convened on the 23d of January. rule, as to be incorporated into the orHis Majesty George IV. opened the dinary diplomacy of States, or into the session by a short speech in which he institutes of the law of nations." expresses himself much gratified with
The Queen.—The House of Comthe improvements which have been made in the financial concerns of the
mons have passed a Resolution that
his Majesty be enabled to grant the nation, and in the commerce and manufactures of the country. Relative to
Queen £50,000 per annum. Her Mathe Queen, His Majesty said that the jesty on hearing that such a proposition
had been made in the House, sent in a provision fixed by Parliament in 1814 having expired with the death of the Resolution, that she would accept of
message previous to the passage of the late king, he had desired his ministers to lay the matter before the House of
no grant on any condition which should
not include a restoration of her name Commons that they might take such
to the Liturgy. measures upon that subject as they
Sir Archibald Hamilton moved in should think proper:
the House, “That the order in CounHis Majesty said nothing in his speech decisive of the course intended which the name of her Majesty Caro
cil passed the 12th of February under to be pursued by the British govern- line, Queen Consort of these realms, ment towards the Congress of Sove was erased from the Liturgy, appears reigos at Laybach; his intentions how
to have been ill advised and inexever are explicitly stated in a Circular
pedient.” Despatch to his majesty's ministers at
After an interesting debate, the moForeigo Courts, laid before the House of Lords, in pursuance of an address
tion was lost by a majority of 101-
310 votiog for and 209 against it. to his Majesty Feb. 1821. The circular states, that the King has felt himself obliged to decline becoming a party to the measures in question. After Jan. 27th, an attempt was made upon explaining the views of the British gov- the life of the King and royal family of ernment, in regard to obligations im France, by the explosion of a barrel of
gunpowder, containing about six pounds, day, for 12 days in succession, had on the and placed on the staircase in the interior sixth day completed 300 miles. Betting of the Chateau des Thuilleries, wbich leads was 3 to 1 against the accomplishment of to the apartment of Madame and his Ma, the performance. jesty. Fortunately no injury was sustain
All the Italian witnesses have been reed by any person from the explosion. On the night of the same day, a petard was
moved off from Cotton Gardens, and the exploded near the carriage of the Duke
place is now restored to its former state. d'Angouleme, in which he was returning
In Saxony, which prides herself on befrom Compeigne. Since these attempts, ing the cradle of the Protestant religion, petards have exploded in several parts of the the Catholic clergy, it appears, probibit incity of Paris, without effect. Several ar
termarriages with Protestants, unless the rests had been made, but the authors of parties engage to educate their children in these daring attempts had not been dis
ihe Catholic religion; and the priests bave covered. Suspicions bad rested against a
even gone the length of declaring marria. person named Neveu, which led to his ar
ges celebrated by the Protestant clergy rest, but at the moment he entered the of.
null and void, and the parties guilty of the fice of the Commissary, he took a razor, sin of adultery. The university of Leipwhich he had concealed in his clothes, and
sic bas taken the alarm at this illegal intercot his throat in such a manner as to
ference of the Catholic clergy, and resolv. cause bis immediate death.
ed to bring the subject under the cogoiAmong the gentlemen of distinction
zance of the diet who attended the King's levee held on the
The Sierra Leone Gazette, of Nov. 18, 26th January, we observe the name of Mr.
says Recent letters from the Gambia, Rush, the American Minister.
contain the disagreeable intelligence of Admiral Sir George Campbell, comman
some sanguinary successes obtained over der in chief on the Portsmouth station, bas
the French on the upper Senegal. It is no committed suicide, in a fit of insanity, by involved the loss of a French vessel, carry.
small aggravation of ibe misfortune that it shooting himself with a pistol.
ing supplies to the amount of 3000 pounds Sir William Scott, who has for some sterling, to the British expedition to the intime been seriously indisposed, is announ terior of Africa, under Major Grey, now ced by the London papers, to have so far at Galam, where these supplies were & recovered as to be out of danger.
waited as a fresh outfit." The Caston Printing Office, at Copperas
An article from Constantinople, says Hill, Liverpool, the most extensive peri "The Sultan seems to have enough opon odical publication warehouse in the Uni bis bands every where. The Monteneted Kingdom, bas been completely des- grins have declared war, and he has been troyed by fire, with all its contents. The compelled to despatch seven detachments stock, types, presses, and premises, were of artillery against them. His highness insured for 36,000 pounds sterling.
has received a present of 150 heads, carePreparations have been made at the He rewarded the bearers most liberally."
fully packed up, from one of his generals. Mint in London, for coining 10,000,000 guineas within the year 1821,
Naples.-By the most recent accounts time the process is in complete operation, from Naples, it appears that every exer. the issues will amount to 200,000 per tion is making for a vigorous defence week.
against the troops of the allies. Reports
already state that the Congress at Laybach The University of Edinborgh now reck bad submitted the outlines of a Constitution ons not less than 2000 students, a greater of government to the Parliament of Naples, number, it is believed, than any university and that the Austrian army bad taken up in Europe could ever boast of.
their march to enforce its acceptance.
No doubt seems to remain that the allies The preparations for the coronation feat
are determined to resist all further revoluin Westminster Hall, are going forward, tions, if not to restore the ancient order of and rumour fixes the month of May for things, where they have already happened. this splendid spectacle.
The Duc de Gallo, despatched by the The celebrated pedestrian, Lieut. Owen, Neapolitan Parliament to the King at Lavwho undertook to walk 50 miles a day, in bach, received at Udline a probibition to the vicinity of London, in 12 hours each enter the Austrian dominions.
Answers to Correspondents necessarily deferred.
For the Christian Spectator. the old and new testaments, with the Remarks on the criticism of the Bible.
'same critical rules as to the writings
of Homer and Demosthenes, of VirIn the writings of some theologians, gil and Cicero, is to confound things we not unfrequently find remarks on essentially distinct, and to mistake what is called the criticism of the Bin what is sacr for what is profane. ble, which indicate opinions of its na That this representation is correct ture, and appprehensions of its con- might be shewn, if necessary, by nu: sequences, which can hardly be re merous quotations from popular theoconciled with any just and rational logical writings. That it is not wholviews of the subject. Criticism is ly without foundation, may be seen sometimes representeel by the writers by reference to a production in the referred to, as a portion of sacred lit- Christian Spectator, so late as the erature of comparatively little impor- number for February last. In that tance, and with which, as an obvious number, the reviewer' of the inauguconsequence, we need have little con ral discourse of Prof. Norton, after cern; as made up chiefly of the spec- stating, that to the illustration of the ulations and conjectures of ingenious more difficult portions of scripture, men, who have studied the language “the adepts in philology and the of the sacred writings to the almost languages will be called;" and that entire neglect of their practical use; “their services in the departments in and as opening a wide field for the which they labor, need not be undervagaries of rash and adventurous rated;" and, indeed, that he would minds, whose course thus begun, al- concede to them all “ deserved honmost necessarily terminates in par our;" goes on to say;"that so far as tial or entire unbelief. These writers, the sacred volume is concerned, not a however, at times, seem not wholly in- little danger attends the pursuit of these sensible to the value of critical learn- philological niceties. We are not ing. In cases of difficulty they will permitted to approach that book with themselves resort to it for assistance. our critical analysis, just as the anatStill, when most favourably disposed, omist approaches the subjects of his they seem to approach it with dread, intended operations, to disjoint and and to look upon a critical apparatus dissect them as he pleases. The dias a collection of edged tools, which vine character of the work must, from they, indeed, in cases of extremity, its nature, impose a restraint on the may venture to use, but which, by all feelings of men; and it certainly means, are to be kept out of hands ought to repress the presumption, that less skilful and less cautious than their would treat it, as though it were mere own. It is especially urged, that the ly a human production.” And again; criticism of the bible, is, in its nature, peculiar grace is necessary for perdifferent from that of the other wri sons who carry these philological tings of antiquity; and that to come researches to the greatest extent, that to the examination of the books of they may not, as with many bras been
Vol. 3. No. IV. 22
the case, be carried over to the side tiog in jeopardy the very existence of of extravagant opinion, and even of his faith. infidelity."
It is not the object of the present These passages are not produced communication to give a full discusas containing the strongest views of sion of these interesting topics. Inthose who are disposed to undervalue deed,, to do them justice, would rethe importance of criticism, or who quire much more time and space than are alarmed at the consequences to
can be now allotted for this purpose. which, as they think, it leads; but as A few remarks, however, will be hazexamples which are at hand, and arded, with the expectation and wish, which prove, that the statement give that those who entertain different ep above of the manner in which sac- views from the writer, will not be red criticism is often spoken of, is sub- backward in expressing them; as it stantially true. But moderate and is from a comparison of opinions, and comparatively mild as is the lan- the grounds on which they have been guage of this writer, its obvious im- formed, that truth is most easily eliport is,--that skill in criticism is an cited, and a final agreement among attainment of secondary value ;-that dissentients produced. the criticism of the bible, differs es The first subject of inquiry, thes, sentially from that of any other book; is, how far sacred criticism is impor-and that the dangers attending crit- tant, and the degree of attention it ical studies are so great, that “pecul- claims from the student. Here it iar grace” is requisite to preserve the seems necessary to state more partic. student of biblical philology from ex- ularly what is meant by the criticisni travagant opinion, and even from in- of the Bible. Thcological writers fidelity.
are not agreed in their use of the At a time when the criticism of the term criticism. Some confine it to Bible is receiving through our coun that department of study which restry an increased degree of attention pects the text of the scriptures, or the in a theological education, no one determination of what is, and what is probably will deny the importance of not, to be considered a part of the a full consideration of these positions sacred volume; others, however, of the reviewer. If the criticism of give it a more extended meaning, and the scriptures is, in truth, of little im- by the criticism of the bible, intend portance, it certainly concerns all the not only the settling of the text of ological students to know what are its the old and new testaments, but the real claims on their attention; that application of the principles of the othey may not bestow upon it a dispro- riginal languages, and the use of hisportionate share of time and labour. tory and antiquities, in elucidating the If there are essential differences be- meaning of the sacred writers. Crit. tween the criticism of the old and icism in this broader sense, is usually new testaments, and the other wri- intended by those who speak lightly tings of antiquity, no time should be of its importance, and seems to be the lost in making these differences so thing especially aimed at by the reclear and prominent, that they can viewer in his censures of “philologicneither be mistaken nor disregarded. al niceties,”-“ critical analysis," and And if the dangers which beset the treating the scriptures as “merely a path of philology are so numerous human production." Though the and alarming, that few who travel reviewer appears inclined to concede that way, can hope to escape unhurt; to criticism thus understood, all “ deall will admit the importance of at served honour,” yet as others are not once having these dangers more pare disposed to unite with him in this act ticularly marked and defined, that of plain justice, it may be useful to rethe student may secure the advanta- mark on the real as well as comparages of critical research, without put. tive importance of this part of theolo