Imágenes de páginas

greatly declined and fallen. It is the Among the many reasons which of restoration of that light and influence fer for such an establishment, the folto the benighted regions whence they lowing are deemed important. first originated, and were given to the 1. The known and old propensity of world--the repayment of a debt of the Greeks, to inquiry; the great scareighteen, nay, of more than thirty cen- city of books, especially in the Romaturies.

ic, or modern Greek, and inability of By letters from the Levant, and es the body of the people to purchase pecially from the Rev. Mr. William- them. Of 380 monks in one monasson, a most respectable English Chap: tery, visited by our Missionaries at Jain at Smyrna, the American Board Scio, 40 of whom were priests, but of Commissioners for Foreign Mis. about 100, doubtless from this cause, sions have received, through their Sec were able to read. Of those who retary, such statements respecting the could, but few understood the ancient prospects of extending religious in- Greek, and had no books in their own struction, as are highly encouraging. idiom. Yet they and others received Our beloved Missionaries themselves tracts with great aridity—so great inhave transmitted accounts in their deed, that Messrs. Fisk and Parsons, journals, which not only corroborate during about three months of their these statements, but add much to the stay in that island, distributed no less mass of evidence, that the time has ar than between 2 and 3000. They also rived for some great and peculiar ex- disposed of 35 copies of the Greek ertion.

Testament, 13 of which were, howevUnder these circumstances, the pro- er, sold. Yet it is to be remembered, ject of a printing establishment, has in- that Scio is one of the most flourishing terested ihe warm feelings of several of the Greek communities. The genfriends of mankind; and a subscrip- eral oppression by the severe exactions tion is commenced for the purpose of of the Turks is universally known. procuring presses, and obtaining work. 2. The fact, that no molestation men, under the superiotendence of the whatever, is given to Christian teachMissionaries to Palestine, in order to ers, in propagating their sentiments. form an establishment of this kind, and Turks, indeed, who renounce Islam, or render it efficient.

their peculiar faith, are liable to severe With regard to its location, the punishment, but none falls on their inBoard, in their report of last Septem- structors. Hence, even amopg Turks, ber, mention with approbation, the much more among their oppressed opinion of the Rev. Mr. Williamson, subjects of the Greek Church, do efthat “Smyrna is by far the best situa- fectual impediment exists to the diffu. tion in the Levant-having a frequent sion of books and tracts. communication with all the parts of 3. A Missionary, by means of the the Ottoman Empire, and is the best press, increases his power to do good, place in those regions for learning in an incalculable ratio. They who Greek, Turkish, Italian and French, may hear his voice, may be, comparaand for the security and liberty which tively few. But tracts and books foreigners and Christians enjoy.” They reach thousands. A missionary can also observe, “ there is little reason to acquire a perfect facility of expression, doubt, that the shores of the Mediter- but in few languages. But by the press ranean, afford many of the best open even unconverted heathen, as at Ser. ings for christian enterprize." These ampore, or unsound professors of a shores are, of course, approachable corrupt form of christianity, can under from Smyrna by sea, and the whole judicious superintendence, be made to interior may be visited, or reached, by diffuse the purest information, in their caravans constantly passing through own dialect, and transmit, for the healAsia Minor, in journies between Smyr- ing of millions, the salutary truths, na and Armenia, Persia and Syria. which yet have not reached their own But whether this city or Jerusalem it- hearts. A missionary may thus emself

, which, by means of its numerous ploy other hands in doing labour, in pilgrims from almost every quarter, ihe result of which, be expects the acholds out an inducement to make it complishment of his most derout once more a centre of evangelical ef. hopes. In the Lerant, for instance, forts, shall be the ultimate seat of such the cheapest paper is drawn from a an establishment, time and circumstan- bigoted country, in which Bibles have ces must deterrnine.

been publicly burnt, althougb giren


without reward, and its workmen, in- press, and afterwards in that of Scio, genious and versatile Italians, may be from the writings of Dr. Watts. These employed to diffuse the light, that and others besides the Scriptures, will must discover the grossness of their increase the taste for reading, and preown superstitions, and kindle the pare the way for the salutary opera. fame, which must burn up the "wood, tion of the press, among the Greeks hay and stubble."

especially, who seeon destined to be 4. Although there is now a newspa- the ruling nation again, on the north per printed at Viepoa in the Modern and northwest shores of the MediterGreek, for circulation, probably, in the Ionian islands, which are advancing 6 As, however, it is iotended that rapidly in importance, and are adopt the proposed printing establishment ing means for general instruction ; yet shall be furnished with fonts of types it was not long since true, that there appropriate to different languages for was “not a single newspaper or other instance, the Roman, Greek, Arabic, periodical publication in all the Turk Hebrew and Syriac alphabets; it is ish dominions." What room then, for important to observe, that, with them, a paper or a pamphlet periodically almost all the inhabitants of those printed, and filled with interesting re widely extended coasts, may be reachligious intelligence of the presented. By the first, the English, French, eventful day! What room for a pub- Spanish, and Italian languages transmit lication which shall recall the ancient their stores of religion and science; purity of gospel faith and practice; the Greek is not only calculated for such a production would lead to a pe that nation--even Turkish is pow print. rusal of the Scriptures, many who are ing in it; by the Arabic, besides the now ignorant of their contents, or op Christian Copts of Egypt, every na. posed to them. Of the latter state of tion may be reached that has received mind, our missionaries, in their jour- the Koran.; Turks, Arabs, Moors, and nals just received, give a remarkable even the Persians, whose ordinary al. instance, stating that the Russian Con- phabet differs but slightly from the sul of Scio, informed them he bad just common Arabic; by the Hebrew, the been disputing, with a Greek priest, widely, scattered race of the Jews, about the circulation of the Scriptures. who are uniformly taught it, may be The priest said, it was not useful. The instructed; and, by the Syriac, all that consul enquired "why ?” “ Because," country, which was the scene of most said the priest," the scriptures say of the events recorded in the New Tes. nothing about Lent, or Mass, or Con tament, may be filled with intellectual fession."

light. Nor. let the employment of 5 It is observable, that within the these various languages be thought a the last half century especially, owing chimerical expectation. The Eurono doubt, in part, to the persevering pean languages are of easy acquisition, ambition of the late Empress of Rus- and the Oriental, so far at least, as it is sia, a peculiar attention has been paid expected the present plan will operate, in Europe to the Greeks, and they have are cognate dialects. For it is well been roused to attend to themselves. known that, as the Latin scholar has Education is progressively raising laid a foundation for the knowledge of their condition. A spirit of inquiry, Italian, Portugese, Spanish and French; congenial as before remarked, to the so be, who is thorough in the Hebrew nation, is rife among them. Transla- language, has made no small advances tions of important works are advan toward a knowledge of Syriac, Arabic, cing; and their own ancient Fathers, and their kindred dialects. clothed in the Modern Romaic garb, 7. Several facilities, remarkably afare gaining their attention. Among forded at the present time, in Providtheir translations, the Athenæum of ence, appear to paint as with the “ finthis town, possesses a copy of Dr. ger of Heaven," to the peculiar exerGoldsmith's' History of Greece. The tion of Christian benevolence. Among Rev. Mr. Lowndes, of Zante, we are these, and in that region especially, just told, is translating Mason on Self where the intended printing establishKoowledge, and labors on a Dictiona ment would operate, are the extensive ry, English and Romaic. Our mis- efforts of the British and Foreign Bisionaries sent home, among others, ble Society, directed mostly by their a tract Arst printed at the Patriarchal actire committee at Malta, The Rev.

Mr. Jowett, by his repeated journies, must be soon obtained under present has, in diffusing copies of the Scrip- circumstances, encourage the best tures, excited the spirit of enquiry; hopes of ultimate success. and even from remote Abyssinia, still 9. It may be added, that the deprein name a Christian Empire, and influ- dations of the French in Italy, for so enced by the Copts of Egypt, from long a period during their awful revowhom their Patriarch originates, a cry lution, and its subsequent scenes, ex. is heard, desiring the Scriptures. To hausted the treasures of the Propagaoan Arabic scholar, the Ethiopic is no da at Rome, on which so many of the difficult acquisition; or, as says Mr. Oriental nations, cities, and churches Jowett, " to one acquainted with gen- depend for an occasional supply of revine Maltese." By ibe labors of the ligious books. It is worthy of notice, French Consul at Cairo, the whole that this circumstance leaves an unocScriptures are now translated into the cupied range of Christian beneficence Amharic dialect, spoken at the court among many people, whose subjection of Gondar, and written in the Abyssin- to Rome was rather nominal than real, ian character-ao acquisition incalcu- and who bore the yoke of papal influJably important in regard to that coun- ence with very considerable reluctance, try, and future christian communica- Indeed the Greek and not the Latio, tions with it. As respects Syria, the must, under Russian countenance, be field, including Palestine, is vast, and regarded as the paramount Christian “white to the harvest.” Already has Church of the Levant. And Russia a press been procured by one of its enlightens her subjects. Archbishops, this is expected to op: 10. It is a favourable indication that erate slowly, and will only open and nations approximate under the efforts exhibit, not cultivate the field. The made to spread the Bible. This eolate discovery too by the late Dr. Pin- dears to them gradually, all informakerton, of a Jewish Spanish language, tion connected with the Bible. Invesand version of the Scriptures under. tigations of languages once neglected, stood by the Jewish families in Con- as of little value, are now frequent, in stantinople, and many other cities in order to impart by them the most moTurkey, opens new prospects. Fur- mentous instruction. They who read ther, " at Malta," says Dr. Pinkerton, and love the same book, have a comi are neither presses, types, nor prin- mon topic for conversation and comters.” And yet, as before remarked, munication, and will soon learn to comthe connections of the societies there, municate. A religious periodical pubare extensive, and its spirit unusually lication would be one of the best helps active and vigorous ; hence its enters to this, and religious tracts would aid. prises might often find occupation for u. The education of youth is perthe printing establishment of Ameri- haps, the most promising of all the efcan Missionaries. Besides all this, and forts which Christian Missionaries can more than all, the deeply interesting make. The procuring of proper books journey, and successful efforts of the for instruction, facilitates incalculably, Rev. Mr. Connor, have paved the this labor. A press for the purpose, is way for evangelical exertions by the then, indispensable. For where shall press and exhibited such a mass of in- suitable books now be found? formation respecting those countries 12 and last. The increasing interest through which he travelled, and espe- taken in Oriental studies among oorcially Palestine, as bas produced no selves demand a more frequent intersmall effect on the Christian public. course with the East, and the present

8. The very character of the much plan will most happily supply it. If beloved and respected Missionaries, therefore, the Statesman, Merchant who are now on the field, must be and Scholar hail the operations of the numbered among the facilities for ef. PRESS, as producing almost all that fecting this object, presented by Di. can gratify their hopes, shall not Chrisvine Providence, in a peculiarly hap- tians of a free and enterprising nation, py manner, and calculated to awaken employ it for purposes, whose effects and gratify the public confidence. extend to eternity !-On behalf of the Their prudence, ability and zeal, with Committee. the information already acquired, and

Wm. JeNxs, Chairman that which is within their reach, and


quire $7,100. And to keep the general

Depository so full as to be able, promptly New-England Tract Society.-7th annu.

to supply them, would require Tracts to al Report.-Mr. Louis Dwight bas been

the amount of, at least, $7,000 more. employed for one year as Agent of this So.

There are now in the Depository, Tracts ciety, and beside collecting $4,137 17 and

to the amount of $4,400, and yet many obtaining $2000 from three individuals in

of the numbers are nearly, and some enBoston and Newburyport, on loan, witb.

tirely out of print. And to furnish the out interest, for a year, he has been instru.

tracis which are now on hand the commental in forming numerous Tract Socie

mittee have been obliged to incur a debt lies-strengtbening many previously form

of more than $2,500. Thus wib only ed-increasing the number of Deposito

their present number of Depositories in ries, and extending the circulation of

order io keep the system in the most efi. Tracts.

cient operation, they need a capital of at Twenty-seven new Tracts have been

least $14,000.--- Bost. Recorder. published the last year, making an additional volume. The whole number of

There is a Tract Society in Yale Col. copies printed since the last annual meet.

lege, of which 131 students are members. ing is 468,000; and the amount published It is believed that this society will be a in seven years, is 2,708,000.

very useful one, as the facilities for the Of the - Christian Almanack" published distribution of tracts, especially in vacaby this Society, for the first time last year, tions, is great. more than 14000 copies bave been put in circulation-a similar Tract is soon to be

Great benefit of Cent Societies. --The published for the year 1822, and will be

churches in Kentucky, (says the Chilirendered more complete than the last.

cothe Recorder,) are now reaping the 1000 sets of the five first volumes have

fruits of the humble donations of the Lex. been bound, and 200 sets of the last vol ington Female Cent Society, in being

blessed with three of the most useful Presume; these may be obtained by any who wish them, at 50 cents the volume, con.

byterian Ministers in the State, that have taining 300 pages.

been carried through their studies almost The Society has 71 depositories, 14 of exclusively by its exertions. (bem having been established the past The New York Methodist Conference year. Each of these is under the care of

sent, some time since, a Missionary to a responsible Agent, who is entitled to 10

Louisiana, for the purpose of preaching to per cent. on all the tracts he sells, and is

the French inhabitants. As yet he has at liberty at the close of his agency, to re not obtained access to them, but is preach turn all ibat remain unsold.

ing with acceptance to congregations of Thus the Society has 71 fountains, each

English. of which is supplying numerous streams, which are continually, and in every di The Methodist Missionary Society, esrection, carrying the waters of life over tablished two years ago, has 19 Auxiliaries, many a barren desert. Weary pilgrims and its prospects are encouraging The wbo are traversing those deserts, and per. Society is located at Baltimore. Ils obisbing with thirst, are by bundreds daily ject is the conversion of tbe beatben, and meeting with ibese waters they drink one Missionary is already employed and are refreshed. They are strengthen- among the Wyandot Indians, at Sandusky, ed-and many of them will never thirst. The other western tribes will be visited by Tbe water which they receive, will be in its Missionaries, as soon as the necessary ibem "a well of water springing up into funds can be raised, and suitable men proeverlasting life.”


Rec. These depositories ought to be constantly supplied with all the variety of Tracts

Want of Ministers.--Extract of a letter to published by the Society, in such quanti

the Editor of the Recorder, from the Rev. lies as to avoid the necessity of sending

EDWARD HOLLISTER, dated to the General Depository, more tban " St. Louis, Missouri, May 31, 1821. • once a year--and at the same time, to be “I find the states of Illinois and Missouable to meet all the demands of Tract So ri, in the strictest seose missionary ground. cieties and benevolent individuals who When at your distance from these states, are depending on them. This cannot be the Macedonian cry, “Coaie over and done unless the General Depository be it. help us," never came to my heart, with self well supplied. “This is the fountaia half the powerful and affecting energy of which must supply all other fountains, and appeal, with which it is now reiterated through them all ibo streams."

from every quarter, and wasted on every To this end, the capital of the Society breeze. I have seen tears of joy on hearmust be increased.

ing the gospel preached, after being long The various depositories on an average deprived of the privilege ; and I have seea ought to bave on band continually, at tears of regret at the thought of having it least $100 worth of Tracts. This to sup discontinued. There are in Missouri ten ply only our present oumber, would re Presbyterian churches, only four of which

are supplied with stated preaching, be sion at Shoal Creek, Illinois. * (Shoal sides numerous settlements, where preach. Creek is about fifty iniles east of St. Louis, ing is greatly needed. In Illinois, there in the State of Illinois ) The church tbere are four churches, two of them only sup- is larger than any other in these two plied regularly with preaching, and wide states, consisting of about seventy mem. fields for missionary operations besides. bers. The meeting was in the open air, At a meeting of the Presbytery of Missou the sky for a canopy, and the tall trees ri, March 29tb, one inquiry on the docket waving their branches over our heads. was, “ How shall destitute churches be To see three hundred people or more, ea. supplied ?" a questioo which we were un gerly listening to divine truth, and some able to answer, except by referring it to of them with deep impressions under it

, the « Lord of the harvest."

and to see ninety taking their seats at the “ In short, I bave come to a region, table of the Lord, affectionately commemwhere missionary labours are greatly need. orating bis death, and proclaiming themed, and by many greatly desired; ó that I selves bis followers; and this ia à place, could say too, greatly successful; but alas! wbere three years before there was no my dear sir, let us weep the rest-rather, church, and five years ago no inhabitants, lei us look to Him wbo gives the increase, I need not say was deeply interesting to and without wbose special blessing and my feelings." influence apostles would have laboured in vain.

*“ This is the place where the Rev.Mr. “Some things, however, are encourag- Tenny died. Brother G. and myself visiting. Though the churches are small, they

ed bis grave together. Our reflections i

need not detail." are generally increasing by accessions from other parts of our church, and the addition of some on profession. They are disposed, according io their ability, to en DONATIONS TO RELIGIOUS AND CHARIcourage preaching People attend in con

TABLE INSTITUTIONS. siderable numbers, and especially on the Sabbath, and bear with a respectful and

The Treasurer of the American apparently solemn attention. Four church. Board of Commissioners for Foreign es have been organized this spring, and Missions, acknowledges the receipt of one nore will probably be organized soon. $6,517, 90 from May 18 to June 17 ; At ibe establishment of churches at Frank. besides various articles for different lin and Chariton, about 200 miles up the missionary establishments. Missouri, I was present. These were gath.

The Treasurer of the American Ed. ered by Mr. Francis McFarland, a Mis. sionary of the General Assembly, who has

ucation Society acknowledges the rebeen preaching in those places the winter ceipt of $1279, 21 in the month of past. As he had not received ordination,

Juoe. I attended at his request, and officiated in The Treasurer of the American Biconstituting the churches and administer. ble Society acknowledges the receipt ing the sacrament of the Lord's Supper. of $1852, 19 in the month of June. The novelty of the occasion attracted a Issues from the Depository during the large number of people, who appeared

same period, were, Bibles 1115 ; Tes. particularly attentive. The church in Chariton, consists of but nine members, laments, 1229; Mohawk Gospels, 25the one in Franklin, of twenty-three. May

Total, 2369. they be as "a little leaven, wbich shall

The sum of $2000 has been sent to leaven the whole lump."

the Massachusetts Evangelical Mis“ la March, I was providentially pres. siouary Society, through the hands of ent, and assisted on å sacramental occa the Rev. Dr. Channing of Boston,

Ordinations and Installations.

April 25th.-The Rev. ISRAEL SHar Parish, Plainfield, N. H. Sermon by LER, was installed by the Presbytery the Rev. Mr. Bailey, of Norwich, Vt. of Portage, pastor of the Church in July 5th.--The Rev. WILLIAM Richfield, Ohio. Sermon by the Rev. WILLIAMS was ordained by the LooMr. Seward.

donderry Presbytery, and installed July 4th.-The Rer. Dana CLAYES, pastor of the Branch Church in Salem. was ordained pastor of the Congrega- Sermon by the Rey. Mr. Williams of tional Church and society in Minden Newburyport.

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