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Diew of Public Affairs.

UNITED STATES.

capital should be destroyed. This or. The Port of St. Augustine, in the Flor- der had been immediately obeyed, with idas, was surrendered to the Govern an excessive barbarity. Sixteen churchment of the U. S. on the 10th justant.

és bad been razed from their founda. Of this newly acquired territory, Gen- tions. To a representation from the eral Jackson is Governor. li is suppo- Russian Ambassador, that this violence sed that the acquisition of the Floridas

would offend all christendom the Otwill be attended with many benefits :

toman government replied merely, that that smuggling, whether of goods or

the Sultan was master there, and the of slaves, will cease, and that our citi- grievance had been dictated by reasons zens will have less to fear from the ab of state.' Intelligence had just before origines in that quarter. The present arrived that the Hydriots had captured and future iohabitants of the Floridas, 40 vessels from Egypt laden with corn. will, by their union with this country,

"Adrianople witnessed another dreadmore readily participate in the exer

ful crime on the 9th May. An ex-Pations, as well as the benefits, of bener. triarch of Constantinople, three Greek olent institutions. The peaceful acquisi- Bishops, and 40 other persons of that tion of that country is one of the many nation, had been publicly murdered. blessings vouchsafed to our nation. The Jews denounce the Greeks to the By this acquisition of territory, we are

Turks. Several Greeks who had en. reminded of some beautiful lines by deavoured to purchase the silence of one of the first of our own poets.

the Jews, found themselves miserably Speaking of our country be describes deceived by those wretches. her as one

The following is the latest intelliWhose youthful sinews show like Rome's;

gence, and is of very considerable imwhose head Tempestuous rears the ice-encrusted cap

portance. Sparkling with Polar splendors, while ber

London, June 18.-Intelligence of a skirts

very important nature has, we underCatch perfumes from the isles; whose tri- stand, been received at the hotel of the deot, yet,

Russian embassy. The Emperors of Must awe in either ocean; wbose strong Russia and Austria, indignant at the

band Freedom's immortal banner grasps, and

outrages which have been perpetrated

at Constantinople, in the ignominious Its spangled glories o'er the envying world. death of the Greek Patriarch and oth

er heads of that church, together with

the cruelties committed agaiost the unThe inhabitants of this empire are fortunate and unresisting Greeks, have, enduring all the evils of civil war. A it is said, determined to insist upon spirit of revenge for the injuries of ma such reparation from the Turkish gove ny centuries, excitey the Greeks to ernment as the case will admit, and on great exertions, while the Turks are some assurance or pledge, as regards indignant at beholding the insurrections the future, that similar excesses shall of those whom they have been accu not be repeated. From the quarter stomed to consider as slaves. Religious in which this statement is circulated, opinions distinguish the combatants. we find no cause to doubt its authori. The accounts from Constantinople, and ty, and feel, therefore, peculiar pleasfrom other parts of the empire, are in a ure in the communication of a piece of measure confused, and in some instan intelligence of so much interest to the ces contradictory. The two following Christian, and, indeed, to the whole of paragraphs contain the most important the civilized world. But though the part of that intelligence which is believ- main fact appears worthy of credit, ed to be correct.

that Russia and Austria will exact ret"Letters from Constantinople of the ribution from the Porte, we have been 13th of May, state that "the Grand able to collect nothing beyond mere ruSeigojor exasperated by news from the mour of what is to be their mode of Morea and the Archipelago, bad order proceeding, or the species of security ed that all the christian churches in the they are likely to require. It has been

waves

TURKEY

rose.

said that Russia will demand to be- ine affection which existed among them. come the protector of the other Greek Though bighly intelligent and enterprising provinces, as she is already of Walla they appeared to be clothed with humility, chia and Moldavia. We hear also,

and to breathe the spirit of love and good

will towards all men. We have been ap that an immediate cessation of hostilities between the Greeks and Turks is live, and have frequently heard of mis

prized of the eventful day in which we to be required, and a compact formed sionary exertions, but never before witbetween them, which while it shall se nessed such a pleasing sight. Jodging cure the allegiance of the former, shall from our short acquaintance we do not protect them against outrage and mas hesitate to say, that this family are admisacre. Another opinion is, that the rably calculated to carry the arts of bus. cession of Wallachia and Moldavia, bandry, civilization, and the gospel, to the will be insisted on either to Russia or

Indians of our forest ; and by the bles.

sings of Divine Providence we believe Austria, or to those powers in conjunc

that the time is not far distant when the tion, in order to afford an asylum to wilderness sball bud and blossom as the those Greeks who decline to live any longer under the Turkish laws. At all When they left us they were accompa. events, it is believed that the Divan nied by a respectable number of our citi. must listen to whatever terms may be zens to the bank of the Missouri. Their proposed. Russia has an army of two boals lay side hy side, and the inter100,000 men on the frontiers of Tur

esting little family assembled upon the top key, which would be powerfully rein of them, at which time our minister ad

dressed the throne of grace--then the Rev. forced by the Austrians; and, weaken

Mr. Dodge, the superintendent, returned ed as she is by the efforts to suppress thanks for the kind attention and liberality the Greek insurrection, has no alterna which they had received from the people tire but submission, or a foreign inva- bere. They then took their affectionate sion, to which there would exist no leave of us, by singing a sweet and animchance of resistance. Should this mo ating farewell anthem, which drew tears mentous contest actually take place,

trom almost every eye upon the shore. the eyes of all Europe will be anxious

They received from the people in St.

Charles in money and other necessary arly fixed on the result.

ticles, the amount of one hundred dollars. The Greek Prince Ypsilanti was ex

May their success be commensurate periencing much inconvenience from

with their self-denial and benevolenceihe rigid execution of the Edict of the and may they not only be the instruments Emperor Alexander probibiting all of cbanging savage barbarity and ignosupplies of men or munitions from rance into that friendship and intellipassing the frontiers.--He had refused geoce which is the result of civilization, to obey the orders of the Emperor to and the happy influence of gospel princi return to Russia ; and neither bimself ples, but abundantly rejoice the beart of nor his followers, appeared to be dis- every christian, patriot, and friend of buheartened. His army had repeated

manity the oath, to “ Die rather than desert Napoleon Bonaparte is dangerously ill their cause."

with a dropsy.

Madrid May 21.- A camp of 12,000 men SUMMARY

is about to be formed in the vicinity of

this capital, under the orders of General The people of New Hampshire have Morillo. Orders have been issued, that decided, by a great majority of voles, not all persons must quit Madrid, who have no to cali a Convention for the purpose of particular business to justify their stay. A amending their constitution.

royalist constitutional opposition begins Sr. CHARLES, (Missouri) Jone 12.

to shew itself in the Cortes; we hope On Wednesday last, the Mission Fam. good results from it. ily left ibis town for their place of desti. General Farquhar has concluded a nation among the Osage Indians.

(realy with the King of Madagascar, by Our village bas never been honoured which persons in that island trading in with such an interesting and happy little slaves are lo lose their heads. band of christian philanthropists. There were forty in number, and though from The Discovery ships sailed from the Ork. aine different states, it was peculiarly neys on the 30th of May, where they bed gratifying to see the harmony and genu. been detained several days.

Answers to Correspondents necessarily deferred.

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For the Christian Spectator. which there is no sufficient evidence,

we answer that the objection rests on The grounds of Modern Catholicism

an assumed fact, of which we do not eramined.

acknowledge the existence. Take (Concluded from page 342.) for instance the doctrine of the two

Datures io Christ : all that we are rem 6. ANOTHER ground on which the quired to believe concerning this, is fabrick of modern Catholicism has the simple fact, and the evidence upbeen attempted to be reared, is that on which our faith is required is comthe doctrines which constitute thedub- plete-viz. the authority of God. If jects of difference are mysterious, we were required to believe in what and above our comprehension. manner the union between Divinity

Our first remark on this point is and humanity exists, or to explain that we have no right, after having any other of the phenomena with once admitted the claims of the Bi- which it is connected, until God ble to be a divine revelation, to make should give us a new revelation, we the doctrines of the Bible stand trial might justly complain of being uoreaat the bar of human reason. If we sonably taxed. The same may be have made up our minds that we said concerning the doctrine of the have a book in which God speaks, Resurrection. All that I am required our only duty is to ascertain what he to believe on this subject is the fact, hath spoken, and to receive it with and as many of the attending circumthe simplicity of a little child. If we stances as are revealed in scripture. undertake to sit in judgment upon the So far there is no mystery, because ductrines, after we have ascertained God has been pleased to make a them, we are chargeable with the revelation. But if I am required impiety of arraigoing infinite wisdom. to answer all the questions which Let the truths of the Bible then be philosophy has raised upon this subas much above our comprehension as ject, and to solve the great problem they may, so long as we admit the concerning personal identity, with Bible to be the word of God, this only the revelation which God has laroishes do apology for unbelief. already given in my hands, I should When it is said

that certain doc- to be sure, feel myself condemned to crines of scripture are mysterious, it a hopeless task. I should have reamust be meant either that what we son to complain of the disproportion are required to believe is itself above between the demands which were our comprehension or not accompa- made of me, and the talents with sied by sufficient evidence, or else which I was entrusted. In this view that these doctrines are incompre- of mysteries then, and it is the one hensible in some of their connec- against which the common objections cions. If the former be intended, are directed, it appears that the gos. viz. that our reason is taxed for pel demands our assent to nothing its assent to certain doctrines for that is unreasonable. The mysteries

Vol. 3.- No. VIII. 50

which we are required to believe are the church. We are not insensible revealed mysteries; and the evidence of the mischiefs of an exclusive and ou which we are to receive them, is intolerant spirit, which has so freas sure as the veracity of God. quently prevailed, and we again

If any object to the mysteries of repeat that we have no charges to the Bible, because they cannot com- bring against that Catholicism which prehend them in all their connec- opens its arms to those who actions, we answer that this very fact knowledge the great doctrines of taken in connection with the anal- the gospel, however diverse their ogy of providence furnishes a pre- opinions may be from our own sumptive argument in favour of their on subjects of mioor importance. reality. The fact that your na- But we are willing to acknowledge ture is complex, and that there is in that this is the extreme limit of it a three-fold union of body, soul our liberality. Rather than receive and spirit, is perfectly intelligible : it a man into the arms of our fellow. is within the sphere of your own con- ship who denies doctrines which sciousness. But at the very next step, we believe lie at the foundation of when you come to inquire concern- the sinner's hope, we will consent to ing the nature of this union, or the put ourselves in the attitude of cormanner in which body and spirit ope- iending earnestly for the faith. Rathrate upon each other, you are met byer than stand convicted of the impiety a mystery which defies your compre- of haptizing with the sacred name of hension as really as the Trinity it. christianity a system of error with self. That my mind is active at this which christianity can have no commoment, and that I am moving my munion, we are willing to stand forth pen from one side of my paper to the in the foremost ranks of religious other, I am certain. But when I controversy. That peace is bought come to analyze the process by which at a dearer price than the church can my mind connects and arranges its afford to pay, which comes at the exthoughts, or to inquire what is the pense of admitting within its hallownature of that power by which I guide ed embrace, men who are aiming a my pen, I have no means of arriving dagger at its vitals. For ourselves, at any satisfactory conclusion. The we have no wish to see the day when same is true of all the works of na- religious controversy shall be excluture by which we are surrounded. ded from the church, at such an The same principle therefore which amazing sacrifice as this; and we would lead me to abandon the mys would here suggest to those who are teries of Revelation, must excite my pleading so manfully for universal incredulity with respect to all the ob- charity at the present day, whether jects of sense, and conduct me at last there may not be danger that they into all the horrors of universal.scep will find at last, that this same charticism.

ity had in it the elements of enmity to If the preceding remarks are just, Christ. Far be it from us to indulge the objections which are usually in improper severity ; but we cannot made to the mysteries of revelation withhold the remark, that much of fall to the ground, and with them the this catholicism on which we are reargument for universal catholicism marking, looks like a disposition to wbich we have now examined. be compliant and courteous toward

7. It is urged io favour of this uni- the enemies of the gospel, but crimiversally catholic spirit, that it is essen. nally indifferent to the honour of tial to preserve the church from di- Christ. Neither the cause, nor the vision and discord. If there is any glory of our Master is advanced, by thing which we sacredly value, and complimenting with his name those which we wish with all our hearts to who deny the doctrines of his repromote, it is the peace and anity of ligion. We repeat it, we love to

see the church at rest, and the disci- able with examining the scriptures for ples comforted, but we would rather myself, and finding in it a system of exchange that rest for the agitation faith which I consider so important, and tumult of the sharpest controver- that I cannot conscientiously acknowsy, or even for the unhallowed vio- ledge that man as a christian who relence of persecution, than to maintain fuses bis assent to it. We are both it at the expense of giving our sanc of us liable to error, but it is not tion to fundamental errors. It would be so much from the darkness of our infar better for the church to be shaken tellect as from the depravity of our a little by a passing tempest, than to hearts. God has given us sufficient have her foundations undermined by light to enable us to form a correct a silent and gradual inundation of de- opinion concerning the great truths structive heresy.

of religion; and if we are under 8. It is said that those who refuse these advantages, we are without ex the hand of christian fellowship on cuse. the ground of religious opinion, vio 9. The last of the arguments for late the spirit of the gospel by making universal charity which we shall exan arrogant claim io infallibility. — amine at present, is that these are We conteod that this inference from subjects on which great men have held the conduct of those who insist upon different opinions; and that it would a belief in the doctrines of the gos- be unreasonable in us to make those pel, is unfair. If there are some points on which the learning and genmen in the church to whom I can ius of the world have been divided, not extend my christian charity, the the occasion of withholding charity language of my conduct is, not that from any. Though we are ready to I am infallible, but that I am bound pay all proper respect to the authorias a disciple of Christ, to hold fast iy of great men, we must never forget what I believe to be the doctrines that we have a more sure word of which he has delivered. If I am prophecy. If we attempt to surrentold that there are others who think der our faith to the guidance of high differently from me in regard to the authority, we shall find ourselves intruths of scripture; and that they volved in an eternal maze of contramay be right, and I wrong; I have diction. We have the Bible in our only to say, that I follow what I be- hands, and are under every advantage lieve to be an honest conviction of my for examining and deciding with resunderstanding and conscience. That pect to the great fundamental truths I may be condemned at last for hold. which it contains. So far as these ing error, I do not deny; but I have truths are concerned, there is nothing no fear of meeting the frown of my dark, equivocal, or mysterious. We Judge for endeavouring to maintain are therefore inexcusable, if we leave what I believe to be the purity of the this fountain of light, this infallible christian faith. It is unreasonable teacher, and follow instructors whose then to charge me with an assump- judgment may be perverted and tion of infallibility, so long as I only blinded by prejudice and error. claim the privilege of judging for my But this argument from authority, self, and following my own convic- like some others which we have contions; a privilege which I am as rra- sidered, proves too much for your dy to allow to others as to claim for purpose. It furuishes as good a reamyself. If I were to attempt to fet- son why you should maintain a cathoter my neighbour with my system of lic spirit towards the deist, and even faith, and to force him to an exact the atheist, as the grossly erring chris. conformity to my standard, then in- tian. Every one knows that the redeed, the charge might seem to lie cords of infidelity contain many a against me with some degree of fair- name which literature and science ness : but at present I am only charge. have reason to regard, and which will

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