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his Journal of Jan. 5th, 1805, he thus placed, he would have gone through life writes : Hitherto hath the Lord serving God, and doing good to mes. helped me. It is now about five It was not simply because he was a years since God stopped me in the missionary, that he was able to keep career of worldliness, and turned me the flame of piety burning with a pure from the paths of sin ; three years and brightening flame. It is perhaps and a half, since I turned to the Lord as difficult for a missionary, as for othwith all my heart, and a little more er christians to keep the • lamp trimthan two years, since he enabled me med and burning. The winds and to devote myself to bis service as a storms of heaven make no distinction missionary. My progress of late has in his favour. Removed from the become slower than it had been; yet world in a degree, he may be, and I can truly say, that in the course of perhaps if any man has seasons when this time, every successive year, eve the things of this present evil world ry successive week, has been happier are viewed, as they will be viewed than the former. Few convictions, when the world and the fashion therehow powerful soever they may be, of shall have passed away, the misterminate in such conversions. Hen- sionary must be that man. But if ry Martyn sought not his own, but the missionary has in this respect pethe things which are Jesus Christ's. culiar advantages, he is, of this, the whole course of his life, subject of peculiar disadvantages.after he thought seriously of the To the benefits of christian interthings of religion, is proof; and in course, he is in a great measure a his intercourse with men, he mani stranger ; and is obliged also to enfested a benevolence, as rare as it is counter temptations, where he is valuable. As a proof of this, we give subject to the scrutiny only of Him, the following sentences from a jour whose eye is in every place, beholdnal, which he supposed no eye buting the evil and the good. Had Marbis own would ever see, and which tyn remained in England, he would when leaving India for Persia, in the have instructed and allured by his exfear that he should not return, urgent ample. Had he remained in his colsolicitations only prevented him from lege, or entered upon the stage of destroying. The extract was written public life, the same humility and while he was in India, but we intro disinterestedness, conspicuous in the duce it for the illustration of what we language we have quoted respecting have said. In prayer, at the ap his associate, would have prevented pointed hour, I felt solemnity of mind, him from dreading the presence of a and an earnest desire that the Lord colleague, whom he might have supwould pour out a double portion of posed was in the possession of supe. bis Spirit upon us, his ministers in riour talents and qualifications. India; that every one of us may be Mr. M. was ordained at Ely, Oct. eminent in holiness and ministerial 22nd, 1803, ' having attained to a degists. If I were to judge from my- gree of self-knowledge and spiritualiself, I should fear God had forsaken iy equally rare.' On this occasion his church; for I am most awfully he felt compelled to reprove one of deficient in the knowledge and expe- the candidates for ordination, for his rience requisite for a minister :-but, indifference and inattention to the my dear brother Corrie, blessed be solemo business in which they were God, is a man of a better spirit:-- engaged. With what effect he did may he grow more and more in grace, this we know not, but the circumand continue to be ac example to us! stance reminds us that we ought to The religious character of Martyn lay before our readers an instance in would have been conspicuous in any which his giving reproof was producstation, and in whatever situation tive of much good.
“ I have lately," he writes in the second he had preached, parted from him letter, “ been witness to a scene of dis. tress. ** * in this towo, with whom I
with regret and with tears; and his bave been little acquainted, and who had
last interview with some intimate lived to the full extent of his income, is christian friends is thus related. Row dying, and his family will be left per. fectly destitute. I called yesterday to The lew days Mr. Martyn remained at know whether he was still alive, and Portsmouth were spent in conversing with fooad his wife in a greater agony than you bis brethren on the things pertaining to the can conceive. She was wringing ber kingdom of God, in social supplication hands, and crying out to me, O pray for anıt thanksgiving. His prayer, on the day his soal—and then again recollecting her he expected finally to quit the shores of own helpless condition, and telling me of England, will not easily be forgotten by her wretchedness in being turned out upon those who bowed their knees together "ibe wide world without bouse or home.
with bim to the God and Father of our It was in vain to point to heaven; the Lord Jesus Christ : it ascended to the heart, distracted and overwhelmed with
“ lofty One,” from the lowest depths of worldly sorrow, finds it hard to look to
humiliation, and it breathed the most enGod.-Since writing this, I have been to
tire devotedness of body, soul, and spirit call on the daughters of ***, who had
to his service. His whole demeanor, inremoved to another house because, from deed, could not fail of tenderly affecting, the violence of their grief, they incommoded the sick man.
as well as indelibly impressing their hearts Thither I went to
and minds. One of those then present, visit them, with my head and heart full of
who little thought that the task he now so the subject I was come upon, and was sar inadequately attempts to execute would prised to find them cheerful, and thunder.
ever be assigned him, well remembers his strock to see a Gownsınan reading a play own sensations on that most trying but to them. A play-when their father was
triumphant occasion; and how completelying in the agonies of death. What a
ly every thought within him was absorbed species of consolation ! Trebuked him so
in admiration of the astonishing grace be. sharply, and, I am afraid, so intemperate stowed on his friend, and in bitter regret 15, that a quarrel will perhaps ensue.--p. 34. at being forever to be deprived of his so. « The Gownsman I mentioned, so far
ciely.-Nor let it be here surmised, that from being offended, has been thanking been magnified, from being contemplated
Mr. Martyn's sacrifices and sufferings have me for what I said, and is so seriously impressed with the awful circumstances of through a medium, raised by the fond and death; that I am in hopes it may be the
ill.judging partiality of friendship. His foundation of a lasting change.”.
situation as a chaplain to the East India It will be bighly pleasing to the reader gible, or, as it may be deemed, an enviable
Company, it is really admitted, was an elito know, that the anticipation with which
slation. But this, so far as worldly pros. the above letter concludes was verified. Mr. Martyn had afterwards the happiness temptible in bis eyes when placed in com
pects are concerned, would bave been conof laboring in India together with that ve
petition with the poorest curacy in Cornry person who had been reproved by him, and who, from the divine blessing accom.
wall. And it ought not to be forgotten, in panying that reproof, was then first led to
our estimate of his privations, that, alappreciate the value of the Gospel.-p 36.
though he was not the only one of the many sailing with him from the bappy
land of their nativity, wbo clung to it with On account of the loss of his own, ardency of affection, and parted from it and his youngest sister's property, it with the most lively sorrows, without dis. was thought advisable for him to leave paraging their motives, those by which he
was actuated were solely of a spiritual England as a chaplain to the East
kind: they too, it must be remembered, India Company; and when it was were cheered with the hope of one day intimated to bim that there was a shedding the tears of joy, where then they probability of his obtaining this ap
were pouring forth those of sadness—but
no such distant gleam streaked Mr. Marpointment, he wrote in his journal, tyn's horizon. He went forth to preach * The prospect of this world's happi- the gospel to the heathen, and it was his Dess gave me rather pain than pleas- fixed resolution to live and die amongst are, which convinced me that I had
them. When he left England, he left it
wholly for Christ's sake, and he left it for been running away from the world
ever.-pp. 118, 119. rather than in overcoming it. He received the appointment; and on On the 31st of August they left June 8th, 1805, sailed from Ports- Cork, and amid many discouragemouth. The congregations to which ments, Mr. M. continued faithfully to Vol. 3-No. II.
discharge his duty. The fleet touch Cambridge, he invited me to come, wben ed at Funchal, and at St. Salvador. I liked, to his house. A slave, after bring.
ing the fruit, was sent to gather three roses Of the latter place he thus speaks. for me : the master then walked with me
round the garden, and shewed me among Nov. 12.-" The coast, was beautiful, the rest, the coffee plant: wben I left bim with much romantic scenery. The town be repeated his invitation. Thus did the exactly resembled Funchal, but was rather Lord give his servant favor in the eyes of more cheerful. The objects in the streets Antonio Josepb Corre."-pp. 145–147. were strong negro-men slaves, carrying very heavy casks on a pole, with a sort of From the family to which he was unpleasant note-negro-women, carrying thus introduced, he received many fish, fruit, &c.—a few palanquins, which kind attentions, and in conversation are drawn by two mules, the things exposed to sale were turtles, bananas, oranges,
with Sennor Antonio, with Francis limes, papaws, waterınelons, lamarinds, can friars, and other Catholics, he fustich wood. I walked up the hill, in or. conducted as became a conscientious der to get into the country, and observed
Protestant. a man standing by the way side, holding out for the people's salutation a silver em November 21.-I left bin (Seonor bossed piece of plate of a small oval size, Antonio,) in order to go on board; but, and repeating some words about St. Anto. finding as I went along, a chapel open, I nio. Some kissed it; others took off their went in to see the pictures; all of which hats; but the man himselt seemed to ridi contained as a prominent figure, a friar of cule their folly. They were performing some order. In one, some people in Dames mass in one church : it was not so splen were laying hold of the twisted rope which did as that of Madeira : many of the priests was pendent from his waist : how apt the were negroes. I soon reached the sub image, is Jesus Christ were in the room urbs, on the outside of wbich was a bat of tbe friar! At this time a friar, dressed lery, which commanded a view of the identically as the one in the picture, movwhole bay, and repeated the hymn, 'O'ered slowly along : I followed him through the gloomy hills of darkness.'' What hap- the cloister, and addressed him in Latin. py Missionary shall be sent to bear the He was a little surprised ; but replied. He name of Christ to these Western regions! told me that the chapel belonged to a moWhen shall this beautiful country be de nastery of Franciscan friars. In a cloister livered from idolatry and spurious Chris. which led round the cond floor of the tianity! Crosses there are in abundance; building, be stopped ; and by this time we but when shall the doctrine of the cross bc were able to understand each otber exheld up! I continued my walk in quest ceedingly well. I then asked him to prove of a wood, or some trees, where I might from scripture the doctrine of purgatory, sit down; but all was appropriated: no of image worship, the supremacy of the tree was to be approached, except through Pope, the transubstantiation. His arguan enclosure. Ai last I came to a magnifi ments were exceedingly weak, and the cent porch, before a garden gale, which Lord furnished me with an answer to was open. I walked in, but finding the them all. During our conversation, two vista led straight to the house, I turned to or three more friars assembled round and the right, and found myself in a grove of joined in the dispute. I copfuted all their cocoa-nut trees, orange trees, and several errors as plainly as possible from the word strange fruit trees : under
em was no of God; and they had nothing to reply, thing but rose trees ; but no verdure on but did not seem disconcerted. A whole the ground: oranges were strewed as ap troop of them passing in procession in the ples in an orchard. Perceiving that I was opposite cloister below, beckoned to them observed by the slaves, I came up to the to retire ; which they did, taking me along house, and was directed by them to an with them to a cell-two before, and one old men sitting under a tree, apparently in. on each side. As we passed along the sensible from illness. I spoke to him in passage, one asked me whether I was a French, and in English ; but he took vo christian. When we had all reacbed the notice. Presently a young man and a cell, and sat down, I asked for a bible, and young lady appeared, io whom I spoke in the dispute was renewed. I found that French, and was very politely desired to they considered their errors as not lenable sit down at a little table which was stand. on scripture ground; and appealed to the ing under a large space before the house, authority of the churcb. I told them this like a verandah. "They then brought me church was, by their confession, acting aoranges, and a small red acid fruit, the gainst the law of God; and was therelore name of which I asked, but cannot recol. not the church of God: besides, I referred lect. The young man sat opposite, con them to the last words in the Revelations. versing about Cambridge : He had been They seemed most surprised at my knowl. educated in a Portuguese University. Al edge of scripture. When they were silent, most immediately, on finding 1 'wes of and had nothing to say, I was afraid the
business would end here without good; and ary kindness in people, to whom I had 20 I said-you who profess to teach the been a total stranger till within a few days. way of truth, how can you dare, before What shall I render unto the Lord for all God, to let them go on in idolatrous prac bis mercies !-In my way to the quay, I tices, which you know to be contrary to met a young friar of the order of St. Authe word of God? They looked very grave. gustine. He understood me enough to The one who spoke French, and also the conduct me part of the way to the conbest Latin, grew very angry during their vent of the Franciscans till he met with dispute ; and talked of the Scripturaram a young priest, to wbom he consigned me. interpretes—pii sapientissimique viri Au With him I had a dispute in Latin. When gustinus, Bernardus, &c.; but, said I,'they said that in no part of scripture it was were not inspired.' Yes, be said. But here commanded to worship the Virgin ; he he was corrected by the rest. As this man colored, and said in a low tone, verum seened in earnest, (the rest were some
At the monastery, I met with my times grave, and sometimes laughing,) I old friends the same four friars. After re. asked him wby be had assumed the cowl galing me with sweetmeats, they renewed of the friar- he answered, tut me ab the dispute. We parted with mutual lamstraberem à vanitate rerum mundanarum et entations over one another; I telling them meipsum sanctum faciam ad gloriam Dei.” they were in an awful error; they smiling He spoke with great impression and earn at my obstinacy, and mourning over my estness, and seemed the most sincere of any. lost condition. I went away in no smalt They were acquainted with logic, and ar dejection, that the Gospel should have so gued according to rule. He began by say. little effect, or rather none at all. This ing, nullam salutem esse extra ecclesiam was by no means diminished when I came Catholicam, axioma est?' Concedo, to the boat. It was the commemoration said I_ sed extra Romanam salus esse po. of the Hegira ; and our Mabomedap rowtest.' "Minime,' they all cried out. "Quare,' ers, dressed in white, were singing hymns said I, proba,' but they could not. At all the way to the honor of Mahomet. last I went away, as the sun had set, and Here was another abomination. B* * * they all attended me through the long dark sat beside me, and we had a long converpassages. I almost trembled at the situa sation, and for some time went on very on and company I was in, but they were well. I cleared away error, as I thought, exceedingly polite, and begged to know very fast ; and, when the time was come, when I was coming ashore again, that I stated in a few words the gospel. The they might expect me. I bad staid so longreply was, that I was not speaking to the that alter waiting for hours at the different
purpose; that for his part, he could not quays, no boat returned ; and I was oblig. see what more could be necessary than zed to return to Sennor Antonio's, from simply to tell mankind they must be sober whom I received an affectionate welcome. and honest.”. I turned away, and, with a His wife and slaves, who seemed to be ad- deep sigh, cried to God to interfere in be. mitted to the utmost familiarity, delighted hall of his Gospel : for in the course of one to stand around me, and teach me the bour, I had seen three shocking mementos Portoguese names of things."--pp. 153– of the reign and power of the Devil, in 154.
the form of Popish and Mahomedan delu
sion, and that of the natural man. I nev. Nov. 23. ln the afternoon took leave er lelt so strongly what a nothing I am of my kind friends Sennor and Sennora All my clear arguments are good for notb. Corre. They and the rest came out to the ing; unless the Lord stretch out his hand, garden gale, and continued looking till the I speak to stones. I felt, however, no way winding of the road hid me from their discouraged, but only saw the necessity of sight. The poor slave Raymond, who had dependence on God.”—pp. 156–157, attended me and carried my things, burst into a flood of tears, as we left the door; and when I parted from him, he was going for the Cape of Good Hope. The
The fleet sailed from St. Salvador to kiss my feet; but I shook hands with bim, much affected with such extraordin- object was the capture of that place, *loterpreters of Scripture-ibe pious
then in the possession of the Dutch ; and learaed Augustine, Bernard, &c.
and the attack was attended with suc
In awakening the attention of That I may withdraw myself from the vanity of earthly things, and consecrate
the careless to the temporal and etermyself to tbe glory of God.'
nal dangers of their condition, and in t' It is an axiom that there is no salva. discharging the offices of kindness and tion out of the Catholic Church.' • I grant of religion, to the victims of a danit, said ! ;- but there is salvation out of gerous disease, he had abundant em. the Roman. By no means, they all ployment. Sickness for a while precried out. Wherefore ?' said I, 'prove il,' but Ibey could not.
*It is true.
vented him from active duty, but his down the whole length, which might be
between two and three miles, and one returning strength was devoted to the
might be said to look round the world same holy employments.
from this promontory. I felt a solemn awe We have not time to dwell on the al the grand prospect-from wbichtbere account of the reduction of the fortress. was neither noise nor sinall objects to Mr. Martyn was led to the field of draw off my attention. I reflected, espebattle, by a desire of doing good to
cially when looking at the immense ex
panse of sea on the East, which was to the wounded and dying.
carry me to India, on the certainty that
the name of Christ should at some period I lay down on the border of a clump of resound from shore to shore. I felt comshrubs or bushes, with the field of battle in
manded to wait in silence, and see how my view ; and there lifted up my soul to
God would bring his promises to pass. We God. Mournful as the scene was, 1 yet began to desceod at half-past two. Whilse thanked God that he had brought me to see
sitting to rest myself towards night, I bea specimen, though a terrible one, of gan to reflect with death-like despondenwhat men by nature are. May ihe remem
cy on my friendless condition. Not that brance of this day ever excite me to pray,
I wanted any of the comforts of life, but and labour wore for the propagation of I wanted those kind friends who loved me, the Gospel of peace. Then, shall men
and in whose company I used to find such love one another. Nation shall not lift up
delight after my fatigues. And tben, re. sword against ration, neither shall tbey membering that I should nerer see them learn war any more. The Blue Mountains,
more, I felt one of those keen pangs of at a distance to the eastward, which form. misery that occasionally shoot across my ed the boundary of the prospect, were a
breast. It seemed like a dream, that I had cheering counterpart to what was imme. actually undergone banishment from them diately before me ; for there I conceived
for life; or rather like a dream, that I had my beloved and honoured fellow-servants,
ever hoped to share the enjoyments of so. companions in the kingdom and patience
cial life. But, at this time, i solemnly reof Jesus Christ,* to be passiog the days of
newed my self-dedication to God, praying their pilgrimage far from the world, im
tbat for his service I might receive grace, parting the truths of his precious Gospel
to spend my days in continued suffering, to benighted souls.-pp. 165-166.
and separation from all I held inost dear
in this life-forever.--Amen. How vain At Cape Town, Mr. M. met with
and transitory are those pleasures which Dr. Vanderkemp, and Mr. Read,
the worldliness of my heart will ever be
Mr. Read, magnifying into real good! The rest of the a circumstance which gave him much evening I felt weaned from the world, pleasure. He took lodgings in the and all its concerns, with somewhat of a town, and was occupied ir conversing
melancholy tranquillity.” with his brethren, on subjects cou
January 30:-"From great fatigue of
body, was in doubt about going to the nected with missionary exertion, and hospital, and very unwilling to go. Howin doing the work of an evangelist.
ever, I went, and preached with more
freedom than ever I had done there. Hav. January 30.—"Rose at five and began to
ing some conversation with Colonel * * ascend Table Mountain at six, with S***
I asked him whether, if the wound he had and M***. I had went on chiefly alone.
received in the late engagement bad been I thought on the Christian life-what up
mortal, bis profaneness would bave recurhill work it is - and yet there are streams
red with any pleasure to his mind on a flowing down from the top, just as there
death bed.' He made some attempts at was water coming down by the Kloof, by
palliation-though in great confusion; but which we ascended. Towards the top it
bore the admonition very patiently." was very sleep, but the hope of being soon
February 4.-“ Dr. Vanderkemp called at the summit, encouraged me to ascend
to take leave. I accompanied bim and very lightly. As tbe Kloof opened, a
brother Smith out of the town, with their beautiful dame-colonred power appeared
two waggons. The dear old man shewed in a little green hollow', waving in the
much affection, and gave me advice, and breeze. It secined to be an emblem of standing to take leave, Koster, a Dutch
a blessing at parting. Wbile we were Ibe bcauty and peacefulness of heaven, as it shall open upon the weary soul when ils
Missionary, was just entering the town journey is finished, and the struggles of the
with bis bundle, having been driven froth death bed are over. We walked up and
bis place of residence. Brother Reed,
also, appeared from another quarter, The Missionaries of the United Breth.
though we thought he had gone to sea. en at Grunekloof and Gnadental, and
These, with Yons, and myself, made up Those belonging to the London Missiona.
*The Missionary, probably, destined for > Society at Bethelsdrop.