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DOMESTIC RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
As it respects the establishment of Of the Baptist Society, established in Schools for teaching the Irish language, London, 1814, For promoting the Gos- they indulge the hope that all perpel in Ireland,-establishing Schools sons who wish to promote the educafor teaching the Irish Language,-cir- tion of the poor in Ireland will ovite culating Bibles, Tracts, &c. &c.
with them. May they not calculate, Though the Society from which with some degree of-confidence, on this Address emanates, has a denomi. the co-operation of the respectable native epithet, nothing further is in- Society of “Friends," whose zeal and tended by it, than to designate the liberality for educating poor children principles of the persons by whom its in that country have been so promi. affairs are conducted. Experience nently and successfully employed ? has confirmed the propriety of a Re- What reason cat be assigned why solution adopted at the formation of the Aborigines of Ireland should be the Baptist Missionary Society; 1792, neglected any longer? Why should viz. That as in the present divided they not read in their vernacular state of Christendom, it seems that each tongue, to which they are passionately denomination of Christians, by acting attached, “the wonderful works of separutely, may best promote the ob- God.” jects of a Mission, resolved, that this On this subject the Committee Society be called, The Baptist Mission- avails itself of the practical informaary Society, for-8c.
tion of the Rev. Daniel Dewar, in bis Intending to'act upon the princi- “Observations on Ireland," published ples of that Society, the Committee in London, 1812.—“The number of of the Baptist Society for Ireland, people who speak this language is hope to prove that they are influenced much greater than is generally sup by far bigher than sectarian motives: posed. It is spoken throughout the that they wish' to unite with other whole province of Connaught by all the Christians to exterminate ignorance, lower orders, a great part of whom superstition, and depravity, and that scarcely understand any Englisu: and they will use no other means than some of those who do, understand it
the sword of the Spirit, which is the only so as to conduct business; they word of God.”
are incapable of receiving moral and Notwithstanding the attempts religious instruction through its mewhich are now made to furnish the dium. The Irish is spoken very gepeople of Ireland with the means of nerally through the other three proinstruction, yet we apprehend it can- vinces, except among the descendnot be denied, -" that there is very ants of the Scotch in the north. It much land to be possessed.” It is the cannot be supposed that calculations intention, therefore of this Society to on this subject should be perfectly acenter with others this field of honour- 'curate, but it has been concluded on able warfare, for which purpose they good grounds, that there are about have already employed several minis- two millions of people in Ireland who ters to itinerate through the towns and are incapable of understanding a villages of this dark land; as also continued discourse in English. Dr. others to read and explain the Scrip- Stokes, of Trinity College, Dublin, tures in Irish to the poor in their who has written a pamphlet on the cabbins, &c. They are happy to say, necessity of publishing the Scriptures that promising appearances of suc- in the Irish language, merely mencess already attend these labours. tions the counties in which it is the To carry on this part of their plan, prevailing speech. He states, indeed they look for support prineipally to that about two thousand Irish catepersons of their own denomination in chisms are sold annually; and conEngland and Ireland, who have given cludes from this circumstance, that proof that they are willing to contri- there must be about twenty thousand bute towards it.
persons in Ireland who have made
some attempt at reading their native the attendance on the parish schools!' Janguage. The number of those who Now, the south and west of Ireland read the Irish language has of late are those very parts in which the years greatly increased; but sup- Irish is chiefly spoken, and where posing my calculation (continues Mr. comparatively there are but few proDewar) to be overrated by half a mil- testants." lion, there remains a million and a To obviate the objections the poor half; a number that is five times great. Irish catholics may feel from both er than all the inhabitants of the these causes; the Committee, while Highlands of Scotland.”
they teach the Irish language, will The necessity for establishing exclude every kind of catechisna ; and, Schools for teaching the native lan- with the exception of elementary guage appears from the inadequacy of books, make selections from the the numerous free schools which, Scriptures and the Irish Testament from the reign of James the First, the only school books. This princihave existed in Ireland.
ple of teaching the catholic children all protestant schools, formed for the to read the Scriptures alone, leaving avowed purpose of proselyting as well them to attend the place of worship as instructing the children of the poor their parents prefer, has been tried catholics. From a recent Report of with complete success in the St. the Commissioners of the Board of Giles's Catholic Charity Schools, Education in Ireland, it appears they London, under the care of a respectsay, “from the general returns from able native of Ireland; and all the all the dioceses, it is evident that a schools established by this Society in large proportion of the children at- Ireland will be formed on precisely tending the parish schools are of the the same model. Roman catholic religion;" but says The Committee are fully aware Mr. Dewar, “in some parts there that many objections will be raised seems to be a general determination against that part of their plan which on the part of the Roman catholics relates to teaching the Irish language not to send their children to protes- direct, without tirst teaching English. tant schools. In addition to the pre- But it may be asķed, could the popujudices which exist against schools lace of England derive any benefit when the protestant catechism from being tanght to read French, in makes a part of the system of educa- order to read the Bible in the English tion, there is also a strong prejudice language? The task would be so aramong the Roman catholics in gene- duous as to make its accomplishment ral against the English Language; hopeless, and if not hopeless, it would their hostility to protestantism they be nearly useless. “ The case (says transfer to the only tongue they have Mr. Dewar) is very nearly the same ever heard protestants use ; and they with that part of the population to are confirmed in their hostility by the which I refer, with this difference it insinuations of their priests, who uni- may be, that the English populace. formly address them in the endeared would be probably furnished with diclanguage of their fathers. We might tionaries, were they obliged to read expeet, therefore, (continues Mr. D) the Bible only in the French lana priori, that they would discover guage; whereas the poor Irish, in some prejudice against a mere En- learning to read English, learn mereglish school; that all their preposses- ly to read it without understanding it. sions as to catholicism, and all their For the practicability of teaching fears as to heresy, would be awaken- Irish effeotually, it is only necessary ed. This accordingly has been tried: to mention the success which has atand the result confirms the truth of tended teaching the Welsh in Wales, this opinion. “It certainly, however, and the Gaelic in the Highlands. appears,' say the Commissioners, But, perhaps, it will be said, that to
from our returns, that religious pre- teach the Irish language will be to judices in too many parts of this perpetuate the barbarism which in country, but more particularly in the some dark counties, is said to prevail. south and west, have operated against Is it not much more evident that all
the evils which may have existed
an encouragement for this design to among the lower orders of the Irish instruct them, their benevolent mind, have arisen from their want of educa- their openness and generosity, their tion; and not from speaking their warmth of heart, their strong family own language ? Let it too be recol- attachments, their thirst after knowlected that when they have obtained ledge, and capacity for receiving and a knowledge of their own language, retaining it.. In conclusion, it may so as to taste the sweets of informa- be added, that (to a believer in the tion by reading: that they are furnish- Son of God, whose hope is founded ed with a key, by which they may on his atoning blood, and who is uplock the treasures of wisdon which impressed with the truth that “there are to be found in the English is no other name given under heaven writings. The importance of under- among men, whereby we can be standing English they will be daily saved,") there is something most convinced of, by finding it is the only affecting in the towns, cities, and language of commerce, citizenship, country of Ireland, particularly of the and promotion. It is a pleasing con- south and west. Can the traveller, sideration, that of late considerable in looking round him, suppress the attention has been paid to this sub- deep sigh of commiseration and symject. The New Testament has been pathy? Can he forbear to exclaim, printed in the Irish language by the And is this a part of my native counBritish and Foreign Bible Society; try, which as a whole, has been so and there is no doubt but the Old long united under the blessings of Testament might be supplied through divine mercy and goodness ? Are the same means, when it can be there within the United Kingdom, proved that there is a necessity for spots so dark, and so utterly void
A dictionary of the Irish of spiritual and saving light? Are . and English languages has been com- there indeed districts of more than piled and published by a competent fifty miles long, in various counties, Irish scholar in Dublin. The book of where a protestant church is not to Proverbs also is preparing by a gen- be found where there many tleman in Ireland for the same pur- thousands who have never seen such pose. The Baptist Society has in the a book as the Bible, and who, alas! press a small elementary book upon could not read it, were it put into the same plan.---They have procured their hand ? Is it possible that among several Masters already, and have my own countrymen there are thouascertained that there is no difficulty sands, who are still bowing down to in obtaining many more, if their stocks, and stones, and trees, perfunds should be sufficient to enable formning stations and pilgrimages to them to form Schools in all places particular wells, and particular mounwhich open for the purpose.
The tains ? All these are sad realities. whole county of Roscommon, and It is surely high time for us to enquire the Achill, and other populous islands what can be the reason why Christion the western coast of Ireland, are anity has not yet appeared to the naare at present destitute of Schools for tive Irish in its own glory and simteaching to read the Scriptures, and , plicity in a shape sufficiently kind and the Society would be happy to pay attractive. Pure and undefiled reliparticular attention to those large gion they have not yet seen to be cadistricts.
pable of association with poverty and It would be easy to dwell on the the poor man's cottage, nor powerdark side of the picture as it relates ful enough to produce a conscientious to Ireland; but this has been fre- walk, a contented and pious mind, quently and abundantly done by with habits of cleanliness and good other Societies. Many of our coun- management.
The Christianity of trymen have both seen and heard of the first age, while it was spiritual, it the superstitions which reign over came home to the senses and feelings the minds of the Irish peasantry- of man, to his business, and to his their strong prejudices-their impa- bosom. It visited the sick, clothed tience and impetuosity ;-but who the naked, and relieved the poor; 'it has not remarked with equal truth, as was gentle unto all men, and recken
ed itself a debtor to all; it suffered the Lord God shall cause righteousness long and was kind. Among those and praise to spring forth before all nawho were the subjects of great and tions." dangerous, nay, fatal prejudices, it shone forth by pureness, by know- Extract of a letter from a Gentleman ledge, by long suffering, by kindness, in Ireland, to his brother in London. by the Holy Ghost, and by love un
Conmell March 9th. 1815. feigned."
We have had one of your MissionThe Missionary spi
bas been aries here, Mr. M‘Carthy. He preachdarting out in almost every direction ed in our house twice, [the Methodist towards foreign climes; and in conse- Meeting,] on Jast Sunday morning, quence of the attempts of modern and on the Wednesday evening followtimes, both in India and Africa, it ing: when he spent the evening with may be said, “ The people who sat in my family. His sermons were very darkness saw great light; and to the good ; he seems to be a man well acwho sat in the region and shadow of quainted with the Seriptures; many death, light is sprung up.” All this is of our friends approved of his preachideligbtful; but let us not be inconsist- ing. I heard yesterday that he bapent; let us take care lest we be found tized two men not many miles from guilty of neglecting any part of our this town. He is expected here again own land. Many in it, alas ! are live in about a month. If he does not obing without God; and many are only tain the Court-house ; he will preach worshipping those gods which guilt in the street. Street preaching is the makes, necessary.
Considering the most suitable for this country. The sigual privileges we enjoy, it would Priests will not let their flock go into be truly shelancholy, if, as a nation, any house of worship; but in the street we had any reason to confess, “ Mine they will often hear with the greatest own vineyard have I not kept." attention, and you may see the tears
The Committee strongly urgeupon flowing from the eyes of these poor their brethren in Ireland to exert deluded people. T'he fields are white themselves to the utmost in forward- for harvest ; pray ye the Lord of the ing the objects of the Society. They Harvest that he may send more labourexpect that the benevolent ardonr of ers into the Harvest. The good, Misthe Irish character will be again ex- sionaries may do in this country is bepressed in this good work. It can- yond calculation. You can have but not be denied, while no censure is in- a very imperfect idea of the way in tended to be imputed by the assertion, which the Priest's
. lord it over God's that as it respects universal education, Heritage : I could tell you numerous Ireland is far behind any other part of
instances. the UNITED KINGDOM, This has not arisen from the want of capacity to obtain learning, which, perhaps, far The Churches which form the Hants exceeds that of the children of any and Wilts assistant Society, in aid of other country. Let these superior the Mission, held their Easter-Meetintellectual endowments be cultivat- ing at Lockerly, March 29. Mr. Buled; and no longer, like the soil in gin preached in the morning on humisome parts of the country, be impover-' lity from Acts xx. 19. and Mr. Giles ished, in consequence of an unwise in the afternoon from Hebrews iv. 2. and pepurious policy. To carry this The devotional parts of the worsliip design into full effect, sufficient funds were conducted by the brethren Saffmust be procured ; suitable agents ery, Yarnold, Millard and George. must be employed ; aud above all, Mr. Millard preached at Frenchmore the blessing must be implored to give in the evening, and Mr. Saffery at the desired success. All these things, Romsey. however, may be expected. The The next Association is to be at time is come when“ inany run to and Downton, July 19th. The brothren fro, and knowledge shall be increased. Giles, Russell, Miall, and Bulgin to -For as the earth bringeth forth her preach. The morning Sermon by Mr. bud, and as the garden causeth thethings Russell on Christian forbearance. that are sowu in it to spring forih; 80 On Thursday March 23, 1816, the
first half-yearly meeting of the Bap- Fuller of Kettering addressed the tist-Itinerant-Society for the countries Church from 3 John 8. of York and Lancaster, was held at Since Mr. Mack has been at ClipAckrington.
stone his labors have been rendered Messrs. Fisher of Liverpool and very successful and the Congregation Steadman of Bradford preached on is now in a very prosperous and happy the occasion; the former from Rom. condition. x. 15, and the latter from Acts xvi. 9. April 6th. The Rev. Arthur Tidman
After the Sermous Mr. Littlewood was set apart to the l'astoral office of Rochdale being called to the chair, over the Independent Church, Endless the following resolutions were unani- Street, Sarum. Rev. Mr. Griffin delimously passed.
vered the introductory discourse &c. 1. That Itinerant exertions are still Rev. Mr. Sloper prayed, Rev. Mr. greatly needed in various parts of the Jay preached from 2 Cor. 2 chap. countries of York and Lancaster. ver, 14,15. Rev. Mr. Collinson closed.
2. That such exertions have been The whole of the service was strikingmade very useful, as appears from ly appropriate and interesting. Mr. the reports of the society, especially East preached in the evening. the last two years.
April 6th. The Rev. J. Kershaw was 3. That settled Ministers be re- ordained to the Pastorate of the Bapquested to renew their exertions in tist Church at Abingdon. Rev. J this cause.'
Bicheno delivered the introductory 4. That it is the duty of our church- discourse and asked the usual queses to look out for suitable Itinerants, tions ;--T. Coles offered the ordination and places where they may be regu- prayer ;--J. Hughes delivered a most larly employed.
interesting charge to the pastor from 5. That Messrs. Edwards of Ack- Lev. x. 3. “ I will be sanctified in rington and M‘Farlane of Rawden them that come nigh me.” &c. and J. be requested to visit the churches with Hinton addressed the Church and cona view to stiț up their attention to the gregation from Phil. ii. 29. “ Receive objects of this Society, and obtain him therefore in the Lord.” contributions for its support.
The devotional parts of the service Ir. Steadman then favoured us with were conducted by Rev. W. Wilkins, an interesting account of his first iti- W. Gray, R. Fletcher, and W. Welch; nerant labours in some of the southern and Rev. J. Dyer preached in the counties of this kingdom; and a few evening from Isa. xxxii 15. Until remarks on the best method of con- the Spirit be poured from on high and ducting such exertions. A collection the wilderness be a fruitful field. was made amounting to seven pounds to aid the funds of the Society.
NEW CHAPELS OPENED. Donations and subscriptions for this On Tuesday, March 28, a new BapSociety are received in Lancashire by tist Chapel was, opened at Kinfare, the Treasurer, Rev. T. Littlewood, Staffordshire. Rochdale, the Secretary, Rev. J. Ed- Mr. Griffin of Kidderminster introwards, Ackrington; and in Yorkshire duced the morning service, by reading by Rev. W. Steadman, Bradford, and the Scriptures and prayer. Rev. J. Rev. P. M'Farlane, Ruwden.
Birt of Birmingham, preached from
Acts xiii 38. and concluded in prayer. ORDINATIONS.
In the evening the Rev. John Poole On Wednesday March 29th. Mr. of Bilston read and prayed. Rev. John Mack (who had been for some Thomas Griffin of Kidderminster tiine pursuing his studies at Bristol) preached from Phil. iv. 19. Mr. F. A: having been chosen to the pastoral Waldron concluded. office was ordained at Clipstone. Mr. Kinfare is a village that contains Jarman of Nottingham introduced the a population of seventeen hundred seryice, Mr. Franklin of Coventry souls. It has been destitute of the i prayed. Mr Hall of Leicester deli- glorious light of the gospel since the vered the charge from 1 Tim. iv. 16. Act of Uniformity in 1662 ejected the
Take heed unto thyself &c.” Mr. Rev. Richard Moreton, M. D.* Eve
* See the Account in Palmer's Noncon, Mem. Vol. iii. p. 235.