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Pp. 180.

A new Covering to the Velvet | sidering them : certainly a cha-
Cushion. Second Edition, racteristic event. But, seriously,

Gale and Fenner. what would follow, if maxims, op1815.

posite to these, were acted upon

to their extent? Suppose you adIn December last, we gave a mit as a principle, that you may review of the Velvet Cushion, a make men pay for whatever relie work which, since that time, has gioụs instruction the state may passed through several editions ; adopt; it will apply as completely has undergone some alterations, to preachers of idolatry, as of but is the Velvet Cushion still. christianity; and if you may It very much wanted a new co-make people pay for instruction, vering, and now it has got one. you may also make them receive

Before it fell into the hands of it. What would have been the the ladies who gave it its present consequence, if the first “ great dress, it had learned some wis- maxim of the dissenters” had not dom; it had learned, that neither been acted on at the reformachurchmen nor dissenters were tion? The

protestantism of our pleased with its garrulity on a va- English establishment depended riety of subjects. Indeed, what upon it. was to be expected from a po- For a few moments.we will suppish cushion, but a secret incli- pose ourselves churchmen. We nation to many things which think, that we could look at the came from Rome? First thoughts conduct of the reformers only in are the native sentiments of the one of these two views; either,

these the author commit- that it was right for them to break ted to the world in his first edi-off from the church of Rome, tion; since then he has seen fit because the ruling party was dispractically to retract some things posed to do so; or, that they which he had asserted, by leaving were right in striving against pothem out in subsequent editions. pery, from a conviction, that in But, in the last which we have all the points of difference, its seen, “ the great maxim of the doctrines were deviations from dissenters, that every man must New Testament truth, and its have entire liberty to worship practices departures from the God as he pleases,"is still brought simplicity of the gospel. In our forward as one of the reasons first of these views, we could confor preferring an establishment. sider the establishment as only " Another favourite maxim of an act of parliament-church; and theirs” is then mentioned, which then the reformers were nothing is, “ that no man should be made more than the agents of the rulers to pay for religious instruction, in thrusting out popery, and before he himself desires to have placing the religion of the counit;" and the old vicar, we are try, and the ecclesiastical power toid, fell asleep while he was con- of the church, more exclusively


than before, in the hands of go-weakness; when he drew from vernment. Were we churchmen, his bosom a paper, containing his we think that we should never put faith, and, with many tears, rethe defence of the establishment canted his own recantation. We on this ground. For though it should then follow him to the would do well enough for mere stake, to which he was instantly statesmen, it would never satisfy taken, and observe bow much he Christians.

regained of what he had lost. But we should say, that the se-While he was an example to cond was the only true view others to take heed, we should, which we could take of the con- with deep interest, mark how he duet of those eminent men, who closed his life with the manly « loved not their lives unto courage of a genuine penitent, death.” And we should appeal and the ardent hope of a sincere to the blood shed in Smithfield, Christian. We should boldly Oxford, Gloucester, Coventry, ask, Could any man brave such a and other places, where martyrs scene, after hearing his dying suffered, as proofs of that high words, “Lord Jesus, receive my excellency of character which spirit,” without being strongly first pleaded the cause of God, convinced that the prayer would and then finished their testimony be heard, and that the Saviour at the stake. We should dwell himself would wipe away all tears on the scenes painted in history; from his eyes? We should be we should mark the calm forti- ready, in hallowed indignation, tude, the holy hope, and the pro- to exclaim, These, O popery, are phetic glance into futurity, which thy triumphs! Nor" could we distinguished these admirable forget either the description in

We should observe, with the revelations, or what follows peculiar interest, Cranmer, the it; “ And I saw a woman sit on man to whom the reformation, a scarlet-coloured beast, full of and especially the establishment, names of blasphemy, having is so deeply indebted, the influ- seven heads and ten horns; and ence of whose labours continues the woman was decked with to this day; who was raised to gold, and precious stones, and the highest ecclesiastial station in pearls; having a golden cup in the kingdom; who afterwards her hand, full of abominations was degraded, clothed in rags, and filthiness of her fornication; and exhibited to the people on and upon her forehead was a an eminence in the church, as a name written, Mystery, Babylon gazing stock to ail men. There the great, the mother of harlots, he heard his own funeral sermon, and abominations of the earth. and felt the pungent insults of the And I saw the woman drunken preacher, who represented, what with the blood of the saints, and he was bitterly deploring in his with the blood of the martyrs of heart as his fall, blazoned forth Jesus. ... And the woman which as his conversion! We should thou sawest, is that great city point out the closing scene as a which reigneth over the kings of display of divine grace, in restor- the earth.”. Rev. xvii. 3, 4, 5, 6, ing his soul, and giving him 18. power, in such an emphatic man- But, in the conduct of the rener, to bear testimony for God, formers, what is the principle while he was proclaiming his own which we all admire and applaud? Is it not this, that the pure and complete! Are its arreformers read the New Testa- ticles, canons, and liturgy, parament for themselves, and, judging mount to revelation ? Ought we of the will of God by the best merely to compare them with the light they had, nobly determined Bible, but not deviate from them, to obey God rather than man? even where we are convinced that Was this praise-worthy and glo- they are not conformable to the rious in them, and is it not right scriptures? If this cannot be in others to do the same? Had pleaded for, who is to limit the they an exclusive patent for exa- freedom of man in the worship of mination and action, which others his God? have not? Whether we contem- But the Cushion has got a new plate the persecution of a mitred covering. The good old vicar archbishop, or of a poor non-con- died; he was buried : the numforming anabaptist, the same lan-bers who attended his funeral, guage was held out to each; it and the varied expression of the was turn or burn; and why ought best feelings of man, were testinot the one, as well as the other, monies of his worth. The burial to have “the entire liberty to service seemed exactly suited to worship God as he pleases ? his character. The next day, a Only deny “the great maxim of young profligate clergyman, who the dissenters,"and let the church- had fallen a victim to his iniquiman defend himself, if he can. ties, was also buried in the same


We beg pardon for this digres- parish; and the service was, of sion; but the PRINCIPLE which course, read again. But the difthe Cushion, in the days of its ference of effect was manifest. ignorance, represented as wrong, In the first case, every expression is so important, that we can of hope and confidence excited scarcely too much endeavour to conviction that it was just: in impress it. We are not cold lati- the last, though uttered by the tudinarians in sentiment, who are same authority, the language apwishing, or willing to sink the doc- peared glaringly improper. The trines of the gospel, and substi- Cushion remarked this, which, tute in their place real careless- together with some other things ness, under the false name of libe- that happened about the same rality. We trust that we have time, excited in it a number of felt the power of the gospel; the perplexing dissenting scruples. glow of heart in beholding the Sa- It was, however, grown old: it viour's dignity; and that, in the confessed that it had severely felt highest sense, we can say, Christ the hard rubs of the pulpit Bible is all, and in all. But whence against its velvet sides: and, at

the sentiments derived, length, it was taken down, and which have produced these ef- sold to some dissenters for the fects? From the New Testament. pulpit cushion in their meeting! And is it both our duty and pri- As a preparation for its new sivilege to derive them thence, and tuation, it was committed to two ought we not to apply them in ladies, who agreed to give it a the “ entire liberty to worship new cover. The poor cushion God,” according to what we be- was now in a great fright, but its lieve is his holy will ? Does the fears proved imaginary; for the establishment contain every truth, characters and conduct of its every duty of the word of God, mistresses raised its admiration.' It was doomed, however, to hear about the tendency of dissent. a good deal that was opposite to He who was against the dissenits former prejudices; but not ters read a passage from a pamhaving lost its faculty of observa- phlet, said to be written by Mr. tion, it continued to make, and Cunningham, stating, that the sirecord its remarks. One day the tuation of religion in America was churchwarden called to see it, a proof of the necessity of an esand expressed his regret that it tablishment. The other, after had been sold. In the course of some reasoning on the subject, the conversation arose a little de- took a letter from his pocket, and bate about the church's power to read a paragraph, which stated, decree rites and ceremonies. A that the aggregate amount of the brother of the two ladies came to communicants of one dissenting see them-a naval officer, with all denomination in America, togethe bluntness of the sailor about ther with those who were adhehim. He was too late when he rents to the same general cause, landed, to receive the sacrament, though they might not be actuand was obliged to stay another ally communicants, amounted to month, that he might qualify for more than one fifth of the popu, his last promotion, and thus he lation of the United States, and bad the opportunity to come and territories! Some of our readers see them. His sisters, knowing will ask, what denomination can how unfit he was to receive the that be? The Cushion does not Lord's supper worthily, stared tell. We think it ought to have with astonishment at his conver- told, for we are persuaded that it sation respecting it. To add both knew. And, besides, such a piece to their grief and surprize, he told of information would have gratithem that he had been round into fied some, and done good to Wiltshire, to see poor Ned, (a others. Immediately after, three younger brother), who was there talkative, giddy girls came into dying; but who was very safe, the room, who had been con. for he had had the clergyman to firmed. Their remarks had a read to him the absolution. This great deal of levity in them; and, excited a new subject of sorrow, we fear, that there are too many of amazement, and of discussion. persons of the same class, . who They began to talk, in their way, crowd to a confirmation, and about repentance, and faith, and who, alas! return worse than forgiveness of sins coming from they went. Some, doubtless, do God only: but he insisted upon go with a degree of seriousness it, that he knew a shorter road; of mind and intention. But this and he would have the prayer- ceremony, connected as it is with book brought, that he might shew the opinions of the church, rethem the proof of it. The cu- specting baptism and regenerashion was sent to a neighbouring tion, lays the establishment open town, to a fringe-maker's, for some to attack in a quarter where it decorations which were thought has no defence. In the office for proper for it, and found the place infant baptism, the baptized child in a great bustle; there was a is declared to be “


regenerate, confirmation there on that day. and grafted into the body of While it lay on a table in the Christ's church ;" and then God room, into which it was brought, is thanked for having regenerated two gentlemen fell into a debate the child with his holy Spirit.

In the office for confirmation the present instance, however, we same sentiment is recognized. consider, as, on the whole, justifiAnd, with respect to both these able; and thank the author for rites, “who hath required this the gratification he has afforded at your hands,” is an unanswer

to many. able question. The church of England begins wrong, and afterwards confirms the first mistake. But to return to our Cushion. The Claims of London on the Zeal When it was completed, it was

of Christians. A Sermon in sent to the house of the minister

behalf of the London Associaof the congregation, in whose pulpit it was to make its appear

tion, &c. By James Bennett. ance. He was

a young man on the point of being settled with

This is an able, ingenious serthe people; and the newly-covered mon, highly creditable to the taCushion was to be used for the lents of the distinguished preachfirst time at his Ordination. Thi er, by whom it was delivered, soon took place, and was a com

The text is, Jonah, iñ. 2. Arise, pletely new scene to the Cushion. go unto Nineveh, that great city, It records a general statement of and preach unto it the preaching the introductory service; and, in that I bid thee.” The claims of few words, gives us the great London are stated to be, 1. " Its principles on which every church immense population (1,100,000); ought to be built.

2. The deficiency of religious inAn interesting episode is intro struction, &c.; 3. Its peculiar exduced, in the history of a lady posure to evils; 4. The benefits far gone in a consumption, who it has conferred ; 5. Its influence had just returned from the East on the rest of the kingdom.” Indies, and come home to die. The preacher then proceeds to It has not much to do with the shew, secondly, the encouragehistory of the Cushion, yet what ments it presents to our hope. it suggests, we earnestly wish our

Here he urges “ the facility of young friends may seriously con- intercourse, which obtains in the sider.

capital; the spirit of benevolence, Many things in this little work for which it has been celebrated; have pleased us much. And the attention it now excites; its though the esprit du corps might former eminence in religion ; the kead us to find fault, yet, just now, opportunity London enjoys for we have two strong reasonsagainst procuring the best means; and indulging it. First, we have not the blessing which attends beneroom: and, secondly, we have not volent zeal in other parts of the much inclination. The introduc-world." tory part we thought too long;

We trust this sermon will do and allowing the propriety of good both in town and country, answering the Velvet Cushion by The style is neat, in some pas, a new covering, we cannot help sages elegant; and, if there be a saying, that we hope this mode few artificial flowers of rhetoric of discussing religious subjects stuck on, probably, in the next will not become fashionable. The edition, they will not appear.

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