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IN PALESTINE AND THE NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES.

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Beginning of the Baby-
lonish Captivity, Daniel

carried away captive. 605 3705

38 Nebuchadnezzar 43 yrs. 603 372 7

Astyages34 yrs. 599 376 Jehoiakim 3 mo.

Ezekiel carried away

captive. 599 376 Zedekiah 11 yrs.

Obadiah. 595/380 Zedek. goes to Baby

lon Jer. 51: 59. 594 381 Ezekiel, proph.

11 590 385 Zedekiah rebels

16 588 387 Jeru. overthrown.

18 569 19 CyaxaresII.32y

36 562

| Jehoiakim freed
| from bondage.

7 Evil-merodach 2 yrs. 560

Neriglissor 4 yrs. 35 556

13 Laborasoarchad 9 mo. 556

Nabonned 17 yrs. 5391

A

30 Baby. tak’n by Cyrus.

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272

TABLES OF HISTORICAL EVENTS AND SUCCESSIONS

TABLE SIXTH.

This table extends from the time of the return of the Jews from

captivity, till the death of Alexander the Great, giving in connezion with the Jewish chronology, the corresponding successions in the Persian Dynasty.

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| Return of Hebrews from
captivity.

01Cyrus reigns seven years. 529 7th year after Return. Cambyses reigns 7 yrs. & 7 mo. 522 15

Pseudo-Smerdis seven months. Temple forbidden to be Darius Hystaspes 36 yrs. 521 16 Temple

o rebuilt. 515122 | Temple completed. 1

Haggai and Zechariah. 485 41

Xerxes reigns 21 years. 478 48 Ezra, Esther. 464 72

Artaxerxes Longimanus 40 y 3m 444 92 432 104 Nehemiah comes to Jerus.

32 424 / 112 Neh. returns to Persia. Xerxes II. 2mo. Sogdianus 7 mo. 423 | 113

Darius Nothus reigns 19 yrs. 412 124

11 408 128 Neh. 2d return to Jerus. 404 132

Artaxerxes Mnemon 46 yrs. 358 178

Darius Ochus 21 yrs. 337 199

Arses two years. 335 202 Alexander at Jerusalem. Darius Codomanus 4 yrs. 331 207 Conquers Darius. Overthrow of Persian Mon. 324 214 Alexander dies.

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IN PALESTINE AND THE NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES.

273

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TABLE SEVENTH. This table gives the succession of the Syrian and Egyptian kings in

connerion with the History of the Jews from the year 323 to 27

before Christ. B.C. Syrian Kings. Egyptian Kings. I

Hebrews. 323

Ptolemy Lagus. At this time subject to the Syrians 320

Many carried into Egypt. 312 Seleucus I. Nicator. 10

At this time subject to Egyptians. 300

Simon the Just, High Priest.

Simon the Just dies. 284

Ptolemy Philadel. Jesus, the son of Sirach. 280 Antiochus I. Sidetes. 260 Antiochus 11. Theos.

24 246 14

Ptolemy Evergetes. 245 Seleucus II. Callinicus 225 Seleucus III.Keraunus 223|Antiochus III.Magnus 23 221

2

Ptolemy Philopator 204)

Ptolemy Epiphanes 192 24

5

Simon II. the High Priest dies, 186 Seleucus IV. Philopat| 180

Ptolemy Philometor 175 Antiochus IV. Epipha. 167

Mattathias. 166)

Judas Maccabee reigned 7 yrs, 164 Antiochus V. Eupator. 162 Demetrius Soter. L3 159

Jonathan ruled 14 yrs. 150 Alexand. Balas. 145 Demetr. Nicator.

. Physcon.

14 1441

Simon 8 years. 140 Antiochus VI, Sidetes 135 5

11

John Hyrcanus, prince 29 yrs. 130 Demetrius Nicat. II. 125 Zebina.

20

10 123 AntiochusVII. Grypus 22

12 116 Ptol. Lathyrus,

20 105

12

Aristobulus I. 1 year. 104

Alexander Jannaeus 27 yrs. 92 Philip.

12
83 Tigranes.
80

3
IPto . Alexander.

24 771

3

Alexander 9 yrs. 691

Aristobulus II. 4 yrs. 66 The Romans

14
Ptol. Auletes.

Pompey at Jeru. Hyrcanus II. 9y. 12

Hyrcanus II. High Priest.
Cleopatra. Hyrcanus II. again prince.
14

Antigonus, king.
Herod king, he takes Jerusalem.

(Hyrcanus II. slain.
(The Romans.

136. Birth of Christ.

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274

TABLES OF HISTORICAL EVENTS AND SUCCESSIONS, ETC.

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TABLE EIGHTH. This table gives a view of the Hebrew rulers, independently of other

nations and in chronological order, from the time of Christ till the destruction of Jerusalem.

Hebrews.
Archelaus, ethnarch nine years.
Judea, a Roman Province, Judas of Galilee.
Pontius Pilate, procurator twelve years.
Jesus Christ is crucified.
Philip, the tetrarch dies.
Herod Agrippa, king of the tetrarchate of Philippi.
Herod Antipas recalled, and his tetrarchate added to that of

Herod Agrippa.
Herod Agrippa dies. .
Fadus, procurator.
Tiberius, procurator.
Cumanus, procurator.
Felix, procurator.
Festus, procurator.
Albinus, procurator.

Florus, procurator.
66 Beginning of the war between the Jews and Romans.
71 The destruction of Jerusalem.

CHAPTER II.

OF KINGS, OFFICERS OF STATE, AND

OTHER MAGISTRATES.

$ 223. Tue Anointing of Kings.

When we hear of the anointing of the Jewish kings, we are to understand by it the same, as their inauguration ; in as much as anointing was the principal ceremony on such an occasion, 2 Sam. 2: 4. 5: 3.

As far as we are informed, however, Unction, as a sign of investiture with the royal authority, was bestowed only upon the two first kings, who ruled the Hebrews, viz. Saul and David ; and, subsequently, upon Solomon and Joash, who ascended the throne under such circumstances, that there was danger of their right to the succession being forcibly disputed, 1 Sam. 10: 24. 2 Sam. 2: 4. 5: 1-3. I Chron. 11: 1, 2. 2 K. 11: 12--20. 2 Chron. 23: 1--21. That the ceremony of regal anointing should be repeated in every instance of succession to the throne, was not to be expected from the fact, that the unction, which the first one, who held the sceptre in any particular line of princes, had received, was supposed to suffice for the succeeding incumbents in the same descent.

In the kingdom of Israel, those, who were inducted into the royal office, appear to have been inaugurated with some additional ceremonies, 2 K.9: 13. The private anointings, which we learn to have been performed by the prophets, (2 K. 9: 3, comp. 1 Sam. 10: 1. 16: 1-13,) were only prophetic symbols or intimations, that the persons, who were thus anointed, should eventually receive the kingdom. Without the consent, however, of the rulers of the nation, (of the public legislative assembly,) they communicated no legal right to the crown; no more than the prophecies of dissentions and civil wars gave a right to attempt perpetrations of that kind, 1 K. 11: 29–40. 12:20. 2 K. 8: 11-14.

The ceremonies mentioned in the Bible, which were customary at the inauguration of kings, were as follows,

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