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272 TABLES OF HISTORICAL EVENTS AND SUCCESSIONS

TABLE SIXTH.

This table extends from the time of the return of the Jews from captivity, till the death of Alexander the Great, giving in connexion with the Jewish chronology, the corresponding succes

sions in the Persian Dynasty.

B. C. The Hebrews. Persian Monarchs.

536 { *:::::: Hebrews from Cyrus reigns seven years.

529 |7th year after Return. Cambyses reigns 7 yrs. & 7 mo.

522 15 - Pseudo-Smerdis seven months.

521 16; Toon to be Darius Hystaspes 36 yrs. oo Temple completed.

515 *{ #. and Zechariah. 6

485 |41 Xerxes reigns 21 years.

478 || 48 Ezra, Esther. 7

464 | 72 Artaxerxes Longimanus 40 y3m

444 |92 20

432| 104 Nehemiah comes to Jerus. 32

424 112 Neh. returns to Persia. Xerxes II.2mo, Sogdianus 7 mo.

423 113 Darius Nothus reigns 19 yrs.

412 124 11

408 || 128 Neh. 2d return to Jerus. 15

404 132 Artaxerxes Mnemon 46 yrs.

358 178 Darius Ochus 21 yrs.

337 199 Arses two years.

335 (202 Alexander at Jerusalem. |Darius Codomanus 4 yrs.

331 207 Conquers Darius. Overthrow of Persian Mon.

324 (214 Alexander dies.

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IN PALESTINE AND THE NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES.

before Christ.

Syrian Kings.

273

TABLE SEVENTH.

This table gives the succession of the Syrian and Egyptian kings in connerion with the History of the Jews from the year 323 to 27

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323

312 302 300 292 284 280 260 246 245 225 223 221 204 192 186 180 175 167 166 164 162 159 150 145 144 140 135 130 125 123 116 105 104

92

83

80

77

69

66

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14 Ptol. Auletes.

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12 Cleopatra.

14

17

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4. Pompey at Jeru. Hyrcanus II. 9y. Hyrcanus II. High Priest. Hyrcanus II. again prince. Antigonus, king. Herod king, he takes Jerusalem, Hyrcanus ii. slain.

64 54 51 37 34

23 The Romans.

9 36. Birth of Christ,

274 TABLEs of Historical Events AND successions, ETc.

TABLE EIGHTH.

This table gives a view of the Hebrew rulers, independently of other nations and in chronological order, from the time of Christ till the destruction of Jerusalem.

A. C. Hebrews.
2 Archelaus, ethnarch nine years.

12 Judea, a Roman Province, Judas of Galilee.

21 Pontius Pilate, procurator twelve years.

34 Jesus Christ is crucified.

35 Philip, the tetrarch dies.

38 Herod Agrippa, king of the tetrarchate of Philippi.

42 Herod Antipas recalled, and his tetrarchate added to that of Herod Agrippa.

44 Herod Agrippa dies.

45 Fadus, procurator.

46 Tiberius, procurator.

47 Cumanus, procurator.

Felix, procurator.

Festus, procurator.

Albinus, procurator.

Florus, procurator.

Beginning of the war between the Jews and Romans.

The destruction of Jerusalem.

i

CHAPTER II.

OF KINGS, OFFICERS OF STATE, AND OTHER MAGISTRATES.

§ 223. The ANointing of Kings.

When we hear of the anointing of the Jewish kings, we are to understand by it the same, as their inauguration; in as much as anointing was the principal ceremony on such an occasion, 2 Sam. 2:4. 5: 3. As far as we are informed, however, Unction, as a sign of investiture with the royal authority, was bestowed only upon the two first kings, who ruled the Hebrews, viz. Saul and David ; and, subsequently, upon Solomon and Joash, who ascended the throne under such circumstances, that there was danger of their right to the succession being forcibly disputed, 1 Sam. 10; 24. 2 Sam. 2:4. 5: 1–3. 1 Chron. 11: 1, 2. 2 K. 11: 12––20. 2 Chron. 23: 1–21. That the ceremony of regal anointing should be repeated in every instance of succession to the throne, was not to be expected from the fact, that the unction, which the first one, who held the sceptre in any particular line of princes, had received, was supposed to suf. fice for the succeeding incumbents in the same descent. In the kingdom of Israel, those, who were inducted into the royal office, appear to have been inaugurated with some additional ceremonies, 2 K.9: 13. The private anointings, which we learn to have been performed by the prophets, (2 K. 9: 3, comp. 1 Sam. 10: 1. 16:1–13) were only prophetic symbols or intimations, that the persons, who were thus anointed, should eventually receive the kingdom. Without the consent, however, of the rulers of the nation, (of the public legislative assembly) they communicated no legal right to the crown; no more than the prophecies of dissentions and civil wars gave a right to attempt perpetrations of that kind, l K. 11:29–40. 12:20. 2 K. 8: 11–14. The ceremonies mentioned in the Bible, which were customary at the inauguration of kings, were as follows,

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