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increased the labour and responsibility, which devolved upon him, but it is believed the work has thereby been rendered more valuable. It is hardly necessary to remark that, in order to learn the additions and alterations, and the grounds on which they have been made, it will be found important to compare the translation with the German, as well as with the Latin.

The Notes, which have been occasionally inserted, and the Extracts, which, in order to render some articles more complete, than they would otherwise have been, it has been thought proper to insert, are distinguished from the text of Jahn, by being enclosed with brackets. Many errors in the references have been corrected; and in the present edition the reader will find a full and valuable INDEx of the passages referred to.

For this Index the translator here acknowledges his obligations to the interest taken in this work by MR. Smith TRAvers of the City of Washington. It was made out with much care and labour by MR. TRAvers soon after the publication of the first edition, and is now with pleasure presented to the reader with only a few alterations from his copy. Other minor improvements will be found in this edition; and it is confidently hoped, that the work will be found in all respects a valuable assistant to the biblical student in acquiring a knowledge of the Holy Scriptures.

THOMAS C. UPHAM.

Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me.
November 30, 1827.

CONTENTS.

Section.

1. Biblical Archaeology. -

2. Its importance to a Theologian.

3. The sources of Biblical Archaeology.

P.A.R.T. Is

Chap. I.

ON DOMESTIC ANTIQUITIES.

4. Biblical Geography.

5. Aramea.

6. Phenicia.

7. Media.

8. Persia, Susiana, Elymais.

9. Babylonia, Chaldea.

10. Arabia.

11. Egypt.

12. Gessen or Goshen, and the river of Egypt.

13. Extent and boundaries of the Hebrew terri-

tories.

14. Face of the country, Mountains.

15. Plains.

16. Forests.

17. Deserts.

18. The Jordan, Lake Merom, and Gennesareth.

19. The Dead Sea.

20. Other Rivers.

21. On the climate of Palestine.

22. Fertility of the soil.

23. Calamities to which Palestine is subject.

24. Division of Palestine among the Israelites.

25. Division of Palestine in the time of Christ.

Chap. II.

OF DWELLINGS.

26. The earliest shelters were shady trees and

caves.

27. The more recent Troglodytes or dwellers in

caves.

28. Tabernacles.

29. On Tents.

30. Formation of Tents.

31. Internal structure of Tents.

32. Houses.

33. Size of Houses.

34. Form and roof of Houses.

35. The Gate, Porch, Area or open court, female

apartments.

36. Chambers and other Apartments.

37. Doors and methods of securing them.

38. Windows.

39. Materials for building.

40. Household furniture and utensils.

41. Villages, Towns, Cities.

Chap. iii.

OF THE NOMADES.

42. Antiquity &c. of the Nomades.

43. Of Pastures.

44. Emigrations of the Nomades.

45. Fountains and cisterns.

46. Flocks of the Nomades.

47. Animals of the Ox-kind.

48. Of Asses and mules.

Chap. IV.

ON AGRICULTURE.

CHAP. V.

OF THE ARTS.

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PArt.T. II.

ON POLITICAL ANTIQUITIES.
CHAP. i.

Chap. ii.

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PART III.

ON SACRED ANTIQUITIES.
CHAP. i.

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240. Tetrarchs.

241. Roman Procurators.

242. Of the Tribute and Half Shekel of the Ten-

ple.

CHAP. III.

OF TRIALS AND PUNISHMENTs.
243. Of Judges.
244. The Sanhedrin.
.Note. Of the Sanhedrin instituted by Moses.
245. Other Tribunals in the time of Christ.
246. The time of Trials.
247. The Forum or place of Trials.
248. Form of Trial.
249. Prisons and Tortures.
250. Regulations, etc. in respect to Debtors.
251. On Usury.
252. The smallest Punishment.
253, Fines and Indemnifications.
254. Punishment of Theft.
255. Corporal Punishments.
256. On Retaliation.
257. Mosaic Punishments.
258. * from the people. Excommunica-
ion.
259. Of punishments, which consist of Posthu-
mous insults.

200. Punishments, introduced from other Na-

tions.

308.

309.

Moses is'.

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