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Before CHRIST

Before CHRIS T about 758.

c Gen. 1. 26.

14.
Mark 4. 12.

He is terrified.

CH AP. VI. He sheweth the people's obstinacy. moved at the voice of him that cried, and who will go for us? Then said about 758. and the house was filled with smoke. I, + Here am I; send me.

5 Then said I, Woe is me! for 9 ( And he said, Go, and tell this + Heb. cut off. I am + undone; because I am a man people, a Hear ye || + indeed, but un- Heba

of unclean lips, and I dwell in the derstand not; and see ye indeed, but a Matt. 13.
midst of a people of unclean lips : for perceive not.
mine eyes have seen the King, the 10 Make the heart of this people Luke $; 10.
LORD of hosts.

fat, and make their ears heavy, and Acts 28. 26. 6 Then flew one of the seraphims shut their eyes; lest they see with Rom, with or + Heb.and in unto me, t having a live coal in his their eyes, and hear with their ears, creating nece

hand, which he had taken with the and understand with their heart, and ye in hearing,
tongs from off the altar :

convert, and be healed.
7 And he + laid it upon my mouth, 11 Then said I, LORD, how long?
and said, Lo, this hath touched thy And he answered, Until the cities be
lips; and thine iniquity is taken away, wasted without inhabitant, and the
and thy sin purged.

houses without man, and the land be
8 Also I heard the voice of the + utterly desolate,
LORD, saying, Whom shall I send, 12 And the Lord have removed

live coal.

&c.

1 Heb. caused it touch.

+ Heb. desolate with desolation.

a throne;" and at ver. 5, that “his eyes had seen the Holy Ghost who said this; which shews the personality King, the Lord of hosts. Now if there be any phrase of the Holy Ghost, in words as plain as can be expressed. in the Bible to distinguish the true God, it is this of Bp. Wilson. “ the Lord of hosts." That in this “Lord of hosts, 10. Make the heart of this people fat, &c.] The Prositting upon his throne,” there was the presence of God phet speaks of the event, the fact as it would actually the Father, no one will deny. That there was also the happen; not of God's purpose and act by his ministry. presence of God the Son, appears from John xii. 41: The Prophets are in other places said to perform the " These things said Esaias, when he saw his (Christ's) thing which they only foretel, Jer. i. 10 ; Ezek. xliii. 3. glory, and spake of Him.” And that there was the Bp. Lowth. Even a blessing foretold is said to come presence of God the Holy Ghost, is determined by from the foreteller. Rosenmüller, Bp. Stock. All the exActs xxviii. 25; “Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias pressions here used signify no more, than that God, for the prophet unto our fathers, saying,” &c. then follow the former provocations and impenitency of this people, the words which

the Prophet affirms to have been spoken did leave them to their own hardness and blindness, so by “the Lord of hosts. Jones of Naylund.

that they did not desire to understand, and make use of The former part of that noble and sublime hymn, the means of their recovery. called the Te Deum, which is commonly used after the Thus God often punishes great and notorious offendfirst lesson at Morning Service, is an act of adoration to ers, by permitting them to fall into temptations; which, the ever blessed Trinity, being a paraphrase on the song meeting with a vicious disposition, are likely to be too of the heavenly host, recorded here by Isaiah, and by hard for them, considering how, by a long habit of St. John in the Revelation, chap. iv. 8. The same is wickedness, and wilful commission of sin, they have likewise adopted by our Church into her office for the made themselves an easy prey to every temptation, and Communion. Waldo.

have driven the Spirit of God from them, and deprived 4. and the house was filled with smoke.] Or, a thick themselves of those aids and restraints of his grace, cloud; the sign of God's presence, which filled the tem- which He ordinarily affords, not only to good men, but ple on extraordinary occasions, 1 Kings viii. 10. W. Lowth. likewise to those who are not very bad. Abp. Tillotson.

5. the King, the Lord of hosts.] The same Spirit, This prophecy might relate in some measure to the which displayed this glorious vision to Isaiah, has given state of the Jews before the Babylonish captivity; but the interpretation of it by the Evangelist St. John. St. it did not receive

its full completion till the days of our John tells us, that Christ was that Jehovah, whom the Saviour; and in this sense it is understood and applied entranced Prophet saw upon his throne ; whose train by the writers of the New Testament, (John xii. 40; filled the temple; whose praises were the theme of the Acts xxviii. 27 ;) and by our Saviour Himself, Matt. seraphick song ; whose glory fills the universe. Accord-xiii. 14, 15. Bp. Newlon. ing to the Evangelist, it was Christ's glory that Isaiah 11. Then said I, Lord, how long ?] Namely, How long saw: and to Him, whose glory he saw, the Prophet shall this obstinacy, and the punishment it will bring gives the name of Jehovah, and the worshipping angels upon this people, continue? W. Lowth, gave the name of Jehovah God of Sabaoth. Bp. Horsley. And he answered, Until the cities be wasted with

6. having a live coal in his hand, -from off the out inhabitant, &c.] And hath not the world seen all the altar :] Signifying the gift of utterance, represented by particulars here set down exactly fulfilled ? Have not fiery, tongues, (Acts ii. 3,) and the efficacy of God's the Jews laboured under a spiritual blindness and inword in the mouth of the Prophets, compared to fire, fatuation, in “hearing, but not understanding,” in Jer. v. 14; xxiii. 29. The use of fire likewise is to "seeing but not perceiving ” the Messiah, after the accleanse and purify: see the following verse. W. Lowth. complishment of so many prophecies, after the perform

8. — who will go for us?] God speaks here in the ance of so many miracles ?. And in consequence of plural number, as in the passage from Genesis referred their refusing to convert and be healed,” have not to in the margin; which is justly thought to imply a "their cities been wasted without inhabitant?” &c. plurality of Divine persons. "w. Lowth. See notes on Have they not been “removed far away” into the most Gen. i. 26.

distant parts of the earth ? and hath not their removal 9. And he said, Go, and tell this people, &c.] St. Paul or banishment been of now 1700 years' duration ? and (Acts xxviii. 25, 26,) saith expressly, that it was the do they not still continue deaf and blind, obstinate and

Before CHRIST about 742.

or, stem.

A remnant shall be saved.

ISAIAH.

Ahaz, being troubled with fear, chokors men far away, and there be a great the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, about 758. forsaking in the midst of the land. went up toward Jerusalem to war

13 f But yet in it shall be a tenth, against it, but could not prevail ! Or, when it || and it shall return, and shall be against it. and hath been eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, 2 And it was told the house of || Or, stock, whose || substance is in them, when David, saying, Syria tis confederate Heb.

they cast their leaves : so the holy seed with Ephraim. And his heart was Ephraim. shall be the substance thereof. moved, and the heart of his people,

as the trees of the wood are moved CHAP. VII.

with the wind. 1 Ahaz, being troubled with fear of Rezin and 3 Then said the Lord unto Isaiah, Pekah, is comforted by Isaiah. 10 Ahaz, having liberty to choose a sign, and refusing Go forth now to meet Ahaz, thou, it, hath for a sign, Christ promised. 17 and || Shear-jashub thy son, at the end | That is, the His judgment is prophesied to come by of the conduit of the upper pool in return Assyria.

the || highway of the fuller's field; ANP it came to pass in the days 4 And say unto him, Take heed, 1 Or, cause

of a Ahaz the son of Jotham, the and be quiet; fear not, + neither be Heb. Let not son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that fainthearted for the two tails of these tendecart be Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah smoking firebrands, for the fierce

b 2 Kings 18. 17.

about 712.

a 2 Kings 16. 5.

unbelieving ? oppressed by men, and forsaken by God? utmost consternation on receiving intelligence of the Bp. Newton.

designs of Rezin and Pekah, Isaiah is sent to comfort 13. But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, them, by assuring them, that God would make good and shall be eaten : &c.] The Hebrew may be translated his promises to the house of David. This makes the thus, “ But yet in it shall be” left “a tenth, after it is subject of this, the following, and the beginning of the (or although it is) “ again eaten and devoured,” &c.; ninth chapter. Chapter vii. begins with an account of implying, that, notwithstanding the repeated judgments the occasion of the prophecy; then follows, ver. 4-16, God should bring upon the Jews, still a remnant should a prediction of the ill success of the designs of the be preserved ; and the nation, as a tree, sprout out and Israelites and Syrians against Judah : and from thence flourish again from the old stock. “The holy seed” is to the end of the chapter, a denunciation of the calamities called here “a tenth,” in allusion probably to the tithe to be brought upon the king and people of Judah by under the law, set apart for, and consecrated to, God's the Assyrians, whom they had now hired to assist them. service. W. Lowth, Bp. Lowth.

Chapter vii. has a pretty close connexion with the fore- a teil tree,] Is the same with the linden or lime going : it contains a confirmation of the prophecy before tree. Dr. Johnson's Dictionary.

given of the approaching destruction of the kingdoms so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof.] of Israel and Syria by the Assyrians; of the denunciaSo shall the remainder of the holy seed, which for the tion of the invasion of Judah by the same Assyrians : time seemed to lie dead, sprout forth into an abundant ver. 9, 10, give a repeated general assurance, that all increase. Bp. Hall. This verse, though somewhat ob- the designs of the enemies of God's people shall be in scure, has been made clear by the accomplishment of the end disappointed, and brought to nought: ver. 11, the prophecy. When Nebuchadnezzar had carried away &c. contain admonitions and threatenings, concluding the greater and better part of the people into captivity, with an illustrious prophecy (chap. ix. 1–6,) of the there was yet a tenth remaining in the land; the poorer manifestation of Messiah, the transcendent dignity of sort left to be vine-dressers and husbandmen under his character, and the universality and eternal duration Gedaliah, 2 Kings xxv. 12. 22; and the dispersed Jews of his kingdom. Bp. Lowth. gathered themselves together, and returned to him, Jer. Ver. 1. - could not prevail against it,] Yet they slew xl

. 12; yet even these, Heeing into Egypt after the death many of the people, and carried away many captives of Gedaliah, contrary to the warning of God given by out of Judea, 2 Chron. xxvii. 5. W. Lowth. the prophet Jeremiah, miserably perished there. Again, 2. Ephraim.] This being the chief of the ten tribes, in the subsequent and more remarkable completion of is often put for the whole of them. Bp. Newton. the prophecy in the destruction of Jerusalem, and the his heart was moved,] The word translated “his ” dissolution of the commonwealth by the Romans, when relates to the house of David. W. Lowth. the Jews, after the loss of above a million of men, had 3. Shear-jashub] This name, signifying as it is exincreased from the scanty residue that was left of them, plained in the margin, may allude to the promise made, and had become very numerous again in their country; chap. vi. 13; it imports that God will never wholly cut Hadrian, provoked by their rebellious behaviour, slew off his people. W. Lowth. above half a million more of them, and a second time The captives taken by the king of Israel (see note on almost extirpated the nation. Yet after these signal and ver. 1,) were accordingly very speedily sent home: from almost universal destructions of that nation, and after so policy indeed more than compassion, to make friends many other repeated exterminations and massacres of among the Jews. Bp. Chandler. them in different times and on various occasions since, we of the conduit of the upper pool] There were two yet see with astonishment, that the stock still remains, pools which supplied Jerusalem with water: “the upper from which God, according to his promise frequently pool,” mentioned here and chap. xxxvi. 2; and “the given by his prophets, will cause the people to shoot lower pool," chap. xxii. 9. W. Lowth. forth again, and to flourish. Bp. Lowth. See the notes 4. – for the iwo tails of these smoking firebrands,] on Deut. xxx. 1.

Which are so far from being able to consume any thing

else, that they are almost extinguished themselves. W. Chap. VII. The king and royal family being in the Lowth.

Before

Before CHRIST

|| Or, Do ye

it is because

ye are not

added to speak.

is comforted by Isaiah. CHAP. VII.

Christ promised. Christ anger of Rezin with Syria, and of | Remaliah's son.

l! If ye will not about 742. the son of Remaliah.

believe, surely ye shall not be esta- about 742. 5 Because Syria, Ephraim, and blished. the son of Remaliah, have taken evil 10 + Moreover the LORD spake not believe! counsel against thee, saying, again unto Ahaz, saying,

6 Let us go up against Judah, and 11 Ask thee a sign of the LORD tables | Or, waken. || vex it, and let us make a breach thy God; || ask it either in the depth, the LORD

therein for us, and set a king in the or in the height above.
midst of it, even the son of Tabeal : 12 But Ahaz said, I will not ask, thy petition

7 Thus saith the Lord God, It neither will I tempt the Lord.
shall not stand, neither shall it come 13 And he said, Hear ye now, O

house of David; is it a small thing
8 For the head of Syria is Damas- for you to weary men, but will ye
cus, and the head of Damascus is weary my God also ?
Rezin; and within threescore and 14 Therefore the LORD himself

five years shall Ephraim be broken, shall give you a sign; Behold, a c Matt. 1; 23. + Heb. from + that it be not a people.

virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, 9 And the head of Ephraim is and || shall call his name Immanuel. vor, thou, 10 Samaria, and the head of Samaria is 15 Butter and honey shall he eat, call.

deep.

to pass.

a people,

6.- the son of Tabeal:] Who this person was is no treme test of his veracity. Dr. Postlethwaite. To do where said in Scripture; he may have been some potent what God commands is not to tempt Him ; but Ahaz and factious Jew, who had revolted from his master, was tampering with the Assyrian for help, and dependthe king of Judah, and stirred up this war against him. ed on him, and not on the Lord, and for that reason Dean Prideaux.

declines doing what he is bid. Bp. Wilson. Some have thought a Syrian, set up by Rezin, whose 13. - Is it a small thing for you to weary men, &c.] interest and authority was chief in this matter. Vitringa. It is a small thing for you to reject and condemn me,

8, 9. For the head of Syria is Damascus, &c.] The that am a man like yourselves ; but will ye, with your purport of this prophecy was to assure Ahaz and the hypocrisy and disobedience, provoke and abuse my God house of David, that the kings of Syria and Israel should also, whose message I bear? Are ye not ashamed and remain only the heads of their respective cities, they afraid, under a pretence of piety, to refuse the gracious should not prevail against Jerusalem, and within sixty offer and command of God that sent me? Bp. Hall

. and five years Israel should be broken so as to be no 14. Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign ; more a people. This prophecy, respecting the utter ruin &c.] Upon occasion of the terrible fear of the house of the ten tribes, was completed, not in the first depor- of David, and the perverseness of Ahaz, refusing to ask tation by Shalmaneser, (2 Kings xvii. 6,) when the king- a sign, though invited, it pleased God to afford the dom was abolished; but when the small remnant were greatest and most comfortable sign of his mercy to the overpowered by the numbers brought by Esar-haddon house of David in particular, and to all mankind in from Cuthah, &c. Kings xvii. 24, compared with general: a sign, (not indeed exactly in the sense of that Ezra iv. 2; and Ephraim, who had been broken from which was offered and refused, ver. 11, an emblem, or being a kingdom before, was then broken from being proof of something to follow,) but, as the world is taken a people. Abp. Usher, Bp. Newlon.

to signify in both Old and New Testaments, (Dean Stan9. If ye will not believe, surely ye shall not be estu- hope,) a wonder, namely, the miraculous birth of Him, blished.] That is, Unless ye believe this prophecy of in whom all God's mercies were to be summed up. The the destruction of Israel, ye Jews also, as well as the ancient promise made on the fall of man is here repeated, people of Israel, shall not remain established as a king- the Messiah is promised to come in due time of the dom and people; ye also shall be visited with punish- house of David ; and it is here added, that He should ment at the same time. This clause is much illustrated be born of a pure virgin, and called “Immanuel,” that by considering the captivity of Manasseh as happen is, “God with us,” God and Man in one person ; or a ing at the same time with this predicted final ruin of Divine being made flesh, and dwelling among mankind. Ephraim as a people. The near connexion of the two The word translated “virgin” is so rendered by the facts makes the prediction of the one naturally cohere Seventy, and admits of no other signification. Bp. with the prediction of the other. The views of the Chandler, Dr. Lightfoot. prophet might also extend to the destruction of the The whole passage, ver. 14–16, seems to consist of Jews by the Romans, according to that saying of our two distinct parts ; the fourteenth and fifteenth verses Saviour, “Except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish,” appear to contain an express and literal prediction of Luke xiii. 3. Dr. Jubb.

the birth and character of Christ, “Butter and honey 12, But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt shall he eat,” &c. signifying that his infancy should the Lord] The words of Ahaz, though they have a require the same tender care as that of the frail offshew of piety, (see Deut. vi. 16; Matt. iv. 7,) proceeded spring of man. The sixteenth, to hold out a prophetick really from despair and unbelief, as appears from the sign, the completion of which, so soon to take place, Prophet's answer, ver. 13. W. Lowth. He refused to should give full assurance to Ahaz, and the house of make trial of the indulgence proffered, not because he David, that the preceding prophecy concerning the believed without it; but because he had no confidence Messiah should in due time be punctually fulfilled. in it, nor value for it. Dean Stanhope. Perhaps the The Prophet plainly expresses himself in this order ; solemn offer (ver. 11,) staggered the doubting king; and Immanuel shall be born of a virgin, for the confederate even the presumptuous incredulity of Ahaz shrunk back kings shall be speedily destroyed. Dr. Postlethwaite. at the thought of requiring from God Himself that ex 15. Bulter and honey shall he eat, &c.] He shall have

Before CHRIST

Ahaz's judgment prophesied

ISAIAH.

to come by the Assyrians. that he may know to refuse the evil, namely, by them beyond the river, by Before

CHRIST about 742. and choose the good.

the king of Assyria, the head, and about 742.
16 For before the child shall know the hair of the feet: and it shall also
to refuse the evil, and choose the good, consume the beard.
the land that thou abhorrest shall be 21 And it shall come to pass in
forsaken of both her kings.

that day, that a man shall nourish a
17 9 The Lord shall bring upon young cow, and two sheep;
thee, and upon thy people, and upon

22° And it shall come to pass, for
thy father's house, days that have not the abundance of milk that they shall
come, from the day that Ephraim de- give that he shall eat butter : for
parted from Judah; even the king of butter and honey shall every one eat
Assyria.
that is left + in the land.

+ Heb. in the
18 And it shall come to pass in 23 And it shall come to pass in land.
that day, that the Lord shall hiss for that day, that every place shall be,
the fly that is in the uttermost part where there were a thousand vines at
of the rivers of Egypt, and for the a thousand silverlings, it shall even be
bee that is in the land of Assyria. for briers and thorns.

19 And they shall come, and shall 24 With arrows and with bows rest all of them in the desolate val- shall men come thither; because all the leys, and in the holes of the rocks, land shall become briers and thorns. and upon all thorns, and upon all 25 And on all hills that shall be || bushes.

digged with the mattock, there shall 20 In the same day shall the Lord not come thither the fear of briers 8.52 Kings 19. shave with a razor that is hired, and thorns : but it shall be for the

midst of the

| Or, commendable trees.

21.

a true human body; and shall be sustained with that vengeance upon sinners, which is expressed by giving ordinary nourishment wherewith children are wont to them their * wages,” Ezek. xxix. 18—20; see also be fed ; and shall grow up in experimental knowledge, 2 Kings x. 30. And Ahaz had hired the king of Assyria as well as in stature; and shall thus enable Himself, to assist him, 2 Kings xvi. 7, 8; 2 Chron. xxviii. 21. like us, “to refuse the evil, and choose the good.” W. Lowth. Bp. Hall. See the note from fragments to Calmet on by them beyond the river,] By way of eminence, Job xx. 17.

the Euphrates. See chap. xxvii. 12; Jer. ii. 18. W. that he may know to refuse] Rather, till He know. Lowth. W. Lowth.

the head, and the hair of the feet : and it shall 16. For before the child shall know &c.] Some sup- also consume the beard.] The hairs of the head are those pose the Prophet here to point to Shear-jashub, whom of the highest order in the state ; those of the feet, or he is directed, ver. 3, to take with him; some think lower parts, are the common people; the beard, the king, " the child” refers to Maher-shalal-hash-baz, (chap. viii. the high priest, the very supreme in dignity and ma3:) others to any child of that age. To express the jesty. The Eastern people have always held the beard shortness of the time, in which destruction should come in the highest veneration, and have been extremely jeaupon the two kings, is Isaiah's object here; and, as he lous of its honour : to pluck a man's beard is an instance has in the preceding verses been mentioning Immanuel, of the greatest indignity that can be offered. See and has Him in a manner before his eyes, he may be 2 Sam. x. 4, 5. Modern travellers give instances to the understood to say, "In so short a time as it shall take same purpose. Bp. Lowth. Him to reach years of distinguishing, shall the kings be - a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep : overthrown." Vitringa.

&c.] The remainder of the chapter is an elegant and 18. the Lord shall hiss for the fly &c.] See note expressive description of a country depopulated, and from Bp. Lowth, chap. v. 26. Armies are often com left to run wild; the vineyards and corn-fields, before pared to flies, bees, and other insects, (Deut. i. 44; well cultivated, now overrun with briers and thorns; Judges vi. 5; Ps. cxviii

. 12; Joel ii. 25;) both for their much grass, so that the few cattle that are left have their number, and the destruction they make. The Prophet full range and abundant pasture; so as to yield milk joins here Egypt and Assyria, the two great oppressors in plenty to the scanty family of the owner; the thinlyof God's people. W. Lowth. Sennacherib, Esar-had- scattered people living, not on corn, wine, oil, the prodon, Pharaoh-necho, and Nebuchadnezzar, one after duce of cultivation, but on milk and honey, the gifts of another, desolated Judea. Bp. Lowth. As the con- nature; and the whole land given up to the wild beasts ; quest of Egypt by Sennacherib, foretold ch. xx, took so that the miserable inhabitants are forced to go out place before his siege of Jerusalem, a great many Egyp- armed with bows and arrows, either to defend themtians might be his auxiliaries. Abp. Usher.

selves against the wild beasts, or to supply themselves 19. And they shall come, and shall rest &c.] The Pro- with necessary food by hunting. Bp. Lowth. phet pursues the same metaphor, and represents the 23. - a thousand silverlings,] Or shekels, as the word foreign army as so many flies that lie in shoals in lower is translated in Jer. xxxii. 9, and elsewhere. grounds, and as bees whose custom is to get into rocks ; 25. — on all hills that shall be digged &c.] The sense see Deut. xxxii. 13; Ps. lxxxi. 16; implying that no will run better if we translate here, “All the hills that place should be free from the enemy. W. Lowth. are (or used to be) digged with a mattock, that the fear

20. shall-shave with a razor that is hired,] The of briers and thorns may not come thither ;” (that is, Assyrian is called a “hired razor," because God often to clear them from briers and thorns ;)—"shall be for rewards those whom He makes instruments of his the sending forth of oxen,” &c. Ground untilled na

Before CHRIST about 741.

about 741.

A prophecy against
CHAP. VII, VIII.

Israel and Judah.
Before sending forth of oxen, and for the 5 The LORD spake also unto me
CHRIST
about 742. treading of lesser cattle.

again, saying,

6 Forasmuch as this people reCHAP. VIII.

fuseth the waters of Shiloah that go
1 In Maher-shalal-hash-baz, he prophesieth softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Re-

maliah's son ;
that Syria and Israel shall be subdued by
Assyria. 5 Judah likewise for their infi-

7 Now therefore, behold, the LORD
delity; 9 God's judgments shall be unre- bringeth up upon them the waters of
sistible

. 11 Comfort shall be to them that the river, strong and many, even the fear God. 19 Great aflictions to idolaters. king of Assyria, and all his glory: MORE

OREOVER the Lord said and he shall come up over all his

unto me, Take thee a great channels, and go over all his banks: roll, and write in it with a man's pen 8 And he shall pass through Judah;

concerning + Maher-shalal-hash-haz. he shall overflow and go over, he in making

2 And I took unto me faithful shall reach even to the neck; and

witnesses to record, Uriah the priest, + the stretching out of his wings Heby the prey, of, make and Zechariah the son of Jebere- shall fill the breadth of thy land, o breadth of thy chiah.

Immanuel. 3 And I + went unto the prophet

9 9 Associate yourselves, 0 ye wings. approached

ess; and she conceived, and bare a people, || and ye shall be broken in i or, yet.

Then said the Lord to me, pieces ; and give ear, all ye of far
Call his name Maher-shalal-hash-baz. countries: gird yourselves, and ye

4 For before the child shall have shall be broken in pieces; gird your-
| Or, he that knowledge to cry, My father, and my selves, and ye shall be broken in
is before the mother, ll the riches of Damascus and pieces.
Assyria shall the spoil of Samaria shall be taken 10 Take counsel together, and it

away before the king of Assyria. shall come to nought; speak the word,

+ Heb.

speed to the spoil he hasteneth the

, &c

land shall be the stretchings out of his

+ Heb.

unto.

son.

take away the riches, &c.

turally turns to pasture ; therefore these and similar what is prophesied here, and above, chap. vii

. 16, is descriptions signify great desolation. Compare chap. recorded 2 Kings xv. 29, 30; xvi. 9. W. Lowth. xvii. 2; xxvii. 10; xxxii. 14. W. Lowth.

6. this people &c.] Though some refer this to the mattock,] Hasselquist observes, that the in- Judah, it may be better understood of Israel. The genhabitants of Nazareth in Galilee “had no spades, but a tle waters of Siloah, or Shiloah, as in the text, a small kind of hoe or ground-ax." And Niebuhr says, that fountain and brook just without Jerusalem, which sup“instead of a spade the Arabs of Yemen make use of plied a pool within the city, for the use of the inhabitan iron mattock to cultivate their gardens and the lands ants, is an apt emblem of the state of the kingdom and in the mountains, which are too narrow to admit the house of David, much reduced in its apparent strength, plough.” Parkhurst.

yet supported by the blessing of God; and is finely

contrasted with the waters of the Euphrates, great, rapid, Chap. VIII. ver. 1.– Take thee a great roll,] The and impetuous; the image of the vast and mighty emEastern people roll their papers, and do not fold them, pire, which God threatens to bring down upon all the because their paper is apt to fret. Sir J. Chardin. The apostates of both kingdoms; to overwhelm Israel, and Egyptian papyrus was formerly much used; the brittle to bring Judah into such imminent danger, as is reprenature of it made it proper to roll what they wrote; sented (ver. 8,) by that of a man who can but just keep and the practice may have been continued even with his head above water. The Chaldee renders " reaching materials, which might safely have been treated in to the neck,” by "reaching to Jerusalem.” Bp. Lowth. another manner. Harmer. It is directed to be a great 8.- of thy land, O Immanuel.] That is, even over roll, probably that the writing of the prophecy might be that holy land, which is consecrated to thy name, O in large characters, obvious to all; and so most inter- Thou Saviour of thy Church, God and Man. Bp. Hall. preters have understood the term, “a man's pen,” to A nobler difference could not have been put between imply such characters as are in ordinary use. Vitringa. Israel and Judah, than at the time that final and speedy

- and write &c.] The Prophet is commanded to ruin is denounced against the one to give the other record the prophecy of the destruction of Damascus and a solemn assurance of the birth of Immanuel. Deun Samaria by the Assyrians; the subject and sum of Stanhope. which is here expressed with great brevity in four words, 9. Associate yourselves, 0 ye people,-give ear, all ye (explained in the margin,) which are afterwards applied of far countries :] The Prophet insults over the conas the name of the Prophet's son, who was made a sign federacy of Israel and Syria against Judah : he addresses of the speedy completion of it. And, that it might be perhaps all the enemies of God's people, assuring them done with the greater solemnity, and to preclude all doubt that their attempts shall be fruitless, on account of the of the real delivery of the prophecy before the event, he defence of the promised Immanuel, to whom he alludes, calls witnesses to attest the recording of it, ver. 2. Bp. by using his name to express the signification of it, Lowth.

(ver. 10,) “ for God is with us :" the most distant times 3.- the prophetess ;] The wife of Isaiah is styled a and countries may be fitly said to be concerned in the prophetess, and the Rabbies maintain that she had the admonitions here given; the import of which is, that gift of prophecy. Dr. Gray.

the kingdom of the Messiah will prosper, though all 4. -- the riches of Damascus &c.] The completion of nations combine against it. W. Lowth, Bp. Lowth.

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